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Topic: Banner (Inner Mongolia)

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  inner mongolia - Article and Reference from OnPedia.com
Inner Mongolia is contrasted with Outer Mongolia, which was used by the Republic of China and previous governments to refer to what is covered today by the independent nation of Mongolia plus Russia' Republic of Tuva.
Inner Mongolia borders, from east to west, the provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, and Gansu, while to the north it borders Mongolia and Russia.
Present-day eastern Inner Mongolia, then part of Manchuria, came under the control of the Japanese puppet state Manchukuo in 1931, and was administered thus until the end of the war in 1945.
www.onpedia.com /encyclopedia/Inner-Mongolia   (1226 words)

Mongolia's external policies, however, were founded on those of the Soviet Union, and relations with China, always influenced by suspicions over real or imaginary claims by China to "lost territories," faltered in the wake of the Sino-Soviet rift that developed in the late 1950s.
Mongolia - Khubilai Khan and the Yuan Dynasty, 1261-1368
Mongolia's general foreign policy line was based on strong ties with the Soviet Union, "the reliable pillar of [Mongolia's] independence and prosperity" according to the party line.
www.mongabay.com /reference/country_studies/mongolia/all.html   (18189 words)

The geographical position of Mongolia in the Heartland of Central Asia was the main environmental factor that determined the specific character of the historical development of its inhabitants.
Mongolian nobility refused to recognize Inner Mongolia as Chinese territory and advocated the unity of Northern and Inner Mongolia.
The Inner Mongolian Autonomous Government is composed of all League and Banner (banner, an administrative division of county level in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region) in Inner Mongolia, which is an inseparable part of the Republic of China.
www.hunmagyar.org /turan/mongol/50yrs.html   (5165 words)

 Banner (Inner Mongolia) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A banner is an administrative division of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China.
Banners were first used during the Qing Dynasty, which organized the Mongols into banners except those who belonged to the Mongol Eight Banners.
Today, banners are a county level division in the Chinese administrative hierarchy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Banner_(Inner_Mongolia)   (236 words)

Inner Mongolia is distinct from Outer Mongolia, which was a term used by the Republic of China and previous governments to refer to what is now the independent state of Mongolia plus the Republic of Tuva in Russia.
In 1969 during the Cultural Revolution, much of Inner Mongolia was distributed among surrounding provinces, with Hulunbuir divided between Heilongjiang and Jilin, Jirim going to Jilin, Juu Uda to Liaoning, and the Alashan and Ejine region divided among Gansu and Ningxia.
Inner Mongolia has abundance of resources especially coal, cashmere, natural gas, rare earth elements, and has more deposits of naturally-occurring niobium, zirconium and beryllium than any other province-level region in China.
www.collectiblehomes.com /Inner_Mongolia   (2066 words)

 Inner Mongolia - Gurupedia
Inner Mongolia (Chinese: 内蒙古自治区; pinyin: Nèi Měnggǔ Zìzhìqū; Mongolian: öbür mongghul) is an Autonomous Region of the
Under the Manchu-dominated Qing dynasty, Outer Mongolia retained much of its pre-Qing governmental structure; Inner Mongolia was organized into semi-governmental "leagues", and what is now eastern Inner Mongolia was part of Manchuria, and administered with the rest of Manchuria by Manchu generals.
At the county-level, Inner Mongolia has 21 urban districts, 17 counties, 11 county-level cities, 49 banners, and 3 autonomous banners.
www.gurupedia.com /i/in/inner_mongolia.htm   (1314 words)

 Beauty, the Land of China - Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia (Nei Mongol) is the the first national autonomous region established in China.
Inner Mongolia has a temperate continental monsoonal climate with four distinct seasons because of it is great distance from sea and its high terrain and mountains.
Among the first few Inner Mongolia steppes catering to tourism, Xilamuren, 87 km to the north of Hohhot and 1,700 metres above sea level, is a summer resort where the air is fresh with lush green grass and a midsummer night as cool as if it was autumn.
library.thinkquest.org /20443/nei_mongol.html   (758 words)

 League (Inner Mongolia) - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
A league (Mongolian: chuulghan Чуулга, Chinese: 盟, pinyin: méng) is an administrative unit in Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China.
The head of a league was chosen from jasagh or sula of the banners belonging to it.
League (Inner Mongolia), See also, Administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China, Inner Mongolia and Subnational entities.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/League_(Inner_Mongolia)   (177 words)

 e-Mongol.com - History of mongolia
The savage wandering warriors of the steppes durably and painfully marked all the people which knew them closely gold by far, and to to to to their conquering forwardings are reported since the 5th century before JC in the first Chinese writings.
When Western Mongolia finally succumbed to the Manchus, the latter established the Howd governorship in 1762 A. administratively; Outer Mongolia included three provinces in 1691 A. These are Tusheet khan province, Zasagt khan province and Setsen khan province.
Mongolia became a rightful member of the international community and was admitted to the United Nations in 1961 A. Mongolia was a primarily Communist country closely aligned with the Soviet Union until the late 1980’s.
www.e-mongol.com /mongolia_history.htm   (4758 words)

