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Topic: Babylonia and Assyria

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  BABYLONIA AND ASSYRIA - LoveToKnow Article on BABYLONIA AND ASSYRIA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The alluvial plain of Babylonia was called Edin, the Eden of Gen. ii., though the name was properly restricted to the plain on the western bank of the river where the Bedouins pastured the flocks of their Babylonian masters.
After the Kassite conquest of the country, northern Babylonia came to be known as Kar-Duniyas, the wall of the god D~iniyas, from a line of fortification similar to that built by Nebuchadrezzar between Sippara and Opis, so as to defend his kingdom from attacks from the north.
One of these is the so-called Synchronous History of Assyria and Babylonia, consisting of brief notices, written by an Assyrian, of the occasions on which the kings of the two co~intries had entered into relation, hostile or otherwise, with one another; a second is the Babylonian Chronicle discovered by Dr Th.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /B/BA/BABYLONIA_AND_ASSYRIA.htm   (4940 words)

 Assyria and Babylonia contrasted - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Babylonia was a land of merchants and agriculturists; Assyria was an organized camp.
The Babylonian king remained a priest to the last, under the control of a powerful hierarchy; the Assyrian king was the autocratic general of an army, at whose side stood in early days a feudal nobility, aided from the reign of Tiglath-pileser III onwards by an elaborate bureaucracy.
Hence the sudden collapse of Assyria when drained of its fighting population in the age of Assur-bani-pal.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Assyria_and_Babylonia_contrasted   (186 words)

 The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria
Assyria went to her downfall at the end of the seventh century before Christ worshipping her national god Aššur, whose cult did not cease with the destruction of her national independence.
Amorites had entered Babylonia in considerable numbers during this period, so that there is but little doubt that his popularity was largely due to their influence, and the tablet containing these names was probably drawn up, or at least had the Semitic equivalents added, towards the beginning of that period.
Besides Babylonia and Assyria, he was also worshipped in other parts of the Semitic east, especially at Harran, to which city Abraham migrated, scholars say, in consequence of the patron-deity being the same as at Ur of the Chaldees, where he had passed the earlier years of his life.
www.sacred-texts.com /ane/rbaa.htm   (16050 words)

 Early history of Assyria
In the north, Assyria was later bordered by the mountain state of Urartu; to the east and southeast its neighbour was the region around ancient Nuzi (near modern Kirkuk, "Arrapchitis" [Arrapkha] of the Greeks).
Assyria as a whole, however, is not likely to have been a permanently secured part of the empire, since two date formulas of Shulgi and Amar-Su'ena mention the destruction of Urbilum.
The reign of Ashur-dan III (772-755) was shadowed by rebellions and by epidemics of plague.
www.angelfire.com /nt/Gilgamesh/assyrian.html   (9518 words)

 The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria
Assyria went to her downfall at the end of the seventh century before Christ worshipping her national god Assur, whose cult did not cease with the destruction of her national independence.
Boundary-stones in Babylonia were not sacred objects except in so far as they were sculptured with the signs of the gods.[+] With regard to the Babylonian bethels, very little can be said, their true nature being uncertain, and their number, to all appearance, small.
All the great cities of Babylonia, moreover, were sacred places, the chief in renown and importance in later days being the great city of Babylon, where E-sagila, "the temple of the high head," in which was apparently the shrine called "the temple of the foundation of heaven and earth," held the first place.
www.pos1.info /7/7rbaa.htm   (14319 words)

 Assyria Details, Meaning Assyria Article and Explanation Guide
Assyria, a country named after its original capital city, Asshur on the Tigris, was originally a colony of Babylonia, and was ruled by viceroys from that kingdom.
Assyria was located in a mountainous region lying to the north of Babylonia, extending along the Tigris as far as to the high mountain range of Armenia, the Gordiaean or Carduchian mountains.
From an early period Assyria had entered on a conquering career, and having absorbed Babylon, the kingdoms of Hamath, Damascus, and Samaria, it conquered Phoenicia, and made Judea feudatory, and subjected Philistia and Idumea.
www.e-paranoids.com /a/as/assyria.html   (766 words)

