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Topic: Axilla

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  VI. The Arteries. 4b. The Axilla. Gray, Henry. 1918. Anatomy of the Human Body.
The axilla is a pyramidal space, situated between the upper lateral part of the chest and the medial side of the arm.
The axillary artery and vein, with the brachial plexus of nerves, extend obliquely along the lateral boundary of the axilla, from its apex to its base, and are placed much nearer to the anterior than to the posterior wall, the vein lying to the thoracic side of the artery and partially concealing it.
At the forepart of the axilla, in contact with the Pectorales, are the thoracic branches of the axillary artery, and along the lower margin of the Pectoralis minor the lateral thoracic artery extends to the side of the chest.
www.bartleby.com /107/149.html   (1632 words)

The apex of the axilla is the interval between the posterior border of the clavicle, the superior border of the scapula, and the external border of the first rib.
The axilla is bounded medially by the upper ribs and their intercostal muscles and by the serratus anterior; it is limited laterally by the intertubercular groove of the humerus.
The chief contents of the axilla are the axillary artery and vein, a part of the brachial plexus and its branches, and the axillary lymph nodes.
www.dartmouth.edu /~humananatomy/part_2/chapter_8.html   (5103 words)

 TECHNICAL FORUM-- Axilla Bypass Ring for Shoulder harnesses for Upper-Limb Prostheses - Journal of Prosthetics and ...
The Hessing pad is a cowhorn-shaped pad adapted from the pad on the Hessing crutch (3).
A prototype axilla bypass ring was conceived several years ago (4) to relieve harness strap pressure in the axilla for arm amputees using Figure 8 shoulder harnesses (see Figure 3 and Figure 4).
The benefit of the axilla bypass ring is it places the forces of the harness in the deltopectoral groove and on the scapula where they can be borne more comfortably.
www.oandp.org /jpo/library/1996_04_130.asp   (708 words)

 Landes Bioscience Hand Book Categories
Care is taken to avoid injury to the long thoracic nerve in the inferior axilla where the nerve enters the serratus anterior muscle.
The larger veins draining the inferior axilla are ligated and divided.
A long-acting local anesthetic is injected along the incision for prolonged postoperative pain relief and the wound is closed in two layers utilizing interrupted absorbable suture for the subcutaneous layers and a running 4-0-subcuticular stitch with steri-strips for the skin.
www.landesbioscience.com /nwsurgery/so/Axillary-lymp.html   (728 words)

 Lab Manual - Axilla & Arm
Describe the lymphatic drainage of the upper limb and the major lymphatic node groups of the axilla.
Recall the concept of the axilla as a space, its boundaries and its contents.
The major neurovascular structures in the axilla are bound together in a fibrous covering, the axillary sheath, which encloses the vessels and nerves as they pass between the scalene muscles in the neck.
www.med.umich.edu /lrc/coursepages/M1/anatomy/html/limbs/axilla.html   (1689 words)

 Bioline International Official Site (site up-dated regularly)
On sonographic assessment of axilla, response was complete in 6 patients (19%), partial in 23 patients (72%) and no response in three patients (Table 3).
The present study confirmed that ultrasonography of axilla is better than clinical examination in the assessment of axillary nodes and their response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
The axilla was considered to be negative for disease when it was reported to be without any visible adenopathy or to contain echogenic, fat replaced nodes.
www.bioline.org.br /request?cn04003   (2718 words)

 Underarm - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The underarm (or armpit, axilla, or oxter) is the area on the human body directly under the joint where the arm connects to the shoulder.
Anatomically, the axilla is bound anteriorly by the pectoralis major and minor muscles, posteriorly by the subscapularis and the scapula, medially by the ribcage and by the serratus anterior, and laterally by the coracobrachialis and the short head of the biceps brachii.
Underarm hair usually grows in the underarms of both males and females, beginning in adolescence, though it is common in some societies for women to remove it for aesthetic reasons, while men tend to keep it.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Axilla   (251 words)

 New York School Of Regional Anesthesia - Axillary Brachial Plexus Block
Within the axilla, the processes combine to produce the three cords, which are named the lateral, medial, and posterior, according to their relationships to the axillary artery.
The radial nerve, a terminal branch of the posterior cord, leaves the axilla by passing below teres major and between the humerus and the long head of the triceps.
Once the pulse is felt, it should be straddled between the index and the middle finger and firmly pressed against the humerus to prevent "rolling" of the axillary artery during block performance.
www.nysora.com /techniques/axillary_brachial_plexus_block   (3023 words)

 Filaria Journal | Full text | Lymphadenovarix in the axilla - an unusual presentation of filariasis
We thus present a case of filarial lymphadenovarix of the axilla which was successfully treated with diethylcarbamazine.
An ultrasound scan of the left axilla in real-time B-mode and M-mode was carried out by an experienced sonologist in the presence of one of the authors (AB) with a Toshiba (Justvision 400) ultrasound machine (Toshiba Medical System Corporation, Togichi, Japan) and a 7.5 MHz linear phased array transducer.
This was confirmed by a repeat ultrasound examination of the left axilla (performed by the same sonologist using the same ultrasound machine), which revealed a heterogeneous soft tissue mass of 3.0 cm × 3.0 cm × 4.5 cm with dilated tortuous lymphatic channels, diameter less than 5 mm (Figure 5).
www.filariajournal.com /content/5/1/9   (1826 words)