 Inner Mongolia Attractions
Meaning ‘green city’ in Mongolian, is the capital of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and one of the most colorful cities in China, with unique local architecture including the Five-Pagoda Temple.
The Horse Racing Ground, which was built in 1957 in Hohhot, is the largest sports ground in Inner Mongolia and one of the largest horse racing ground in Asia.
Extending from the southwest of Alxa Left Banner, the Alxa League to Gansu province, the Tenggeli Desert is linked to the Helan Mountains in the east, runs over the Great Wall in the south and meets the Yabulai Mountain in the west.
www.sinolanguage.com /InnerMongolia.htm   (1290 words)

 Inner Mongolia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Eastern Inner Mongolia is dominated by the Greater Khingan Mountains, while the easternmost parts of Inner Mongolia dips down onto the plains of Manchuria.
During the Zhou Dynasty, central and western Inner Mongolia (the Hetao region and surrounding areas) were inhabited by nomadic peoples such as the Loufan, Linhu, and Dí, while eastern Inner Mongolia was inhabited by the Donghu.
Mongols in Inner Mongolia speak a variety of dialects of the Mongolian language, including Chahar, Bairin, Ordos, Ejin-Alxa, Barghu-Buryat, etc.; the standard pronunciation of Mongolian in China is based on the Chahar dialect of the Plain Blue Banner, located in central Inner Mongolia.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Inner_Mongolia   (3088 words)

 Mongolia Frequently Asked Questions Version 7 (July 7th, 2000)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Mongolia proper has an immense richness in livestock; the Five Species of Animal, as they are traditionally counted in Mongolian (tawun xoshuu mal) are sheep, goat, camel, horse and cattle.
The life in Southern Mongolia (Inner Mongol Autonomous Region) is mainly determined by the industrialization which took place in the first quarter of the 20th century; big cities like Xöxxot (Huhhot) and Baotou (the major metal-processing centre of Southern Mongolia) show little affinity to traditional Mongolian life.
Mongolia is a country rich in natural beauty which includes a wide range of different types of landscape on her vast territory.
www.faqs.org /faqs/mongolia-faq   (13593 words)

 China and Inner Asia Sessions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The papers explore four frontier regions  Manchuria, Inner Mongolia, Kham and Amdo as "zones of contact" where interchange between indigenous populations and migrants created tensions and ambiguities and where local regimes of power as well as central policies shaped identity and cultural practice.
I argue that due to historical reasons, banner people in Manchuria were a group of borderlanders institutionally, temporally and spatially between the political entities of the Qing empire, the ROC, the Japanese wartime empire and the PRC.
It is necessary to examine the interactions, if not disparity, between the self-identification of banner people and the changing population management strategies during the transition of Manchuria from the poetized homeland of an empire to a historical borderland of a nation-state.
www.aasianst.org /absts/2006abst/China/C-240.htm   (1015 words)

 Mongolia Frequently Asked Questions Version 5.10 (June 14, 1997) FAQ
Mongolia is not only the name of the present-day country of Mongolia but also the name of the Mongolian nationality which have settled in many places throughout Central Asia and China.
Today, Mongolians live in: · Mongolia proper, the huge, land-locked country between China and the Siberian part of the Russian Federation (see also the Mongolia Fact File, URL http://userpage.fu- berlin.de/~corff/im/Landeskunde/ciamong) · Southern Mongolia, or Inner Mongol Autonomous Region which politically belongs to China; · There are about 600,000-700,000 Mongols living in western Liaoning province.
The languages in Mongolia and Southern Mongolia are virtually the same: Mongolian is spoken in Mongolia and Southern Mongolia, but it is spoken in its Xalx (Khalkha) form in Mongolia but spoken in its Qaxar (Chahar or Cahar in alternate spellings) dialect form in Southern (Inner) Mongolia.
www.non.com /news.answers/mongolia-faq.html   (11531 words)

The population of Mongolia is estimated variously at 2,600,000 (Statesman's Year Book, 1910), 2,580,000 or nearly 2 to the square mile, and 5,000,000.
Inner Mongolia is broadly speaking "what is to the south of the Great Desert": it extends over the plateau beyond the K'ingan Mountains into the Upper Valley of the Manchurian rivers, the Liao and the Sungari; it includes part of Outer Chi-li.
On 7 Sept., 1864, the Lazarists surrendered Mongolia to the Belgian missionaries and Theophilus Verbiest (b.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/10479b.htm   (3195 words)

 seoblog - Inner Mongolia enhances efforts to harness sandstorms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in North China has planted 1.47 million hectares of trees over the past six years to help reduce the threat of sandstorm to the major Chinese cities Beijing and Tianjin.
Launched in 2000, the afforestation project covers 458,000 sq km from the Darhan Muminggan Banner in Inner Mongolia in the west to Pingquan county in North China's Hebei Province in the east, and from Dong Ujimqin Banner in Inner Mongolia in the north to Daixian county in North China's Shanxi Province in the south.
Currently, more than 3.33 million hectares of farmland and 5.33million hectares of pasture are under protection by sheltering forests and efforts to harness 8 million hectares of land threatened by sand and wind, and 7.3 million hectares of land suffering from soil erosion have begun to pay off, Gao said.
www.livelogcity.com /users/seoblog/1542.html   (335 words)

