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Topic: Battle of Edessa


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In the News (Fri 31 Oct 14)

  
  histocomp
The Battle of Actium was the battle that commenced the Roman Empire.
The Battle of Adrianople was fought on July 3, 324 A.D. The battle was between Constantine and Licinius.
Battle of the Weser River 16 AP J.-C. This battle is the revenge on the German tribes that defeated Rome in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest.
pic7.piczo.com /histocomp/?g=28786795   (1012 words)

  
  County of Edessa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The County of Edessa was one of the Crusader states in the 12th century, based around a city with an ancient history and an early tradition of Christianity (see Edessa).
Joscelin was killed in battle in 1131 and was succeeded by his son Joscelin II.
Edessa was one of the largest of the Crusader states in terms of territory.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/County_of_Edessa   (958 words)

  
 edessa
On the Euphrates, the population was comprised of the Armenian faction (Separated Church) of the Eastern Church.
Baldwin ll took control of Edessa and made Geoffrey the Monk, commander of the Garrison, protector of the city till the fate of Joscelin could be determined.
Edessa fell in December 1144, and the rest of the country fell after.
www.medievalcrusades.com /edessa.htm   (909 words)

  
 TARZI: Edessa in the Era of Patriarch Michael The Syrian
As of the seventh century and until the beginning of the thirteenth century, Edessa was ruled predominantly by men of alien stock, professing a faith alien to that of most of its inhabitants.
The Crusaders, who had managed to maintain their hold on the immediate neighborhood of Edessa, met with the Atabeg of Mosul, Imad ul-din Zangi, an exponent of skill, resourcefulness and determination at the time when the ruler of Edessa was the ineffective Jocelyn the younger.
A census published in 1908 by Ottoman authorities puts the population of Edessa and surroundings (the County of Edessa consisting of Edessa, Birejik, Qal‘at Rrum and Harran) in the vicinity of 72,000.
syrcom.cua.edu /Hugoye/Vol3No2/HV3N2Tarzi.html   (6140 words)

  
 Shroud of Turin Story Guide to the Facts 2008
The same year that the Shroud was first displayed publicly in the small French village of Lirey, nearby, at the battle of Poitiers, England’s Black Prince defeated the French and captured King John II.
Edessa, in the Fertile Crescent of the upper Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and the Euphrates, was a major city on the Silk Road and undoubtedly one of the earliest Christian communities.
There is some evidence and a strong tradition that Thomas and Thaddeus Jude (Thaddeus of the 70, Thaddeus of Edessa) went to Edessa as early as 33 CE.
www.shroudstory.com   (4745 words)

  
 List of battles 1400 BC-600 AD
Battle of Himera[?] The Carthaginians under Hamilcar are defeated by the Greeks of Sicily, led by Gelon[?] of Syracuse.
Battle of Cape Ecnomus[?] A Carthaginian fleet under Hamilcar and Hanno is defeated in an attempt to stop a Roman invasion of Africa by Marcus Atilius Regulus.
Battle of Herdonia[?] Hannibal destroys the Roman army of the praetor Gnaeus Fulvius.
www.fastload.org /li/List_of_battles_1400_BC-600_AD.html   (4497 words)

  
 Warfare in the Crusader States (1104-1127), according to the Chronicle of Matthew of Edessa
The Chronicle of Matthew of Edessa is considered by scholars to be a primary source of major importance for the history of the Near East during the period of the early Crusades.
The Christians of the city of Edessa endured many hardships, because the inhabitants of Harran had cut off the retreat of the remnants of the Frankish troops, encircling the mountain and the plain and slaughtering ten thousand fugitives.
When the inhabitants of the city of Edessa learned of all this, they all became sad and gloomy because of Baldwin, for they thought that he was dead.
www.deremilitari.org /resources/sources/edessa.htm   (7172 words)

  
 ORB: The Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies
Edessa had long been a Christian city, had only recently fallen to the infidel, and its citizens were suffering greatly.
Thus the County of Edessa became the first of the crusader states, and Baldwin of Boulogne its first ruler.
During the actual battle it was carried before the Christians as a sort of banner.
www.the-orb.net /textbooks/westciv/1stcrusade.html   (4907 words)

