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Topic: Baroque architecture


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In the News (Thu 23 May 19)

  
  Baroque Art and Architecture - MSN Encarta
In the arts, the Baroque was a Western cultural epoch, commencing roughly at the turn of the 17th century in Rome.
A number of its characteristics continue in the art and architecture of the first half of the 18th century, although this period is generally termed rococo (see Rococo Style) and corresponds roughly with King Louis XV of France.
Infinite space is often suggested in baroque paintings or sculptures; throughout the Renaissance and into the baroque period, painters sought a grander sense of space and truer depiction of perspective in their works.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761572212/Baroque_Art_and_Architecture.html   (744 words)

  
  Baroque - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Though Baroque was superseded in many centers by the Rococo style, beginning in France in the late 1720s, especially for interiors, paintings and the decorative arts, Baroque architecture remained a viable style until the advent of Neoclassicism in the later 18th century.
Academic characteristics in the neo-Palladian architectural style, epitomized by William Kent, are a parallel development in Britain and the British colonies: within doors, Kent's furniture designs are vividly influenced by the Baroque furniture of Rome and Genoa, hieratic tectonic sculptural elements meant never to be moved from their positions completing the wall elevation.
Baroque actually expressed new values, which often are summarised in the use of metaphor and allegory, widely found in Baroque literature, and in the research for the "maraviglia" (wonder, astonishment — as in Marinism), the use of artifices.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Baroque   (2712 words)

  
 The Baroque Era In Architecture
Baroque and late Baroque, or Rococo, are loosely defined terms, applied by common consent to European art of the period from the early 17th century to the mid-18th century.
Baroque was at first an undisguised term of abuse, probably derived from the Italian word barocco, which was a term used by philosophers during the Middle Ages to describe an obstacle in schematic logic.
Baroque art was essentially concerned with the dramatic and the illusory, with vivid colours, hidden light sources, luxurious materials, and elaborate, contrasting surface textures, used to heighten immediacy and sensual delight.
history-world.org /baroque_and_rococo_architecture.htm   (1056 words)

  
 Essential World Architecture Images- Baroque
Baroque architecture, starting in the early 17th century in Italy, took the humanist Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical, theatrical, sculptural fashion, expressing the triumph of absolutist church and state.
The Baroque played into the demand for an architecture that was on the one hand more accessible to the emotions and, on the other hand, a visible statement of the wealth and power of the Church.
The centre of baroque secular architecture was France, where the open three wing layout of the palace was established as the canonical solution as early as the 16th century.
www.essential-architecture.com /STYLE/STY-Baroque.htm   (5704 words)

  
 Architecture - Conservapedia
Architecture is the art and science of constructing the built environment.
Architecture in the Middle Ages can be seen in the majestic churches built during that era.
Gothic architecture, with its tall, pointed spires is said to reflect the desire of people of the Middle Ages to grow closer to God, reaching towards heaven and away from the earth.
www.conservapedia.com /Architecture   (304 words)

  
 Architecture in the Baroque Period
Baroque architecture began in Rome and by the eighteenth century Baroque buildings were built throughout Europe, particularly in Catholic countries.
Baroque interior designers often use colored marbles and other stone, gilding, and sculptural elements whereas Renaissance interiors are less colorful -- and some might say less "gaudy." Note also the broken pediment --an irrational and emotional element-- with St. Andrew (for whom the church is named) rising toward the dome.
The architecture is painted, but if one stands at the correct place, the painted architecture seems to extend from the real architecture of the walls of the nave and the ceiling seems open to heaven where the viewer sees the miracle--the Saint transported into Heaven.
www.bluffton.edu /~humanities/art/brq/archtctr   (735 words)

  
 Baroque style, famous art works, baroque art, famous artists, baroque architecture, fine paintings, baroque age, oil ...
Though Baroque was superseded in many centers by the Rococo style, beginning in France in the late 1720s, especially for interiors, paintings and the decorative arts, Baroque architecture remained a viable style until the advent of Neoclassicism in the later 18th century.
Baroque actually expressed new values, which often are summarised in the use of metaphor and allegory, widely found in Baroque literature, and in the research for the "maraviglia" (wonder, astonishment — as in Marinism), the use of artifices.
The term "Baroque" was initially used with a derogatory meaning, to underline the excesses of its emphasis, of its eccentric redundancy, its noisy abundance of details, as opposed to the clearer and sober rationality of the Renaissance.
www.reviewpainting.com /baroque.htm   (2612 words)

  
 Italy: Renaissance and Baroque Architecture
While not every artistic period was responsible for positively influencing the architecture of Italy, the Renaissance and Baroque periods both produced structures that are admired and considered classics today.
The architecture of the period departed from the traditionalist forms seen in Renaissance designs and moved toward grander structures with flowing, curving shapes.
Baroque architects often incorporated landscape dersign with their plans and were responsible for many of the great gardens, plazas and courtyards of Italy.
www.lifeinitaly.com /culture/architecture.asp   (691 words)