 BD Assyria and Babylonia
Assyria, or Asshur, occupied the Tigris valley to the north of Babylonia.
If the Egyptians had been active Assyria might have been ruined, but while they encouraged the rebels they were so slow to take the field that the new king, Sennacherib (705-681), had time to crush the rising in the east and then appeared in Palestine (701).
Meanwhile the Median tribes to the northeast of Assyria had been consolidated into a kingdom with Ecbatana (Achmetha, Ezra 6: 2, now Hamadan) as capital, and became lords of all the Iranian tableland, Persia (to the south Media proper) acknowledging their suzerainty.
scriptures.lds.org /bda/assyrndb   (1287 words)

In treating of Assyria it is extremely difficult not to speak at the same time of its sister, or rather mother country, Babylonia, as the peoples of these two countries, the Semitic Babylonians and Assyrians, are both ethnographically and linguistically the same race, with identical religion, language, literature, and civilization.
Geographically, Assyria occupies the northern and middle part of Mesopotamia, situated between the rivers Euphrates and Tigris; while the southern half, extending as far south as the Persian Gulf, constitutes the countries of Babylonia and Chaldea.
Further valuable help may be obtained from the so-called "Synchronous History" of Babylonia and Assyria, which consists of a brief summary of the relations between the two countries from the earliest times in regard to their respective boundary lines.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/02007c.htm   (9808 words)

The cornfields of Babylonia were mostly in the south, where Larsa, Lagash, Erech, and Calneh were the centres of an opulent agricultural population.
It is remarkable that Babylonia possesses no bronze period, but passed from copper to iron; though in later ages it learnt the use of bronze from Assyria.
In North Babylonia we have again, southernmost, the city of Kish, probably the Biblical Cush (Gen., x, 8); its ruins are under the present mound El-Ohemir, eight miles east of Hilla.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/02179b.htm   (9505 words)

Basic to the central region of Assyria was farming, fed by both the Tigris river and water from the Armenian mountains in the north, and the Zagros mountains in the east.
As Assyria extended its territories through military campaigns, local rulers were allowed to continue to govern their old regions, as long as they fulfilled their duties to the Assyrian king.
Among the finest cultural achievements of Assyria was literature, which initially used a cuneiform alphabet from the Babylonians written on clay tablets.
i-cias.com /e.o/assyria.htm   (768 words)

 Babylonia and Assyria, Religion of - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
The religion of Babylonia and Assyria is that system of belief in higher things with which the peoples of the Tigris and Euphrates valley strove to put themselves into relations, in order to live their lives.
Babylonia might struggle never so hard to lift Marduk to high and still higher position, but in spite of all its efforts he remains to the very end of the days only one god among many.
No question concerning the religion of Babylonia and Assyria is of so great interest and importance to students of the Bible as the question of the relation between this religion and the faith of Yahweh, as professed by Israel.
www.studylight.org /enc/isb/view.cgi?number=T1077   (6522 words)

 Chronology of the Ancient Near East - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hittite chronology is dependent on Assyria and Egypt.
They provide clear evidence that the New Kingdom kings Amenhotep III and Akhenaten were contemporaries of Kadashman-Enlil I and Burnaburiash II of Babylon, Ashur-uballit I of Assyria, and Suppiluliumas I of the Hittite empire.
In this section an attempt is made to indicate briefly the causes which have led to so great a diversity of opinion, and to describe in outline the principles underlying the chief schemes of chronology that have been suggested.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Chronology_of_Babylonia_and_Assyria   (4149 words)

 GEOGRAPHY OF BABYLONIA AND ASSYRIA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The name Assyria itself was derived from that of the city of itssur (q.v.) or Asur, now Qal'at Sherqat (Kaleh Shergat), which stood on the right bank of the Tigris, midway between the ireater and the Lesser Zab.
The alluvial plain of Babylonia was called Edin, the Eden of Geneseis ii., though the name was properly restricted to "the plain" on the western bank of the river where the Bedouins pastured the flocks of their Babylonian masters.
After the Kassite conquest of the country, northern Babylonia came to be known as Kar-Duniyas, "the wall of the god Duniyas," from a line of fortification similar to that built by Nebuchadrezzar between Sippara and Opis, so as to defend his kingdom from attacks from the north.
www.websters-online-dictionary.org /definition/GEOGRAPHY+OF+BABYLONIA+AND+ASSYRIA   (1490 words)

