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Topic: Babylonian Talmud

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In the News (Tue 21 May 19)

  Talmud - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Talmud has two components, the Mishnah, and the Gemara, a discussion of the Mishnah (though the terms Talmud and Gemara are generally used interchangeably).
The Censorship of the Talmud and other Hebrew works was introduced by a papal bull issued in 1554; five years later the Talmud was included in the first Index Expurgatorius; and Pope Pius IV commanded, in 1565, that the Talmud be deprived of its very name.
The last attack on the Talmud took place in Poland in 1757, when Bishop Dembowski, at the instigation of the Frankists, convened a public disputation at Kamenetz-Podolsk, and ordered all copies of the work found in his bishopric to be confiscated and burned by the hangman.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Talmud   (5067 words)

 Talmud -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Talmud is also traditionally referred to as Shas (a (The ancient Canaanitic language of the Hebrews that has been revived as the official language of Israel) Hebrew abbreviation of shishah sedarim, the "six orders" of the Mishnah).
Within Judaism, the prime competitor to the primacy of Talmud study was the development of (An esoteric theosophy of rabbinical origin based on the Hebrew scriptures and developed between the 7th and 18th centuries) Kabbalah (Jewish esoteric mysticism), which in its modern form arose in the thirteenth century.
Many groups and individuals claim that passages in the Talmud prove that (The monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud) Judaism is inherently racist.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/t/ta/talmud.htm   (5269 words)

The Mishna exists in three recensions: in the manuscripts of editions of the separate Mishna, in the Palestinian Talmud in which the commentaries of the Amora'im follow short passages of the Mishna, and in the Babylonian Talmud, in which the Gemara is appended to an entire chapter of the Mishna.
XVII-XXX, Venice, 1755-65; Wunsche, "Der palastinische Talmud in seinen haggadischen Bestandteilen ins Deutsche übersetzt" (Zurich, 1880).
The Babylonian Talmud is cited according to treatise, folio, and page, as the content in nearly all the editions since that of the third Bomberg one (1548) is the same, e.g.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/14435b.htm   (3581 words)

 Gemara (Talmud)
The scholars (Rabbis) who participated in the Talmud are referred to as "Amora'im" [singular: "Amora"], from an Aramaic word that originally designated the official in the academy whose job it was to recite the scholars' teachings before the public.
Babylonia was situated in the area that is presently occupied by Iraq and was known to the ancient Greeks as "Mesopotamia" ("Between the Rivers") The agricultural and economic lives of the populace were determined by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and the intricate network of canals emanating from them.
The Babylonian Talmud is a commentary on the Mishnah, whose order it follows.
www.ucalgary.ca /%7Eelsegal/TalmudMap/Gemara.html   (1288 words)

 Babylonain Talmud Research Guide
The Babylonian Talmud is a collection of study teachings based upon the Hebrew Bible and oral commentaries of Jewish learning.
The six major divisions of the Talmud are derived from the Mishnah or oral Torah.
The Babylonian Talmud is a 64-volume set located in the Reference Room, directly behind the reference desk.
www.oru.edu /university/library/guides/talmud.html   (799 words)

 Judaic Treasures of the Library of Congress: The Talmud
The Talmud is the extraordinary compendium of law and lore of rabbinic Judaism, comprising both the Mishnah and the Gemara.
The Mishnah is in Hebrew, the language of the Bible and of worship and scholarly discourse in late antiquity; the Gemara is in Aramaic, the language of common discourse of that time.
The Babylonian, edited a century and half later, is the compendium of scholarly legal discussions carried on in the academies and courts of that Jewish community.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/loc/Talmud.html   (743 words)

 ipedia.com: Talmud Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
A folio of Talmud is known as a daf; each daf has two amudim labelled א and ב, sides A and B. The referencing by daf is relatively recent and dates from the early Talmud printings of the 17th century.
This activity did not infringe on the authority of the Talmud; for although it combined other ideals and intellectual aims with Talmudic study, the importance of that study was in no wise decried by those who devoted themselves to other fields of learning.
However, historians of Judaism note that the current text of the Talmud is artificially smooth; the text, having been edited by the Savoraim (post-Talmudic rabbis), "covers up" many disagreements between the rabbis of the Mishnah and the rabbis of the Talmud.
www.ipedia.com /talmud.html   (3971 words)

 Babylonian Talmud --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Although the entire Mishna was studied at the Palestinian and Babylonian academies, the Palestinian Talmud (Gemara) covers only the first four orders (except chapters 21–24 of Shabbat and chapter 3 of Makkot) and the first three chapters of Nidda in the sixth order.
Most scholars agree that the Palestinian Talmud was never completed to the fifth and sixth orders of the...
The Talmud is a storehouse of wisdom and morals.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9011623?tocId=9011623   (748 words)

