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Topic: Baltic countries

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In the News (Wed 21 Aug 19)

  Baltic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Baltic provinces, former provinces of the Russian Empire
Baltic Ridge, hilly landscape at the southern coast of the Baltic Sea from Denmark through Germany and Poland to the Baltic countries
Baltic Russians ethnic Russians associated with the Baltic region
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Baltic   (209 words)

 Baltic countries - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Geographically, the Baltic Sea countries are countries that have access to the Baltic Sea: Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, and Sweden.
The histories of today's Baltic countries took a first "common turn" in the 13th century when Christianity and feudalism were effectively introduced to the region by the invasion of the crusaders from the west (German Sword Brethren, Denmark) and the conversion of Lithuania's rulers from Paganism to Christianity.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, the Baltic provinces (Curonia, Livonia, Estonia and Ingria) and Lithuania in the 19th century, albeit with names and borders different from the present-day countries, were part of the Russian Empire.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Baltic_countries   (1802 words)

 [No title]
Fishing in the Baltic is to a large extent unsustainable as a result of overfishing and of damage to recruitment areas caused by pollution.
An overall goal of the five-year project is to demonstrate to the recipient countries’ national authorities, managers and stakeholders that the activities and management tools applied during the project are sustainable, cost-effective and beneficial for their countries and coastal communities.
Countries in the ICES region were also instrumental in the development and implementation of an ecosystem approach to the assessment and management of Antarctic marine resources (Scully et al., 1986).
www.ices.dk /projects/balticsea/unzip/Vol.2_A_1.doc   (16871 words)

 Baltic Studies Newsletter #103-01
But in an important sense, the Baltic countries are returning to Europe for the second time (the first being in 1918), but the Europe they are "returning" to now is not the Europe of the 1920s and 1930s.
In 1991, the Baltic countries wanted to join the European Union as a certification of their return to Europe - but the Europe they had in mind was unlikely to have been coequal to the EU of the mandarins of Brussels.
But the experience of the three Baltic countries also shows the fundamental truth of Reagan's observation: democracy is a flower that must be tended by those who not only would overcome the past but also by those who know that the chief challenge now is to recover the future.
www.balticstudies-aabs.lanet.lv /bsn2/bsn-01.html   (2292 words)

 [No title]
Although in one portion of the country - the Suvalki province, which had belonged to Napoleon's Grand Duchy of Warsaw - the peasants were freed during the first decade of the nineteenth century, emancipation with the right to limited landholding came to the rest of the country only in 1861.
The share of Estonians in their country's population decreased from about 94% in early 1945 to 80% in 1949, plunged to 77% during the 1949 deportations, and continued to slide to anbout 72% by 1953.
In August 1979, 45 Baltic activists issued a declaration in connection with the 40th anniversary of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in which they called for a restoration of the independence of the Baltic states.
history.eserver.org /baltic-history.txt   (6942 words)

Others say the Nordic countries are exploiting the opportunity presented by the collapse of the Soviet bloc to expand their cultural and economic influence around the Baltic Sea.
Nordic countries are advocates for the Baltic states in their efforts to join both NATO and the EU.
For example, he said Denmark might support Baltic membership in NATO since during the Cold War, the country acutely felt the threat of aggression from the east, and now wants the borders of NATO to be pushed as far to the east as possible.
www.rferl.org /features/2002/08/27082002152541.asp   (932 words)

 Economic Issues No. 21--Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries: The Role of the ...
In one country, the state energy company (headed by a close relative of a senior official) was made responsible for licensing all oil imports by private companies.
In one country, all enterprises in the construction materials industry have nominally been privatized, but the firms are all controlled by close relatives of a senior politician and the result is a cartel with strong government support.
In several countries, the IMF is preparing, with the cooperation of the authorities, reports on observance of standards and codes to help identify areas where transparency can be improved.
www.imf.org /external/pubs/ft/issues/issues21   (3998 words)

The trilateral agreement on consular cooperation among the Baltic States was signed on 5 February 1999 in Vilnius, and is of the utmost importance for facilitating consular assistance to Lithuanian, Latvian and Estonian citizens in foreign countries.
The document regarding the participation of the third countries in the activities of the CBSS was adopted during the Lithuanian presidency.
www.nato.int /pfp/lt/facts/fs06.html   (1077 words)

 Suomen Pankki - Finlands Bank - Bank of Finland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Baltic states have a tradition of national independence, they never joined the USSR voluntarily, the goal of independence was generally shared among the population, and there has been no hesitation concerning the grand goal of transition: to become a normal European state.
The Baltic countries, being a part of the Soviet Union, were tightly bound to the Soviet economy.
Though Baltic statistics are probably better than those in the FSU in general, the small size and traditional provincialism of these countries is visible in the meagre amount of analytical economic and political economy studies available.
www.bof.fi /bofit/fin/10pub/books/b2.stm   (2649 words)