 Ethics of Assyrian, Babylonian, and Persian Empires by Sanderson Beck
In Assyria women could be divorced for no reason without being given any money, could be killed or maimed for adultery, and had to wear a veil outside the house, except for prostitutes who were forbidden to wear a veil.
Assyria's growing empire had interfered with the trade routes and made enemies of Urartu in the north and Egypt, who supported numerous rebellions in the years ahead.
Assyria's Sargon II defeated dozens of Median chiefs and settled 30,000 captured Israelis in the towns of the Medes in the late eighth century BC.
www.san.beck.org /EC6-Assyria.html   (14089 words)

 Babylonia and Assyria
Babylonia had its great law-giver in Hammurapi (2123-2086 B.C.) whose famous Code, it is now definitely known, was based upon an earlier Sumerian code, again pointing to India and the laws of Manu as source.
The Nabatheans were descendants of Ham, who settled in Babylonia under the leadership of Nimrod (the mighty hunter of Genesis x, 9-10) and the sect is similar to the Nazarenes, whose city Nazareth was the birthplace of Jesus.
The religion of Assyria is not distinguishable from that of Babylonia until it becomes a distinct empire.
wisdomworld.org /additional/ancientlandmarks/BabyloniaAndAssyria.html   (3359 words)

 History of Assyrians
Assyria is located in north Mesopotamia and spans four countries: In Syria it extends west to the Euphrates river; in Turkey it extends north to Harran, Edessa, Diyarbakir, and Lake Van; in Iran it extends east to Lake Urmi, and in Iraq it extends to about 100 miles south of Kirkuk.
This is from where Assyria derived her strength, as it could feed a large population of professionals and craftsman, which allowed it to expand and advance the art of civilization.
In Assyria, settlements had become large and guarded by fortifications walls, which implies the risk of attack from outside, and hence the need for defense and warfare.
www.aina.org /aol/peter/brief.htm   (2747 words)

 The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria - Chapter I   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The religion of the Babylonians and Assyrians was the polytheistic faith professed by the peoples inhabiting the Tigris and Euphrates valleys from what may be regarded as the dawn of history until the Christian era began, or, at least, until the inhabitants were brought under the influence of Christianity.
In all probably this augmentation of Semitic religious influence was due to the increased numbers of the Semitic population, and at the same period the Sumero-Akkadian language began to give way to the Semitic idiom which they spoke.
This tendency to monotheism, however, never reached the culminating point--never became absolute--except, naturally, in the minds of those who, dissociating themselves, for philosophical reasons, from the superstitious teaching of the priests of Babylonia, decided for themselves that there was but one God, and worshipped Him.
www.worldwideschool.org /library/books/relg/non-christiancomparative/TheReligionofBabyloniaandAssyria/Chap1.html   (820 words)

 Royalty.nu - History of Iraq - The Assyrians
The Conquest of Assyria: Excavations in an Antique Land, 1840-1860 by Mogens Trolle Larsen.
The Civilization of Babylonia and Assyria: Volume One by Morris Jastrow.
Myths and Legends: Babylonia and Assyria by Lewis Spence.
www.royalty.nu /MiddleEast/Iraq/Assyria.html   (617 words)

 Religion Babylonia Assyria
The identification of some of the deities with stars or planets is, moreover, impossible, and if Êa, the god of the deep, and Anu, the god of the heavens, have their representatives among the heavenly bodies, this is probably the result of later development.[*]
Boundary-stones in Babylonia were not sacred objects except in so far as they were sculptured with the signs of the gods.
On the boundary-stones of Babylonia and the royal monoliths of Assyria the emblems of the gods are nearly always seen.
www.earth-history.com /Babylon/babylon-gods.htm   (15151 words)

