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Topic: Battle of Jarama

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In the News (Sat 25 May 19)

  Jarama - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Manzanares is a tributary of the Jarama.
The Jarama was the scene of fierce fighting in 1937 during the Spanish Civil War.
Forces of the fascist Nationalist forces crossed the river in an attempt to cut the main Madrid-to-Valencia road and isolate the Republican capital.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Jarama   (162 words)

 Spanish Civil War article - Spanish Civil War Teruel Madrid 1936 1939 Francisco Franco Spanish Generation - ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Franco's supporters, on the other hand, viewed it as a battle between the 'red hordes' (of communism and anarchism) and 'civilization', the traditional values of Spain.
The Nationalist offensive of Jarama, by the forces under General Orgaz, attempts to isolate Madrid.
The naval battle at Cape Palos (a Nationalist heavy cruiser Baleares is sunk by Republican destroyers).
www.what-means.com /encyclopedia/Spanish_Civil_War   (3888 words)

 International Brigades - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Even though the International Brigades did not win the battle by themselves, nor significantly change the situation, they certainly did provide an example by their superb fight, and improved the morale of the population by demonstrating the concern of other nations in the fight.
On the 12th, as the battle was raging on, the XIIth Brigade, under General "Lukacs", took its positions on the Valencia-Madrid road, with battalions Thaelmann (Germans), André Marty(French and Belgians) and Garibaldi (Italians).
Fascist battle tanks were shot at and infantry patrols came into action (there took place the incident in which a fascist officer asked why Italian soldiers were shooting at his party, and was responded Noi siamo Italiani di Garibaldi, and which point the Fascists surrendered).
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/International_Brigade   (3320 words)

Many veterans we interviewed referred to an abiding memory of the perfume of wild thyme on the Jarama battlefield, the same scent pervades their positions today, and was particularly noticeable on the warm breeze that evening when these photographs were taken.
Most casualties of the battle were initially buried where they fell, but after the battle the villagers removed many of the bodies and buried them in the village, in collective graves, which the fascists were later to desecrate.
Immediately after the battle, as many of the bodies of the fallen which could possibly be retrieved from the surrounding battlefields were buried in the local cemetery.
www.comms.dcu.ie /sheehanh/photos/jarama.htm   (920 words)

 Battle of Guadalajara   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Battle of Guadalajara was a battle of the Spanish Civil War between the Spanish Popular Army and the Italian Corpo Truppo Voluntarii.
The battle began with an Italian offensive, beginning on 8th March, and ending on the 12th.
Italian plan of battle Italian commander general Roatta planned thath his forces would surrounding defence of Madrid from north west and after joining on Jarama river with spanish nacionalist corp "Madrid" they begun assault on capital of Spain.
1-free-software.com /en/wikipedia/b/ba/battle_of_guadalajara.html   (1034 words)

 MSN Encarta - Multimedia - Events of the Spanish Civil War
Battle of Jarama begins on February 6; it results in a stalemate, although both sides suffer serious casualties.
Battle of Brunete begins when Republican troops break through Nationalist lines; the battle ends on July 25 without a decisive victory.
Republicans initiate the Battle of the Ebro and advance into Nationalist territory.
encarta.msn.com /media_461547043/Events_of_the_Spanish_Civil_War.html   (799 words)

 The Battle of the Jarama River
The battle of the Jarama River, 12-14 February 1937
Rebel forces rushed to occupy their positions, but were quickly forced to duck for cover by the machine-gun company which at last managed to load its guns with the correct ammunition.
As the first day of the battle came to an end, the battalion found itself with less than half the number that had set out from Madrigueras.
www.international-brigades.org.uk /british_volunteers/jarama.htm   (511 words)

 La Cucaracha Spanish Civil War Diary February 1937
First the battle in the Jarama Valley, which cost the Republican Forces an enormous amount of armament and the loss of many, many soldiers and volunteers.
Second the fall of Malaga, showing the lack of military skills and organization of the Republican Militias, and the brutality and mercilessness of the Fascist Army against the beaten enemy as well as against the civil population.
The Italian military authorities are horrified at the number of executions and the mutilations practiced on the corpses and those who were wounded, as well as the mass raping of women.
www.lacucaracha.info /scw/diary/1937/february   (1077 words)