 Phish.Net FAQ: (none)
Title: Axilla (aks-ih-luh) is understood by most phans as the armpit and its odor.
Most commonly, the word is defined as the cavity beneath the junction of the arm and shoulder.
Debut: Axilla was debuted 11-19-92 Ross Sports Arena, and revamped (for Hoist) and debuted 2-93.
www.phish.net /faq/axilla.html   (242 words)

 Seroma - Breast Cancer Forum
The Surgeon put a drain at the axilla and which was removed on 4th April, 2002, while the 24 hours collection of Seroma was about 100 ml.
My Seroma aspirations post removal of drainage was once in a week @ 140 ml from axilla and @15 ml from the breast.From 5th April, 2002 I got fever, severe infection and reddish inflamation at the upper part of the breast above the surgical scar and the axilla below the surgical scar.
Was it all right to remove 19 uninvolved Lymph nodes; and the drain from axilla on 5th April, 2002 while the last 24 hrs.
www.medhelp.org /forums/BreastCancer/messages/874.html   (852 words)

The surgical correction of 32 post-burn contractures of the axilla was evaluated using skin graft, Z-plasties and scapular flaps.
In this paper, we report the correction of 32 axillae in 30 patients (17 male and 13 female) by split skin graft, Z-plasties and scapular flaps.
(b) 5 axillae by double release leaving a central bridge of normal or scarred tissue at the apex of the axilla (Fig.
www.medbc.com /annals/review/vol_3/num_1/text/vol3n1p21.htm   (1516 words)

 Axilla II - Emil's Tablature
Page's solo--play intro 8X (there are a few variations on this, but I'm too lazy to put them here.) Break: Eb Bb Ab Bb 4X last time go to F instead of Bb and wait for 6 axilla's.
intro 4X "axilla" 8X (F chord) intro 4X The songs ends up on a Bb, then goes into that weird part at the end.
The chords are G7 and F#7, picked instead of strummed.
emilstabs.org /wiki/index.php?title=Axilla_II&redirect=no   (159 words)

 Lecture6 & 7: Imaging Techniques. The Axilla
The AXILLA is a pyramidal-shaped area between the arm and the thoracic wall.
In the axilla the nerves and vessels are invested by an extension of the cervical fascia, AXILLARY SHEATH, a neurovascular bundle.
When the lesion is in the arm the motor loss is similar to that resulting from a lesion in the axilla, except that the triceps is either unaffected or only weakened.
www.med.howard.edu /anatomy/gas/wk2/lecture6&7.htm   (2093 words)

 General Information About Axilla   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The axilla, or armpit, is a localized region of the body between the upper humerus and thorax.
The axilla can be visualized as having a floor, an apex, and four walls (medial, lateral, anterior and posterior).
In all general physical examinations, the axilla should be carefully examined.
mywebpages.comcast.net /wnor/lesson3axilla.htm   (213 words)

 Axillary Lymph Node Assessment -Breast Cancer in the elderly   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
It can be performed successfully in more than 90% of eligible breast cancer patients, and the tumor status of the sentinel node accurately predicts the status of all axillary nodes in more than 95% of cases.
In older women with breast cancer, decisions about the use of tamoxifen or chemotherapy can often be made based on the size and characteristics of the primary tumor.
In women who have had conservative surgery and have a clinically negative axilla, axillary irradiation can be administered at the same time as breast irradiation to prevent axillary recurrence.
www.health.am /cr/more/axillary-lymph-node-assessment   (706 words)

 Simultaneous Bilateral Breast and High-Resolution Axillary MRI of Patients with Breast Cancer: Preliminary Results -- ...
Transverse contrast-enhanced high-resolution T1-weighted MR image of axilla shows intense enhancement of both nodes (arrowhead) and irregular shape of posterior contour of largest node.
Dynamic contrast enhanced MRI of the axilla in women with breast cancer: comparison with pathology of excised nodes.
Preoperative breast cancer staging: MR imaging of the axilla with ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide enhancement.
www.ajronline.org /cgi/content/full/182/4/1059   (4129 words)

 axilla - OmniMedicalSearch.com - axilla   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Pertaining to the cavity beneath the junction of the arm and the body, better known as the armpit.
He also had thickened scarring of the skin in the axilla that was felt to be.
Medical information changes rapidly and while OmniMedicalSearch.com and its content providers make efforts to update the content on the site, some information may be out of date and therefore the information should not be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease without the supervision of a medical doctor.
www.omnimedicalsearch.com /sr_axilla.html   (588 words)

