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Topic: Battle of Marathon


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  Battle of Marathon - MSN Encarta
T he battle of Marathon is one of history's most famous military engagements.
Battle of Marathon: The tomb of the 192 Athenians at Marathon: Battle of Marathon : famous clash between a Persian invasion force and an army of Athenians in 490 BCE.
Battle of Marathon, battle that took place between the Greeks and the Persians at Marathon, a plain on Athenian territory 40 km (25 mi) northeast of Athens, in 490 bc.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761580383/Battle_of_Marathon.html   (778 words)

  
 History of Iran: The Persian Wars
Marathon is at the northern limit of Attika at a distance of 42 kilometers from Athens.
As it is observed, the plain of Marathon was limited to the north by a large lagoon and to the south by a smaller one and was further cut by torrents, so that the Persian army was restricted to a relatively small area.
The figure of the men engaged at Marathon was not preserved because at the moment of the battle this was not particularly important; it was the nature, the location, and the timing of the operations that proved decisive.
www.iranchamber.com /history/articles/persian_wars4.php   (9668 words)

  
  Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Battle of Marathon
The Battle of Marathon was the culmination of King Darius I of Persia's first major attempt to conquer the remainder of the Greeks and add them to the Persian Empire, thereby securing the weakest portion of his Western border.
The remainder of the army crossed with Datis and landed in the Bay of Marathon[?].
The inadvertant result was a double envelopment, and the battle ended when the whole Persian army, crowded into confusion, in panic[?] broke back towards their ships and were pursued by the Greeks.
www.kids.net.au /encyclopedia-wiki/ba/Battle_of_Marathon   (1249 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Phidippides (Marathon runner)
The traditional story relates that Pheidippides, an Athenian herald, ran the 42 km (26 miles) from the battlefield at Marathon to Athens to announce the Greek victory over Persia in the Battle of Marathon (490 BC) with the words "Nike!", or "Victory!" and died on the spot.
Marathon was named in 1882 by retired sea captain, railroad surveyor and local landowner Albion Shepard, who said the locale, a high desert basin surrounded by mountains, reminded him of the famous Marathon in Greece, from which runner Phidippides ran 26.2 miles to tell Athenians of their victory against the Persians in 490 BC.
Marathon achieved new importance when Big Bend National Park opened in 1947 and it was officially designated the "Gateway to the Big Bend." Local daredevil pilot Bill Hargus that same year inaugurated the road to the park, now U.S. 385, by cutting the ribbon with his plane's propeller.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Phidippides-(Marathon-runner)   (1001 words)

  
 The Great Events by Famous Historians, Vol. 1/The Battle of Marathon - Wikisource
The battle was sculptured also on the Temple of Victory in the Acropolis, and even now there may be traced on the frieze the figures of the Persian combatants with their lunar shields, their bows and quivers, their curved cimeters, their loose trousers, and Phrygian tiaras.
These and other memorials of Marathon were the produce of the meridian age of Athenian intellectual splendor, of the age of Phidias and Pericles; for it was not merely by the generation whom the battle liberated from Hippias and the Medes that the transcendent importance of their victory was gratefully recognized.
Grote observes that "this volunteer march of the whole Platæan force to Marathon is one of the most affecting incidents of all Grecian history." In truth, the whole career of Platæa, and the friendship, strong, even unto death, between her and Athens form one of the most affecting episodes in the history of antiquity.
en.wikisource.org /wiki/The_Great_Events_by_Famous_Historians,_Vol._1/The_Battle_of_Marathon   (9608 words)

  
 Battle of Marathon Information
Though for Marathon this is not mentioned by any surviving source and their number in Athens was not as significant in 490 BC as it became when Athens became head of the Delian League.
The traditional story relates that Pheidippides, an Athenian herald, ran the distance between the battlefield by the town of Marathon to Athens to announce the Greek victory over Persia in the Battle of Marathon (490 BC) with the word "Νενικήκαμεν!" (Nenikékamen, We were victorious!) and died on the spot.
For the first modern marathon during the 1896 Olympics the southern route was chosen, probably because it was the main modern route between Marathon and Athens.
www.bookrags.com /Battle_of_Marathon   (4403 words)

  
 The battle of Marathon
Marathon, some 40 km (25 miles) east of Athens.
Marathon was chosen because it was sufficiently far from Athens for an orderly disembarka­tion, and because the flat ground suited the Persian cavalry, which outmatched the Greek horse.
Most of the Greek soldiers at Marathon were hoplites, their large circular shields offering protection and support to soldiers on their left.
www.greecetaxi.gr /index/marathon2.html   (1138 words)

