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Topic: Battle of Brunete

  Spanish Civil War - MSN Encarta
The Battle of Brunete, as this operation came to be known, began on July 6 when Republican troops broke through Nationalist lines around the village of Brunete, west of Madrid.
While the Battle of Brunete had demonstrated that the Republicans were capable of waging an active war, the offensive had also proved costly to the their army.
The Battle of the Ebro signaled that the Republican army was close to collapsing.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761580634_5____37/Spanish_Civil_War.html   (1820 words)

 Spanish Civil War - Charles' George Orwell Links
Republican sympathizers proclaimed it as a struggle between "tyranny and democracy", or "fascism and liberty." Franco, on the other hand, viewed it as a battle between the "red hordes" of communism and "civilization," or the traditional, conservative values of Spain.
Battle of Madrid ends; with both sides exhausted a front stabilizes.
The naval battle at Cape Palos (a Nationalist heavy cruiser Baleares is sunk by Republican destroyers).
www.netcharles.com /orwell/articles/col-spanishcivilwar.htm   (3188 words)

  Battle of Brunete - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Battle of Brunete (6 July – 25 July 1937), fought 15 miles west of Madrid, was a Republican attempt to alleviate the pressure exerted by the Nationalists on the capital and on the north during the Spanish Civil War.
In addition, Brunete was also chosen because it was situated on the Extremadura road and its capture would make it harder for the Nationalists to resupply their forces besieging Madrid.
From a political standpoint, the offensive was chosen for Brunete to satisfy communist demands and to prove to the Russians that the Spaniards possess military initiative.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Battle_of_Brunete   (1476 words)

 Nine Articles by Luis Silva - THE BATTLE OF BRUNETE
Brunete seemed a curious choice for a major offensive for it was of no great military importance, although it did lie at the crossroads of a minor road system on the Castillian plain between the Perales and Guadarrama Rivers.
Artillery fire was already harassing the first convoys to Brunete, officers were still trying to sort out the chaos of the previous day and they were acutely aware of the presence of the enemy at Llanos Ridge and Quijorna barely 5km (3miles) from their supply line.
His plan was simple and direct: Barron would advance north towards Brunete to pin down the enemy, while a pincer movement from the east, by Asensio and the 5th Navarrese Brigade, and the west, by Saenz de Buruaga and the 4th Navarrese Brigade, would cut the Valdemorillo-Brunete road north of Villaneuva de la Canada.
www.globusz.com /ebooks/LuisSilva/00000014.htm   (6586 words)

 Biography: Frank Graham
This is a continuation of Frank Grahamr’s The Battle of Jarama 1937: The story of the British Battalion of the International Brigade’s baptism of fire in the Spanish Civil War, published in 1987.
The account of Brunete first appeared in the Book of the International Brigade, published just after the battle in 1938, and it well merits reprinting even if the conclusions were, as Frank Graham recognises, in hindsight, too optimistic.
The Battle of Brunete was one of the major battles of the war in which 25,000 Republican soldiers were killed in an effort to lift the rebel siege of Madrid.
www.marxlibrary.net /reviews/modern_history/graham_1.htm   (447 words)

 Britain.tv Wikipedia - Spanish Civil War
Franco's supporters, however, especially the younger members of the officer corps, viewed it as a battle between the "red hordes"?title=of communism and anarchism on the one hand and "Christian civilization"?title=on the other.
Mola, Franco's second-in-command, was killed on June 3, and in early July, despite the fall of Bilbao in June, the government actually launched a strong counter-offensive in the Madrid area, which the Nationalists repulsed with some difficulty.
The clash was called "Battle of Brunete"?title=(Brunete is a town in the province of Madrid).
www.britain.tv /wikipedia.php?title=Spanish_Civil_War   (6987 words)

