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Topic: Balkan Peninsula


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  MSN Encarta - Balkan Peninsula
Balkan Peninsula, peninsula in southeastern Europe, bounded on the east by the Black and Aegean seas, on the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and on the west by the Adriatic and Ionian seas.
The Balkan Peninsula generally encompasses the countries that are commonly known as the Balkan states: Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro, Albania, Greece, and Bulgaria.
Because the peninsula is politically and economically important as part of the land bridge between Europe and Asia and the overland route from the Mediterranean to the Black Sea, it was subjugated for centuries by a series of conquerors.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761567023/Balkan_Peninsula.html   (1044 words)

  
 Balkans - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Balkans are sometimes referred to as the Balkan peninsula as they are surrounded by the Adriatic, Ionian, Aegean, Marmara and Black seas from the southwest, south and southeast.
The northern border of the Balkan peninsula is generally considered be the line formed by the Danube, Sava and Kupa rivers and a segment connecting the spring of the Kupa with the Kvarner Bay.
On the coasts the climate is Mediterranean, in the inland it is moderate continental.
www.hartselle.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Balkan_peninsula   (2138 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Balkan Peninsula (Balkans Physical Geography) - Encyclopedia
The Balkan Peninsula therefore includes most of Slovenia, Croatia, and Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Albania, Macedonia, continental Greece (including the Peloponnesus), Bulgaria, European Turkey, and SE Romania.
The peninsula is very mountainous; the main ranges are the Dinaric Alps, the Balkans, the Rhodope Mts., and the Pindus.
Except for the barren Karst plateau in the northwest and the eroded highlands of Greece, the mountains are densely forested.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/B/BalkanPe.html   (443 words)

  
 BALKAN PENINSULA - LoveToKnow Article on BALKAN PENINSULA
The Peninsula in its general contour resembles an inverted pyramid or triangle, terminating at its apex in a subsidiary peninsula, the Peloponnesus or Morea.
The Danubian plain, lying, for the most part, outside the Peninsula, is enclosed, on the north, by the Carpathians; and on the south by the Balkans, from which the Peninsula derives its name.
The revival of the various Balkan nationalities was in every case accompanied or preceded by a literary movement; in Servian literature, under the influence of Obradovich and Vuk Karajich, the popular idiom, notwithstanding the opposition of the priesthood, superseded the ecclesiastical RussianSlavonic; in Bulgaria the eastern dialect, that of the Sredna Gora, prevailed.
14.1911encyclopedia.org /B/BA/BALKAN_PENINSULA.htm   (5272 words)

  
 Balkans   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The region takes its name from the Balkan mountains which run through the centre of Bulgaria into eastern Serbia, and the term 'Balkan' itself is derived from the Turkish word for mountain.
The larger land mass is sometimes referred to as the Balkan peninsula as it is surrounded by the Adriatic, Ionian, Aegean, Marmara and Black seas from the southwest, south and southeast.
In the past most of the Balkans was united politically under the Byzantine and the Ottoman Empires, both of which had their geographical centre of gravity in Anatolia, now Asiatic Turkey.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/balkans   (1558 words)

  
 The Balkan Linguistic Union
The Turks, occupying various regions all over the Balkan peninsula during the period of their domination, are at present concentrated mainly in its southeastern parts.
Balkanisms appear equally in the speech of Northern Rumanians living in the Timok valley, south of the Danube, in Transylvania, Wallachia (Muntenia) or Moldova.
He states that it is not always possible to know the origin of a certain feature: they may be the effect of the substratum, or of the prolonged and close symbiosis between the different populations, influencing each other, of which most influence emanated from Greek, which is explained by the superior Greek civilization.
www.orbilat.com /Encyclopaedia/B/Balkan_Linguistic_Union.html   (985 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Balkans are a historical and geographical region of southeastern Europe.
As of 2003, all Balkan countries are friendly towards the EU and the USA.
Many Balkan countries have a large number of atheists, since they were ruled by communist governments that for nearly half a century forbid the open practice of religious beliefs.
www.informationgenius.com /encyclopedia/b/ba/balkans.html   (1512 words)

  
 Balkan Peninsula on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Balkan Peninsula therefore includes most of Slovenia, Croatia, and Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Macedonia, continental Greece (including the Peloponnesus), Bulgaria, European Turkey, and SE Romania.
Italy and Its Immigrants.(refugees from the Balkan Peninsula)
Enthralled by Thrace; Extinct Balkan culture yields gold, treasure and intrigue at exhibit; "Ancient Gold: The Wealth of the Thracians, Treasures From the Republic of Bulgaria" at the Museum of Fine Arts, through Jan....
www.encyclopedia.com /html/B/BalkanP1e.asp   (554 words)

  
 Balkan Opportunities   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The term Balkans is due to the Berlin geographer Johann August Zeune (1778-1853) who, in 1808, coined the term Balkanhalbinsel, which had a tremendous impact.
For example, Romania is also labelled a 'Balkanic country' even if this is not compliant with either its initial meaning or later evolutions of the term.
This is in part due to the pejorative connotation of the term 'Balkans' in the 1990s, and continuation of this meaning until now.
www.balkans.mehedinti.info   (2331 words)

