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Topic: Balkars


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In the News (Fri 24 May 19)

  
  Balkars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Balkar (малкъар /malqar/balqar) people are a Turkic people of the Caucasus region, the titular population of Kabardino-Balkaria.
There is also an opinion that the Balkars are remnants of a branch of the Bulgar tribe that moved into the Caucasus after the westward movement of the Hunnish wave at the beginning of the 4th century AD.
The Balkars were those Bulgars who lived in Onoghur and Great Bulgaria and who remained in the Caucasus as the others migrated to the Balkans and Middle Volga.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Balkars   (185 words)

  
 balkars   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Their language is of the Ponto-Caspian subgroup of the Northwestern (Kypchak) group of Turkic languages.
In 1944, Stalin accused the Balkars of Kabardino-Balkaria of collaborating with Nazi Germany and deported the entire population.
The territory was renamed the Kabardin ASSR until 1957, when the Balkar population was allowed to return and its name was restored.
www.yourencyclopedia.net /balkars.html   (147 words)

  
 Wide Angle. Beslan: Siege of School No. 1. Interactive Map | PBS
This is because in 1944 Stalin accused the Balkars (along with the Ingush, Chechens and various other groups) of collaborating with the Nazis and deported the entire population, subsequently removing the territory's name from the republic's title, renaming the republic "Kabardin ASSR".
The Balkars were not allowed to return to their native land until 1957 (when the republic was again renamed Kabardino-Balkaria) and of course their attempt to assimilate back into a peaceful Kabardino-Balkarian Republic has been complex and difficult.
Resentment of the deportation the Balkars experienced runs deep within their culture and tensions within the republic were only assuaged once the leader of the Balkar National Congress was appointed to senior governmental office.
www.pbs.org /wnet/wideangle/shows/beslan/map_kab.html   (507 words)

  
 Printable Version on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Kabards speak a Caucasian language and are Muslims (Sunni); the Balkars speak a Turkic language.
In 1943 the Balkars, accused of collaborating with the Germans, were deported, and their area, the upper Baksan valley, was ceded to the Georgian SSR.
In 1956 the Balkars were returned, and in 1957 the area assumed its old name.
www.encyclopedia.com /printable.asp?url=/ssi/K/Kabardin.html   (263 words)

  
 Institute for War and Peace Reporting   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The immediate trigger for the protest was the murder of a leading Balkar politician who had opposed a new law which redraws all the territorial boundaries inside the republic.
Balkars, a Turkic ethnic group, currently comprise around ten per cent of the population in Kabardino-Balkaria, being outnumbered by Kabardins and Russians.
For Balkar villagers, this means that someone may not have the right to use land located on the other side of his fence or graze sheep on nearby pastures.
www.iwpr.net /index.pl?archive/cau/cau_200506_289_2_eng.txt   (1310 words)

  
 Definition of balkars
Balkars was one part of [[Bulgars]], lived in [[Onoghur]]...
7: In [[1944]], [[Stalin]] accused the Balkars of Kabardino-Balkaria of collaborating with [[Naz...
In [[1944]], [[Stalin]] accused the Balkars of collaborating with [[Nazi]] [[Germany]] and de...
www.wordiq.com /search/balkars.html   (261 words)

  
 Balkars   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Balkar (/malqar/) people are a Turkic people of the Caucasus region, thet titular population of Kabardino-Balkaria.
There is also an opinion that the Balkars are remnants of a branch of the Bulgars tribe that moved into the Caucasus after the westward movement of the Hunnish wave at the beginning of the 4th century AD.
Balkars was one part of Bulgars, lived in Onoghur and great Bulgaria and stayed in Caucasus, even another parts of this people nomadede to Bulgaria and Tatarstan.
read-and-go.hopto.org /Ethnic-groups-of-Dagestan/Balkars.html   (157 words)

  
 Wael - Circassians
In 1944 the Balkars, like certain other North Caucasus groups, were deported to Central Asia because of their alleged collaboration with the Nazis, and the region was renamed the Kabardin Autonomous Oblast.
The Cherkess are the remnants of a once-dominant Circassian group of tribes that were dispersed, mostly to the Ottoman Empire, by the Russian conquest of the Caucasus region in the early nineteenth century.
The Balkars and the Karachay belong to the same overall Turkic group, although the latter live in the Republic of Karachayevo-Cherkessia immediately west of Kabardino-Balkaria on the north slope of the Caucasus Mountains.
www.geocities.com /wtoghuj/adiga.html   (869 words)

  
 Kabardino-Balkaria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The region's name was changed to the Kabardino-Balkar Autonomous Oblast the following year, and in 1936 it was elevated to the status of an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
In 1944, Stalin accused the Balkars of collaborating with Nazi Germany and deported the entire population.
Kabardino-Balkaria consists of two ethnic territories, one predominantly of Kabardin (speakers of a Caucasian language) and the other predominantly Balkar (speakers of a Turkic language).
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Kabardino-Balkaria.html   (356 words)