  
 Baroque Architecture | Real Virtual | Columbia University in the City of New York
European architecture of the 17th century, referred to as Baroque, is characterized by magnificence, grandeur and richness in invention, design and, usually, in scale.
Baroque architecture emerges first in Italy, a land favored by an enviable confluence of forces that fostered cultural renewal and reinvention for centuries.
As Baroque architecture, and the subsidiary style defined as Rococo, drew to a close by the late 18th century, the language of architecture had grown rich and varied based on the enduring Classical tradition creatively adapted for a range of new solutions by means of individual, cultural and national interpretations.
www.mcah.columbia.edu /ha/html/baroque.html   (1125 words)

  
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The roots of baroque styles are found in the art of Italy, and especially in that of Rome in the late 16th century.
The late baroque in Seville is best represented by Juan de ValdÈs Leal (1622-90), whose two paintings (1672) of vanitas (reminders of mortality) subjects in the Hospital of La Caridad, Seville, are horrifying in their morbid, ultrarealistic depictions of skeletons and putrefying cadavers.
Baroque painting in England was dominated by the presence of Rubens and van Dyck, who inspired an entire generation of portraitists.
www.uib.no /ped/baroque.html   (4048 words)

  
 Baroque art in Southern  Italy
Baroque churches are typified by wide naves and, compared to Gothic structures, rather low ceilings crowned by high cupolas (domes).
Historically, because the Catholic Church came to consider the Baroque as the essence of artistic expression of the glorification of God, an unfortunate attempt to redesign medieval churches into Baroque ones was born.
The baroque city that emerged after the eruption in Catania was created mostly by Giovanni Battista Vaccarini (1702-1769), who devoted 3 decades of his life to pulling a new Baroque Catania out of the ashes.
www.italiantourism.com /baroccodelsud.html   (1693 words)

  
 baroque, in art and architecture. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07
With technical brilliance, the baroque artist achieved a remarkable harmony wherein painting, sculpture, and architecture were brought together in new spatial relationships, both real and illusionary, often with spectacular visual effects.
Architecture, departing from the classical canon revived during the Renaissance, took on the fluid, plastic aspects of sculpture.
One of the great masterpieces of baroque sculpture, Giovanni Bernini’s St. Theresa from the Cornaro Chapel, for example, succumbs to an ecstatic vision on a dull-finished marble cloud in an alabaster and marble niche in which bronze rays descend from a hidden source of light.
www.bartleby.com /65/ba/baroque-art.html   (880 words)

  
 ARCHITECTURE in CROATIA by Find Croatia
The architecture styles are mixture of Romanesque, Renaissance and Baroque architecture.
Architecture of Korcula Old Town is a medieval, built as a walled city positioned on an oval-shaped swelling of land pointing deep into Peljesac Channel.
As far as north Croatia is concerned, Varazdin is the richest in Baroque architecture, while Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, is typical Middle-European city with various samples of Secessionist and Neo-Baroque architectural styles.
www.find-croatia.com /architecture-croatia   (536 words)

  
 Baroque Architecture
The baroque architects used marble, gilt, and bronze in abundance.
Baroque pediments (triangular area between the rooftop and the end of the roofs) were often highly decorated, or interrupted at the center.
Baroque art and architecture was often used to express emotion, and was very elaborate.
library.thinkquest.org /16545/data/baroque.htm   (323 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Italian architecture : The Baroque (Architecture) - Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
ushered in the drama of the baroque era with Maderno's nave and facade for St. Peter's, to which a magnificent colonnaded plaza was added, designed by Bernini, the foremost genius of the period.
After their deaths, Carlo Fontana became the most influential architect in Italy, transmitting the ideas of the great baroque masters to many of the most important architects of Europe.
Italy, however, no longer possessed the undisputed leadership in European architecture, although in the 18th cent.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/I/Ital-arc-the-baroque.html   (222 words)

  
 English Baroque Architecture
The origin of the term 'baroque" is uncertain, though it may have evolved from the Portugese 'barocco', meaning a grotesque or deformed pearl.
Baroque architecture, though extremely popular on the European continent, had only a brief flowering in England.
The other chief practitioner of the Baroque style in England was Nicholas Hawksmoor (1661-1736) who worked with Vanbrugh for a time before making his own name as an architect, first on a succession of London churches and later on Westminster Abbey, where he was respoinsible for the western towers.
www.britainexpress.com /architecture/baroque.htm   (367 words)

  
 Frank Gehry
Whether it is the revolutionary vision of the Renaissance or the Baroque, the dramatic disruptions of classical convention of Schinkel and Soane, or the 20th century's intoxicated pursuit of the future, nothing goes back to the way it was before.
Architecture is a small piece of this human equation, but for those of us who practice it, we believe in its potential to make a difference, to enlighten and to enrich the human experience, to penetrate the barriers of misunderstanding and provide a beautiful context for life's drama.
Architecture is surely an art, and those who practice the art of architecture are surely architects.
www.pritzkerprize.com /gehry.htm   (3050 words)