 International Brigade biography .ms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Even though the International Brigades did not win the battle by themselves, nor significantly change the situation, they certainly did provide an example by their superb fight, and improved the morale of the population by demonstrating theconcern of other nations in the fight.
As in Madrid, the fight resulted in a stalemate, since both sides had consolidated their positions to the point were no useful assault could be undertaken.
After heavy casualties at Jarama and Brunete the two battalions were merged to form the Lincoln-Washington Battalion.
international-brigade.biography.ms   (2798 words)

 Biography: Frank Graham
This is a continuation of Frank Grahamr’s The Battle of Jarama 1937: The story of the British Battalion of the International Brigade’s baptism of fire in the Spanish Civil War, published in 1987.
The Battle of Brunete was one of the major battles of the war in which 25,000 Republican soldiers were killed in an effort to lift the rebel siege of Madrid.
Despite the losses, the battle was largely a success for the Republicans, as many important fascist positions were taken.
www.marxlibrary.net /reviews/modern_history/graham_1.htm   (447 words)

 Ireland and the Spanish Civil War - Memorial unvieled for KIT CONWAY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Kit Conway is now acclaimed as the hero of Jarama, and his death during that marathon battle in February 1937 was a lethal blow to his comrades.
With the eventual victory of the Franco forces, this monument to the Republican dead was demolished and their remains were dug up and dumped in a hole in the corner of the cemetery where all the rubbish was deposited.
At Jarama the greatest loss of all was sustained in the death of Captain Kit Conway.
www.geocities.com /irelandscw/IBvol/ConwayMemorial.htm   (3277 words)

 Guardian | 'A priest was firing at us'   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
"After the Battle of Cable Street with the fascists I was given three months' hard labour, accused of hitting a police inspector with a brick.
He was in time for the battle of Jarama, the fight to stop Franco's troops cutting off the road from Madrid to Valencia in February 1937.
There was a priest in the church steeple firing at us and when he came down he pushed the villagers to shield him while he kept shooting.
www.guardian.co.uk /print/0,3858,4088967-103680,00.html   (231 words)

 [No title]
In one famous battle at Guadalajara, the Italians were cock-a-hoop and said they did not need any help to fight us.
Seventy-seven years old, this veteran, who fought on the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War, was handed a camera by the BBC last year to film his struggle to achieve a memorial to the members of the international brigade, among them 19 Irishmen, who died at the Battle of Jarama, near Madrid.
Nineteen Irishmen died in the battle of Jarama.
members.lycos.co.uk /spanishcivilwar/memoirs.htm   (3338 words)

 Guadalajara   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
After the battle on the Jarama River, the Nationalists were exhausted and beaten and it seemed the Republican forces had managed to save Madrid...
Guadalajara portrays some of the most significant features of this important battle of the Spanish Civil War: special tank and flamethrower rules, morale and panic rules, foreign intervention, and political influence on units.
Don't miss the chance to preorder this simulation of one of the Spanish Civil War battles which became a testing ground for World War Two.
www.ugg.de /mmp/5a.shtml   (203 words)

The right-hand (or western) army, which was commanded by General Jose Moscardo, had little trouble in forcing the opposing Republican troops back, but the left-hand (or eastern) army, which was composed of Italian "volunteers" and led by General Mario Roatta, experienced stiffening resistance after their capture of Brihuega on 10th March.
Although the Nationalist attack had gained some ground when the battle finally ended, it had failed to achieve the decisive result that had been hoped for.
Republican resistance was, however, increasing, and the Nationalists brought the offensive to a halt to allow time for their troops to rest and re-equip before the attack on Valencia.
www.portfolio.mvm.ed.ac.uk /studentwebs/session2/group69/timeline.htm   (3210 words)