  
 Monster Essays: Search results for 'balkan'   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Balkan Peninsula has many physical features, but there are three main ones, they are the fact that it is a peninsula, its mountains, and its rivers.
What effects the Balkan region is its blood-soaked history, an ethnic jigsaw puzzle and, currently the "Mad Serb Disease." Like the Bosnian tragedy, Kosovo’s misfortune results equally from the dominant powers letting expediency rather than ethnicity determine the Balkan borders.
The peninsula was known as the Powder Keg of Europe because tensions there threatened to ignite a major war.
www.monsteressays.com /ccsearch.php?referer=598095&query=balkan   (1239 words)

  
 Balkan peninsula : Balkans   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Balkan peninsula is a region of southeastern Europe, usually considered to comprise Greece, Albania, Bulgaria, the European part of Turkey and the former (pre-1991) republics of Yugoslavia, with a combined area of 550,000 sq.
As of 2003, all Balkan countries are cooperating with the EU and the USA.
As a matter of trivia, the peninsula takes its name from the Balkan mountains (Bulgarian "Stara Gora") which run down the center of Bulgaria, and the term 'Balkan' itself is derived from the Turkish word for mountain.
www.city-search.org /ba/balkans.html   (826 words)

  
 Islamic History and Culture - The Details of the History of Islam - Islam's First Contact with the Balkan Nations
Thus, in order to better understand such a quick acceptance of Islam by the Balkan nations, it is very important to give an exposé of the historical, social, and religious conditions of the people living in the Balkan Peninsula, firstly the Illyrians and later the Slav tribes.
Insofar as the nations of the Balkan Peninsula are concerned, the overwhelming historic evidence points out that the military expeditions were of very little importance to the spread of Islam.
Arnold observes that the Peceneg tribes migrated from the coasts of the Ural River and settled in the present-day Macedonia.
www.islamic-paths.org /Home/English/History/Details/Balkan_Contact.htm   (6210 words)

  
 Chapter 9 -- The Balkan Flux
Instead of being confined to the Balkan Peninsula, as it was before 1914, it now stretches over most of east Central Europe, which has been both politically and spiritually "Balkanized." The Balkan Peninsula is the easternmost of the three great projections which jut out from the continent of Europe southward into the Mediterranean Sea.
Again, the Balkan Peninsula is neither a plateau like Spain nor a well- defined land like Italy, but is rather an irregular mass of rugged highlands criss-crossed by short mountain ranges which run in every direction and break up the land surface into many disconnected regions.
The other Balkan peoples, already obscurely stirring to nationalist ideas, refused to move, and the Turks were thus able to concentrate against the Greeks, who were massacred wholesale, and deprived of the privileged position 222 that they had heretofore enjoyed.
www.whitenationalist.org /lindstedt/racerea9.html   (7356 words)

  
 Balkan Peninsula. The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. 2002
Peninsula in southeastern Europe between the Ionian Sea and Adriatic Sea on the west, the Mediterranean Sea on the south, and the Aegean Sea and Black Sea on the east.
The nations of the Balkan Peninsula include Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Slovenia, and the former Yugoslavia.
The European portion of Turkey is also on the Balkan Peninsula.
www.bartleby.com /59/15/balkanpenins.html   (157 words)

  
 Articles - Balkans   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The identity of the Balkans owes as much to its fragmented and often violent common history as to its mountainous geography.
During the Middle Ages, the Balkans became the stage for a series of wars between the Byzantine, Bulgarian and Serbian Empires.
The Balkan nations began to regain their independence in the 19th century(Greece), and in 1912-1913 a Balkan League reduced Turkey's territory to its present extent in the Balkan Wars.
www.gaple.com /articles/Balkan_peninsula?mySession=b2e83243d39932da0a70f35107c0568d   (2359 words)

  
 The Balkan Peninsula: Part I. Building an Empire
As intricate as the causes of international or inter-ethnic conflict may seem, the knots of aggression are more easily unraveled if observers and participants to those conflicts comprehend the underlying historical forces that set fire to the often long kindling flames of warfare.
For inhabitants of the Balkan Peninsula, these aspects are especially difficult to explain.
The conquest of the Balkan Peninsula was accomplished by simple military campaigns, but keeping that territory was the bane of imperial life until the empire collapsed.
www.suite101.com /article.cfm/international_trade_politics/62832   (902 words)

  
 Balkan Forums - Balkans=Haimos   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Balkans it is quite a recent term, popularized in the early 19th century by the German geographer August Zeune.
Balkan Peninsula in the ancient times was called Haimos (pronounced Hemos) and this name would be the most apropriate name for this peninsula while the name for its populations would be Haimian (pronounced Hemian).
He said that Balkan is the perfect name for our area: a mixture of honey and blood, pleasure and suffering, peace and war, life and death.
www.balkanforums.com /forum/archive/index.php/t-686.html   (1082 words)

