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Topic: Bactrian

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  Bactrian Camel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) is a large even-toed ungulate native to the steppes of eastern Asia.
Bactrian camels are over 2 meters (7 feet) tall at the hump and weigh in excess of 725 kg (1,600 pounds).
By comparison the Bactrian camel is a stockier, hardier animal being able to survive the scorching desert heat of northern Iran to the frozen winters in Tibet [1].
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bactrian_Camel   (551 words)

 Bactrian camel
Bactrian camels are extremely adept at withstanding wide variations in temperature - from freezing cold to blistering heat.
The population density of wild Bactrian camels is calculated to be 5 animals per 100 square kilometers.
The Bactrian camel was domesticated at least 4,500 years ago in, appropriately, Bactria, near what is presently Turkmenia and northern Iran.
www.ultimateungulate.com /Artiodactyla/Camelus_bactrianus.html   (482 words)

 Bactria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Bactrian language is part of the Persian language family.
The Bactrians are one of the ancestral lines of the modern-day Tajiks of Central Asia as well as possibly the Pashtuns.
The Bactrian king Euthydemus and his son Demetrius crossed the Hindu Kush and began the conquest of Northern Afghanistan and the Indus valley.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bactria   (1270 words)

 Wild Bactrian camel - Camelus bactrianus: More Information - ARKive
The two-humped wild Bactrian camel is the ancestor of all domestic camels (3).
The coat of the wild Bactrian camel tends to be lighter than its domestic relative and is a sandier grey-brown colour (4); it becomes thick and shaggy in winter when temperatures can fall to –30ºC (4), and is lost in big sections as temperatures increase (2).
Bactrian camels persisted in China even though the Gashun Gobi desert (Lop Nur) was used as a nuclear test site for 45 years (3), today further habitat loss has occurred with the development of a gas pipe-line in the north of the reserve (1) and highly toxic illegal mining (3).
www.arkive.org /species/GES/mammals/Camelus_bactrianus/more_info.html   (823 words)

 Encyclopedia: Bactrian Camel
Bactrian Camel, originally uploaded to Dutch wikipedia by user Jcwf; photographed by himself File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version.
Bactrian Camel in a Belgian Zoo, taken by myself, File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version.
National Geographic: Wild Bactrian Camels Critically Endangered Wild Camel Protection Foundation BBC coverage of the discovery of camels in the Gashun Gobi region
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Bactrian-Camel   (1498 words)

 Bactrian Camels
In contrast, Bactrian camels have two humps and are native to the cold, mountain and high desert climates of Central Asia.
Bactrian camels live in the steppes and desert plateaus of the Gobi desert in Mongolia and China (Xinjiang province).
The wild Bactrian camel is endangered due to human impact on their environment, hybridization with domestic camels, sport hunting, predation by desert wolves and destruction of camels due to their competition with livestock herds for limited food resources.
www.alaskazoo.org /willowcrest/boris.htm   (886 words)

 Pictures of the Bactrian camel|Camelus bactrianus facts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Camelus bactrianus Linnaeus, 1758 The Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus) is a large even-toed ungulate native to the steppes of eastern Asia.
Bactrian camels are targeted by hunters seeking food, sport, or merely to protect their own domestic animals which compete with the camels for grazing space.
Bactrian Camels are over 7 feet (2 m) tall at the hump and weigh in excess of 1,600 pounds (725 kg).
www.thewebsiteofeverything.com /animals/mammals/Artiodactyla/Camelidae/Camelus/Camelus-bactrianus.html   (571 words)

 Bactrian Camel   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Bactrian camels live in Dry steppe, semi-deserts, and Gobi steppe along rivers.
Bactrian camels are sexually mature at 30 months of age.
Bactrian camels can live up to 50 years in the wild.
laurier.vsb.bc.ca /studentp/RyanY/BCamel.html   (161 words)