 Observer | Forgotten warriors return to battle sites
Then, however, it was the setting for the penultimate, bloody battle of the British Battalion of the International Brigades, charged with capturing this pretty little town during the last big Republican offensive against Franco's Nationalist rebels.
Among those travelling to Spain for the event will be Jones and Sam Russell, who was badly wounded at the battle of Jarama earlier in the war and spent the remainder of it working first as an English-language radio presenter for the Republican govern ment and later as a Daily Worker correspondent.
David Leach, who made a documentary about the fighting on the Ebro, Voices from a Mountain, and was involved in commissioning the steel memorial, was amazed by the lack of knowledge about the Brigades among the young both in Britain and Spain.
observer.guardian.co.uk /print/0,3858,5183619-102275,00.html   (1054 words)

 [No title]
Among the Irish there were two sets of brothers—John, Willie and Paddy Power from Waterford and the three O’Flahertys from Boston, the "Little Ireland" of the U.S.A. The revolutionary background, the fighting traditions, political conduct and military fervour of the Irish attracted to their ranks English-speaking comrades who could claim no relationship with Ireland.
A well-known athlete, he survived the first and all subsequent battles of the Irish Unit, and fell in the last action of the 15th Brigade on the Ebro in September 1938.
Four months later, at the battle for Teruel, three more Irish volunteers were to lay down their lives.
members.lycos.co.uk /spanishcivilwar/ussr.htm   (5429 words)

 Search for "Battle of Jarama River" provided by Poetry Connection
Thy voice is heard thro' rolling drums, That beat to battle where he stands; Thy face across his fancy comes, And gives the battle to his hands: A moment, while the trumpets blow, He sees his brood about thy knee; The next, like fire he meets...
The Battle fought between the Soul And No Man -- is the One Of all the Battles prevalent -- By far the Greater One -- No News of it is had abroad -- Its Bodiless Campaign Establishes, and terminates -- Invisible -- Unknown -- Nor History -- record...
However the battle is ended, Though proudly the victor comes, With flaunting flags and neighing nags And echoing roll of drums; Still truth proclaims this motto In letters of living light, No question is ever settled Until it is settled...
www.poetryconnection.net /search/Battle_of_Jarama_River   (1481 words)

 Timeline   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
13 December 1936-15 January 1937: The Battle for the Corunna Road.
15 December 1937-20 February 1938: The Battle of Teruel.
24 July-18 November 1938: The Battle of the Ebro.
influx.uoregon.edu /2001/stories/soldier/multimedia/timeline.html   (300 words)

 What Books: Comrades: Tales of a Brigadista in the Spanish Civil War, by Harry Fisher
He emerged from the war scarred but alive, unlike most of the young Americans who populate the pages of his memoir, nearly all of them killed in action for a cause they knew was right--but also doomed to failure.
Fisher, recognizing the battle between Democracy and the Fascist powers, ignored the wishes of his family and volunteered to fight in Spain, supporting the democratically elected government there against the Nazi supported military rebellion of Franco.
The solidarity the members of the International Brigades showed in their battle against fascism in Spain is outstanding.
www.whatbooks.com /store/book/0803268998.html   (1108 words)

 European Europe History - The involvement of the International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War
The Brigades were also present at the Battle of Teruel in early 1938, and the final battle in which they took part was at the Ebro, where 75% of International Brigade members who had crossed the Ebro River were killed.
The final Battle in which the Irish fought was the Battle of the Ebro in July 1938.
The Republican side finally lost its battle with the Fascists on the 1st of April 1939, and the war that had cost hundreds of thousands of lives ended.
www.123helpme.com /view.asp?id=22901   (1408 words)

 2002 Resources, Federal Resources for Educational Excellence (FREE)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Guilford Courthouse: A Pivotal Battle in the War for Independence looks at this battle—how it was fought; how its outcome was characterized, including reports from both General Nathanael Greene and Lord Cornwallis; and why it was important.
The Battle of Prairie Grove: Civilian Recollections of the Civil War helps students place the Battle of Prairie Grove in the context of Arkansas' role in the Civil War.
The Battle of Stones River: The Soldiers' Story provides readings, maps, and visual representations of this battle near Murfreesboro, Tennessee, which was the second bloodiest battle fought west of the Appalachians during the Civil War.
bcol01.ed.gov /cfapps/free/displaydate.cfm?yr=2002   (6250 words)