  
 Regional Names in the Central and Eastern Parts of the Balkan Peninsula - Peter Koledarov
Ethnic and political changes in the Balkans towards the end of the seventh century A.D. Benefitting from the unprotected northern Byzantine frontiers (a result of warfare waged by the Empire in Asia) the Sclavinians came down from their initial base in modern Wallachia and Moldavia, mainly along the valleys of the Rivers Morava and Vardar.
However, only the space between the Balkan Mountains and the Danube was left and allotted to them, after the map had been divided into the countries of the glory-covered Macedonians of Alexander the Great and of the Thracians of Orpheus.
The distribution of the ethnical groups on the Balkan Peninsula is given at the time of their establishment and the formation of Slav nationalities and the boundaries of the spread of South-Slavonic languages are indicated there.
www.kroraina.com /knigi/en/pk/pkoled.html   (6918 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
But it is often considered a Balkan country because of its close ties with the region in history and politics.
The Second Balkan War began with a Bulgarian attack on the Greeks and Serbs on the night of June 29-30, 1913: The second war was shorter, but much bloodier, than the first.
Bulgaria and Turkey were the only Balkan countries on the side of Germany and Austria-Hungary in World War I. France became a leading ally of the Balkans during World War I. After World War I, Serbia, Montenegro, and territories to the north of them were combined in the kingdom that would later be called Yugoslavia.
www.balkan-archive.org.yu /kosta/history/balkan.html   (1117 words)

  
 Institute for Balkan Studies   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Balkan Institute was stifled in 1941, when the German occupational authorities closed it down and confiscated its entire property, including its huge archives and library.
The idea was realized by academician Vaso Čubrilović, who gathered a group of scholars pursuing the study of the Balkans, and established its broad orientation in terms of chronology and interests.
The general aim of the Institute as it is today is the study of the Balkan Peninsula as a distinct cultural, historical, linguistic and geopolitical entity, stemming from the interdisciplinary character of balkanology itself.
www.sanu.ac.yu /English/Institutes/balkan.htm   (330 words)

  
 Hellenic Foreign Policy (1936-1944)
The Balkan peninsula was in itself a miniature of the European system, reproducing the conventional division between pro-system (states supporting the settlement of the Peace Treaties of 1919-20) and revisionist (countries opposing the post-1918 territorial arrangement) states.
Consequently, the Treaty for the formation of the Balkan Entente was signed by the four pro-system states, without the consent of Bulgaria, in Belgrade, in February 1934.
The signatories made clear that the Treaty was by no means directed against Bulgaria, which was invited to join the Balkan Entente at a more appropriate for her time.
www.fhw.gr /projects/cooperations/f_policy36_45/en/text/112.html   (381 words)

  
 Operation Reveille, Balkan Peninsula Intel
If the Balkan peoples were suffering on account of national, ancestral, or even original sin, then we Americans should be similarly distressed over sins against Indians, Africans, unborn children, and God.
Current conflicts and, hence, ministry opportunities on the Balkan Peninsula are driven by the clashing of three great civilizations.
Although Christianity flourished in spite of persecution in Romania and Bulgaria, the rest of the Balkan Peninsula has been a spiritual wasteland.
www.oprev.org /BalkanIntel.htm   (541 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Books: Balkan Ghosts : A Journey Through History (Vintage Departures)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Robert Kaplan's "Balkan Ghosts" is a flawed book, but certainly worth reading in order to understand, if nothing else, the prevailing Western attitudes towards the Balkan region of Europe.
The reader is given a vivid picture of the Balkan lands Kaplan visits in a sort of `travelogue from hell' or `anti-travelogue' regarding places that most readers will not yet have visited.
Since Robert Kaplan lived in the Balkans for six years, and is well read scholastically, I find him solidly qualified to bring an accurate interpretation of the compendulum of Balkan history in a "living history" sense with characters quoted and activities described.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0679749810?v=glance   (3591 words)

  
 HAIMOS: Original name for Balkan Peninsula - www.ezboard.com
As it does appear to be correct, the origin of 'Balkans' seems to be Turkish.
The Balkan peninsula is a region dominated by mountain systems, and although not particularly high,these cover some 66% of the surface area.
The main formations are those of the Dinaric Alps, whichpush down from the western Balkan region in a south-easterly direction and which, in the Pindos range,dominate western and central Greece.
pub18.ezboard.com /fbalkansfrm14.showMessage?topicID=117.topic   (3960 words)

  
 A very brief history of the Balkan peninsula   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Balkan Peninsula has long been politically and economically important as a bridge between Europe and Asia.
It was the overland route from the Med to the Black Sea.
In the 19th century, the Balkan nations developed strong nationalist movements and won their independence from the Turks, but this led to the smaller nations having to deal with the control exerted by their larger neighbors - Austria, Hungary, Turkey, Italy and Bulgaria.
www.lesstraveled.com /TripLog/MedOdy2002/KotorDubrovnik/HistoryBalkans.htm   (365 words)

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