  
 RADIO FREE EUROPE/ RADIO LIBERTY
The Balkars argued that the territorial downgrading of the two villages constitutes one of numerous examples of discrimination by the Kabardian majority against the Balkars.
The Balkars had enjoyed the status of an autonomous okrug (district) for only a very brief period from 1918 to 1922 prior to the formation in January 1922 of the Kabardino-Balkar Autonomous Oblast, which was upgraded to an ASSR in 1936.
The first was for the return to Balkar control of the four districts transferred to Kabardia in 1957, and for the creation of the post of republican vice president, which was to go to a Balkar; the second was for the creation of a separate Balkar republic.
www.rferl.org /reports/caucasus-report/2005/06/18-060605.asp   (1785 words)

  
 Kabardino-Balkaria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The was renamed the Kabardin ASSR until 1957 when the Balkar population was allowed return and its name was restored.
Population: 715 000 including 304 000 Kabardin 60 000 Balkars and 234 000 Russians.
Kabardino-Balkaria consists of two ethnic territories one of Kabardin (speakers of a Caucasian language) and the other predominantly Balkar (speakers a Turkic language).
www.freeglossary.com /Kabardino-Balkaria   (215 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
United by Suffering The Karachai and the Balkars stage a landmark conference aimed at highlighting their mutual grievances By Murat Kuliev in Cherkessk (CRS No. 65, 12-Jan-01) Two North Caucasian peoples, linked by common ethnic roots and an enduring sense of social injustice, are set to join forces in bid to preserve their cultural legacy.
In 1944, both the Karachai and the Balkars were accused of collaborating with the Nazis and were deported en masse to Central Asia.
One pivotal demand was the complete rehabilitation of all Karachai and Balkars who had been deported by Stalin and had yet to return to their ethnic homeland.
www.iwpr.net /archive/cau/cau_200101_65_03_eng.txt   (643 words)

  
 Ethnicity in the Caucasus: Ethnic Relations and Quasi-Ethnic Conflicts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Balkars were also exiled to Central Asia from 1944-57, although most returned after 1957 and were settled in territories that stretched beyond their original tribal homelands.
Yet Balkars complain about the social and political domination of Kabardins and the barriers to Balkar advancement indicated by few Balkars in higher decision-making positions.
This sense of grievances is reinforced by Kabardin stereotypes of Balkars as stubborn and stupid.
circassianworld.5u.com /ethnicity.html   (3997 words)

  
 CENTRAL ASIA AND THE CAUCASUS Journal of Social and Political Studies
I am convinced that the Karachais and Balkars living on the northern slopes of the Caucasian Range and speaking a Turkic language hold a special place among other local ethnic groups.
The Karachais live to the west of it and the Balkars, to the east.
There are 3,000 Balkars in Kazakhstan and 2,100, in Kyrgyzstan, which brings their total number up to 80,000.
www.ca-c.org /journal/eng-01-2002/20.bubprimen.shtml   (426 words)

  
 Institute for War and Peace Reporting   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Balkar nationalists have renewed calls for independence nearly five years after the Nalchik government effectively crushed their powerful separatist movement, Tere.
Activists claim the Kabardinian leadership is actively driving the Balkars from their ethnic homeland and barring them from the corridors of power.
In 1944, the entire Balkar population was accused of collaborating with the Nazis and deported overnight to Central Asia.
www.iwpr.net /index.pl?archive/cau/cau_200103_74_04_eng.txt   (708 words)

  
 CENTRAL ASIA AND THE CAUCASUS Journal of Social and Political Studies
The main factors influencing the situation in Kabardino-Balkaria are its dual constituency and the political, economic and psychological consequences wrought by the deportation of the Balkars in 1944, which are still having repercussions today.
After liberation of the Northern Caucasus from the Nazi aggressors, the Balkars were deported in 1944 under the campaign to stamp out anti-Soviet banditry and terrorism.
In 1956-1957, a decision was adopted to repatriate the Balkars (35,274 people returned) and restore the Kabardino-Balkarian A.S.S.R. According to the data for 1989, 70,793 Balkars lived in the republic (9% of the population).
www.ca-c.org /journal/eng-01-2001/18.skakove.shtml   (483 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Balkars   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Kabardino-Balkar Republic or Kabardino-Balkaria (Russian: Кабарди́но-Балка́рская Респу́блика; Kabardian: Къэбэрдей-Балъкъэр Республикэ, Balkar: Къабарты-Малкъар Республика) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic), located in the northern Caucasus.
Karachay-Balkar (Къарачай-Малкъар /qarachay-malqar/) is a Turkic language of the Karachays and Balkars.
The Turkic languages are a group of closely related languages that are spoken by a variety of people distributed across a vast area from Eastern Europe to Siberia and Western China.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Balkars   (747 words)

