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Topic: Battle of Gettysburg

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  Friends of the National Parks at Gettysburg: The Battle
Gettysburg is in south-central Pennsylvania, 30 miles south of Harrisburg (the state capital) and nine miles north of the Maryland border (the Mason-Dixon line, historically known as the dividing line between north and south).
At Gettysburg, the north’s Army of the Potomac fought the south’s Army of Northern Virginia.
Friends of Gettysburg is committed—on behalf of all generations of Americans—to honoring, supporting, protecting and enhancing the resources associated with the Gettysburg National Military Park, the Battle of Gettysburg and the Eisenhower National Historic Site.
www.friendsofgettysburg.org /thebattle.html   (682 words)

 Battle of Gettysburg
On July 1st, 1863, one of the largest and most crucial battles of the war was waged for 2 days in the hills around Gettysburg.
In a battle of considerable movement, Lee tested first the Union right on July 1st and then, in an assault led by General James Longstreet, the left on July 2nd.
The impact of Gettysburg was heavy on either side, and spurred the famous Gettysburg address.
library.thinkquest.org /3055/graphics/experience/battles/gettysburg.html   (725 words)

 Battle of gettysburg - The Battle of Gettysburg & The American Civil War
Battle of Gettysburg One of the two major battles of the American Civil War was fought at the crossroads town of Gettysburg, Pa., from July 1 to 3, 1863.
Gettysburg was the costliest battle of the war and marked the turning point in the East.
Battle of Gettysburg, the battle that ended Robert E. Lee's second and final invasion of the North.
xn--m6tu28coge.com /znvd/battle-of-gettysburg.html   (500 words)

 The History Place - Battle of Gettysburg
Before the battle, major cities in the North such as Philadelphia, Baltimore and even Washington were under threat of attack from General Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia which had crossed the Potomac River and marched into Pennsylvania.
Both sides regrouped and counted their causalities while the moaning and sobbing of thousands of wounded men on the slopes and meadows south of Gettysburg could be heard throughout the night under the blue light of a full moon.
Lee decided to gamble to win the Battle of Gettysburg and in effect win the Civil War by attacking the next day at the center of the Union line along Cemetery Ridge where it would be least expected.
www.historyplace.com /civilwar/battle.htm   (1702 words)

  The Battle of Gettysburg - Gettysburg Welcome Center
Although the Battle of Gettysburg did not end the war, nor did it attain any major war aim for the North or the South, it remains the great battle of the war.
The Battle of Gettysburg began on July 1 with Confederate troops attacking that Union cavalry division on McPherson Ridge, west of town.
Additionally, an estimated 569 tons of ammunition was expended and, when the battle had ended, 5,000 dead horses and the other wreckage of war presented a scene of terrible devastation.
www.gettysbg.com /battle.shtml   (895 words)

  Gettysburg Battle American Civil War July 1863
Although the Battle of Gettysburg did not end the war, nor did it attain any major war aim for the North or the South, it remains the great battle of the war.
The Battle of Gettysburg Pennsylvania began on July 1 with Confederate troops attacking that Union cavalry division on McPherson Ridge, west of town.
Gettysburg park licensed guides say that this is the one book they consider the foundation of their knowledge and essential to passing their licensing exam.
www.americancivilwar.com /getty.html   (1786 words)

  Battle of Gettysburg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Battle of Gettysburg (July 1 – July 3, 1863), fought in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, as part of the Gettysburg Campaign, was the bloodiest
On the third day of battle, July 3, fighting resumed on Culp's Hill and cavalry battles raged to the east and south, but the main event was a dramatic infantry assault by 12,500 Confederates against the center of the Union line on Cemetery Ridge.
The terrain of Gettysburg and vicinity is described in Gettysburg Battlefield.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Battle_of_Gettysburg   (4354 words)

 Battle of Gettysburg, First Day - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
On the morning of July 1, Union cavalry in the division of Brigadier General John Buford were awaiting the approach of Confederate infantry forces from the direction of Cashtown, to the northwest.
The first shot of the battle was claimed to be fired by Lieutenant Marcellus E. Jones of the 8th Illinois Cavalry; fired at an unidentified man on a gray horse over a half-mile away, the act was merely symbolic.
He was soon to be outnumbered (his XI Corps, still suffering the effects of their defeat at the Battle of Chancellorsville, had only 8,700 effectives) and the terrain his men occupied in the north was poorly selected for defense.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Battle_of_Gettysburg,_First_Day   (5113 words)

