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Topic: Basque Nationalist Party

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In the News (Wed 22 May 19)

  CNN.com In-Depth Specials - Basque Conflict: Violence in Spain
None of this, however, is enough for ETA and the other Basque nationalist political parties, with the result that the region's streets continue to simmer with tension, fear and a lot of anger.
Nationalist parties hold the majority, and parties loyal to Spain hold the remaining seats.
Even the nationalists themselves are split, a state of affairs that has forced the Basque regional president to call early elections, due to be held sometime this year.
www.cnn.com /SPECIALS/2001/basque/stories/overview.html   (1216 words)

 Basque Nationalist Party. Pnv (Partido Nacionalista Vasco)
Founded by Sabino Arana in 1985, it is a party whose ideology is nationalist and Christian, which draws its support mainly from the middle classes of Basque society.
In the general election of June 1979 it won 7 seats in Congress and 8 in the Senate, while in the regional autonomy elections, after the ratification of the Autonomy Statute, it has always secured a majority.
In 1984 a sharp controversy took place within the PNV because of a confrontation between the "lehendakari", Carlos Garaikoetxea, and the party leadership.
www.sispain.org /english/politics/parliame/basque.html   (176 words)

The most immediate problem of the Basque conflict is that, at the margin of the political debate between the nationalist parties and the non-nationalists in Euskadi, there exists an armed band of terrorists.
Basque nationalism was born in the 19th century with the ideas of Sabino Arana.
The nationalists keep thinking that the end of the ETA and the attainment of peace will arrive through the normalization of the historic Basque conflict — that is, their self-determination.
www.adelantesi.com /Archive/Old/mdmg-basque-eng.htm   (1526 words)

  Basque Nationalist Party - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The French branch is the Parti Nationaliste Basque (PNB).The chairman of the EBB of EAJ-PNV is Josu Jon Imaz.
The party was founded in 1895 by Sabino de Arana y Goiri as a Catholic conservative party agitating for the restoration of self-government.
Alderdi Eguna ("Party Day") is the national holiday of the Basque Nationalist Party which is annually celebrated on the last Sunday of September, the Sunday closest to the feast day of Saint Michael, the patron saint of Euskal Herria and of the Basque Nationalist Party.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Basque_Nationalist_Party   (1256 words)

 Basque nationalism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Basque nationalism is a movement with roots in the Carlism and the loss by the laws of 1839 and 1876 of the Ancien Regime relationship between the Basque provinces and the crown of Spain when the Spanish government revoked part of the fueros after the Third Carlist War.
Basque Nationalism was born much later, with the chief ideologist of early Basque nationalism is Sabino Arana, founder of the Basque Nationalist Party.
The Arrano Beltza ("fl eagle") flag is waved by radical Basque nationalists, mainly supporters of ETA and HB, along the ikurrina and the Navarrese flag as a claim of unity of the Basque lands and creating a basque socialist state.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Basque_nationalism   (774 words)

 Basque Nationalist Party - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The French branch is the Parti Nationaliste Basque (PNB).
During the single-party dictatorship rule of general Miguel Primo de Rivera, the nationalist parties were outlawed and persecuted.However, its activity continued under the guise of mountain (mendigoizale) and folklore clubs.
Basque Nationalist Party, Origins and early history, The Second Spanish Republic, 1934-1935, The Spanish civil war and Franco's rule, Alderdi Eguna, Recent years, Position in recent referenda, See also, External links, Political parties in Basque Country, Catholic political parties, Nationalist parties and Secessionist organizations.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/PNV   (1128 words)

 Election of 30N - 35
Parties borrow campaign funds prior to the elections, hoping for sufficient votes to recoup from the government a large portion of their expenditure.
Basque nationalists on the other hand, believe that since the language has been discriminated against (indeed it was outlawed under the Franco regime) and since its use is now unequal to Spanish, it should receive special consideration and support.
Within the framework of Basque nationalist politics, there was considerable risk in joining with the socialists, and it was evident that the PSOE would have to make major concessions to its coalition partner to enable Basque nationalists to accept and defend the pact.
basque.unr.edu /09/9.3/9.3.35t/   (4141 words)