  
 Edessa (Sanliurfa)
The origins of Edessa are not entirely clear, but its original name, Urhai, may suggest connections with the Hurrians, a nation (or linguistic community) in eastern Anatolia and northern Mesopotamia as early as the late third millennium BCE.
After the death of Alexander on 11 June 323, the city was contested by his successors: Perdiccas, Antigonus Monophthalmus, and Eumenes visited Edessa, but eventually, it became part of the realm of Seleucus I Nicator, the Seleucid empire, and capital of a province called Osrhoene (the Greek rendering of the old name Urhai).
To them, Harran and Edessa were important religious centers too, and there is a local legend that the prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) was born in a cave near the fortress of Edessa.
www.livius.org /ea-eh/edessa/edessa.html   (962 words)

  
 Catholic Culture : Document Library : Battle over the Crusades, The
Imperial forces were destroyed at the battle of Manzikert in 1071, considered the greatest defeat in the history of the Eastern Empire.
In 1144, Edessa was retaken and the Islamic leader Nur-ur-din emerged as the principal enemy of the Crusader kingdoms.
The battle was essentially a stalemate until the arrival of the Kings of England and France.
www.catholicculture.org /docs/doc_view.cfm?recnum=3667   (8857 words)

  
 Knowledge Base: A History of Russia (Chapters 10-11)
The battles that resulted in the destruction of the Turkish and Egyptian Sultanates at the end of the 11th century were anticlimactic, after the ferocious conflicts that had preceded them.
In both the Second Battle of Edessa and the Battle of Palestine, the Russians formed a semi-circle around a hill where the Sultan had taken cover, and peppered the hilltop with quarrels and arrows from their mounted crossbows and boyars on both flanks.
This battle was to prove the turning point in the struggle between the Almohads and the Russians for domination.
www.twcenter.net /articles/print.php?id=45   (8016 words)

  
 The Image of Edessa
Prosperous Edessa, astride a major east-west caravan route, was ruled by King Abgar V from 13 to 50.
The "Image of Edessa disappears from history until a disastrous flood in 525 which "destroyed public buildings, palaces, churches, and much of the city wall, and drowned one-third of the population.
The fact is that from the end of the VIIth century, coins were struck in Constantinople by Justinian II during the first part of is reign (685-695) bearing an effigy of Christ's Face as imprinted on the Holy Shroud.
www.mystae.com /restricted/reflections/messiah/edessa.html   (3845 words)

  
 Persia
At the Battle of Salamis later in 480 bc, however, his fleet was defeated by a much smaller contingent of Greek warships commanded by the Athenian Themistocles.
His fleet, having entered the Bay of Phaleron, was engaged by the Greek ships under Themistokles From a height on the land that overlooked “sea-born Salamis,” the scene of the battle, Xerxes was a spectator, and witnessed the defeat and dispersion of his great naval armament.
This battle of Salamis, so picturesquely described by Eschylus, himself one of the combatants, pnt an end to his immediate hopes of subduing Greece; the wreck of his fleet was ordered to the Hellespont, and his guard of 60,000 soldiers suffered greatly during the forty-five days of their retreat.
website.lineone.net /~johnbidmead/persia.htm   (3696 words)

  
 Chronology   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Emperor Valerian was defeated and captured by the Persians at the battle of Edessa.
Battle of the Ditch, or Khandaq, was fought.
Shah Ismail was defeated at the battle of Chalderan by the Ottoman Sultan Salim.
www.pasargad-tours.com /Iran/Chronology.htm   (1676 words)

  
 Smbat Sparapet's Chronicle, Cilician Armenian History, Byzantine History, Philaretus, Alp-Arslan, Malik-Shah
When the citizens saw the incalculable host of the foreigners' troops, all the multitude of the believers in the city of Edessa were terrified, since the multitude of the sultan's troops covered the plains and the peaks of mountains.
That day a great and horrific battle occurred and the entire city filled up with arrows, while the ranks of the believers wept and lamented in prayers to God to free them from the wicked beast.
But once the battle had been joined, the Uz and Pecheneg troops passed to the sultan's side, and there was a frightful destruction of the Byzantine troops.
rbedrosian.com /css6.htm   (3203 words)