 Assyria --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Assyria was a dependency of Babylonia and later of the Mitanni kingdom during most of the 2nd millennium
Strictly speaking, the use of the name “Assyria” for the period before the latter half of the 2nd millennium BC is anachronistic; Assyria—as against the city-state of Ashur—did not become an independent state until about 1400 BC.
Several times forced to fight against Babylonia, the latter was even able to defend himself against an attack by Nebuchadrezzar I. According to the inscriptions, most of his building efforts were in...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9009959   (692 words)

 Ancient History Sourcebook: Greek Reports of Babylonia, Chaldea, and Assyria
I.178: Assyria possesses a vast number of great cities, whereof the most renowned and strongest at this time was Babylon, where, after the fall of Nineveh, the seat of government had been removed.
I.193: But little rain falls in Assyria, enough, however, to make the corn begin to sprout, after which the plant is nourished and the ears formed by means of irrigation from the river.
The frames, which are of willow, are cut in the country of the Armenians above Assyria, and on these, which serve for hulls, a covering of skins is stretched outside, and thus the boats are made, without either stem or stern, quite round like a shield.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/ancient/greek-babylon.html   (4049 words)

 The Kingdom of Assyria (from Babylonia and Assyria) --  Britannica Student Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
More results on "The Kingdom of Assyria (from Babylonia and Assyria)" when you join.
Because the city of Babylon was the capital of this area for so many centuries, the term Babylonia has come to refer to the entire culture that developed in the area from the time it was first settled, about...
An Overview of the history of mathematics, beginning with Babylonia in 2,000 BC.
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-197130?tocId=197130&ct=eb   (887 words)

The wealth of Babylonia tempted nomadic and seminomadic neighbors; even under Hammurabi's successor Babylonia was having to stave off assaults.
Babylonia became an important region of the Persian Empire.
History Of The Babylonians And Assyrians: Kassite Conquest Of Babylonia And The Appearance Of Assyria.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/history/A0805626.html   (586 words)

 Egyptian New Kingdom, Babylonia, Assyria, Hittites, etc.
This period begins with the domination of the Hurrians, already or soon to be led by a nobility of Indo-European horsemen, the Mitanni.
Assyria was at first kept in check and then in vassalage to this power, one of the more obscure but more important of the Second Millennium BC.
The Middle Empire reaches its height under Tukulti-Ninurta I, from 1243-1207, who holds Babylon 1220-1213 (or 1235-1227) and is the first King to use the title "King of Kings," which becomes familiar in subsequent states, down to the Persians.
www.friesian.com /notes/newking.htm   (7966 words)

 Mesopotamia: Babylonia, Assyria, Mitanni
Tiglath-pileser III of Assyria became King of Babylon 729, tributes from Israel, Syria, Damascus (732).
Ashurbanipal King of Assyria son of Sennacherib, trips into Egypt, sacking Thebes 663 but did not gain control.
Nabopolasser, King of Babylonia and Chaldean Cyaxares of Media destroyed Ninevah, divided the Assyrian empire east of the Tigris
www.packrat-pro.com /mesopotamia.htm   (841 words)

 Babylonia and Assyria Books and Articles - Research Babylonia and Assyria at Questia Online Library
Full-text books and articles on Babylonia and Assyria are available exclusively at Questia.
The Assyrian king Ashuruballit c...that relations between Assyria and Babylonia broke down completely...gains.
Babylonia too, though...restive under Assyrian rule; there...south upon the Assyrian homeland...evidence, though Babylonian, scarcely...fighting.
www.questia.com /Index.jsp?CRID=babylonia_and_assyria&OFFID=se1   (681 words)

 The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria - Appendix   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria, by Morris Jastrow, jun., 1898.
Religions of Egypt and Babylonia, by Professor A.
The O.T. in the Light of the Records of Assyria and Babylonia, by the Author, 1903.
www.worldwideschool.org /library/books/relg/non-christiancomparative/TheReligionofBabyloniaandAssyria/chap8.html   (139 words)

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