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Topic: Battle of Gallipoli

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  Gallipoli Campaign - MSN Encarta
Gallipoli was the plan thought up by Winston Churchill to end the war early by creating a new war front that...
Gallipoli Campaign (April 25, 1915-January 8, 1916), major land and sea operation of World War I, in which British, French, Australian, and New Zealand forces unsuccessfully attempted an invasion of Turkey.
The action was confined to the Dardanelles Strait and the tip of the Gallipoli (Gelibolu) Peninsula near the capital, Constantinople (İstanbul).
uk.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761572642/Gallipoli_Campaign.html   (823 words)

 Gallipoli campaign - All About Turkey
The Gallipoli campaign took place between April and December 1915 in an effort to take the Dardanelles from the Turkish Ottoman Empire (an ally of Germany and Austria) and thus force it out of the war.
In a five-day battle ending January 3, the Russians smashed Turkey's offensive, and of the 95,000 men that Turkey sent on the offensive only 18,000 returned, about 50,000 of them having frozen to death.
Today Gallipoli (Gelibolu) peninsula is a national park nearby Canakkale and there are many war memorials and cemeteries belonging to Turks, Australians, New Zealanders, British and French.
www.allaboutturkey.com /gelibolu.htm   (3820 words)

 Gallipoli Campaign - MSN Encarta
Are you planning a visit to Gallipoli in Turkey to study the Gallipoli Campaign and visit the Gallipoli battlefields, which are located in the Gallipoli National Park we suggest...
Gallipoli Campaign, major land and sea operation of World War I, in which Allied forces made up of British, French, Australian, and New Zealand troops unsuccessfully attempted an invasion of the Ottoman Empire in 1915.
The campaign was devised by the British war secretary, Horatio Herbert Kitchener; the secretary of the war cabinet, Maurice Hankey; and the first lord of the admiralty, Winston Churchill.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761572642/Gallipoli_Campaign.html   (579 words)

 Gallipoli 25 April - 10 May 1915
The opening of the Gallipoli campaign on 25th April 1915 and subsequent days is decribed on these pages in a number of steps, broadly corresponding with the way the official historian chose to delineate the geographic regions and the periods of fighting:
The First Battle of Krithia thus began with a desultory bombardment at 8am, and the British on the left flank moved wearily forward against what appeared to be equally weary and broken opposition.
On the extreme left, at Gully Spur, the 1st Bn, the Border Regiment of 87th Brigade actually broke in the face of a counterattack with the bayonet, which itself was broken by off-shore bombardment from HMS Queen Elizabeth.
www.1914-1918.net /bat34.htm   (2157 words)

  Battle of Gallipoli information - Search.com
In the Third Battle of Krithia on June 4 all thought of a decisive breakthrough was gone and the plans for battle had reverted to trench warfare with objectives being measured in hundreds of metres.
At Anzac, an attack on the Turkish trenches at Lone Pine by the infantry brigades of the Australian 1st Division was a rare victory for the Anzacs.
Defeat at the Battle of Romani marked the end of that ambition and for the remainder of the war the British were on the offensive in the Middle East.
www.search.com /reference/Battle_of_Gallipoli   (4728 words)

 Battle of Gallipoli   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Battle of Gallipoli was one of the most famous World War 1 Battles.
A new attack during the Battle of Gallipoli was launched on March 18, targeted at the narrowest point of the Dardanelles where the straits were just a mile wide.
In the Third Battle of Krithia on June 4 all thought of a decisive breakthrough was gone and the plans for battle had reverted to trench warfare with objectives being measured in hundreds of metres.
www.worldwar1-history.com /Battle-of-Gallipoli.aspx   (4063 words)

 Battle At Gallipoli, 1915
A Death at the Battle of the Somme, 1916
In April, a landing on the Gallipoli Penninsula attempted to secure the shores and silence the Turkish guns.
The Turkish forces at Gallipoli were inspired by the leadership of their commander Mustafa Kemal who, after the war, became the first president of Turkey taking the name Ataturk.
www.eyewitnesstohistory.com /gallipoli.htm   (1203 words)

 The educational encyclopedia, world war I, the great war, battles and battlefields
Gallipoli 1915 battle at Gallipoli, 1915, the Battle of Gallipoli took place on the Turkish peninsula of Gallipoli in World War I during 1915.
Gallipoli 1915 battle at Gallipoli, 1915, world war I, The Battle of Gallipoli took place on the Turkish peninsula of Gallipoli in 1915 during the First World War.
Somme: battle of the Somme the year 1916 was the year of the Battle of the Somme.
www.educypedia.be /education/worldwarIbattles.htm   (820 words)