  
 GENERAL SURENA - (The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies - CAIS)©
Yet the heat, and vast distances of the Mesopotamian plain (for the battle took place in June) would have put Roman infantry at a disadvantage due to lack of experience to meet such a stoutest military in the East.
This guide, suspected by the historians of collusion with the Suren, led the Romans away from the river into the desert, to the direct proximity of the main Iranian force, and, when the battle was imminent, made a pretext to ride away.
Another detachment of two thousand under the Roman officer Varguntius lost their way in the dark, and were found by the Iranians forces in the morning established on a hill.
www.cais-soas.com /CAIS/History/ashkanian/surena.htm   (2168 words)

  
 Gouden Hoorn 6,1: Andrew Palmer   (Site not responding. Last check: )
To do this he had to keep her away from the western walls (especially from the water-gates, which were probably out of bounds anyway as belonging to the military precinct of the praetorium) and from the north side of the Palace Rock.
The defeat of the Roman army and the death of the emperor on the field of battle at Adrianople in AD 378 placed a large question-mark beside the power of the Cross to defend the Roman Empire against its enemies.
The chief political justification of the favoured position of the Church in the Roman Empire of Constantine and his successors was this: that the power of Jesus protected the Roman Empire against its enemies and made the emperor victorious.
www.isidore-of-seville.com /goudenhoorn/61andrew.html   (3747 words)

  
 Smbat Sparapet's Chronicle, Cilician Armenian History, Byzantine History, Crusaders, Kilij-Arslan, Baudoin, Tancred, ...
The count of Edessa and Joscelin became inflated with pride and got ahead of Bohemond so that they themselves would be the first to fight and enjoy the glory of triumph.
When he reached the Frankish land, the wife of a [deceased] influential count who was lord of a land [tried to] force Bohemond to marry her, [and rule] the land [g124] and cavalry.
When Baudoin, lord of Edessa, learned about this he was ashamed of the unjust deed he had done, and ordered that all [the deportees] be returned to their homes.
rbedrosian.com /css9.htm   (4053 words)

  
 Battle of 'Ayn Jalut --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The battle marked the end of the order's expansion along the southeastern coast of the Baltic Sea and the beginning of the decline of its power.
Two battles in the fall of 1777 that marked the turning point for the Continental Army in the American Revolution were the Battles of Saratoga.
The Battle of Marathon was a decisive victory for the Greeks during the Persian Wars.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9011508   (898 words)

  
 Elephants used in War   (Site not responding. Last check: )
If an elephant was wounded in battle and reversed his course, breaking his own phalanx, the mahout was forced to drive a chisel down between the beast’s ears with a mallet (Livy XXVII, 46-49).
In the battle between the Carthaginians and Regulus, the Spartan commander, Xanthippus, sent forth his elephants in advance of the phalanx; Regulus did not know that open order was the way to meet them, and they ploughed through the massed legionaries with a devastating effect.
As a final instance of the effect of pigs on elephants in battle, it is feasible to examine Procopius’ account of events at Edessa.
www.barca.fsnet.co.uk /elephants-war-greek.htm   (3802 words)

  
 Total War Center Forums - A hiSTORY of Russia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The prince was met in battle by 1 Lithuania cavalry, 2 woodsmen, and 1 spearmen.
But the constant battle to draw souls and believers from the one true Church caused no end of complaints from Russian priests to the court, and this state of religious affairs was beginning to annoy the Tsar.
But, as has been noted by others, “the first casualty of any battle is the battle plan”, and neither country was able to execute their strategic plans as intended.
www.twcenter.net /forums/archive/index.php/t-1623.html   (23849 words)

  
 PhDiva: Invading Mesopotamia: the Battle of Carrhae
His father and grandfather had served their countries both in government and on the battle field.
Of the seven legions Crassus had brought from Rome, 20,000 Roman soldiers, over half his men, died during the battle; 10,000 were captured and enslaved by the Parthians.
Valerian I - tried to fight the Sassanians, was captured at the Battle of Edessa (AD 260), taken into slavery and used as a mounting block by Shapur I to get on his horse.
phdiva.blogspot.com /2008/06/invading-mesopotamia-battle-of-carrhae.html   (569 words)

