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Topic: Bacteremia

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In the News (Sun 21 Apr 19)

  eMedicine - Bacteremia : Article by Brian J Holland, MD
Pneumococcal bacteremia is observed in children of all ages; however, children aged 6 months to 2 years are at an increased risk (Swindell, 1993; Kuppermann, 1999; Lee, 1998), and the prevalence of pneumococcal meningitis peaks in infants aged 3-5 months.
The prevalence of occult bacteremia caused by pneumococcus is anticipated to decrease greatly in the near future because of the introduction of the 7-valent conjugate pneumococcal vaccine, which was designed to cover 98% of the strains of S pneumoniae responsible for occult bacteremia (Alpern, 2001).
The sensitivity and specificity of clinical judgment in predicting occult bacteremia and serious bacterial infections have varied greatly in previous studies, with a consensus that clinical judgment is not a reliable indicator of occult bacteremia (Kuppermann, 1999; Baraff and Bass, 1993; Baraff, 1993; Baker, 1999; Bass, 1996).
www.emedicine.com /PED/topic196.htm   (12309 words)

  Bacteremia: Biology of Infectious Disease: Merck Manual Professional
Bacteremia is the presence of bacteria in the bloodstream.
Bacteremia has many possible causes, including dental procedures or even vigorous toothbrushing; catheterization of an infected lower urinary tract; surgical treatment of an abscess or infected wound; and colonization of indwelling devices, especially IV and intracardiac catheters, urethral catheters, and ostomy devices and tubes.
Bacteremia may cause endocarditis (see Endocarditis), most commonly if the pathogen is an enterococcus, streptococcus, or staphylococcus, and less commonly with gram-negative bacteremia and fungemia.
www.merck.com /mmpe/sec14/ch167/ch167g.html   (554 words)

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