 Truth About the Talmud: Judaism's Holiest Book
The Babylonian Talmud is regarded as the authoritative version: "The authority of the Babylonian Talmud is also greater than that of the Jerusalem Talmud.
The rabbi proceeded to flatly deny that the Talmud contained anti-Gentile or anti-Christian passages and on the basis of the rabbi's "prestige," this elderly and ailing woman was sentenced to three months in jail and fined the equivalent of $1,000.
Under the Talmud's counterfeit Noahide Laws, the worship of Jesus is forbidden under penalty of death, since such worship of Christ is condemned by Judaism as idolatry.
www.revisionisthistory.org /talmudtruth.html   (7506 words)

 YU Museum Presents A Journey Through the Talmud's History - The Commentator - Features
And the accessibility and study of the Talmud has certainly changed dramatically since the fifth century, when it was first redacted and took formative role in mainstream Judaism.
The YU Museum's Talmud exhibition was preceded by a symposium on April 11.
He demonstrated that the Jews of the Talmud "were not a hermetically sealed culture, but rather they were an acculturated community" who spoke Persian, were familiar with Zoroastrianism, and had personal ties to the Persian government.
www.yucommentator.com /news/2005/04/18/Features/Yu.Museum.Presents.A.Journey.Through.The.Talmuds.History-920641.shtml   (569 words)

 Babylonian Talmud - Stormfront White Nationalist Community   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The persecutors of the Talmud, during the period ranging from the First Century B.C., have varied in their character, objects and actions.
This decree however, was not executed*… the efforts of Hadrian met with no success*… He saw the Talmud still existing*… uniting Israel into one people, and establishing it still more firmly as a national and religious whole*… the Talmud regained its former power and influence.
And the pupil of one of the contemporary rabbis "Rabbi Jehudah the Nasi" (the "prince") became "the compiler of the Mishnah" (or laws of the Talmud).
www.stormfront.org /forum/showthread.php?t=94529   (739 words)

 The Talmud
Rodkinson has been widely criticized, both from traditionalist Jews who feel that translating the Talmud is not an acceptable practice, as well as from those hostile to the Talmud and Judaism in general.
There are a few scattered legends about the life and death of the principal authors of the Talmud, and some notable passages, mostly in Chapter IV.
A history of the Talmud, starting with its five hundred years of composition from the first to fifth centuries C.E., and its bitter persecution from antiquity, through the Reformation up to the 19th Century.
www.sacred-texts.com /jud/talmud.htm   (1581 words)

 A Page of Talmud
These editions established the familiar format of placing the original text in square formal letters the centre of the page, surrounded by the commentaries of Rashi and Tosafot, which are printed in a semi-cursive typeface.
Over the years several additions were introduced, including identifications of Biblical quotes, cross-references the Talmud and Rabbinic literature, and to the principal codes of Jewish law.
Almost all Talmuds in current use are copies of the famous Vilna (Wilno, Vilnyus) Talmuds, published in several versions from 1880 by the "Widow and Brothers Romm" in that renowned Lithuanian centre of Jewish scholarship.
www.acs.ucalgary.ca /~elsegal/TalmudPage.html   (498 words)

 Question 3.15: What is the Talmud?
The Talmud is sometimes referred to as the Shas.
However, the Babylonian Talmud has greater popularity and authority, so the generic term 'Talmud' almost always refers to the Babylonian Talmud.
Traditionally, the Talmud is the supreme sourcebook of Law, as it takes the rules listed in the Torah and describes how to apply them to different circumstances.
www.faqs.org /faqs/judaism/FAQ/03-Torah-Halacha/section-16.html   (592 words)

The Mishna and the rabbinic discussions (known as the Gemara) comprise the Talmud, although in Jewish life the terms Gemara and Talmud usually are used interchangeably.
Among religious Jews, talmudic scholars are regarded with the same awe and respect with which secular society regards Nobel laureates.
Yet throughout Jewish history, study of the Mishna and Talmud was hardly restricted to an intellectual elite.
www.us-israel.org /jsource/Judaism/talmud_&_mishna.html   (1246 words)

 Rabbinic Commentary on the Babylonian Talmud
Rabbi Dr. Isidore Epstein was the editor of the Soncino Talmud project, recruiting many greats of Judaism to assist him in the task, personally reviewing all of the work as it was produced, and coordinating the many details of notation, and transliteration of Hebrew words.
Rabbi Rodkinson's The History of the Talmud, which appears as Volume X of the 1918 edition, is currently on line at Sacred Texts (http://www.sacred-texts.com/jud/talmud.htm).
The History of the Talmud includes a thumbnail biography of each of the Talmud Sages and a history of attempts made to destroy or censor the Talmud over the centuries.
www.come-and-hear.com /talmud/rabbis.html   (759 words)