  
 Sassanid Persians (DBA 73a & 73b)
In 259, the Persian army defeated the Roman emperor Valerian at the battle of Edessa where more than 70,000 Roman soldiers were captured or slain.
A suggestion for a camp would be to use an embankment in which was placed the national battle standard, the drafsh i Kavyan (or Kaviani).
It apparently was present at major battles from the dynasty's inception, it indicated the presence of the King of Kings and was guarded by a circle of spearmen surrounded by a ring of archers.
www.fanaticus.org /DBA/armies/dba73ab.html   (1112 words)

  
 Edessa
They squabbled again further down the road, to the point where there was a brief battle between them at Mamistra.
He had received a plea of Toros of Edessa, the imperial lord of the city.
He tried to escape through a window, but he was caught and torn to pieces by the mob.
www.medievaltymes.com /courtyard/edessa.htm   (423 words)

  
 Ancient coins of Macedon
Aegae (later Edessa) was the original capital of the kingdom of Macedon, and the burial-place of its kings.
The early silver coins conjecturally attributed to it recall, in their type of the kneeling he-goat, the story told of Karanos its founder, a brother of Pheidon, king of Argos, who was directed by an oracle ‘to seek an empire by the guidance of goats’.
It was not until after the battle of Philippi that the right of coinage was conferred upon the veterans of the Praetorian cohort whom Augustus settled at Philippi.
www.snible.org /coins/hn/macedon.html   (8214 words)

  
 The_Romance_Anais3.html, an Arthurian-style romance following Parzifal
Edessa was a formidable city and had last been penetrated in the sixth century.
He landed where the battle was in full force in a marshy area north of the city, where the river made a quick turn to the southeast.
Only well into the battle did he draw his sword, and that was after he split his lance on a Teil tree, piercing a Saracen's shield and body beforehand, nailing him directly to the tree.
www.maravot.com /The_Romance_Anaisfille3.html   (19805 words)

  
 Hellenistic Monarchs & Sketches in the History of Western Philosophy
The magnitude of the threat posed by Antigonus led all the others to combine against him, and he was defeated and killed at the battle of Ipsus in 301.
Commanding Carian ships for the Persians at the Battle of Salamis in 480, she saw the way the battle was going and determined to escape.
Edessa found its way from Seleucid rule, to Armenian, and then to Parthian.
www.friesian.com /hist-1.htm   (14689 words)

  
 Iranica.com - SHAPUR I
There he fought and won repeated battles, and drove out Shapur from the Antioch, Carrhae and Nisibis, routed him at Resaina (modern Ra's al-'Ain, near Nisibis) and forced him to restore all occupied cities unharmed to their citizens.
And we with our own hands took Valerian Caesar prisoner and the rest who were the commanders of this army, the Praetorian Prefect, and the senators, and the officers all of these we took prisoners and we led them away into Persis (Pa@rs).
297) have attributed "the greatest humiliation of the Romans" (Nöldeke, p.32 n.4) to the spread of disease and treachery of allies, and claimed that "the aged emperor" was tricked by Shapur during armistice negotiation and was not taken in the thick of the battle.
www.iranica.com /articles/sup/Shapur_I.html   (3868 words)

  
 Dezful
Extremely 'hot in summer, and with an elevation of 120 meters above sea level, Dezful is located 160 km to the north o.
Its name meaning Bridge Fortress, is derived from the name of a bridge built on the perennial Ab-e Dez or Dez river during the reign of Shapour I (242-271 AD) using Roman soldiers taken prisoner at the battle of Edessa in 260 AD.
The bridge is 120 meters long and consists of twenty-two arches.
www.irantour.org /Iran/city/Dezful.html   (265 words)

  
 Fabricius Flavius/Parthia
The Parthian kings referred to themselves on their coins as "Hellenophiles", but this was only true in the sense that they were anti-Roman.
After this battle, Mesopotamia was regained by the Parthians, but, apart of the ravaging of Syria (51 BC), the threatened Parthian attack on the Roman empire never materialized and the peoples from the Mediterranean to the Indus understood the strength of Parthia.
But by 40 B.C. even Rome had to acknowledge a Parthia whose forces, under the joint command of Pacorus I and Q. Labienus, a Roman, had struck directly into the heart of the Roman East and captured the provinces of Asia, Pamphylia, Cilicia, and Syria; even as far south as Petra, Parthia's word was law.
www.magellannarfe.com /Parthia   (1574 words)

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