 The battle of Brunete
July 1937 saw the British Battalion, now under the command of Fred Copeman, thrown once more into battle as part of a major Republican offensive designed to relieve pressure on the northern front and break through the rebels at their weakest point to the west of Madrid.
But weakened by fatigue, thirst and constant bombardment from the air, they could not advance sufficiently rapidly to capture the unoccupied heights and Rebel forces quickly took the opportunity to move into the position.
Battles of Brunete and the Aragon, Newcastle: Frank Graham, 1999.
www.international-brigades.org.uk /british_volunteers/brunete.htm   (260 words)

 The Bell Tolls at Brunete, Robert Wernick
The roads are empty leading to Brunete in summertime, no one wants to drive twenty miles from Madrid to visit the featureless sleepy little town baking among brown fields under the merciless sun of the Castillian plateau.
Republican planes could still barely hold their own in the air over Brunete, but the tide was running the other way, and through the rest of the war Germany superiority in the machines of war grew rapidly and steadily till it broke the back of the Spanish Republic...
At Brunete, which is twice as big as it was when it was totally destroyed in 1937, it is hard to see the new buildings for the new billboards announcing the construction of new chalets, apartments, duplexes, for yuppies of the bustling prosperous new Madrid where you can only hear of paseos in old movies.
www.robertwernick.com /articles/brunete.shtml   (5479 words)

 La Cucaracha Spanish Civil War Diary July 1937
With this the Brunete offensive reaches one of it main targets, the release of the Basque army, giving the Republican troops in the north the possibility to reorganize the resistance.
The Fascist reinforcements are reaching the Brunete Front, artillery and Legion Condor are hammering without pause on the Republican troops, both sides are suffering horrible losses.
During the chaotic retreat under air attack from Brunete, she got mortally injured when a tank came out of control and collided with her car.
lacucaracha.info /scw/diary/1937/july/index.htm   (810 words)

 Spanish Civil WAr: The German Kondor Legion A Firepower Force Package in Combat. - HighBeam Encyclopedia
In addition, the military instruments employed were primarily airplanes that promised to have a disproportionately great effect on the course of battle for a comparatively low likelihood of casualties, an important political consideration for Hitler at this stage of his career.
Despite the heavy use of airpower and tanks, the battle of Brunete was not a clean technological fight.
At the sharp end, it was characterized by terrible disorder, incredibly cruel fighting, and often hand-to-hand combat in the suffocating heat of the Spanish summer.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1G1-77673472.html   (4753 words)

 Battle of the Ebro - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Battle of the Ebro (spanish: Batalla del Ebro, catalan: Batalla de l'Ebre) was the last great offensive of the Spanish Republicans in the Spanish civil war.
The battle was fought by both sides as a World War I Western Front battle, with each side launching bloody frontal assaults on enemy positions.
After this battle, the Republicans would continue to lose ground until April 1, 1939 when the war was declared over by Franco.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Battle_of_the_Ebro   (515 words)

 The Visual Front - Posters of the Spanish Civil War
Despite the encouragement of posters like this one, loyalist forces were unsuccessful at mounting offensives against the rebels throughout the war.
In fact, they did not organize their first significant offensive, the Battle of Brunete, until an entire year after the war had begun.
The failure of this and other loyalist offensives such as the one staged in Asturias in August of 1936 and the Battle of the Ebro in the summer of 1938 confirms the weakness of the Republican army and its inability to stage a successful offensive against their enemy.
orpheus.ucsd.edu /speccoll/visfront/vencer.html   (344 words)

 A Spanish Civil War Photo Essay
The 15th (International) Brigade at the Battle of Brunete (1937).
Republican troops move up, and stretcher bearers are busy, in the battle for Brunete just west of Madrid, in July 1937.
A musical interlude for International volunteers after the battle of Teruel (1938).
www.english.uiuc.edu /maps/scw/photessay.htm   (112 words)

 Siege of Madrid (1936-39) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The year 1937 saw two major battles in the immediate area around Madrid, the Battle of Jarama (January to February) and the Battle of Brunete in July.
In the first of these battles, in early 1937 Franco tried to cross the river Jarama to cut off the road between Madrid and Valencia, where the Republicans had moved their government.
In March, the Battle of Guadalajara was fought about 60km to the north east of Madrid, when Republican troops routed an attempt by Italian troops to cross the Jarama, encircle Madrid's defences and launch an assault on the city.
search.com.com /reference/Battle_of_Madrid   (3376 words)