 Basque Country terrorism   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Today the Basque Country is suffering a silence war that have force many Basque to live in the exile, some of them are living in the USA and most of them in Spain.
Unfortunately, the Basque government, which is hold in minority by the Basque Nationalist Party, does not try to stop the violence, but in some ways encourage it.
Basque Nationalist Party believe that the Basques are a different ethnic and therefore they should have their own nation.
www.geocities.com /freedomforeuskadi   (180 words)

Members of the Basque Parliament will vote for or against a resolution, put forward by the political groups EA and EB, that supports the right of the Basques to decide their future.
Basque Parliament is holding Friday morning a plenary session to debate, among others, the right of the Basques to self-determination.
The resolution backs the right of the Basques to decide their own future and seeks dialogue among all the political parties that takes to a new agreement for the political normalization in the Basque Country.
www.eitb24.com /portal/eitb24/noticia/en/politics/plenary-session-basque-parliament-holds-debate-on-self-determinat?itemId=B24_18673&cl=/eitb24/politica&idioma=en   (195 words)

 Basque nationalism undermined by ETA , by Barbara Loyer
At the outset, Basque nationalism was thus a racist, extreme-Catholic, separatist doctrine that postulated the existence of an ethnic community distinct from the Spanish and French and portrayed the Basque problem as a conflict between nations.
The refusal of part of the local society to subscribe to the idea of a Basque nation is as deeply rooted in history as nationalist ideology, and the most radical critique of that ideology has come from former adherents and their offspring.
Nationalists are also faced with the difficult problem of integrating immigrants from other parts of Spain and those of their children who have not espoused the Basque cause.
mondediplo.com /1998/02/08basque   (2843 words)

 Euskal Herria Journal | A Basque Journal | Navarre   (Site not responding. Last check: )
On June 15, 1931, a Baskongadak-Navarre alliance of mayors from the four Basque territories in Spain met in the town of Lizarra in Navarre and approved a project for autonomy, the Statute of Estella.
Over 50,000 Basques died, 10,000 were taken prisoners (1,000 prisoners, including poet Lauaxeta and eleven priests were executed), 150,000 went into exile, and 20,000 children were sent abroad to save them from the cruelty of the civil war.
By protecting Basque heavy industry and infrastructure from left-wing sabotage, the PNV made it possible for the dictator Gen. Franco to succesfully overcome the international boycott imposed on 1946 and to embark on an ambitious policy of economic self-sufficiency.
www.ehj-navarre.org /navarre/na_history_1936.html   (1270 words)

 Election of 1990
None of the parties enjoyed a clear majority in Parliament, and it was necessary for the Basque Nationalist Party (PNV), with 17 seats, to form a coalition government with the Spanish Socialist Party (PSOE).
Psychologically, the second half of the decade in the Basque Country and, indeed, in all of Spain and Europe, was dominated by a fixation on 1992.
Basque nationalists believe that since the language has been discriminated against or even prohibited under the Franco regime, and since its use is not equal to Spanish, it should receive consideration and support.
basque.unr.edu /09/9.3/9.3.43t/   (2075 words)

 A balance sheet of the 13th May Basque elections In Defence of Democratic Rights
The Basque elections of May 13th, 2001 have highlighted something is changing in the depths of society, both in the Basque Country and in the Spanish state as a whole, but which only occasionally comes to the surface.
The Basque bourgeoisie has tried to play the part of the 'good cop', trying to win the more moderate elements away from the methods of ETA and to participate in a would-be 'Basque national construction' where, in reality, the only real winners are the Basque capitalists themselves.
The Socialist Party, led by Felipe Gonzalez, was in power for fourteen years and, instead of leading the working class in the struggle to transform society, based themselves on the most reactionary sections of the army and Civil Guard to 'solve' the national question.
www.marxist.com /Europe/basque_elections501.html   (3923 words)

