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Topic: Barmen declaration

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In the News (Sat 20 Apr 19)

  Institute of Sacred Music | Colloquium Journal
The Barmen Synod responded that given its current loyalties "the Church ceases to be the Church and the German Evangelical Church, as a federation of Confessional Churches, becomes intrinsically impossible...We may not keep silent"(italics added).
Barmen was crafted as an exegetical response to a crisis of catastrophic isogesis: the church had become "intrinsically impossible" because it no longer sought to build a communal foundation upon revelation.
Barmen's response was, ultimately, an exercise in what Thomas B. Farrell calls "the rhetoric of critical interruption," in which a cultural and national reappraisal could take place on both civic and ecclesiological terms.
www.yale.edu /ism/colloq_journal/vol2/students5.html   (1017 words)

 The Protestant Church in Hitler's Germany and the Barmen Declaration
The Declaration was written in direct opposition to the national church government—the "Faith Movement of the German Christians"—rather than against the Nazi regime itself.
The Barmen Declaration expressly asserts that Christ alone is the one Word of God—the source of all authority and truth—whom we must hear, trust and obey.
Barmen confesses the reality that God’s grace for us cannot be reinterpreted or replaced by ideas and programs growing out of human creaturely self-interest and evil designs.
www.christianodyssey.org /history/barmen.htm   (710 words)

 Theological Declaration of Barmen
We, the representatives of Lutheran, Reformed, and United churches, of free synods, church assemblies, and parish organizations united in the Confessional Synod of the German Evangelical Church, declare that we stand together on the ground of the German Evangelical Church as a federation of German confessional churches.
We publicly declare before all evangelical churches in Germany that what they hold in common in this confession is grievously imperilled, and with it the unity of the German Evangelical Church.
The Confessional Synod of the German Evangelical Church declares that it sees in the acknowledgement of these truths and in the rejection of these errors the indispensable theological basis of the German Evangelical Church as a federation of confessional churches.
www.warc.ch /pc/20th/index.html   (1634 words)

 Essay: Making Over Christianity--A Case Study
He later drafted the "Barmen Declaration" and engineered a meeting in May of 1934 of 139 delegates from 18 churches who signed the document.
Barmen was also an example of a confessional document--a writing that expresses what the writers believe, rather than a creed that attempts to state what ought to be believed.
While Barmen was not the product of a house church movement, all the important documents of house church history have been confessions, not creeds.
www.hccentral.com /gkeys/barmen.html   (655 words)

 Proponents of Divestment in the Presbyterian Church   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
This declaration, written in 1934 by theologians in Germany during the Nazi’s rise to power warns about the dangers of Christianity being appropriated for the purposes of the state.
Consequently, the declaration remains powerful influence on the outlook of many Protestant theologians and ministers, particularly in the U.S. where ministers invoke Barth’s legacy to warn of the excesses of nationalism.
Indeed, the Declaration has become an important touchstone of belief for mainline Protestants in the U.S, with the Presbyterian Church (USA) including the Barmen Declaration in its book of Confessions and the United Church of Christ (UCC) regarding it as one of its historic testimonies.
www.washingtondispatch.com /printer_10710.shtml   (1341 words)

 1984: Orwell and Barmen
The Barmen Declaration was the work of this group, written at its initial synod in Barmen in May 1934.
It is one of the shortcomings of the Barmen Declaration that its creators did not see clearly what was already happening to Jews in Germany, and thus failed to address the most obscene of all of Hitler’s policies.
Barmen’s claim is that there is only “one Word of God which we have to hear, and which we have to trust and obey in life and in death.” For Christians, that Word is Jesus Christ.
www.religion-online.org /showarticle.asp?title=1415   (3666 words)

 Barmen Declaration - Theopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Synod of Barmen was a meeting of German Protestant leaders at Barmen in the Ruhr, in May 1934, to organize Protestant resistance to National Socialism (Nazism).
At Barmen the representatives adopted six articles, called the Theological Declaration of Barmen, or the Barmen Declaration, that defined the Christian opposition to National Socialist ideology and practice.
The declaration was cast in the classical form of the great confessions of faith, affirming major biblical teachings and condemning the important heresies of those who were attempting to accommodate Christianity to National Socialism.
www.theopedia.com /Barmen_Declaration   (191 words)