 Alternative Perth   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
In July 1937, the British Battalion under the command of Fred Copeman was involved in an offensive to relieve pressure on Madrid and the northern front – later known as the Battle of Brunete.
He was wounded at the Battle of Brunete in July 1937 and hospitalized with a broken ankle at Tureul, January 1938 and wounded again (in the leg) during the Ebro offensive in July 1938 (Cota 481 – Gandesa) and repatriated December 7th 1938.
George was wounded at the Battle of Brunete in July 1937 and later in January 1938, George Steele was repatriated in January 1938.
www.alternative-perth.org /spanishcivilwar.htm   (5475 words)

 Spanish Civil War - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article
Republican sympathizers proclaimed it as a struggle between "tyranny and democracy", or "fascism and liberty", and many idealistic youths of the 1930s who joined the International Brigades thought saving the Spanish Republic was the idealistic cause of the era.
Mola, Franco's second-in-command, was killed on June 3, and in early July, despite the fall of Bilbao in June, the government actually launched a strong counter-offensive in the Madrid area, which the Nationalists repulsed with some difficulty.
The clash was called "Battle of Brunete" (Brunete is a town in the province of Madrid).
www.startsurfing.com /encyclopedia/s/p/a/Spanish_Civil_War_7a30.html   (5045 words)

 World War 2 Maps High Quality Maps and Educational Software   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
On July 26, the Brunete offensive ground to a halt, 20,000 men and around half the Republican airforce were lost for a westward movement of approx 5km in the front lines.
While the Battle for Brunete was raging, the French government, angered by Germany's and Italy's total disregard for the Treaty of Nonintervention, opened its border for a few days allowing much needed supplies to get to the Republicans.
During September and October of 1937, the Battle for Zaragoza and the Ebro front raged with the Republic mounting regular attacks along the Ebro and at Fuentes de Ebro.
www.worldwar2maps.co.uk /index.php?module=htmlpages&func=display&pid=18   (550 words)

 Guardian | 'A priest was firing at us'   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
He was in time for the battle of Jarama, the fight to stop Franco's troops cutting off the road from Madrid to Valencia in February 1937.
Then it was on to the ferocious battle at Brunete.
There was a priest in the church steeple firing at us and when he came down he pushed the villagers to shield him while he kept shooting.
www.guardian.co.uk /print/0,,4088967-103680,00.html   (240 words)

 Spanish Civil War
Capa's pictures were especially forceful because they were taken almost fearlessly in the middle of battle, bringing readers closer to war than anything done earlier.
It was during the battle at Brunete that Taro made her best photographs.
Brunete is also where she met her death.
museum.icp.org /museum/collections/special/chim/bio/spanishc.html   (1121 words)

 Spanish Civil War - Main Events Of The War
The right-hand (or western) army, which was commanded by General Jose Moscardo, had little trouble in forcing the opposing Republican troops back, but the left-hand (or eastern) army, which was composed of Italian "volunteers" and led by General Mario Roatta, experienced stiffening resistance after their capture of Brihuega on 10th March.
General Roatta halted his advance on 15th March to re-group and the Republicans used this break in the battle to mount a counter-attack.
Although the Nationalist attack had gained some ground when the battle finally ended, it had failed to achieve the decisive result that had been hoped for.
www.users.dircon.co.uk /~warden/scw/scwevent.htm   (3697 words)

 Battle of Jarama Information
The Battle of Jarama was a battle of the Spanish Civil War in February 1937.
It was fought over the river Jarama, near the Spanish captial of Madrid.
The battle resolved itself as a bloody stalemate and ended with trench warfare reminiscent of the western front in the First World War.
www.bookrags.com /wiki/Battle_of_Jarama   (162 words)

