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Topic: Battle of Cambrai

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  Battle of Cambrai - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cambrai is a French town in the Nord département (Nord-Pas-de-Calais).
An attack on Cambrai using tanks was initially proposed by J.F.C. Fuller in June 1917 and almost simultaneously by Henry Hugh Tudor.
The battle began at 0620 on 20 November.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Battle_of_Cambrai   (1918 words)

 Encyclopedia: Battle of Cambrai
The Battle of Cambrai (November 20 - December 3, 1917) was a British campaign of World War I. Cambrai is a French town in the Nord département (Nord-Pas-de-Calais).
Cambrai Cambrai (Dutch: Kamerijk) is a French city and commune, in the Nord département, of which it is a sous-préfecture.
The Battle of Cambrai (November 20 November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Battle-of-Cambrai   (796 words)

 Cambrai - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cambrai (Dutch: Kamerijk) also written Cambray is a French town and commune, in the Nord département, of which it is a sous-préfecture.
Cambrai is the seat of an archdiocese whose jurisdiction was immense during the Middle Ages.
In 1428 Philippe de Luxembourg claimed that the cathedral was the finest in all of Christendom, for the fineness of its singing, its light, and the sweetness of its bells.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Cambrai   (448 words)

 The Battle of Cambrai 1917 - Conclusion   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Thousands flocked to see 'The Battle of the Tanks' in picture palaces across the land, music hall songs proclaimed their prowess and tanks were paraded on the streets and used as an important tool in boosting recruitment and the sale of War Bonds.
The real merits of the battle of Cambrai lie in the fact that the basic ingredients were present which were to change the face of battle after the previous three years of stalemate and horrendous casualty lists and eventually lead to a return to a war of movement.
Cambrai, Fullers outstanding combined arms operation, was to become the subject of intensive study by the Wehrmacht in the inter war years and provided the seeds of the outstanding German tactic of World War II - Blitzkrieg.
www.btinternet.com /~no.mans.land/cambrai4.htm   (902 words)

 The Battle of Cambrai 1917
Haig approved a novel plan for an attack on Cambrai that was put to him on 16th September 1917, while the Third Battle of Ypres (Passchendaele) was at its height and Plumer was about to launch the next assault which was to become known as the Battle of the Menin Road.
Cambrai was an important regional town, occupied by the enemy and fronted by the immense defensive complex of the Siegfried Stellung.
In immediate support were the 29th, and ready to exploit the anticipated breakthrough and sweep round Cambrai were the 1st, 2nd and 5th Cavalry Divisions.
www.1914-1918.net /bat21.htm   (2030 words)

 Battle of Cambrai --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Two battles in the fall of 1777 that marked the turning point for the Continental Army in the American Revolution were the Battles of Saratoga.
One of the two major battles of the American Civil War was fought at the crossroads town of Gettysburg, Pa., from July 1 to 3, 1863.
The Battle of Marathon was a decisive victory for the Greeks during the Persian Wars.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9018766   (809 words)

 First World War.com - Battles - The Battle of Cambrai, 1917
The Battle of Cambrai, launched in November 1917, heralded the first time tanks were used in significant force, a little over a year after they had made their tentative debut at Flers on the Somme in September 1916.
Nevertheless the British Tank Corps remained convinced that earlier disappointments regarding tank use would be overcome once the new weapon was used in battlefield conditions less ill-suited than the muddy quagmire that characterised the Third Battle of Ypres, where once again the tank had succeeded only in generating cynicism.
During the battle casualties were high: the Germans suffered losses of approximately 50,000 and the British 45,000.
www.firstworldwar.com /battles/cambrai.htm   (890 words)

 World War I - Wikimedia Commons
The armoured cruiser SMS Gneisenau, sunk at the Battle of the Falkland Islands, 8 December 1914.
The armoured cruiser HMS Monmouth, sunk at the Battle of Coronel on 1 November 1914
Battle of Heligoland Bight, 28 August 1914: the German light cruiser SMS Mainz on fire and sinking.
commons.wikimedia.org /wiki/World_War_I   (458 words)

 First World War.com - Primary Documents - The Battle of Cambrai by Paul von Hindenburg, 19 November 1917
These actions, too, developed into one of the long-drawn-out battles with which we were already so familiar, and in their general character represented an intensification of the sombre scenes peculiar to such battles.
As the Flanders battle was drawing to a close, a fierce conflict unexpectedly blazed up at a part of the line which had hitherto been relatively inactive.
With the Battle of Cambrai the English High Command had departed from what I might call the routine methods which hitherto they had always followed.
www.firstworldwar.com /source/cambrai_hindenburg.htm   (1159 words)