 Judaism 101: Torah
This was completed in the 5th century C.E. There are actually two Talmuds: the Jerusalem Talmud and the Babylonian Talmud.
Although these divisions seem to indicate subject matter, it is important to note that the Mishnah and the Talmud tend to be engage in quite a bit of free-association, thus widely diverse subjects may be discussed in a seder or masekhtah.
The local rabbi would present the situation, often including detailed references to the Talmudic passages he had reviewed and his own interpretations of these authorities, and the world-renowned rabbi would provide a reasoned argument in favor of his answer.
www.jewfaq.org /torah.htm   (1472 words)

 An Outline of the Talmud
The full Talmud is as large as a set of encyclopedias.
The outline provided is for the Babylonian Talmud as opposed to the Jerusalem Talmud which is shorter and is considered less authoritative.
To understand what the Talmud is, it is necessary to explain first what the oral Torah and the Mishnah is. The Oral Toral, according to orthodox Jewish thought, is a body of Torah that was given to Moses in oral form.
www.jasher.com /Btalmud.htm   (2677 words)

 Under the Noahide Laws
Of these two, the Babylonian Talmud is authoritative for Orthodox Judaism, which regards it as divinely inspired...
The Talmud also states the penalty for disobedience: "One additional element of greater severity is that violation of any one of the seven laws subjects the Noahide to capital punishment by decapitation.
The Mishnah is the early Talmud or the forerunner of the Talmud.
www.watch.pair.com /law.html   (6612 words)

The Babylonian Talmud is huge and occupies thirty volumes in the Soncino translation.
The Mishnah is the earliest material and constitutes about 20% of the whole Babylonian Talmud.
The three most noteworthy references are given in links above: the hanging of Yeshu on the eve of Passover, the bastard son found in a book of genealogies, and the account of a certain Yeshu of around 100 BCE.
www.earlychristianwritings.com /talmud.html   (896 words)

 D.A.F.'s Dafyomi Central Headquarters
Archives now include the entire text of the Babylonian Talmud; users can download or print out the desired page for free, enabling them to study at their convenience even when they travel.
Webshas is an ambitious index to the Talmud, prepared by Rabbi Mordechai Torczyner, rabbi of Congregation Ohave Shalom, Young Israel of Pawtucket, Rhode Island.
In addition, each page of the Talmud can be viewed during the lesson in a clear, computer generated replica of the Talmud page, in the original format it is found in the printed book.
www.dafyomi.co.il /central.htm   (4141 words)

 Jews' College (Soncino) Babylonian Talmud
Passages censored in previous editions of the Talmud were restored, and the translators amplified the text with extensive footnotes that form a running commentary.
The publication was completed as a 35-volume set in 1952, and republished in 18 volumes in 1961.
The Jew's College/Soncino English translation of the Babylonian Talmud has remained the gold standard of English Talmuds for six decades.
come-and-hear.com /talmud   (226 words)

 Texts of Judaism
This massive ten volume abridgement of the Talmud, the Jewish compendium of law and tradition, is the only extensive public domain translation.
This is a beautiful extract from the Talmud, which has been used as liturgy.
This was one of the first English translations in modern times of any portion of the Talmud.
www.sacred-texts.com /jud   (676 words)

 TES - Master Daf Talmud
MasterDaf is a series of lessons on the Mishna (oral Torah) and the Babylonian Talmud given by Rabbi Avraham Kosman over a seven year period.
Every word of both the Mishna and the Talmud is read in its original Hebrew and Aramaic, then translated into clear English, and explained according to the basic meaning of the text.
TES - jewishsoftware.com, the originators and developers of the MasterDaf Talmud and MasterDaf Mishna series on CD-ROM have undertaken the development of this project to further spread the awareness and learning of the Mishna and Talmud via use of the computer technology.
www.masterdaf.com   (265 words)

The goal of WebShas is to provide a bibliography of the Talmud.
In other words, I would like to guide people to the places in the Talmud which discuss issues in which they are interested.
Just click to the Main Index and pick out a category in which you wish to search, whether you are browsing or looking for something specific.
www.aishdas.org /webshas/index.shtml   (169 words)

 Technorati Tag: talmud   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Fairy Wings and Studying the Talmud From a Qu...
Svara, which calls itself a “queer yeshiva,” is lead by Rabbi Benay Lappe, a 1997 graduate of the Jewish Theological Seminary.
Tom at Scared Monkeys posted about what he called an intriguing story about the Ark of the Covenant.
www.technorati.com /tag/talmud   (401 words)

 What follows is an excerpt of a Four Part
This Conspiracy is the latter-day offspring of the one the Jews brought out of their seventy years of Babylonian Captivity in 536 BC and then expanded over the next eighteen centuries or so.
Blasphemous and mindless Talmudic interpretations of Scriptures abound.
The Talmud’s teachings on sexual matters are especially revealing in light of the recent explosion of sexually explicit stuff on every hand which, as everyone knows, is growing kinkier by the day.
www.fixedearth.com /talmud.html   (2781 words)

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