  
 Battles : Marathon
The Battle of Marathon (490 BC) was the culmination of King Darius I of Persia's first major attempt to conquer the remainder of the Greeks and add them to the Persian Empire, thereby securing the weakest portion of his Western border.
According to the Greek historian Herodotus, who was born in the year of the battle, an Athenian soldier named Pheidippides ran from Athens to Sparta to ask for assistance.
On the plain is the grave of the Athenians, and upon it are slabs giving the names of the killed according to their tribes; and there is another grave for the Boeotian Plataeans and for the slaves, for slaves fought then for the first time by the side of their masters.
www.mlahanas.de /Greeks/History/Battles/Marathon.html   (1741 words)

  
 [No title]
Marathon is at the northern limit of Attika at a distance of 42 kilometers from Athens.
As it is observed, the plain of Marathon was limited to the north by a large lagoon and to the south by a smaller one and was further cut by torrents, so that the Persian army was restricted to a relatively small area.
The figure of the men engaged at Marathon was not preserved because at the moment of the battle this was not particularly important; it was the nature, the location, and the timing of the operations that proved decisive.
www.metrum.org /perwars/marath.htm   (9733 words)

  
 Battle of Marathon
It is the same helmet worn by the Athenian general in the battle of Marathon, where he defeated the Persians, and thus offered it to Zeus as a sign of gratitude.
They had made plans before the battle that if they won, they would get word back to Athens as soon as possible because they knew that the Persian fleet was sure to sail around Attica and attempt to take the city while it was undefended.
Battle of Marathon immortalized the name of Miltiades; but in a few years' time he fell from his high estate, for he failed in an expedition against the island of Pa'ros.
joseph_berrigan.tripod.com /ancientbabylon/id27.html   (1143 words)

  
 Marathon 490 BC: The First Persian Invasion Of Greece (Campaign)
Marathon 490 BC begins with short sections on the origins of the campaign, opposing commanders, opposing armies and opposing plans.
Marathon 490 BC includes three 3-D "Birds Eye View" maps (the Battle of Marathon in three phases - deployment, Greek charge and Persian rout), and five 2-D maps (the Aegean in 499-492 BC, the campaign in the Cyclades, the campaign of Marathon, the plain of Marathon in 490 BC, and Marathon today).
Three battle scenes by Richard Hook are also in the volume: Philippides before the Spartan ephors, the Athenian charge and the Athenian reach the Herakleion after the forced march back to Athens.
www.8notes.com /books/detpage.asp?asin=1841760005&field-keywords=Couperin&schMod=music&type=&sb=s   (937 words)

  
 Poke's Fifteen Decisive Battles
The battle was sculptured also on the Temple of Victory in the Acropolis, and even now there may be traced on the freize the figures of the Persian combatants with their lunar shields, their bows and quivers, their curved cimeters, their loose trousers, and Phrygian tiaras.
(xxiv) These and other memorials of Marathon were the produce of the meridian age of Athenian intellectual splendor, of the age of Phidias and Pericles ; for it was not merely by the generation whom the battle liberated from Hippias and the Medes that the transcendent importance of their victory was gratefully recognized.
We have no similar detail of the fight at Marathon, but we know that it was long and obstinately contested (see the 1 13th section of the sixth book of Herodotus, and the lines from the Vespae already quoted) and the spirit of the Persians must have been even higher at Marathon than at Plataea.
www.standin.se /fifteen1a.htm   (9477 words)

  
 SignOnSanDiego.com > Sports -- The Marathon Myth
As armies massed along the wide plain of Marathon in 490 B.C., the historian Herodotus recounts, Philippides was sent to Sparta in southern Greece to appeal for their support in the impending battle.
Herodotus is considered the ultimate source on the battle because he was born only a few years later and based his accounts on interviews with actual war veterans.
They'll run near the museum that houses artifacts from the battle, including part of a massive marble column that was erected in the plain afterward; some scholars think it held a statue of Nike, the Greek goddess of victory.
www.signonsandiego.com /sports/olympics/20040828-9999-lz1x28myth.html   (1327 words)

  
 Marathon
Marathon is an example of such an event, an event that was so monumental that to forget the "heroic" aspect of it is not only to disgrace the men that two and a half millenia ago, laid the foundations for our society, but also serves to demean the entire field of historical analysis.
Marathon marked a true turning point in World history, and served to validate the democratic ideals of the Greeks.
To forget the extroardinary aspect of events such as this is an injustice to the heritage of the entire world, and also an affront to the field of history, which seeks to find the truth in the past, and to admit when events in the past are truly extraordinary.
physics.usc.edu /~crathfel/marathon.htm   (766 words)