 Battle of Gettysburg - MSN Encarta
The Battle of Gettysburg was a decisive engagement in that it arrested the Confederates' second and last major invasion of the North, destroyed their offensive strategy, and forced them to fight a defensive war in which the inadequacies of their manufacturing capacity and transportation facilities doomed them to defeat.
After the Battle of Chancellorsville on May 2 to 4, an important victory for the Confederates, Lee divided his army into three corps, commanded by three lieutenant generals: James Longstreet, Richard Stoddert Ewell, and Ambrose Powell Hill.
The battle began on July 1 outside of Gettysburg with an encounter between Hill's advance brigades and the federal cavalry division commanded by Major General John Buford, supported by infantry under Major General John Fulton Reynolds.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761569254/Battle_of_Gettysburg.html   (854 words)

 Haskell's Account of the Battle of Gettysburg. Paras. 1-25. 1909-14. American Historical Documents, 1000-1904. The ...
This account of Gettysburg was written by Haskell to his brother, shortly after the battle, and was not intended for publication.
Gettysburg was a point of strategic importance, a great many roads, some ten or twelve at least concentrating there, so the army could easily converge to, or, should a further march be necessary, diverge from this point.
The great battle that we had so anxiously looked for during so many days, had at length opened, and it was a relief, in some sense, to have these accidents of time and place established.
www.bartleby.com /43/3501.html   (2527 words)

 Battle of Gettysburg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The Battle of Gettysburg (July 1–3, 1863), fought in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, as part of the Gettysburg Campaign, was the largest battle ever fought in North America, and is generally considered to be the turning point of the American Civil War.
The battle of July 1 had pitted over 25,000 Confederates against 18,000 Federals, and ranks in itself as the twenty-third largest battle of the war.
Today, the Gettysburg National Cemetery and Gettysburg Battlefield are maintained by the U.S. National Park Service as two of the nation's most revered historical landmarks.
www.tupelo.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Battle_of_Gettysburg   (4015 words)

 The Battle of Gettysburg - Anniversary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The 3 day battle was crucial to the outcome of the Civil War.
The Gettysburg National Military Park is one example of how the National Park Service (NPS) is committed to preserving and protecting America's heritage.
Each year 1.5 million visitors learn about the Battle of Gettysburg, the Civil War, the tools and weapons used, and the soldiers who served in that great conflict.
www.cr.nps.gov /features/gett   (127 words)

 In Gettysburg, 'power of people' wins in denial of casino   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
GETTYSBURG -- The first battle of Gettysburg, from July 1 to July 3, 1863, ended with a murderous barrage of cannon fire that killed thousands of American soldiers and changed the course of the Civil War.
The most recent battle of Gettysburg ended yesterday with raucous applause and a standing ovation at a small tavern that was once occupied by Confederate sharpshooters.
Many historians recognize the battle of Gettysburg as the war's critical turning point, pushing the Confederate forces under Lee to go on the defensive after the failure of their bold attempt to defeat the Union Army on its own soil.
www.post-gazette.com /pg/06355/747828-336.stm   (661 words)

 The Battle of Gettysburg
Although the Battle of Gettysburg did not end the war, nor accomplish any major war aims for the North or the South, it prevented Lee's advance into the North and switched his focus towards a more defensive war.
Generic Overview of Battle and the Commanders A quick and general overview of the battle and the commanders of the forces.
Gettysburg Address Transcript of the famous speech delivered Nov. 19, 1863 by Abraham Lincoln at the dedication of the Gettysburg National Cemetery.
www.ecsu.ctstateu.edu /depts/edu/textbooks/gettysburg.html   (481 words)

 Discovery.com - Civil War Chronicles - Gettysburg: Bloody Crossroad
But when Lee received a report that the Federals were not far off, he ordered his army to concentrate in the vicinity of the crossroads town of Gettysburg.
On July 1, part of A.P. Hill’s corps moved to Gettysburg to seize a supply of shoes that were reported to be there.
During a midday lull, Gen. Oliver O. Howard’s corps arrived and extended the Federal position to the north of Gettysburg.
www.discovery.com /stories/history/civilwar/gettysburg/gettysburg.html   (981 words)