 Read the Barmen Declaration
Few Americans are familiar with the Barmen Declaration, published by the German “Confessing Church” in 1934.
Even fewer Americans are aware that the Barmen Declaration was not so much a critique of Hitler’s policies as it was an alarm sounded against the usurpation of power and authority in the church by the “German Christian” movement.
In producing the Barmen Declaration, they hoped to prick the consciences of their fellow churchmen, bring them back to their senses, and return the Body of Christ to its allegiance to Jesus Christ, the Word of God.
www.daveblackonline.com /read_the_barmen_declaration.htm   (1788 words)

 Theology Today - Vol 44, No.2 - July 1987 - BOOK NOTES - The Barmen Theological Declaration of 1934: The Archeology of ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Drawing on the latest German research into the antecedents of Barmen, it first gives a brief history of Christian efforts to respond to the Nazi seizure of power over the churches and of the German Christian movement that supported it.
Then, following the text of the Barmen Declaration itself, the various layers of preparatory documents are uncovered step by step from the latest to the earliest, showing how each contributed to the form that the final declaration took.
Like a good archeologist, he is content to have us visit the time and place, to experience the debates, to live with the tensions and to recognize how, by inspiration and compromise, one of the great confessions in the church's history emerged.
theologytoday.ptsem.edu /jul1987/v44-2-booknotes8.htm   (348 words)

 [No title]
At Barmen, Protestant leaders disavowed false teachings of the German Christians, drawing the distinction between true and false teaching and committing the church to a specific identity and faith.
Barmen declared the church free from the demands of any ideology, limiting Christian allegiance to any worldly authority - revealing its strength and radicalism.
Despite the subsequently ambivalent record of the churches under Nazism, Barmen continues as an inspiration for Christians in dictatorships and in situations governed by injustice and violence.
www.erskine.edu /library/libinstructionfetcher.htm?igor=31   (1057 words)

 Barmen Declaration - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Barmen Declaration or The Theological Declaration of Barmen 1934 is a statement of the Confessing Church opposing the Nazi-supported "German-Christian" movement.
The Barmen Declaration specifically rejects the subordination of the church to the state.
Rather, the Declaration states that the church "is solely Christ's property, and that it lives and wants to live solely from his comfort and from his direction in the expectation of his appearance."
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Barmen_declaration   (151 words)

 BARMEN AT 70   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Among these are the ideologies of "secular humanism." When the Church lets its faith be defined by the findings of social and other sciences, or when it follows after psychologies of self-indulgence, myths of progress, and philosophies which place humanity at the center of the universe, it is denying its Lord.
Barmen also rejects the militarism that was at that time overtaking Germany, with disastrous results for the whole world a decade later.
Barmen teaches us that we only face them successfully and faithfully when we confessionally criticize our own desires, tastes, dreams, loyalties, and self-righteousness, and instead keep Jesus Christ firmly in the center.
home.earthlink.net /~paulrack/id11.html   (1313 words)

 Presbyterian Outlook   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In addition to Barmen, the other notable time Karl Barth invoked the need to confess was in a 1958 document declaring that the church's witness requires the unequivocal repudiation of weapons of mass destruction.
Since the time of Barmen, the other great confessing church gesture was the declaration by the World Alliance of Reformed Churches that the policy of racial separation known as apartheid in South Africa provoked a situation of status confessionis.
What both Barmen and Belhar make clear is that to invoke the theological protocol of a "confessing church movement" or of status confessionis is to do more than to fire a few verbal shots across the bow; it is the diplomatic equivalent of withdrawing one's ambassador.
www.pres-outlook.com /HTML/wsj_confessional.html   (2267 words)