  
 WHO IS BEHIND YARMUK JAMAAT: BALKARS OR KABARDINS? - Eurasia Daily Monitor
Ataev was born in the village of Kendelen in the Mount Elbrus district, which is populated by the Balkar, one of the republic's three main ethnic groups.
According to Konstantin Kazenin, editor-in-chief of the North Caucasus division of Regnum press agency, Kokov almost destroyed the Balkar opposition and succeeded in marginalizing the Balkar community.
The Balkar comprise 10% of the republican population, while the Kabardin and Russians comprise 50% and 32%, respectively.
www.jamestown.org /edm/article.php?article_id=2369185   (885 words)

  
 [No title]
She says Balkar women start their day at 5 am-she has to milk the cows and send them out to pasture.
She then has to feed the men before they set off for the mountains and pack their food for the day; after that, feed the children, and take care of the house, yard, and garden.
They claim that Balkar food has twice broken world records - for a hundred-metre-long kebab - the longest in the world - and a "khychin" pancake one metre in diameter, the largest ever made.
www.kafkas.org.tr /absoluten/showarticle.php?articleID=642   (1019 words)

  
 Balkars Vote to Form Republic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Leaders of the Balkar minority in the north Caucasian republic of Kabardino-Balkaria voted to split away and form their own sovereign Republic of Balkaria at a congress Sunday, Itar-Tass reported.
The Turkic-speaking, mountain-dwelling Balkars only represent some 10 percent of the population of Kabardino-Balkaria and differ widely from the more numerous Kabardins, who make up 40 percent of the population.
But the Balkars' announcement Sunday was more wishful thinking than a development of any importance, said Alexander Iskandriyan, director of the Center for Caucasian Studies in Moscow.
dev.themoscowtimes.com /stories/1996/11/19/009.html   (217 words)

  
 Institute for War and Peace Reporting   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
According to Balkar historians, the NKVD swooped on the North Caucasus as units of the 37th Army fell back from their positions around Rostov-on-the-Don.
The Balkars were officially rehabilitated in 1957 when they returned to Kabardino-Balkaria - only to find that many of their traditional territories had been appropriated by Kabardinian and Russian settlers.
Over the past few years, Balkar leaders have been calling for Moscow to recognise the Cherekskaya massacre and admit that the commanders of the NKVD units -- Fedor Nakin, Lieutenant-Colonel Shikin and his adjutant, Captain Tyazhelov - were guilty of war crimes.
www.iwpr.net /index.pl?archive/cau/cau_200104_78_04_eng.txt   (877 words)

  
 Audio Evangelism in Russia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Most Balkars, however, cannot read in their mother tongue, and there is also some mistrust of the new literature, since it had to be manufactured and sent in by foreigners.
The Balkar version of the play used actors from the republic’s national theater.
Balkar missionaries hope and pray that more tapes can be produced.
members.aol.com /gospelrecordings/rusacbal.htm   (284 words)

  
 Caucasus Foundation
Rebirth Day of Balkars is commemorated yesterday in Kabardino-Balkaria in the Russian Federation.
The Balkar Nation was exiled from Caucasus during the period of Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin.
Memories of 8 March 1944 exile is commemorated in The Republic since the year 1994.
www.kafkas.org.tr /english/ajans/2003/mart/29.03.2003_Rebirth_of_Balkars.htm   (82 words)

  
 ecoi.net - Focus countries » Russian Federation » Specific groups and ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Because of ethnic tensions, the Balkars gradually migrated to higher altitudes in the mountains.
In 1943/44, many Balkars were deported and scattered throughout Kazakhstan and Central Asia, accused for having cooperated with the Germans.
The Balkar are a Turkic people who are ethnically, culturally, and linguistically related to the Karachay.
www.ecoi.net /doc/en/RU/content/7/75-135   (1002 words)

  
 ISN Security Watch - Repression, resentment fuel violence in Russia
Among other things, insurgent recruiters take advantage of the Balkars’ historic grievances against Russian rule, given the conquest of their lands by the Russian empire in the 19th century and the forced separation from their Turkic-language “cousins” when the republic of Kabardino-Balkaria was formed in 1922 with the Balkars as a minority.
Then, in 1943, the Balkars were deported by Joseph Stalin because of Soviet suspicions that some of its representatives wanted to collaborate with the Nazi German troops.
When the Soviet authorities allowed the Balkars to return between 1957 and 1959, they found themselves at the same disadvantage in the republic, where they were only the third-largest group after the Kabardins and Russians.
www.isn.ethz.ch /news/sw/details.cfm?ID=13142   (1583 words)

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