 Basque Country (Spain)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In 1936 the Basque Autonomous Government (whose Lehendakari —president— was José Antonio Agirre) was created, with representation of all the democratic parties, and the Ikurriña was declared by law the Basque flag.
The Ikurriña is the symbol of the Basques of Euskadi (under Spanish rule), Iparralde (under French rule), Navarre (under Spanish-French rule) and foreign residents in America, Europe and Australia (the Ikurriña is in the flag of Saint Pierre and Miquelon).
The ikurriña was designed by the Biscay brothers Sabino and Luis Arana for the province of Biscay, and it derives from the Biscay coat-of-arms (the red field is from the ancient Biscay flag, the white cross from the argent cross of the coat-of-arms [which shows behind the tree] and the green saltire from the tree).
fotw.vexillum.com /flags/es-pv.html   (1779 words)

 Science Fair Projects - Basque Nationalist Party
The Basque Nationalist Party is a political party in the Basque region of Spain.
The French branch is the Parti Nationaliste Basque.
The party was founded in 1895 by Sabino de Arana y Goiri as a Catholic separatist party agitating for the restoration of self-government.
www.all-science-fair-projects.com /science_fair_projects_encyclopedia/PNV   (1151 words)

 Buber's Basque Page: Aberri Eguna
In those early years of the movement, to be Basque meant being catholic and regaining the fueros or old laws and the privileges that the southern Basques had lost in the Carlist wars of the 19th century.
This fusion of Basque consciousness and religion is clearly outlined in the schedule for one of the last celebrations of that decade.
Basque nationalists surprised Spanish Authorities with a secret Aberri Eguna celebration in Gernika in 1964.During the Franco era Spanish Authorities labored to halt these "illegal" celebrations of Basque culture.
www.buber.net /Basque/Folklore/aberri.html   (966 words)

 Scottish Independence Guide: Basque Country
In addition to the new newspaper Basque nationalists have indicated that they will not be cowed by the decision of the Spanish government to ban their political party a move which has at a stroke disenfranchised a large percentage of the population of the Basque country.
Nor does the Basque national movement seem swayed by the ill-judged decision of the US government to target Basque nationalist parties in a move which is clearly a message of support for the Aznar government which along with the UK was a puppet in their Iraq policy.
Basques living in Scotland however must also have been horrified to see Scottish newspapers pin the blame to all Basque nationalists without any evidence whatsoever.
www.scottishindependence.com /basque_country_independence.htm   (2232 words)

 Euskal Herria Journal | A Basque Journal | Navarre   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The PNV and a smaller nationalist party, EA, together saw their seats rise by six to 33, but were still short of a majority and in need of support from other parties.
The national left in the Basque territories in France is represented by the Socialist Party (PSF) and the Communist Party (PCF); in residual Navarre and the Spanish Basque provinces by the Socialist Party (PSOE) and the communist-led United Left (IU).
The national right in the Basque territories in France is represented by the Gaullists, The Rally for the Republic (RPR), the liberals, the Union for French Democracy (UDF), and the fascist National Front (FN); in residual Navarre and the Spanish Basque territories by the Popular Party (PP)--the heirs to dictator Franco.
www.contrast.org /mirrors/ehj/navarre/na_adminter_el.html   (1069 words)

 Aljazeera.Net - Basque party barred from European elections   (Site not responding. Last check: )
It has ruled that the party is a successor to a group outlawed as the political wing of armed separatists ETA.
Spain's Socialist government, which took office last month, said the party was the heir to Batasuna, the Basque separatist group outlawed in 2003 for refusing to condemn ETA violence.
It was the first Spanish political party to be banned since the death of dictator Francisco Franco in 1975.
english.aljazeera.net /NR/exeres/7ABA14B4-9927-4FA8-ADC6-A983F05A03F7.htm   (238 words)

