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Topic: Aztec Empire


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  Aztec Empire - MSN Encarta
Aztec Empire, Native American state that ruled much of what is now Mexico from about 1428 until 1521, when the empire was conquered by the Spaniards.
The group that eventually founded the Aztec Empire, the Mexica, migrated to the Valley of Mexico in the middle of the 13th century.
Aztec art was primarily an expression of religion, and even warfare, which increased the empire’s wealth and power, served the religious purpose of providing captives to be sacrificed.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761593151/Aztec_Empire.html   (854 words)

  
  Aztec Religion
Aztecs beliefs were based in their perception of nature, its time space, and cycles.
The two gods to whom the two most important temples in the Aztec world were dedicated were Huitzlopochtli (the supreme deity of the Aztecs associated with sun and fire) and Tatloc, the rain god, that among other things was associated with fertility.
According to the one Aztec myth, one god sacrificed himself into a fire so that he could become the sun; however once he had become the sun, he did not reappear until he was nourished with the blood of all the other gods.
philtar.ucsm.ac.uk /encyclopedia/latam/aztec.html   (959 words)

  
 Aztec Empire
During the same period as the Inca Empire, the Aztec Empire dominated Mesoamerica from Mexico and Guatemala to the territories of Salvador and Honduras for nearly 100 years.
Aztec religion was closely tied into the calendrical system they adopted based on the cosmos.
The fall of the Aztec Empire was based not only on the actions of the Spaniards, but on the revolt of surrounding smaller communities which belonged to this huge collaboration of peoples.
www.mnsu.edu /emuseum/prehistory/latinamerica/meso/cultures/aztec_empire.html   (683 words)

  
 Art/Museums: The Aztec Empire at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York   (Site not responding. Last check: )
To set the current exhibition in the context of global civilizations of the times, the Aztec Empire of the 13th to the 16th century was a counterpart of the European intellectual movement in the sciences and the arts known as the Renaissance, which reached its peak in the 15th century.
One of the highlights of the exhibition is the Aztec Eagle Warrior statue of fired clay, stucco and pigment.
In contrast, the Aztec commoners, who represented the bulk of the population, were responsible for all heavy labor, lived in simple huts, dressed in rough clothing, were required to be monogamous, and were prohibited on pain of death from accumulating or exhibiting wealth.
www.thecityreview.com /aztec.html   (5250 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Moctezuma II
Aztec warfare concerns the aspects associated with the militaristic conventions, forces, weaponry and strategic expansions conducted by the Late Postclassic Aztec civilization of Mesoamerica, including particularly the military history of the Aztec Triple Alliance involving the city-states of Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, Tlacopan and other allied polities of the central Mexican...
Aztec empire The Spanish conquest of Mexico was one of the most important campaigns in the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
Some speculate that the Aztecs were particularly susceptible to such ideas of doom and disaster because the particular year in which the Spanish arrived coincided with a "tying of years" ceremony at the end of a 52-year cycle in the Aztec calendar, which in Aztec belief was linked to changes, rebirth and dangerous events.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Moctezuma-II   (5697 words)

  
 History of Mexico
As an agricultural society, Aztec civilization was greatly affected by the forces of nature; Aztec mythology, consequently, revolved around the worship of gods who represented the Earth, rain, and the Sun.
Aztec priests typically offered the gods human hearts and blood from just-killed victims—most often male prisoners who had been captured in battle and later marched or dragged to the top of a ceremonial pyramid.
Montezuma knew of the Aztec legends and omens predicting future destruction, and is reported to have wondered whether the arrival of the Europeans heralded the return of an angry Quetzalcoatl.
www.find-mexico-cruises.com /history.asp   (3849 words)

  
 Your Mexico Cruises - Aztec Empire of Mexico
Aztec Empire, Native American state that ruled much of what is now Mexico from about 1427 until 1521, when the empire was conquered by the Spaniards.
Aztec Emperors The Aztec Empire was the strongest and most centralized power of its time in southern Mexico.
Aztec Empire The Aztec created an empire in the 1400s in the region that is now Mexico.
www.your-mexico-cruises.com /mexico_culture/aztec_empire.htm   (298 words)

  
 Mexico, History, The Aztec Empire
Aztec civilization, drawing on the cultural advances of the Toltec and other peoples that had lived in the region, reached high levels of artistic, economic, and intellectual development.
The empire was destroyed by the Spaniards in 1521.
Aztec priests typically offered the gods human hearts and blood from just-killed victims—most often male prisoners who had been captured in battle and later marched or dragged to the top of a ceremonial pyramid.
www.angelfire.com /realm/shades/nativeamericans/aztec.htm   (2221 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Aztec
The Aztecs is a collective term used for all of the Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican peoples under the control of the Mexica, founders of Tenochtitlan, and their two principal allies, who built an extensive empire in the late Postclassic period in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries in Central Mexico.
The nucleus of the Aztec Empire was the Valley of Mexico, where their capital Tenochtitlan was built upon raised islets in Lake Texcoco.
The hegemonic nature of the Aztec empire can be seen in the fact that generally local rulers were restored to their positions once their city-state was conquered and the Aztecs did not interfere in local affairs as long as the tribute payments were made.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Aztecs   (6435 words)