 The Battle of Cambrai 1917 - The Battle Drags On and Counter Attack   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
On day 2 of the battle, tanks from H battalion took the narrow streets of Fontaine Notre-Dame (3 miles short of Cambrai) without infantry support, but handed it over to Harpers Highlanders who were unfortunately forced out by a desperate counter-attack.
The battle has continued today, and our troops and tanks have been engaged in heavy fighting round Bourlon Wood and at Fontaine-Notre-Dame, to the east of it, which we lost yesterday for a time, after a sharp counter-attack upon our Seaforth Highlanders, who entered it on Wednesday night with tanks.
The British Tank Corps was being thrown away as the battle degenerated into the 'toe to toe' slugging match of attrition, which characterised trench warfare on the western front.
www.btinternet.com /~no.mans.land/cambrai3.htm   (1167 words)

 George Dean Laughton Morton during 1916-1919
In the Arras battles, 24 were killed and 227 wounded, and the unit took over 400 prisoners and much German equipment, making August one of the more exiting and victorious months in the unit's history.
Cambrai was split in two by the north-running Canal de l'Escaut.
This took far longer than expected and the battles to the north began to swing on Cambrai's hinge.
www1.xe.net /~mbone/webtree/morton/georgedl-1918d.htm   (958 words)

 The Battle of Cambrai
Cambrai was chosen because of the hard ground in the area as most of the front was mud and early tanks were unable to traverse this terrain.
Even though the battle of Cambrai did not gain permanent ground, it proved that the tank could be used effectively and successfully.
The battle of Cambrai was written by Graeme Robson, a Year 9 student at Laisterdyke High School, Bradford.
www.schoolshistory.org.uk /Year9/firstworldwar/1917/november.htm   (382 words)

 American/ World History 1916 -1917   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
This battle, in the North Sea, was the only naval battle of the war in which the main German and British fleets engaged each other.
The battle itself was a tactical victory for the Germans, who sunk twice as much tonnage as the British.
The battle lasted from July 1st until November 8th, and the allies succeeded in recapturing a total of 125 sq.
www.multied.com /dates/1916.html   (684 words)

 cambrai: Diocèse de Cambrai   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Cambrai- North French town of 'Cambric' linen,art and history, 1st tank battle.
The Battle of Cambrai, launched in November 1917, heralded the first time tanks were used in significant force, a little.
The Cambrai Operations : 20 November to 7 December 1917 'The Battle of Cambrai ranks as one of the most thrilling episodes of the whole war.
www.voltcomm.net /cambrai.html   (222 words)

 Class of 1916   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
1916 Battle of Cambrai -The Battle of Cambrai was the first large-scale tank attack of the war.
However, the Germans were finally stopped, in a grinding battle that lasted until June.
The French lost an estimated 350,000 troops in the battle.
chs.cdc.net /alumni/1916   (237 words)

 The Battle of Cambrai
Although Cambrai was now much nearer the front, it was considered that the Hindenburg Line would continue to secure the town and countryside around it and the local villages would still be able to provide rest facilities for troops, particularly from the Ypres Salient, and retain its reputation as the ‘Flanders Sanatorium’.
Yet, unbeknown to the Germans, the Battle of Cambrai was in the planning stage well before the end of the British offensive in Flanders was closed down, and was set to open on the 20th November.
Hitherto, the tank, which first saw action on the Somme in 1916 at the Battle of Flers-Courcelette, had only been used in relatively small numbers and was found to be unreliable and ill-suited to heavily shelled and muddy terrain found on the Somme and at Third Ypres.
www.kingshead.ltd.uk /pages/cambrai.htm   (885 words)

 Cambrai 1917   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
At dawn on November 20, 1917, the first full-scale tank battle in history began at Cambrai, when over 400 British tanks poured over the Hindenburg Line.
In just 24 hours, the Royal Tank Corps and British Third Army made an advance that was further than any undertaken by either side since the trenches had first been dug in 1914.
Consequently, of the 179 tanks lost in the battle at Cambrai, very few were destroyed by the enemy; the majority broke down and were abandoned by their crews.
france-for-visitors.com /north/cambrai-1917.html   (229 words)

 The Tank Battle at Cambrai   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
As always there was an intense artillery bombardment and aircraft were used in large numbers for reconnaissance, but this was going to be the first time that the tank had been used in anywhere near the numbers that its advocates had intended.
This first day of the battle for Cambrai was hailed as an enormous success.
At the close of the battle of Cambrai over 44,000 British and Canadians were killed or injured, along with 50,000 Germans - all in the space of a fortnight.
www.webmatters.net /france/ww1_tanks.htm   (901 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The engagement was the first battle in which American led forces used a concise and comprehensive operations order allowing for independent initiative from their front-line commanders.
Today, the battle of St. Mihiel teaches modern tactical commanders the necessity to issue clear and concise operations orders that allow small unit leaders the freedom to carry out their commander's intent during the battle.
Yet, the hallmark of the battle was Colonel Patton's employment of unsupported tank platoons in a "cavalry-styled" attack outside the town of Jonville.
members.aol.com /joeredone/mihiel.htm   (1408 words)