 Battle of Gettysburg - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia
The Battle of Gettysburg (July 1, 1863 -- July 3, 1863), fought outside Gettysburg, Penn.
The three-day battle was exceptionally bitter and costly to both sides.
Two years of sharp and bloody fighting lay ahead, but from then on the Confederacy would be placed on the defensive (like me), and lack the resources to recapture its former glory (like me).
www.uncyclopedia.org /wiki/Battle_of_Gettysburg   (1043 words)

 Battle of Gettysburg Essay
Gettysburg is arguably the Army of the Potomac's (AOP) only great victory on the battlefield.
Gettysburg was clearly the best-led fight the AOP would ever engage in (and this includes later battles when U.S. Grant would be on hand to conduct the proceedings).
Deployed to the west of Gettysburg to slow Heth's advance, the 2,700 dismounted troopers, firing rapidly with their breech-loading carbines, stalled the 7,500 Confederates for one crucial hour.
www.gettysburgguide.com /fight.html   (2001 words)

 If Lee Had Not Won the Battle of Gettysburg - The Churchill Centre
Gettysburg would have been a great Northern victory.
Without wishing to dogmatize, we feel we are on solid ground in saying that the Southern States could not have survived the loss of a great battle in Pennsylvania and the almost simultaneous bursting open of the Mississippi.
But, of course, there is no doubt whatever that the mere military victory which Lee gained at Gettysburg would not by itself have altered the history of the world.
www.winstonchurchill.org /i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=674   (2145 words)

 The Battle of Gettysburg - July 1 - 3, 1863
These were the first shots fired in what became the Civil War, a battle between the Southern states which wished to secede from the Union, and the Northern states which fought to keep their country together.
The Comte de Paris' account of the battle of Gettysburg is widely acknowledged to be the fairest and most graphic description of the battle ever written.
The battle of Gettysburg itself is covered extensively with historical information, interactive maps, and photographs of today juxtaposed with sketches and photos from the time of the battle.
www.albany.edu /~dc0852/pathfinder.html   (5416 words)

 Battle of Gettysburg
Howard's corps, animated by the sounds of battle on its front, pressed rapidly forward, and reached the field of strife at a little past noon.
Meade had now given orders for the concentration of his whole army at Gettysburg, and he aroused them at one o'clock in the morning of July 2, when only the corps of Sykes and Sedgwick were absent.
This battle, in its far reaching effects, was the most important of the war.
www.sonofthesouth.net /leefoundation/battle-gettysburg.htm   (2311 words)

 The Johns Hopkins Gazette: December 14, 1998
And until the battle of Normandy, in 1944, Gettysburg was the most studied battle for such staff rides.
Buford, seeking to protect high ground south of Gettysburg, ordered his troops to fire their rifles and cannon in such a way as to trick the Confederates, at least initially, into thinking they were facing a much stronger infantry force.
Even though Buford knew he couldn't win that initial battle, he had a defensive plan with the ultimate goal of protecting the good ground, which the Union held and ultimately used to win the battle of Gettysburg.
www.jhu.edu /~gazette/octdec98/dec1498/14battle.html   (1192 words)

 StrategyPage.com - How Many Men Fought in the Battle of Gettysburg?
Normally, accounts of Civil War battles rely for the numbers of troops rather heavily on the Union "Present for Duty Equipped" figures and a modified version of the Confederate "Effectives." However, this is not necessarily accurate, particularly as such figures are almost never available for the specific date of a battle.
In the case of the Gettysburg Campaign, Union "Present for Duty" figures were reported on 30 June for most formations, while comparable Confederate figures are available for different units over the previous few days.
Between the reporting dates and the battle itself, many men became stragglers, orther were sent off on detached duty, and some men took sick, while in some instances, additional men and units reported for duty.
www.strategypage.com /articles/gettysburg/men.asp   (489 words)

 Gettysburg   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The Battle of Gettysburg began on July 1, 1863, when a Confederate brigade searching for a badly needed supply of shoes in the small town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, ran into Union cavalry.
Gettysburg had been a severe defeat for the South, both in terms of men lost and the army's morale.
His speech, known as the Gettysburg Address, became famous as an expression of the democratic spirit and reconfirmed Lincoln's intention to reunite the country.
americanrevwar.homestead.com /files/civwar/getbug.html   (887 words)

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