 Sims-Williams --- Bactrian
Prior to the talk he was awarded, jointly with his colleague Dr Joe Cribb of the British Museum, this year's Hirayama prize from Professor HIRAYAMA Ikuo, Director of the Institute of Silk Road Studies in Kamakura for their work on the decipherment and interpretation of the newly discovered Rabatak inscription in Northern Afghanistan.
Until forty years ago virtually nothing was known of the Bactrian language except for the legends on the coins of the Kushans and their successors.
Since the whole collection of Bactrian documents almost certainly represents the royal archive of the kings of Rob, the mere presence of this document in the archive would suggest that Warnu too formed part of their dominions.
www.gengo.l.u-tokyo.ac.jp /~hkum/bactrian.html   (4539 words)

 The Bactrian Invasion
The Bactrian army was led by the Strategos Diadotos aided by Eumenes and Daios, and was indeed wholly mounted.
The left hand legiones were deployed as a bait in the hope that the Bactrians would commit some of their cavalry into positions where the legionarii archers could fight them from the enclosures.
The Saka and Bactrian horse archers had now advanced so close to the village of Abae and the enclosures that the Auxilia placed in ambush were in a position to attack them.
www.endoftime.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk /battles/bactria/battle.htm   (2104 words)

 Pueblo Zoo Bactrian Camel
The Bactrian Camel belongs to the Camel family and resides in Central Asia, Mongolia and China.
Bactrian camels, like all camels, are herbivores and will eat grass, hay, grain, and the leaves from bushes and trees.
Bactrian camels were domesticated before 2500 BC in the plateau of northern Iran and southwestern Turkestan and then spread east to Iraq, India and China.
www.pueblozoo.org /archives/jan01/feature.htm   (521 words)

 Bactrian Gold - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Tillya Tepe (Golden Hill) "Bactrian Gold" hoard is a collection of about 20,600 gold ornaments that was found in six burial mounds near Shibarghan, in the northern Afghanistan province of Jozjan, and was excavated in 1978 by a team led by the Greek-Russian archaeologist Victor Sariyannidis, a year before the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
A new museum in Kabul is being planned where the Bactrian gold will eventually be kept.
As of 2005, preparations are under way to exhibit some of the 20,000 pieces.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bactrian_Gold   (201 words)

 Bactrian Camel Info Page
Bactrian camels can have a lifespan between 25 to 45 years.
Bactrian camels travel in caravans in the desert with an adult male alpha as their leader for a group of about 20 or 30.
Bactrian camels were thought to be extinct in the wild until an expedition found some wild C. bactrianus in the Gobi desert in 1957.
www.trianglemetrozoo.com /bactriancamel.asp   (695 words)

 LRF Gobi Gold, the bactrian camel calf
Gobi is a bactrian camel calf at Llama Rose Farm.
Bactrians are well known as beast of burden, often carrying 1000 pounds for as many as 30 miles in the scorching heat and sand of their native environment, or in the very cold.
They are bactrian and dromedary camels, llamas, guanacos, alpacas and vicunas.
www.llamarose.com /gobi2.html   (922 words)

 Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus)
Bactrian camels are usually a beige color with hair that ranges from short to long depending on the season.
Bactrian camels travel the desert in caravans made up of 6 to 20 camels.
Bactrian camels were domesticates about 3500 years ago and have been vital to the cultures in their desert habitat.
www.thebigzoo.com /Animals/Bactrian_Camel.asp   (430 words)

 IL&S: Bactrian Language & Script   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Little was known of this middle Iranian language of ancient Bactria until the middle of the 20th century.
By studying these texts and the ones on coins belonging to the Kushan and Hephthalite kings, it was determined that the language used belongs to the Iranian group.
The Bactrian script used by the Kushans and Hephthalites was Tocharian which itself was a modified version of the Greek alphabet.
iranianlanguages.com /midiranian/bactrian.htm   (409 words)