 Cambrai on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
An episcopal see since the 4th cent., and seat of an archdiocese since the 16th cent., Cambrai and the surrounding county of Cambrésis were ruled by the bishops under the Holy Roman Empire until they were seized by Spain (1595) and by France (1677).
Cambrai suffered devastation in both world wars; it was occupied by the Germans from 1914 to 1918 and from 1940 to 1944.
Supporters cheer on the riders of US Postal team during the fourth stage of the 91st Tour de France cycling race between Cambrai and Arras, 07 July 2004.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/C/Cambrai.asp   (964 words)

 Battle of Cambrai November/Decembre 1917   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The battle of Cambrai ran from November through december 1917
A large tank attack on 20 November shocked the Germans, even though their intellegence told them it was planned.
But Allied force were ultimatly beaten back to beyond their starting position in the southern part of the battle area.
www.oucs.ox.ac.uk /ltg/projects/jtap/dce/vicars/Cambrai   (49 words)

 First World War.com - Encyclopedia of World War I - C
Cambrai, Battle of - Paul von Hindenburg on
Canal du Nord, Battle of the - Frederick Maurice on
Cavan, Earl - On Battle of the Piave River
www.firstworldwar.com /atoz/c.htm   (516 words)

 To the Green Fields Beyond - The Battle of Cambrai, 1917
Cambrai was to be as close as they were to come before the final breakthrough of 1918.
To the Green Fields Beyond is an operational level simulation of the Battle of Cambrai which lasted from 20 November to 7 December, 1917.
The British Breakthrough and Battle for Bourlon scenarios have the British attacking, while the German Counterattack scenario obviously has them as defenders, although they can still often mount attacks as well.
nobleknight.com /productdetailsearch.asp_Q_ProductID_E_2147343762_A_...   (349 words)

 [No title]
In units equipped with standard Battle Tanks (MK I-V) the nickname was directly related to the unit.
At Cambrai at least one tank was marked on the sides with a roughly painted "Z", about 40 cm:s high.
C Coy, Battle of Flers, September 15 1916
www.landships.freeservers.com /BritSerials.htm   (1172 words)

 Cambrai - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Cambrai is the see of an archdiocese which jurisdiction was immense in during Middle Ages.
This encyclopedia, history, geography and biography article about Cambrai contains research on
Cambrai, History, Miscellaneous, Births, Twin towns, See also, External link and Communes of Nord.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia?title=Cambrai&action=edit   (179 words)

 Cambrai The First Tank Battle
Legend would have it that an apprentice sweet maker called Afchaine made such a mess of one batch of his parents sweets, that his mother told him that all he had made were sweets that were stupid or betises.
Whilst not turning out to be the wonder weapon that the Allies had hoped for, the Battle of Cambrai marked the turning point in the vehicles acceptance amongst the hierarchy of the military.
Wilfred Owen, the poet was killed fighting on the Sambre Canal, 30 km to the east of Cambrai during the final week of the war.
www.webmatters.net /france/ww1_cambrai.htm   (556 words)

 4L - HistoryQuest - myFolder - Tanks in the Battle of Cambrai   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Developed from farm tractors, British "tanks" are first used in the Battle of the Somme in 1916 but have little effect as many sink in the mud or break down.
Using lessons learnt at the Battle of Cambrai, mass corps of tanks form the first part of the offensive at Ameins, with substantial infantry support behind.
Although not winning the war, the use of tanks provide an answer to the stalemate of trench warfare and suggest the next war will be more mobile.
www.4learning.co.uk /historyquest/dossier/hq_dossier_game_56.html   (329 words)

THE Battle of Cambrai it has been called, but I prefer to call it the.
Battle of the "Tanks." Some say it is the most glorious victory of the war, while others tell you it is but a splendid presage of victories to come.
One thing is quite certain, and it is this — that never was there such secrecy before about anything we have done or have contemplated doing.
www.greatwardifferent.com /Great_War/Cambrai/Cambrai_01.htm   (1249 words)

Although it is estimated that the Germans lost 50,000 men, Haig considered the offensive as a failure and reinforced his doubts about the ability of tanks to win the war.
The battle has continued today, and our troops and tanks have been engaged in heavy fighting round Borlon Wood and at Fontaine-Notre-Dame, to the east of it, which we lost yesterday for a time, after a sharp counter-attack upon our Seaforth Highlanders, who entered it on Wednesday night with tanks.
A direct hit from a field gun would knock them out, and in our battle for Cambrai in November of 1917 I saw many of them destroyed and burnt out.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /FWWcambrai.htm   (891 words)

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