 The Axilla
The axilla has an apex, a base and four walls.
The base, facing inferiorly, is formed by the fascia and skin of the concave axilla.
The axilla contains large nerves that are the branches of the brachial plexus.
www.videohelp.com /~vitualis/med/axilla.htm   (259 words)

 eMedicine - Surgical Treatment of Axillary Hyperhidrosis : Article Excerpt by: Richard H S Karpinski, MD, FACS
Although the glands invariably become remarkably hypertrophied in this condition, the dramatic glandular growth and oversecretion is believed to be secondary rather than primary; a parallel concept is oxyntic cell hypertrophy in peptic ulcer disease due to vagal hypertonicity.
An axillary breast is the presence in the axilla of subcutaneous breast tissue with or without a nipple.
Bisbal et al have determined that eccrine and apocrine sweat glands are mixed in the axilla, with a proportion of 1:1.
www.emedicine.com /plastic/byname/surgical-treatment-of-axillary-hyperhidrosis.htm   (597 words)

 Lab 6. Ant. Axillary Wall and Axilla
These preceding scenarios are the kinds of problems you will be equipped to solve once you understand the anatomy of the axilla and arm.
Knowing the framework upon which soft structures are built is essential to your understanding of this and in fact all regions of the human body.
The axilla has the approximate shape of a slightly tilted pyramid, the base of which would be the skin of the "armpit" and the apex of which is the space between the 1st rib, the scapula and the clavicle.
www.med.howard.edu /anatomy/gas/wk2/lab6ant.htm   (754 words)

 Axillary neuritis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Upon the initial physical therapy visit, the therapist should evaluate axillary tenderness in the area of the block injection, assess the shoulder AROM, and determine if the patient has a referred nerve irritation through upper limb tension testing.
  If the patient has more significant tenderness in the axilla or more involved symptoms,  the therapist may consider additional therapy visits until symptoms diminish.
  The most common placements of the TENS electrodes are in the axilla proximal to or over the injection site and along the involved nerve pathway.
www.cmki.org /LMHS/Chapters/35-AxillaryNeuritis.htm   (260 words)

 Dissector Answers - Axilla and Arm
As a general rule, the superficial lymphatic drainage of the upper limb follows the superficial venous drainage.
It continues through the axilla, medial to the axillary artery, until it changes its name to the subclavian vein at the lateral border of the first rib.
Thereafter, in the upper part of the axilla, the vein lies anterior and inferior to the artery.
anatomy.med.umich.edu /limbs/axilla_ans.html   (3000 words)

 axilla - OneLook Dictionary Search
Phrases that include axilla: suspensory ligament of axilla, suspensory l.
Words similar to axilla: armpit, axillae, axillary cavity, axillary fossa, more...
This is a OneLook Word of the Day, which means it might be in the news.
www.onelook.com /?w=axilla&loc=wotd   (293 words)

 The Axilla
The posterior circumflex humeral artery passes through the quadrangular space, with the axillary nerve, to leave the axilla and wind around the humerus.
The axillary vein is a continuation of the basilic vein of the arm, its tributaries correspond to the branches of the axillary artery.
The Brachial Plexus is a network of nerves, found in the axilla, from which most of the nerves to the upper arm originate.
www.portfolio.mvm.ed.ac.uk /studentwebs/session1/group50/axilla.htm   (1287 words)

 DermAtlas: Online Dermatology Image Library dermatology image,acanthosis nigricans,compartment ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
This 10-year-old white boy demonstrated velvety thickening of the axillae associated with a bothersome odor.
This 62-year-old woman developed painful, tender, necrotic, hemorrhagic crusts and bullae on her breasts and axillae 4 days after starting heparin for deep venous thrombosis in her left leg.
Five years later they spread to the axillae, inguinal regions, lower abdomen, antecubital and popliteal fossae.
dermatlas.med.jhmi.edu /derm/result.cfm?BodySite=19   (521 words)

 Amazon.com: axilla   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Engravings illustrating the surgical anatomy of the head and neck, axilla, bend of the elbow, and wrist: With descriptions by Thomas Morton (Unknown Binding - 1845)
Radiography of the female breast and axilla: With special reference to diagnosis of mammary carcinoma (Acta radiologica : Supplementum) by Nils G Bjurstam (Unknown Binding - 1978)
Surgical anatomy of the neck, axilla, and groin: For the use of students at the Medical College of the State of South Carolina by Julian John Chisolm (Unknown Binding - 1856)
www.amazon.com /s?ie=UTF8&keywords=axilla&tag=lexico&index=blended&link_code=qs&page=1   (758 words)

 Temperature measured at the axilla compared with rectum in children and young people: systematic review -- Craig et al. ...
measured at the axilla and temperature measured at the
be achieved by measuring temperature at the axilla in neonates.
In children and young people temperature measured at the axilla does not agree sufficiently with temperature measured at the rectum to be relied on in clinical situations where accurate measurement is important
bmj.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/320/7243/1174   (2484 words)

 Abscess Axilla | Wordpress blog
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krahe.org /sports/pma/abscess-axilla.html   (682 words)

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