 05-Letter from Walter L. Taylor - March 18, 2005, 2005
It is ironic that Perkins would acknowledge the significance of Barth for the Barmen Declaration, and yet so fundamentally misunderstand it.
Barth himself maintained that Barmen was not so much a confession over against National Socialism as it was over and against the theological enterprise that led the way for the church to cave-in to the Nazis.
The protest – this was expressed with blunt words at Barmen by Hans Asmussen, who had to explain the whole proposal – was 'against the same phenomenon which for more than two hundred years had slowly prepared the devastation of the Church.' The protest was without a doubt directed against Schleiermacher and Ritschl" (p.175).
www.presbyweb.com /2005/Letters/031801.htm   (513 words)

 EKD: Protestant Church in Germany - News - 70 years on The Barmen Theological Declaration in the year 2004
The Barmen Theological Declaration, drafted in 1934 during a troubled period within the Church, has taken on a significance which goes far beyond the conditions of its origin.
The understanding of the position of the State in the Barmen Theological Declaration and the definition of the relationship between the Church or religion and the State has always attracted particular attention.
In particular in the light of the fact that the Barmen Theological Declaration sees itself as an interpretation of Holy Scripture and its very existence is owed to the context of a struggle within the Church, critical questions are legitimate.
www.ekd.de /english/huber_barmer_theological_declaration.html   (1727 words)

 VirtueOnline - Theology, Research ... - Another Gospel? Anglican Revisionism Compared with Churches of Nazi Germany   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Barmen declaration was an attempt to uphold the authority of the bible as the word of God and to deny that there were additional sources of revelation (especially categories of existence) that were equivalent sources of revelation.
The declaration denied that there were other events (referring to the rise of National Socialism), powers (referring to race, blood and soil), figures (referring to Hitler) and truths (the ideology of National Socialism), that were equivalent sources of revelation.
Barmen countered that salvation in Christ is linked to the Lordship of Christ, and that it is a false doctrine that claims there are areas of our lives that do not need sanctification through the agency of Christ's Lordship.
www.virtueonline.org /portal/modules/news/print.php?storyid=2632   (9154 words)

 PC(USA) - Ideas! For Church Leaders - Christian Citizen
The Theological Declaration of Barmen takes its name from the German city in which the emerging “Confessing Church” met in 1934 to adopt the document drafted by a group of church leaders including Reformed theologian Karl Barth.
The Declaration was a courageous denouncement by Protestant Christians of pressure from the pro-Nazi German Christian movement to “Aryanize” the church.
Jesus Christ, as he is attested for us in Holy Scripture, is the one Word of God which we have to hear and which we have to trust and obey in life and in death.
www.pcusa.org /ideas/05fall/christiancitizensunday.htm   (412 words)

 Bangor Theological Seminary
In accordance with the agreement, two students from Barmen will be attending Bangor Theological Seminary this fall.
Barmen is the site of one of the great missionary institutions in the German Church and a place where the Confessing Church, the Christians who stood against Hitler, first had its roots.
The Barmen Declaration of 1934 was an effort to identify the ways in which Fascism ran counter to Christian understandings of church and society.
www.bts.edu /newsandevents/barmen.htm   (272 words)

It was patterned after the 1934 Barmen Declaration of the Confessing Church in Germany.
The Baltimore Declaration charged that the leadership of the Episcopal Church was intent on abandoning the Christian faith.
The Declaration was distributed widely throughout the Episcopal Church.
www.episcopalchurch.org /19625_13803_ENG_HTM.htm   (144 words)

And, he added in his speech Feb. 25 to the opening plenary of the National Celebration of Confessing Churches, the Barmen Declaration  the evangelical response to the German Christians  rings with relevancy for today.
Echoing the opening words of the Barmen Declaration, Mauser declared, "Jesus Christ as he is attested to us in Holy Scripture is the one Word of God which we have to hear and which we have to trust in life and in death."
The Korean congregations have recently published a wide-ranging declaration which supports the aims of what we are seeking together.
www.confessingchurcharchive.homestead.com /celebrationmauser022402.html   (936 words)

 Welcome to the First Presbyterian Church of Waco, Texas
The Theological Declaration of Barmen was written by a group of church leaders in Germany to help Christians withstand the challenges of
The Theological Declaration of Barmen contains six propositions, each quoting from Scripture, stating its implications for the present day, and rejecting the false doctrine of the German Christians.
The declaration was debated and adopted without amendment, and the Confessing Church, that part of the church that opposed the German
www.firstpreswaco.org /believe/barmendeclaration.htm   (2190 words)