  
 Battle of Marathon: 490 BC
Thus, the Battle of Marathon marked the end of a ten-year conflict between Greece and Persia.
It gave Greeks faith in their own destiny as a nation, and therefore this battle is considered one of the most important events marking the birth of European culture.
Finally, Marathon was a battle in which morale triumphed over numbers, as the outnumbered Athenians defended their home and their heritage.
www.thenagain.info /WebChron/Mediterranean/Marathon.html   (563 words)

  
 Battle of Marathon (489 BC)
The Spartans arrived soon after the battle and were astounded to discover that the Athenians had driven off the first Persian attack on Greece without their help.
Marathon was fought on a level plain along the Aegean coast with the initial Greek positions being in the low hills to the southwest covering the road to Athens and the Persians disembarked in the northeast with their camp between two small streams and some marshy ground.
For DBA purposes, the hills and marsh were in the rear of the respective armies and had no impact on the battle itself.
www.fanaticus.org /DBA/battles/marathon.html   (783 words)

  
 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal
He then ran the 40 km (25 miles) from the battlefield by the town of Marathon to Athens to announce the Greek victory over Persia in the Battle of Marathon (490 BC) with the word "Νενικήκαμεν" (Nenikékamen, 'We have won' or 'We are victorious') and died on the spot.
Whether the story is true or not, it has no connection with the Battle of Marathon itself, and Herodotus' silence on the subject of a herald running from Marathon to Athens suggests strongly that no such event occurred.
While the marathon celebrates the mythical run from Marathon to Athens, since 1982 an annual footrace from Athens to Sparta, known as the Spartathlon, celebrates Pheiddipides' at least semi-historical run across 250 km of Greek countryside.
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Pheidippides   (611 words)

  
 Battles of Darius I
Marathon 490 B.C. Marathon, fought on the plain of Marathon on the 17th August 490 B.C., 3 miles from Athens by sea and 26 miles by land, unless you take the shorter route which was only 22 miles.
It was said that the ghosts of the battle could still be heard at night, years after the battle.
Though it is generally accepted the cavalry had either embarked the previous day or had moved on towards Athens by road, the ghost stories involving horses may indicate the presence of cavalry, maybe some had time to disembark when the fighting started.
members.ozemail.com.au /~ancientpersia/B_darius2.html   (627 words)

  
 MARATHON
The name "marathon" comes from the legend of Pheidippides, a Greek soldier who, according to legend, was sent from the town of Marathon to Athens to announce that the Persians had been miraculously defeated in the Battle of Marathon.
The length of a marathon was at first not fixed, since all that was important was that all athletes competed on the same course.
Completing a marathon is often considered to be a superhuman effort, but many coaches believe that it is possible for anyone who is willing to put in the time and effort.
www.solarnavigator.net /sport/marathon.htm   (2511 words)

  
 Phantom Brave Review
So on hard battle maps, you don't want to be sending out all your strong fighters first then having them remove from the battle once their confinement time runs out and you're left with only weak fighters to fight with.
You can't simply play the story battle maps just straight through and level up that way due to the fact that the difficulty and the level of the enemies on each map are inconsistent with one another.
Extra battle maps are fun for gamers to do, it's not suppose to be a chore where you have to spend endless hours of leveling trying to reach level 9999 just to finish off the last extra battle map.
www.rpgdreamer.com /pb/pbreview.html   (3975 words)

  
 Battle of Atlantic 1940 1941 WW2
Battle of the Atlantic is the name given to the conflicts in the Atlantic Ocean throughout World War II.
The U-boat fleet, which was to dominate so much of the battle of the Atlantic, was very small at the beginning of the war.
The Battle of the Atlantic was won by the allies in two months.
www.battle-fleet.com /pw/his/atlantic.htm   (4432 words)

  
 The Persian Invasion of Greece & the Battle of Marathon - (CAIS) ©
Hippias had advised the Imperial army commanders that the Bay of Marathon was the most logical place for landing and disembarking the army.
Also, the open plain of Marathon was perfect for the use of the Persian cavalry, against which it was thought the Athenian infantry would be ineffective.
The first instructions for battle from Miltiades were to contain the invading army and block its march on Athens.
www.cais-soas.com /CAIS/History/hakhamaneshian/marathon.htm   (1544 words)

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