 The Battle of Jarama 70 years on
This was one of the bloodiest battles of the war and for the British Battalion of the International Brigades meant its baptism of fire.
The situation was thus brought to a stalemate; the positions were fortified and the forces entrenched on a front line that would not be altered until the end of the war.
The men of the British Battalion remained in the trenches of the Jarama Valley until the end of June, when they were dispatched to the north west of Madrid to take part in another bloody battle: the Battle of Brunete.
www.marxist.com /battle-jarama-70-years.htm   (1751 words)

This Republican offensive was designed to cut off units threatening Madrid aimed at capturing the town of Brunete.
Command and supply problems and Republican insistence on reducing stubborn pockets of resistence rather than bypassing them allowed the Nationalists to bring up reserves and counter-attack after which the  Republic held on to various villages and fifty square kilometers of territory.
Although the Republicans claimed Brunete as a victory, the high losses of men and material for insignificant gains marked it as a clear setback for the Republic.
www.inlandtravel.com /scwbatles.html   (591 words)

 scw overview -- Encarta
The arrival of Soviet arms on November 8 and the aid of the International Brigades further boosted the morale of Madrid’s Republicans.
Once the battle began some of the fiercest fighting took place in and around the area of University City, where units of the Republican army reinforced by the International Brigades held Madrid against Franco's troops.
However, this new initiative also failed when the Battle of Jarama, which began on February 6, ended in a stalemate.
personal.centenary.edu /~jhendric/hemingway/scw_overview_encarta.html   (7620 words)

 The Battle for Spain, by Antony Beevor
The battle of Brunete of July 1937 set the pattern.
This was the case with the battle of Teruel fought in the sub-zero temperatures of the winter of 1937, and above all in the great battle of the Ebro fought in the high summer heat of 1938.
In the battles around Madrid in the winter of 1937, the nascent Popular army fought heroically and successfully, forcing Franco to abandon his obsession with Madrid.
www.arlindo-correia.com /the_battle_for_spain.html   (7136 words)

 Saklatava Battalion at AllExperts
The Commune de Paris battalion served as part of XIth International Brigade and fought in defense of Madrid, including the battles for University City and Casa de Campo.
In February 1937, the battalion fought at the Battle of Jarama.
Reinforced by new recruits and strengthened by returnees from hospital, the British battalion mustered 331 brigadistas at the Battle of Brunete.
en.allexperts.com /e/s/sa/saklatava_battalion.htm   (1078 words)

 Page Title
His valor and capacity for leadership was not taken for granted by the Germans and he was rewarded with the Knights Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves for his service, personally present by Adolph Hitler on December 14th 1942.
Due to sickness of his superior officer he took command of the 5th Navarra Division during the Battle of Brunete, brilliantly crushing the enemy and earning his first Medalla Militar Individual, the second highest decoration in the Spanish army.
He was sent to the Russian Front to relieve Gen. Grandes as commander of the division, and he returned home in 1943 upon the re-call of the division to Spain, leaving in command the newly appointed Gen. Santiago Amado Loriga.
ostfront.topcities.com /page41.html   (1229 words)

 Battle of Teruel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The battle of Teruel was fought in and around the city of Teruel in the Spanish Civil War in December 1937-February 1938.
In the course of the fighting, Teruel was subjected to heavy artillery and ariel bombardment.
This article about a historical battle is a stub.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Battle_of_Teruel   (190 words)

 A World to Win | Review | Books | The battle for Spain
Detailed accounts of the legendary battles of the Jarama, Guadalajara, Aragon, Brunete, Teruel, the Ebro, and the battle for Madrid show incontrovertibly that even when gains were made, the Republican forces could not take advantage of them, as they had virtually no understanding of the art of war.
His books about the battle of Stalingrad, the fall of Berlin and the struggle for Crete have brought the events of World War II into close-up focus for a mass readership.
The Battle for Spain: the Spanish Civil War 1936-1939 by Antony Beevor is published by Weidenfeld and Nicholson at £25.
www.aworldtowin.net /reviews/Spanishcivilwar.html   (3872 words)

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