 Wild Bactrian Camels Critically Endangered, Group Says   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Summary The wild Bactrian camel, a two-humped ancestor of domesticated camels, is now critically endangered in its native habitat in the harsh deserts of Northwest China and Mongolia.
The reclassification of wild Bactrian camels to "critically endangered" status in October 2002 places the camel in the same category as the panda, a standing that reflects the increasingly precarious position of that small population.
The wild Bactrian camel, a two-humped ancestor of domesticated camels, is now critically endangered in its native habitat in the harsh deserts of Northwest China and Mongolia.
news.nationalgeographic.com /news/2002/11/1126_021205_cameltrek.html   (707 words)

 Mammals » Other Exotics » Camel - Bactrian Main Page
Bactrian Camels are very strong when used for draft work or transportation.
Bactrian Camels can go so long without water because their blood is specially adapted.
Bactrian Camels usually have their first calf around four years of age and can continue to reproduce until they are 30!
www.centralpets.net /pages/critterpages/mammals/other_exotics/OEX5653.shtml   (673 words)

 The Ducks' Bactrian Camel Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Two closely related types of camel are sometimes confused: the Arabian camel with 1 hump and the Bactrian camel with 2 humps.
The Bactrian camel is also heavier and has a longer coat.
While Arabian camels are now all domesticated, some Bactrian camels still live in the wild in the Gobi desert, between southwest Mongolia and northwest China.
www.geocities.com /RainForest/Vines/9953/bcamel.html   (212 words)

 Bactrian camel
"Bactrian" comes from the ancient country of Bactria, which is now a part of Afghanistan.
To remember the difference, the “B” in bactrian has two humps, and the “D” in dromedary has one hump - just like their respective animals.
The amount of hair on the bactrian depends on its habitat, with the woolier animals living in the colder or higher habitats.
www.americazoo.com /goto/index/mammals/357.htm   (307 words)

 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Camelus bactrianus
The Wild Bactrian Camel is facing a population size reduction of at least 80% within the next three generations.
The Wild Bactrian Camel, the remarkable ancestor of domestic camels, lives in three separated habitats in North West China and one in Mongolia.
Economic pressure to use the areas adjoining the Nature Reserve as grazing for domestic Bactrian camels has increased hybridisation on the southern border and this poses a significant threat to the unique genetic strain of the Wild Bactrian Camel which current scientific DNA research suggests might be a separate species.
www.redlist.org /search/details.php?species=3707   (1078 words)

 ADW: Camelus bactrianus: Information   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Wild bactrian camels are active mainly during the day and are generally found alone or in small groups of more than 30 animals.
Thus, the size of the hump serves as an indication of C. bactrian's health, food supply and general well-being.
Bactrian camels were thought to be extinct in the wild until an expedition found some wild C.
animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu /accounts/camelus/c._bactrianus   (1250 words)

 Bactrian Camels, Camels, Breeding Bactrian Camels, Breeding Camels, Camels for sale
Bactrian Camels are by far the most rare type of Camel.
Bactrian Camels also grow a very long dense fleece to keep them warm in the winter months.
Bactrian Camels are the only animals in the world that can stay warm by raising their blood temperature during a cold evening and then lower their blood temperature during the day to help keep them cool!
www.summerhummers.com /summerhummers_camels_content.htm   (753 words)

 Lady Wildlifes Bactrian Camel
Camel and Man: It is thought that the Bactrian camel was domesticated by man as early as 2,000 BC it is presumed to be a descendant of the feral camel.
At the end of the nineteenth century, Bactrian camels were discovered in the Lobnor Desert in China by the Russian Explorer, Nikolai Przewalski's, and it was established that, in its natural state, the Bactrian camel is truly a wild, rather than domesticated, animal.
In 1860, fifteen Bactrian camels were imported to the United States to haul salt across 200 miles of desert.
ladywildlife.com /animal/bactriancamel.html   (848 words)