 La Cucaracha Spanish Civil War Diary March 1937
After the stalemated battle of the Jarama, General Franco is under pressure from his allies to strike again quickly, and to win, without obliging them to constantly greater investments and international risks.
Low-flying fighters are machine-gunning the stalled truck columns while vintage 1918 Breguets, which had survived the summer air battles, run bombing missions.
The political leaders of the IB Garibaldi battalion, consisting of Italian volunteers on Republican side, Vittorio Vidal and Luigi Longo, are mounting a propaganda campaign intending to destroy the morale of the CTV.
www.lacucaracha.info /scw/diary/1937/march   (891 words)

 The People Armed:Women in the Spanish Revolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In the heat of the battle and with limited arms it was only logical that guns went to those who already knew how to use them.
It was only after the battle of Guadalajara, in May 1937, that women were asked to leave the front, as the government demanded incorporation of the militia into regular army units.
During the bitter battle at Jarama in 1937, another International Brigader Tom Clarke, described the courage of a small group of Spanish women: "I remember there was a bit of a retreat.
flag.blackened.net /revolt/spain/women_afa.html   (3764 words)

A section of the book carries a tribute to those republicans, under the leadership of Frank Ryan who fought on the side of the Republican Government against the fascist lead by Franco and who were supported by the Irish Catholic hierarchy of the time.
Peter O'Connor, from Waterford, talks about the Battle of Jarama one of the great battles of the Spanish Civil war.
In the Jarama trenches Liam Tumilson had become friendly with Donegal man Paddy `Roe' McLaughlin, a veteran of the `War of Independence' originally from Main Street in Moville who had volunteered from America in the hope of teaming up with his old friend George Gilmore one of the founders of the Republican Congress.
republican-news.org /archive/1999/March18/18hist.html   (787 words)

 Old Soldiers--by Tony Hendra
He referred to it all the time, and with a passion he never evinced for the Battle of Britain and the grim, crepuscular triumph to which it eventually led.
For the first time--perhaps in history but certainly for this generation-the battle lines between the power of people and the power of property were crystal clear.
On the radio, a Republican deputy named Fernando Valera was drawing the battle lines: "Here in Madrid," he said, "two incompatible civilizations undertake their great struggle: love against hate, peace against war, the fraternity of Christ against the tyranny of the church.
www.english.uiuc.edu /maps/scw/oldsoldiers.htm   (4311 words)

 sawtoothbarbie’s Auction Items   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Battle of the Fog (December 14-19, 1936)
ZAMA is a simulation of the climactic battle of the Second Punic War, a struggle for control of the western Mediterranean world between the Roman Republic and Carthage.
KampfPanzer is a tactical level simulation of armored warfare as it was in the period 1937-1940.
www.sawtoothbarbie.us /blogs/auction   (2032 words)

 JOSÉ CALDERÓN GAZTELU   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
When they crossed the front line they were without escort protection, and the enemy fighters pounced on the trimotors.
For this action he was awarded the Cross with Laurels of San Fernando, and he was posthumously promoted to major for meritorious war service.
Ju52 22-83 of the First squadron of Group 1G22, designated Arganda in commemoration of the aircraft lost in the battle of the Jarama, flies over the Mediterranean coast.
www.aire.org /gce/english/nam/jose.htm   (399 words)

 The Battle of the Jarama River
I presume the I-22 is a clone of the 3.5/50 collapsible Elmar.
The famous shot of the militian at the very moment of his killing was at the Ebro river battle.
The battle of Cerro MUriano was in C?rdoba land (Andaluc?
www.photo.net /bboard/q-and-a-fetch-msg?msg_id=00Dbmc   (1827 words)

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