 Hohhot Municipal Intermediate People   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
He was detained for probation of this case by Inner Mongolia Public Security Bureau in December 11, 1995, and has been arrested in March 9, 1996, now being jailed at Inner Mongolia Public Security Bureau.
Later this organization was renamed as "Mongolia Culture Enlightenment Organization." In May 25, 1992, this organization called for its first central conference at which "The Organizational Regulations of South Mongolia Democratic League" and "The Constitution of Mongolia Democratic League in Inner Mongolia" written by Hada (Hadaa) was passed.
In August 23, 1995, "Southern Mongolia Democratic League" held the third central conference at which some of the regulations and previsions of the constitution were amended, and Hada (Hadaa) was elected as the chairman through secret ballot.
www.innermongolia.org /english/hohhot_municipal_intermediate_pe.htm   (1564 words)

 Alexander's Gas & Oil Connections - Shell technology to be used in Inner Mongolia's coal-to-oil project   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Shenhua Coal Liquefaction is currently constructing a coal-to-oil plant in the Ejin Horo Banner, in Inner Mongolia's Ordos.
Although it planned to utilize direct liquefaction technology when it first sought Chinese government approval, Shenhua was forced to suspend the development of the coal-to-oil project in Inner Mongolia late last year due to the impracticability of the technology in an industrial context, an official with the company told.
The licensing agreement with Shell for the Inner Mongolian project was signed in February 2004 and approved by the Ministry of Commerce.
www.gasandoil.com /goc/company/cns41677.htm   (567 words)

 Biography of Hada   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The goals of those organizations were to preserve and protect the religious and cultural heritage of the Mongols, as well as to fight for the social and political rights of the Mongols, which are guaranteed by the constitution of the People’s Republic of China but never have materialized.
In 1995, he and the SMDA organized several peaceful demonstrations in the capital city of Inner Mongolia to demand the Chinese government to materialize the rights of the Mongols written in the constitution of the P.R.China as well as in the self-government Constitution of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region.
She and her son were detained for 4 days during the celebration of 50th anniversary of establishment of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region in July 1997.
members.aol.com /imppsite/hadabio.htm   (669 words)

Then he studied in the department of politics, Inner Mongolian Teacher's University, from 1986 to 1989 and graduated with a master's degree in philosophy.
He and the SMDA organized several peaceful demonstrations in the capital city of Inner Mongolia to demand the Chinese government to materialize the rights of the Mongols written in the constitution of the P.R. China as well as in the self-government Constitution of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region.
On Dec. 6, 1996, he was accused of having committed the crime to separate the country and was sentenced to 15 years in jail after a year of detention without charges.
www.radicalparty.org /humanrights/mon_hada.htm   (493 words)

 ?s=Mongolia Vdap directory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Transmitting from Khonkhor located about 25 km east of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia's capital, VoM broadcasts are beamed to East Asia and in English to Australia.
Chronicle of a dinosaur expedition to Inner Mongolia in China.
Inner Mongolia Otoq Qi Shuangxin Chemical Co., Ltd.
www.tygo.com /search/?s=Mongolia   (205 words)

 Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Inner Mongolia to reduce herding population while increasing cultivation area
Inner Mongolian human rights organization demonstrated on the 55th anniversary of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
From Yeke-juu League to Ordos Municipality: settler colonialism and alter/native urbanization in Inner Mongolia
www.smhric.org /news.htm   (1147 words)

 Sumu - China-related Topics SU-SZ - China-Related Topics
The sumu division is equivalent to a township of Chinatownship but is unique to Inner Mongolia.
It is therefore larger than a village of Chinavillage and smaller than a banner (Inner Mongolia)banner (the Inner Mongolia equivalent of the county of Chinacounty-level divion).
Sumu whose population is predominated by ethnic minorities of Chinaethnic minorities are designated ethnic sumu--parallel with the ethnic township in the rest of China.
www.famouschinese.com /virtual/Sumu   (179 words)

 Inner Mongolia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Lindong is the principal town of Balin Zuoqi (巴林左旗) (qi = banner, equivalent to a county).
Balin is a Mongolian word meaning "army camp", and like a number of places in this area, has some significance in Liao dynasty history.
Dariqiga is a "sumu" 苏木, a small sub-township administrative district in Inner Mongolia, and has a surprisingly rich history, being the home of the first emperor of the Liao dynasty (辽代), Yelü Abaoji, 907-927AD.
www.railwaysofchina.com /inner_mongolia.htm   (1544 words)

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