  
 Sicilian Baroque - Baroque in Sicily - Best of Sicily Magazine
It is quite possible that the Baroque may not have fully developed without the influence of the Renaissance, the most important medieval styles being the Romanesque and, subsequently, the Gothic (whose purest form never made serious inroads into Sicilian architecture).
Because the Catholic Church came to regard the Baroque as the epitome of artistic expression and the glorification of God, an unfortunate effort to redesign medieval churches into Baroque ones was born.
Many of the Baroque ones, however, were constructed with splendid facades and interiors but --especially in larger cities-- minimal decoration of the exterior side or rear (apse) areas, as if they were part of a theatrical stage.
www.bestofsicily.com /mag/art190.htm   (900 words)

  
 Architecture in Norway   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Baroque fortresses stand today as historical relics with little military value, but they still dominate their towns, and architecturally are valuable representatives of renaissance and Baroque elements in Norwegian building.
In 1905 several architectural contests were launched, and a major ground rule was the use of a Norwegian style.
Architecturally, the Police Headquarters has been followed up by several similar structures in which a sub-division of the building's main body, as in the example with the open hand, creates open spaces which can be covered in glass.
www.reisenett.no /facts/culture_science/architecture_in_norway.html   (6366 words)

  
 The Baroque Prague - Prague Tours
The center of Mala Strana is dominated by magnificent baroque facades of numerous palaces.
Above in the Hradshin district is probably the most famous place of pilgrimage in the city for baroque architecture, namely the Loreto Chapel.
During this tour you will be introduced to the cultural and architectural history of baroque in Prague and experience the atmosphere of the unique memorials from this epoch.
www.eastline.com /prague-baroque-architecture.html   (183 words)

  
 Baroque Architecture in Glasgow   (Site not responding. Last check: )
BAROQUE IN GLASGOW - J.R. The most striking of the libraries constructed with Carnegie's 1901 gift to Glasgow were designed by the Inverness architect, James Robert Rhind.
His designs were selected for 7 of the original 12 libraries, with 5 of them being in the Baroque style which was not at all common in Scotland at the time.
There is an abundance of Baroque inspired ornamentation on the façade, which is worthy of close inspection for small detail as well as for larger features.
homepage.ntlworld.com /g.blaikie/baroque.htm   (1009 words)

  
 Travel Info Italy   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Baroque has been a revolution into arstic style in XVII century; it was a phenomenon that spreads itself in whole europe; Baroque is called by someone " pearl of irregular forms" and by others" pedentic and captious way of thinking".
Baroque was: the will of breaking any classic rules in the field of art, audacious bursting, triumphant style, comprehensible worldwide.
Baroque architecture is characteristic for the audacious of the inventions, for the ornamental's exuberance and for the unbridled research in scenografic effects.
www.travel.it /archaeol/baroc/baring.htm   (133 words)

  
 WebMuseum: Baroque   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Baroque period, era in the history of the Western arts roughly coinciding with the 17th century.
Thirdly, the term `Baroque' (often written without the initial capital) is applied to art of any time or place that shows the qualities of vigorous movement and emotional intensity associated with Baroque art in its primary meaning.
In the 17th century, Rome was the artistic capital of Europe, and the baroque style soon spread outwards from it, undergoing modification in each of the countries to which it migrated, as it encountered different tastes and outlooks and merged with local traditions.
www.ibiblio.org /wm/paint/glo/baroque   (731 words)

  
 Introduction: Triumph of the Baroque-NGA
Architecture affirmed this -- through the structures and decorative programs of palaces, churches, public and government buildings, scientific and commercial buildings, and military installations.
Baroque architects had been schooled in the classical Renaissance tradition, emphasizing symmetry and harmonious proportions, but their designs revealed a new sense of dynamism and grandeur.
Baroque architects also mastered the unification of the visual arts -- painting, sculpture, architecture, garden design, and urban planning -- to a remarkable degree, producing buildings and structures with a heightened sense of drama and power.
www.nga.gov /exhibitions/2000/baroque/intro1.shtm   (369 words)

  
 Munich : In Depth : Architecture | Frommers.com
As characterized by art historian Helen Gardner, baroque architecture was "spacious and dynamic, brilliant and colorful, theatrical and passionate, sensual and ecstatic, opulent and extravagant, versatile and virtuoso." This period saw the merging of painting, sculpture, and architecture into an integrated whole.
The ceilings of baroque churches, with their painted scenes, were meant "to lift the viewer to heaven." Illusions like trompe l'oeil, with its whimsical style, often merged with stucco adornment in what one architect called a "form of 3-D trickery."
The baroque movement eventually dipped its brushes into the flippant paint of the rococo and brought to the style even greater flamboyance and gaiety.
www.frommers.com /destinations/munich/0099020062.html   (1299 words)

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