 Baltic American Freedom League - Baltic Caucus
Putin Refuses to Renounce the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and the Occupation of Baltic Countries
With the Baltic countries now in the vanguard of euro accession among the new EU countries, they are fast becoming the region that is best integrated with the world economy, writes P. Munter in FT. In practical terms investing in securities listed in the Baltic countries barely differs from buying assets in developed European markets.
The U.S. reestablished its diplomatic presences in the Baltic countries in 1991.
www.bafl.com /caucusTemp.asp?idCaucus=11   (1330 words)

 The Baltic Caucus, U.S. House of Representatives
The Baltic Caucus is made up of Members of the U.S. House of Representatives who share a common interest in the Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Baltic Victims of USSR Remembered The Baltic states - Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania - have held a day of mourning for thousands of their people who were exiled to Siberia during Soviet rule.
Baltic honours Soviet opponents People in the Baltic states of Latvia and Lithuania are marking the 15th anniversary of mass demonstrations against the Soviet Union.
www.house.gov /shimkus/baltic/baltic.shtml   (250 words)

 Baltic Countries
One of the first things we noticed when we arrived in the Baltic Countries in August, 2003, was that this was one of the few places we have seen in Europe, outside of Scandinavia, where there are numerous buildings constructed of wood.
The landscape is dominated by gentle rolling hills With the Baltic Sea bordering each of the three countries there are also marshes, sandy beaches, sand dunes, bogs and deltas.
We enjoyed our visit to the Baltic countries, found the people to be very warm and friendly - evidenced by the help we got on the bus our first day in Tallinn as we tried to activate our bus tickets.
www.norseaodyssey.com /Our_Travels/Europe/Baltic_Countries/baltic_countries.htm   (437 words)

 TCS Daily - Baltic Bully
The Baltic countries, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, regained their independence in the years 1991-1992 after half a century of Soviet Russian occupation.
For the Baltic countries tight relations with the West and especially America are a matter of national survival, a core value of their security policy, and a top priority in their foreign policy agenda.
The three Baltic states are part of the so-called "New Europe": Lithuanian, Latvian and Estonian soldiers are fighting international terrorism side-by-side with American soldiers in Afghanistan and Iraq.
www.tcsdaily.com /article.aspx?id=070705Y   (803 words)

 Nordic Culture > Nordic and Baltic countries in the European Union   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The history-rich Baltic capitals were cut-off the rest of the world by courtesy of the Soviet Union and the Nordic countries meant for the average person a remote and isolated territory near the north pole.
The largest area of Nordic-Baltic cooperation is on economic and social development -Nordic countries are the major investors in the Baltic countries- and political -the Nordic and Baltic Prime Ministers meet annually to discuss common and regional issues.
The Nordic countries have accepted a special responsibility for the Baltic states and together northern Europe will be stronger to face the economic and social challenges of the future world.
www.scandinavica.com /culture/society/EU.htm   (1675 words)

 Baltic States and Revisionism - Pravda.Ru   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
As the people in the Baltic States celebrate the fifteenth anniversary of their independence from the Soviet Union, it is important to see some home truths among the wave of nationalism which is always accompanied by anti-Russian propaganda.
Among the three Baltic States of Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia, the latter is perhaps the worst offender as regards a policy of revisionism, painting a rosy picture of its history while spewing out blind hatred of Moscow and all things Russian.
The point is that all nations must accept their history, accepting the good along with the bad, for all countries have brilliant and heroic chapters of history and other chapters that are less brilliant and less heroic.
english.pravda.ru /mailbox/22/101/399/16745_Baltic.html   (928 words)

 Baltic countries: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania - Scandinavica.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Temperatures reach 25°C in summer and -10°C in winter, when the country is covered in snow and the waters around the coastline freeze over.
- In 1920 Soviet Russia recognised the independence of the Republic of Estonia, but reoccupied the country during WW - After centuries of German, Swedish and Russian domination, independence was finally regained in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union.
There are several minority communities in the country, the most important being the Russians, Belarusians, Poles and Ukrainians.
www.scandinavica.com /baltics.htm   (989 words)