  
 Learn about the Aztec Empire of Mexico - Mexico Cruise Vacations
Aztec Empire is the area known to have ruled and governed much of what is now Mexico from about 1427 until 1521.
The empire was destroyed by the Spaniards in 1521.
Plaza of the Three Cultures After the conquest of the Aztec Empire, a new civilization was created in Mesoamerica, combining native traditions with European influences.
www.mexico-cruise-vacations.com /mexico_culture/aztec_empire.htm   (203 words)

  
 The Aztec Empire
Although the Aztecs were very smart and civilized people, their culture came to and end around 1521 with the arrival of Hernan Cortes and the Spanish conquistadors.
My overall impression of the Aztec empire is that they were an advanced civilization that was rooted strongly in religion and agriculture, but it came to a end too soon with the arrival of the Spanish.
Within the empire there were stratified classes in which the elite classes were comprised of the kings and shamans and the lower classes were made up of the slaves that worked for the higher class.
www.geocities.com /ericahum7/project2a.html   (1063 words)

  
 Aztec
The origin of the Aztec people is uncertain, but elements of their own tradition suggest that they were a tribe of hunters and gatherers on the northern Mexican plateau before their appearance in Meso-America in perhaps the 12th century; Aztlán, however, may be legendary.
The basis of the Aztec's success in creating a great state and ultimately an empire was their remarkable system of agriculture, which featured intensive cultivation of all available land, as well as elaborate systems of irrigation and reclamation of swampland.
The Aztec calendar was the one common to much of Meso-America, and it comprised a solar year of 365 days and a sacred year of 260 days; the two yearly cycles running in parallel produced a larger cycle of 52 years.
www.der-adler.com /lasttrip/2001-04-02/aztec.htm   (666 words)

  
 Ancient Scripts: Aztec
The Aztecs, or Mexica as they called themselves, were the elite of a militaristic empire focused in Central Mexico when the Spanish conquistadores landed in America at the beginning of the 16th century CE.
In the middle, the Aztec representation is that of four flags and a bird, which is mirroed in the Spanish caption "ochenta pieles de pajaros deste color", or "80 pelts of birds of this color".
Since Aztec names tend to be composed of words in the Nahuatl language, names are often written as groups of highly pictorial logograms that make up the roots of the name.
www.ancientscripts.com /aztec.html   (1988 words)

  
 European Voyages of Exploration: Aztec Empire
The Aztec Empire was relatively new - it dated from approximately the fourteenth century - but enjoyed a successful history of vigorous expansion.
The empire was still growing when the Spaniards appeared at the southern boundary of the Valley of Mexico.
The Aztec capital, Tenochtitlán, was a splendid complex of cities, lakes, and canals that served as the centre of Mesoamerican civilisation.
www.ucalgary.ca /applied_history/tutor/eurvoya/aztec.html   (1055 words)

  
 aztec
Their empire was destroyed by the Spaniards, who conquered it in 1521.
His successors expanded the empire until it extended between what are now Guatemala and the Mexican state of San Luis Potosi.
empire was at the height of its power.
houck.salkeiz.k12.or.us /student.assignments/WB.Aztecs/aztec.htm   (2589 words)

  
 History of Mexico - The Aztec Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: )
This enormous empire reached from the Pacific Ocean to the Gulf coast and from central Mexico to the present-day Republic of Guatemala.
Professor Smith uses the term Aztec Empire to describe "the empire of the Triple Alliance, in which Tenochtitlán played the dominant role." Quoting the author Charles Gibson, Professor Smith observes that the Aztecs "were the inhabitants of the Valley of Mexico at the time of the Spanish Conquest.
All of the Aztec cities were dominated by giant stone pyramids topped by temples where human sacrifices provided the gods with the human sustenance that the priests believed their supernatural deities required.
www.houstonculture.org /mexico/aztecs.html   (3390 words)

  
 Aztec History
The scrolls have the Aztecs leaving Aztlan, which was described as an island in a lake with Chicomoztoc depicted as seven temples in the center of the island.
As the Aztec empire expanded, specialized craftsmen and common laborers were brought to Tenochtitlán to expand the city.
The Spanish defeated the Aztecs and the Catholics felt that it was their duty to destroy every trace of the Aztecs.
www.crystalinks.com /aztechistory.html   (868 words)

  
 Aztec Empire
The Aztec Empire encompasses the deserts, plains, and jungles of Central America and southernmost North America, reaching from Panama (no canal yet) to the hotly-contested Texas.
It is a well-populated nation full of loyal subjects and enthusiastic diplomats, though the roots of their fanaticism lie as much in the magical machinations of the ruling head as in any honest appreciation for the state.
The Empire is rapidly catching up to global technology levels by dissecting salvaged American tanks and plasma weaponry abandoned on the battlefields far to the north.
mywebpages.comcast.net /rumtigger2/Nations/aztec.htm   (2443 words)

  
 aztec
In 1431, the Aztecs forged an alliance with this northern kingdom and Texcoco to the east.
The Aztecs believed they were born in the bowels of the earth and entered the world through seven caves.
To the Aztec leaders, it seemed that an old legend was coming to life, a myth foretelling the arrival of a light-skinned god who would call his people to account.
www.pbs.org /wnet/nature/spirits/html/body_aztec.html   (730 words)