 The Case of Herri Batasuna: Spain's Political Show Trial
Basques speak a language (Euskara) which is linguistically unrelated to any other in the world, and they have survived attacks throughout history by the Romans, as well as by Spanish feudal rulers.
This party was the party of both left and right Basque nationalists until 1931, when the right of the party decided to compromise with the Spanish Republican government by making pacts with the Spanish state in an attempt to prevent the radicalisation of the nationalist cause by the socialist left.
All Basque parties, across the spectrum from left to right, including those who condemn Herri Batasuna as the political wing of ETA, have raised their voices in opposition to this trial, which they understand is another historical attack on Basque political expression.
socialist.org /socialist/ma98/1.html   (1599 words)

 Basque Separatists Announce Ceasefire
The Herri Batasuna party was legalized in July 1986 and has two elected representatives in the Spanish parliament, eleven in the Basque parliament and five the Navarre parliament.
The initiation of the peace process by Basque nationalists has bitterly divided Spanish politicians, who had often made use of their common abhorrence to ETA violence as a rallying point.
However, the declaration does have the approval of the moderate Basque Nationalist Party and Giordi Pujol's CIU (Convergencia i Union) party--two of the principal supporters of the central government in Madrid.
www.ict.org.il /spotlight/det.cfm?id=162   (751 words)

 Basque-ing In Victory - CBS News
The Basque Nationalist Party and its coalition partner Eusko Alkartasuna — which both favor independence for this region in northeastern Spain, but not by violent means — won from 31 to 33 seats, up from 27 in the outgoing 75-seat legislature, said Javier Balza, interior minister of the Basque regional government.
Both parties have been frequently targeted by ETA gunmen, and hundreds of party members and relatives employ bodyguards and vary their daily routines to avoid being easy targets.
Basques have their own parliament, police force and health system, but the federal government in Madrid controls the security forces, foreign policy, border crossings and air and sea ports.
www.cbsnews.com /stories/2001/05/13/world/main291043.shtml   (1022 words)

 Boston.com / News / Boston Globe / Opinion / Op-ed / Battling Basque terrorism
THE BASQUE autonomy question and its corollary, the future of Europe's one remaining active, homegrown, terrorist movement, is moving into a new phase, one both subtle and contradictory.
Despite their bitter differences, as recently as three years ago the Popular Party and the Socialist Party combined their forces in an unsuccessful effort in the Basque regional elections to avoid victory by the moderate Basque Nationalist Party.
Zapatero recently invited Juan Jose Ibarretxe, the leader of the Basque Nationalist Party, to Madrid, along with the presidents of other regional governments, to discuss measures that would give the regions a more powerful independent voice, even the right to talk directly to the Brussels headquarters of the European Union about issues that concern them.
www.boston.com /news/globe/editorial_opinion/oped/articles/2004/11/13/battling_basque_terrorism   (695 words)

 WJLA - Basque Nationalists Win Key Election   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Ruling Basque nationalists pushing for more autonomy from Spain won a key regional election Sunday but fell short of a majority, losing seats as a banned pro-independence party drew unexpectedly high support, according to government figures.
But with 92 percent of the votes counted, his governing Basque Nationalist Party and a moderate ally had won 29 seats in the 75-member Basque legislature, far short the 38 needed for an outright majority and down from 33 in the outgoing parliament, the Basque Interior Ministry said.
The Basque branch of Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero's Socialists unseated the conservative Popular Party as the second most-voted party in the region, rising from 13 seats to 18.
www.wjla.com /headlines/0405/221481.html   (612 words)

 WJLA - Basque Nationalists Win Regional Election   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Ruling Basque nationalists pushing for more autonomy from Spain won a key regional election Sunday but fell short of a majority, losing seats as candidates backed by a banned pro-independence party drew unexpectedly high support, according to government figures.
But with 100 percent of the votes counted, his Basque Nationalist Party and a moderate ally won 29 seats in the 75-member Basque legislature, well short of the 38 needed for an outright majority and down from 33 in the outgoing parliament, the Basque Interior Ministry said.
Xavier Lapitz, a political analyst for Basque public radio, attributed the Communist party's strong results to a backlash against the banning of Batasuna and a court ruling last month that disqualified yet another pro-independence party on grounds it was a sanitized continuation of Batasuna.
www.wjla.com /headlines/0405/221518.html   (653 words)

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