 Presbyterian Outlook   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
For example, he explained that theologian Karl Barth wrote most of the Barmen Declaration during a lunch break of a meeting, when the German Lutherans went off to eat and Barth did not, staying behind with a cup of strong coffee and a Brazilian cigar.
The 1973 Theological Declaration of Korean Christians, a declaration written by Koreans living under the regime of President Park Chung-hee and which criticized his oppressive regime and declared God “the ultimate vindicator of the oppressed, the weak and the poor,” had had to be written anonymously.
The theological declarations that Johnson discussed can be found on the website of the World Alliance of Reformed Churches, at www.warc.ch/pc/20th/index.html.
www.pres-outlook.com /HTML/scanlon20050304.html   (1484 words)

 Lutheran documents
Almost immediately after Hitler's seizure of power in 1933, Protestant Christians faced pressure to "aryanize" the Church, expel Jewish Christians from the ordained ministry and adopt the Nazi "Führer Principle" as the organizing principle of church government.
At Barmen, this emerging "Confessing Church" adopted a declaration drafted by Reformed theologian Karl Barth and Lutheran theologian Hans Asmussen, which expressly repudiated the claim that other powers apart from Christ could be sources of God's revelation.
Declaration of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America to the Jewish Community
www.ecumenism.net /docu/lutheran.htm   (533 words)

 Bibliography B Entries   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The joint statement of the German Evangelical Church (Lutheran, Reformed, and United) pastors who met in Barmen (today part of Wuppertal), Germany, May 29-31, 1934, in resistance against Hitler and the attempt of the Nazi 'German Christians' to conform the church to the state.
The Declaration was drafted by Karl Barth, Hans Asmussen, et al.
He was the primary formulator of the Barmen Declaration, the statement of the Confessing Church in opposition to Hitler's National Socialism, in 1934.
home.comcast.net /~shuv/b_biblio.html   (3667 words)

 First PUP draft lightly addresses gay ordination, liberation theology - 7/20/05
Immediately after the remark about the ordination controversy, the proposed final draft quotes three confessions – the Theological Declaration of Barmen, the Theological Declaration of the Korean Church and the Confession of Belhar – as a way to challenge Presbyterians to line up on the side of justice in political and ethical disputes.
The Barmen Declaration is one of 12 creedal statements in The Book of Confessions which, with the Book of Order, constitutes the Constitution of the Presbyterian Church (USA).
A footnote to the Barmen citation adds, "The framers of the Theological Declaration of Barmen were responding to German Christians, who were allied with the State and who were dictating who could belong to and lead the church based on their degree of Jewish ancestry."
www.layman.org /layman/news/2005-news/first-pup-draft-lightly.htm   (678 words)

 TIME.com: Conscience in East Germany -- Jul 19, 1963 -- Page 1
This policy statement is being compared to the scathing Barmen declaration of 1934, which was signed by 278 clerical leaders in protest against Nazi attempts to take over the Protestant church structure.
The Barmen declaration was a blunt answer to a crude attempt at conquest.
Last week a deputy chairman of his state council charged that the declaration was prepared in West Berlin for "cold war purposes." But the Evangelical churches clearly intend to live by these principles.
www.time.com /time/magazine/article/0,9171,896910,00.html   (501 words)

 A New Barmen Declaration for American Evangelicals
Dietrich Bonhoeffer, the German Lutheran pastor and martyr of the Confessing Church, critiqued the institutional German ecclesiastical context in November of 1932.
Thus, for Bonhoeffer, Niemoller, Barth, and the other key players in what became the first synod of the Confessing Church at Barmen in the Ruhr, the final text of the Barmen Declaration of 1934 and its six (6) component articles was designed to reflect the Church’s first works.
The Barmen Declaration saw the statism of the German-Christian movement in clear perspective in 1934.
daveblackonline.com /a_new_barmen_declaration_for_ame.htm   (1184 words)

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