  
 Aztec Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Tenochtitlan became the dominant power of the Aztec Empire, and it was this city that faced the Spanish Conquistadors.
The majority of Aztec society were the commoners, who survived by farming the land of their calpulli.
In Aztec society it was generally accepted that women stayed home and looked after household affairs, and the husbands supported the family.
www.elwood.k12.nf.ca /Gr0203/English/Amy_White/aztec_empire.htm   (816 words)

  
 The Aztec Empire History
As the legend went, it said that Aztec people would create an empire in a swampy place where they would see an eagle eating a snake, while perched on a cactus, which was growing out of a rock in the swamplands.
Montezuma II became emperor in 1502 when the Aztec Empire was at the height of its power.
Aztec dances: The Aztec Dance is known for its special way of expressing reverence and prayer to the supernatural gods of the sun, earth, sky, and water.
www.studyworld.com /basementpapers/sec_papers/Aztec_Empire.html   (1191 words)

  
 Aztec
The capital of the Aztec empire was Tenochtitlan, built on raised islets in Lake Texcoco.
For Europeans, the most striking element of the Aztec culture was the practice of human sacrifice which was practiced throughout Mesoamerica prior to the Spanish conquest.
Classical Nahuatl (also known as Aztec, and simply Nahuatl) is a term used to describe the variants of the Nahuatl language that were spoken in the Valley of Mexico -- and central Mexico as a lingua franca -- at the time of the Spanish conquest of Mexico.
www.dejavu.org /cgi-bin/get.cgi?ver=93&url=http://articles.gourt.com/%22http%3A%2F%2Farticles.gourt.com%2F%3Farticle%3DAztec   (5588 words)

  
 Aztec Empire
The Aztecs is a collective term used for all of the Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican peoples under the control of the Mexica, founders of Tenochtitlan, and their two principal allies, who built an extensive empire in the late Postclassic period in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries in Central Mexico.
The nucleus of the Aztec Empire was the Valley of Mexico, where their capital Tenochtitlan was built upon raised islets in Lake Texcoco.
According to Aztec legend, the Aztecs were shown a vision of an eagle perched on a prickly pear cactus, clutching a snake in its talons.
www.ancientworlds.net /aw/Post/910558   (2047 words)

  
 BRIA(14:4), Aztec Empire, Edicts of Asoka, Rise and Fall, Africa, US Foreign Policy, European colonialism
The Aztec Empire rose to its peak of power and then collapsed under the assault of Cortes and his Indian allies, all in less than 100 years.
The Aztecs and earlier peoples in Mexico had performed human sacrifices as part of their religion for many years, but Itzcoatl demanded much larger numbers of captive warriors to satisfy the blood thirst of Tonatiuh and other gods.
Aztec wars and sacrifices to the gods had reduced the numbers of farmers, craftsmen, and other producers necessary to keep the empire thriving.
www.crf-usa.org /bria/bria14_4.html   (6655 words)

  
 MEXonline.com Hernan Cortes - Explorer of Mexico, conquerer of the Aztec empire
Cortes quickly discovered that the Aztec empire was hated and feared by many of the other Indian tribes who had to pay tributes (including people to be sacrificed) to the Aztecs.
Cortes finally reached Tenochtitlan, capital of the Aztec empire on 8th November 1519 where Emperor Moctezuma II received him with great honour, believing him to be the reincarnation of the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl.
On returning to Tenochtitlan however he found that the Aztecs had revolted after Alvarado had massacred several of their chiefs.
www.mexonline.com /hernan-cortez.htm   (614 words)

  
 The Aztecs/Mexicas
At that time the Aztecs (who referred to themselves as the Mexica or Tenochca) were a small, nomadic, Nahuatl-speaking aggregation of tribal peoples living on the margins of civilized Mesoamerica.
Fearless warriors and pragmatic builders, the Aztecs created an empire during the 15th century that was surpassed in size in the Americas only by that of the Incas in Peru.
Cuauhtemoc, c.1495-1525, became ruler of the AZTECS in 1521, during the siege of TENOCHTITLAN, and led the final desperate resistance of that city against the Spanish conquistadors.
www.indians.org /welker/aztec.htm   (1287 words)

  
 Aztecs   (Site not responding. Last check: )
According to Aztec legend at the beginning of the 12th century until the 13th century, the Aztec peoples migrated south to the Valley of Mexico in search of a place to settle.
The Aztec empire was destroyed by the Spaniards, who conquered it in 1521.
The Conquest of the Aztec Empire: Hernando Cortes (University of Calgary)
www.42explore2.com /aztec.htm   (869 words)

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