Second, the Baltic Chain serves to emphasize the importance of continuity in the lives of the three Baltic Countries.
And third, the Baltic Chain also underscores the importance of three linkages: between the Baltic people and their governments, among the Baltic countries, and between the Baltic states and the West.
Precisely because so many people took part in the Baltic Chain -- nearly one in seven of the residents of the three republics -- the Baltic drive for independence became a mass movement, a development that set the stage for the democratic arrangements in the Baltic countries since 1991.
www.rferl.org /newsline/2004/08/5-NOT/not-230804.asp?po=y   (940 words)

 The Baltic Quest for Security: Euro-Atlantic Integration
The Baltic countries are strategically located at the intersection of the three major tectonic plates of Europe: the Nordic countries, Central and Eastern Europe, and Russia.
From the time of the invasion of Latvia in 1940, however, the United States was one country that refused to acknowledge that the Baltic states had become part of the USSR by legal means.
A principle worth defending is the wish of the people of the Baltic states to be free--free to contemplate a future with the knowledge that we will be able to face the multitude of risks of the 21st century, including terrorism, organized crime, and dangers to the global ecosystem.
www.heritage.org /Research/Europe/HL641.cfm   (5682 words)

 Scandinavia and the Baltic Countries
Now, coming to the Scandinavian and Baltic countries: at the moment as we are eight countries all together, a result of the collapse of the Soviet Union.
The respective countries are, of course, Iceland, Norway, Denmark, and Sweden.
Scandinavia and the Baltic countries have based their freedom of religion principle on the old German practice, which is related to the right to join, or to membership.
www.religiousfreedom.com /Conference/Germany/pentikainen.htm   (2034 words)

 Still striving to clean up the Baltic Sea
With this understanding the Baltic coastal countries have politically committed themselves by ratifying the convention on the protection of the Baltic’s marine environment and by upholding the idea of joint cooperation.
Maybe it’s too simplistic to reduce it to numbers and say that one country is better because there are 100 people working [for Helcom] in one place, while only 10 people work in another.
What some countries have stated is that, for instance, pregnant women should avoid eating some of the most fatty fish.
www.baltictimes.com /news/articles/12125   (1112 words)

 Baltic American Freedom League
The President of the Baltic American Freedom League and constituents of Representative Elton Gallegly's District recently met with the Congressman to thank him for visiting the Baltic countries and to extend an invitation to him to join the House Baltic Caucus.
Representative Gallegly spent two weeks in August in the Baltic countries attending more than 30 meetings, visiting key military installations, including Adazi, and speaking with the leaders of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
The Congressman also spoke of the integration and naturalization process in the Baltics and noted that he has not heard of any serious violations of civil or human rights nor did he observe or feel any ethnic tensions in the three countries.
www.bafl.com /newsDetail.asp?idNews=6   (284 words)

 Baltic Countries:Department   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Baltic Regional Programme is the OECD's main vehicle for policy co-operation with Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
The objective of this meeting was to promote high-level policy dialogue on insurance and pensions reform between OECD and Baltic counterparts in order to foster the development of effective insurance and pension regulatory and supervisory structures in Baltic countries.
The government of Latvia has accepted an invitation from OECD countries to adhere to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises, marking their recognition of its general openness to foreign direct investment and supporting economic policies.
www.oecd.org /department/0,2688,en_2649_34679_1_1_1_1_1,00.html   (339 words)

 Hoover Tower Rotunda Exhibit: Expanding Europe: The Baltic Dimension   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Democratic practices have taken root in all three Baltic states, renewing a parliamentary tradition that began in the 1920s, only to be interrupted in the 1930s with the appearance of authoritarian regimes, and then in the 1940s by Soviet occupation.
Relations between Latvia and Russia remain strained, however; and the small Baltic countries will always be susceptible to economic and political pressure from their much larger neighbor.
At present, the three Baltic countries are being transformed in ways that will only accelerate once they are in the EU.
www-hoover.stanford.edu /hila/balticrotunda2.htm   (525 words)

 Baltics - MN-FILES - MOSNEWS.COM   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
All three countries had restructured their economy in order to integrate with Western Europe; they were invited to join NATO and the EU in 2002.
The two main disputes between the Baltic states and Russia concern the problems of boundaries and Russian minorities.
Lithuania is the only Baltic state that Russia ratified land and maritime boundary treaties with.
www.mosnews.com /mn-files/baltics.shtml   (950 words)

 Baltic Sea Region
The countries of the Baltic region are net oil importers, depending on Russia for approximately 90% of their supply.
The countries of the Baltic region are entirely dependent on natural gas imports to meet their domestic consumption needs.
With the three Baltic states scheduled to join the European Union in May 2004, Gazprom's growing influence in the Baltics could serve as a staging ground for greater exports to the countries of the European Union.
www.eia.doe.gov /emeu/cabs/latvia.html   (1709 words)

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