 Bravery Awards at Gallipoli | The Battle of Lone Pine
During the days of the Battle of the Landing, 25 April to 3 May, this area was the scene of a fierce struggle as the Anzacs tried to push inland and then settled for establishing a line on the seaward side of the plateau against Turkish counter-attacks.
Given the losses and the savagery experienced at Lone Pine during that battle, it is something of a shock to realise that it was called a ‘demonstration’ or a ‘feint’.
This was the battle context for the award to seven Anzacs during this period of the Victoria Cross.
www.anzacsite.gov.au /5environment/vc/lonepine.html   (1706 words)

The fellows are sent to Egypt where the forces are gathering for the attack on the peninsula of Gallipoli, Ottoman Empire.
The Australians land on Gallipoli a mile off track and are pinned down by the Turkish forces on top of the cliffs.
The Australians were scarred by the battle for Gallipoli.
www.vernonjohns.org /snuffy1186/galipoli.html   (1205 words)

 FOCUS on ANZACS and Gallipoli Battle
The cove where the Anzacs landed first during the hottest days of Gallipoli war, was renamed as Anzac Cove today by the Turkish Government.
It is one of the many ironies of the Gallipoli campaign that the advance of the Anzacs on the day of the landing was opposed by one of the most dynamic military and political leaders of this century, colonel Mustafa Kemal, later to be immortalized as Kemal Ataturk, the "Father of the Turks".
I have a theory that it was the constant stream of foreign visitors to Gallipoli that developed a Turkish consciousness that great deeds had been done.
www.focusmm.com /anzac_02.htm   (1701 words)

 Battle for Gallipoli by the ANZACs in WW1
Battle for Gallipoli by the ANZACs in WW1
The folly of the English in planning and carrying out this invasion to enter Germany by way of "The back door", was a direct response to the bogged down trench warfare that the Allied and German forces were engaged in on the fields of France and Belgium.
The disaster of the Gallipoli landings can be traced back to Churchill's early maneuvering to dismiss the First Sea Lord, Prinz Louis Battenburg, and place his own man in charge of naval command.
www.nzmr.org /gallipoli.htm   (2822 words)

 Studies in Battle Command
Shortly after the battle, one of Frederick's officers said of the king, "He was doomed by his overconfidence, and by his scorn for an enemy who is, in fact, by no means to be underestimated." Duffy, Life, 190.
Operationally, the battle was not decisive, however, because a large faction of the Indians under the leadership of Red Eagle continued to wage war throughout the territory.
The battle was still in doubt when Bosquet, realizing that Prince Gorchakov's feeble attack was a mere feint, arrived with the majority of his force to bolster the sagging British defenders.
cgsc.leavenworth.army.mil /carl/resources/csi/battles/battles.asp   (20490 words)

 Gallipoli: The Facts & the Myths
At Gallipoli the Turks felt they were defending their homeland, especially when they learned that Constantinople would come under Russian rule after a Turkish defeat.
Kemal was responsible for some of the bloodiest Turkish losses and, had the Allies prevailed, might well have been denounced for unnecessary deaths, since the Turks had only to hold on to their hill positions to win the campaign, whereas the Allies had to attack in order to justify the entire venture.
Whilst the Gallipoli campaign was being waged, the ' Young Turks ' government launched an horrific attack on Armenian civilians, some of whom were suspected of supporting the Allied cause.
www.diggerhistory.info /pages-battles/ww1/anzac/gallipoli-facts.htm   (5580 words)

 BBC - h2g2 - Gallipoli - the Battle
In some ways the battle became symbolic in forging the national identities of both nations, and to this day it is remembered on the 25 April, Anzac Day, the day the first ANZACs landed in 1915.
Gallipoli is the English transliteration of the Turkish name Gelibolu, a town that gives its name to a peninsula on the Western side of the strategically vital Dardanelles strait.
However it is Gallipoli in particular that started the ANZAC legend, and retains a place in the history and hearts of New Zealanders and Australians.
www.bbc.co.uk /dna/h2g2/A311068   (1531 words)

Gallipoli is the most frequently-used name for the peninsula to the west of the Dardenelles Straits, and the fighting that took place there between British and French troops of the Allies against Turkish troops between April 1915 and January 1916.
Of the 213,000 British casualties on Gallipoli, 145,000 were due to sickness; chief causes being dysentery, diarrhoea, and enteric fever.
It is easy to forget, given the quite proper place that Gallipoli has in Australian and New Zealand legend, that Gallipoli was by no means purely an ANZAC affair; in fact, both the rest of the British, and the French army contingents on Gallipoli outnumbered the ANZACs in terms of men deployed and casualties lost.
www.1914-1918.net /Gallipoli.htm   (750 words)