 Camel Lore, Information about camels
It is thought that the dromedary may have evolved from the Bactrian camel.
However, in the case of the Bactrian camel, there are a small number of animals (300 - 700) located in a small area in the Trans-Altai Gobi Desert, that are considered a wild population.
Domesticated Bactrian camels were found in southern Russia by 1700 - 1200 B.C. and even in western Siberia by the 10th century B.C. They were used in China as early as 300 B.C. as the original "silk route" camels, but were replaced by crossbreeds of the Bactrian/dromedary later on.
www.llamaweb.com /Camel/Info.html   (780 words)

 Bactrian Camel   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Bactrian camels are 3 m tall and weigh up to 700 kg.
When walking, Bactrian camels move with a swinging stride in which the front and hind legs on each side of their body move in unison.
Bactrian camels are found along rivers on the Gobi Steppe, but they return to the desert as soon as the snow melts.
www.letus.org /bmatters/animals/camel.html   (822 words)

 From Jack Downey ~ Ships of the Desert Part II. Canadian Bactrian Camels in B.C.'s Gold Rush days."
In 1862, twenty-two female Bactrian camels landed in Gastown (Vancouver) B.C. and then were transported by stern-wheeler up the Fraser River to Yale B.C. Boomtown Yale was the end of water navigation and the beginning of the Fraser canyon roadway to the Carabootrail.
Before we recount some of the facts on our CarabooCanadian Bactrian camels, I'd like to give you a camp fire story about a particular camel that brooked no guff from any of it's fellow travelers, be they mule, horse, dog, ox or human.
Bactrian camels suited the B.C. climate perfectly and got on well with the rough browse that was available for fodder.
www.canadianculture.com /geezer/jack50.html   (1369 words)

 Breeds of Livestock - Sonid Bactrian Camels   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The camels of China are all of the bi-humped, Bactrian type.
They can suffer thirst, going without watering for 7-8 days, even under the sun, and may lose as much as 221 lbs of water which is about 22-25% of their body weight.
The Bactrian camel is a multi-purpose animal, mainly used for working and producing wool, meat and milk.
www.ansi.okstate.edu /breeds/other/camel/sonid   (191 words)

 "Information resources on old world camels: Arabian and Bactrian 1962-2003"
There are still Bactrian camels that exist in the Gobi desert as wild animals, but their numbers are dwindling due to human encroachment.
It has been suggested that they are actually derived from the Bactrian camels and lost one of their humps in the process of domestication.
The Arabian overlaps with the Bactrian camel in the areas of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Southwest Asia.
www.nal.usda.gov /awic/pubs/Camels/camels.htm   (8944 words)

 Bactrian Camel Printout- EnchantedLearning.com
The Bactrian Camel, Camelus bactrianus, is a two-humped camel that lives in the rocky Gobi desert and the grasslands (steppes) of Asia; these habitats get both very hot and very cold.
Bactrian camels have a life span of about 40 years.
The Bactrian Camel can drink up to 32 gallons (120 liters) of water at a time.
www.enchantedlearning.com /subjects/mammals/camel/Bactrian.shtml   (274 words)

 Bactrian Camel News - Press Release   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
These expeditions were primarily concerned with tracking down the mysterious, wild Bactrian camel Camelus bactrianus ferus which lives in the heartland of the desert and is the ancestor of all domestic Bactrian stock.
The Wild Camel Protection Foundation (WCPF), a UK based charitable foundation with Jane Goodall as its patron, was established in 1997 specifically to protect the critically endangered wild Bactrian camel in its pristine desert environment in the Gobi deserts of China and Mongolia.
In addition, the wild Bactrian camel has survived over 40 atmospheric nuclear tests and current scientific research is showing that it has a base genetic make-up which varies from the domestic Bactrian camel by as much as 3 per cent.
environment.press-world.com /v/67918/bactrian-camel-news.html   (1260 words)

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