Gallipoli wars can be examined in two phases; sea wars and land wars.
When he reached the hills, he saw the battle ships and the transports in the sea.
Battles at Cape Helles: Under General Hamilton, 5 separete landing were done to toe of penisula.
www.iit.edu /~agunsal/canakkale/canwar.html   (3831 words)

 Visit Gallipoli | The Anzacs | Australians in war | World War 1
For the people of modern Turkey, the struggle to retain control of the Gallipoli peninsula and the Straits of the Dardanelles was one of the defining moments in their history.
On the Gallipoli Peninsula today are 31 war cemeteries, 21 of which are in the Anzac area.
The Victoria Cross, the highest award for bravery in battle in the old British Empire and Dominions, was awarded to eleven soldiers in the Anzac area of Gallipoli.
www.anzacsite.gov.au   (1012 words)

 World War One History Guide .. The History Beat
Battles such as Gallipoli for Australia and New Zealand, and Vimy Ridge for Canada led to increased national pride and a greater reluctance to remain inferior to the British.
The Battle of Verdun 1916 - the greatest battle ever, February-December 1916 - A detailed account of the bloody 1916 battle between France and Germany.
The Battle of Verdun - The battle of verdun website is a travelguide and report to the former battlefields, with over 550 pictures.
history.searchbeat.com /worldwar1.htm   (3553 words)

 Record crowds turn out to mourn Gallipoli's dead
The battle is seen as a defining moment in the history of the young nations of Australia and New Zealand, where Anzac Day has become a memorial day for all fallen troops and both countries' biggest national holiday.
Members of the crowd at Gallipoli's North Beach – many draped in Australian flags – watched as a light display lit the cliffs where the Anzacs were forced to dig in.
Gallipoli took place only 14 years after a number of former British colonies came together to form Australia and was the first battle where Australians fought under their own flag.
www.cbc.ca /world/story/2005/04/25/gallipoli-050425.html   (697 words)

 Figures of casualties at Gallipoli in the Great War
The Battle of Gallipoli took place on a small peninsula on two, later three, different battlefields, not far from each other.
The aftermath in Australia: Gallipoli was the first and last time this new country allowed another nation (Britain) to command their troops.
Gallipoli has come to mean so much to Australians as it was the first time this country, as an independent country, had fought in open warfare.
www.greatwar.nl /downunder/gallipoli.html   (1263 words)

 Vladimir Kroupnik. The Gallipoli batthe - a Russian connection
The Gallipoli battle, which had played such a significant role in the Australian history, became the culmination of a long term series of political games and collisions.
It was supposed, that as soon as the landing troops consolidated a bridgehead on the Gallipoli coast, the Russian troops would land on the coast of Bosphorus.
The Gallipoli landing remained the largest battle landing on an enemy coast in the history of warfare till June 1944.
www.argo.net.au /andre/GALLIPOLIENFIN.htm   (3112 words)

 The New Anatolian
The Gallipoli victory sowed the seeds of national consciousness and Mustafa Kemal won the love, respect and praise of the whole world through his courage and strategy in the Battle of Gallipoli, said President Ahmet Necdet Sezer on Friday.
Sezer said that the Battle of Gallipoli, which has the significance to symbolize all wars, built the morale of Turkish soldiers, strengthened the army's power of resistance and proved to the allied forces that they couldn't pass through the Dardanelles.
The Gallipoli victory is an example proving that Turkish soldiers are always ready to die for the sake of their country.
www.thenewanatolian.com /tna-3005.html   (640 words)

 Turkey (Gallipoli and Troy)
We traveled by bus from Istanbul to the Gallipoli Peninsula through such a beautiful countryside, made all the more attractive by the Spring, that it was difficult to believe that it was a regular battlefield.
The heavy ‘Allied’ casualties suffered in the Battle of Gallipoli were the Anzac troops from Australia and New Zealand.
It was difficult to believe that the lovely, green countryside had seen the death of an enormous number of people, that its peace was shattered by the firing of canons, that the trenches had held dead bodies of soldiers.
www.travelblog.org /Middle-East/Turkey/blog-282822.html   (1363 words)

 Gallipoli - Why Australians remember failure
"Gallipoli tends to seem strange to outsiders, as it appears to be a celebration of Australia's greatest defeat, but in essence it is rather a commemoration of those who died serving Australia in battle, be it warranted or not."
The remembrance of Gallipoli allowed soldiers to be remembered in a way that avoided most of these political divisions.
Because the story of Gallipoli can not be used to glorify freedom or be seen as a triumph of truth, justice and the Australian way, the story forces Australians to remember exactly what the war meant to the Diggers who fought in it.
www.convictcreations.com /history/gallipoli.htm   (1022 words)

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