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Topic: Battle of Ortona

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  Ortona - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ortona is a coastal town and municipality of the Province of Chieti in the Italian region of Abruzzo, 42°21N 14°24E, 72 m (236 ft) above sea-level, with 22,700 inhabitants (2003 census).
Ortona remained a part of the Roman Empire (i.e., the Byzantine Empire) for several centuries, before it was annexed by the Kingdom of the Lombards.
In the first half of the XV century its walls were built, and during this period Ortona fought with the nearby town of Lanciano in a fierce war that ended in 1427.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ortona   (523 words)

 Battle of Ortona - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Battle of Ortona (December 20, 1943 to December 27, 1943) was a small yet extremely fierce battle fought between German Fallschirmjäger (paratroops), and assaulting Canadians forces from the 1st Canadian Division.
Taking place in the small Adriatic Sea town of Ortona, with its tiny peacetime population of 10 000, the battle was the site of what were perhaps the deadliest close quarter combat engagements of the entire war.
Ortona was a town of strategic importance due to its deep-sea port.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Battle_of_Ortona   (661 words)

 Military History: Second World War: Italy: Ortona
Although the Canadian advance through Sicily and southern Italy was relatively straightforward, the battle for Ortona proved to be lengthy, arduous, and costly in terms of casualties.
This diary details the movements and engagements of The Loyal Edmonton Regiment during the Battle of Ortona.
The struggle for Ortona would be the bloodiest battle in the Italian campaign to that point.
www.lermuseum.org /ler/mh/wwii/ortona.html   (990 words)

 Legion Magazine : The Battle For Ortona - Part 18
The battles for Orsogna were among the most difficult of the Italian campaign.
While this battle raged, the 48th Highlanders quickly moved to the edge of San Leonardo and established a firm base for a morning attack on the village.
Ortona was a victory for all of the Canadian troops–and all Canadians.
www.legionmagazine.com /features/canadianmilitaryhistory/97-11.asp   (2188 words)

 Battle Honours of The Royal Canadian Regiment
This Battle Honour was the third awarded to The Regiment, and again it is entitled to be borne on the Colours.
This Battle Honour, the second to be awarded from the Boer war, was the fourth Battle Honour received by the Regiment and is entitled to be borne on the Colours.
This Battle Honour, the fifth Battle Honour entitled to be borne on the Colours was actually the 12th Battle Honour awarded to The Regiment.
novembercoy.tripod.com /BattleHonours.htm   (15381 words)

 Ortona - www.canadiansoldiers.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Ortona was a Battle Honour granted to Canadian units participating in actions to liberate the city of Ortona in Dec 1943 as part of the Moro River Campaign during the Italian Campaign of the Second World War.
Like Stalingrad, the fighting in Ortona was very demanding and took place largely between small groups of men, often one house or one room at a time and booby traps, on-call demolitions and tunnels all played a role in the skillful German defence.
After Ortona, the entire 1st Division went into winter positions on the south side of the Arielli River Valley, and a three month programme of patrolling began, as reinforcements were absorbed and the armies on both sides waited for spring, and campaigning weather.
www.canadiansoldiers.com /mediawiki-1.5.5/index.php?title=Ortona   (4570 words)

 Canada at War - Page: WWII: The Battle of Ortona
The capture of Ortona, or the "Italian Stalingrad" is considered among Canada's greatest achievements during the war.
Ortona is a key command centre for the German Army and is very heavily defended.
Graves of personnel from the Edmonton Regiment killed in the battle of Ortona, 7 January, 1944.
www.wwii.ca /index.php?page=Page&action=showpage&id=44   (3102 words)

 A Canadian veteran's visit to Ortona - Abruzzo Heritage - Year IV, No. 19
I don’t think there’s a man who did his share of fighting in or around Ortona in that Christmas season of 1943 that was able to identify the city of today with that of the city of evil memories.
Of the 1615 graves, 1375 are Canadian, due to the fact that the area in the vicinity of Ortona right through to Orsogna at the southern extremity of the Orsogna/Ortona lateral road had been largely a Canadian battlefield.
Yes, I was one of them who looked at the prospects of battle as game, a game that if I played it like a one-man army I was looking forward to be, I’d win every medal for bravery there was to be won, and my name would go down in history as a national hero.
www.abruzzoheritage.com /magazine/2003_01/j.htm   (8808 words)

 CdnMilitary.ca Remembers 2004 - The Battle of Ortona
The intense house-to-house, room-to-room battles at Ortona by far dominated the Canadian Army’s World War Two engagements and has been given the name of “little Stalingrad” or “Canada’s Stalingrad” in the years since that fateful battle in December 1943.
The road to Ortona was a difficult one for the Canadians, having claimed 2,339 officers and men, killed, wounded, and missing.
This operation’s main objective was to drive a wedge into the enemy defences to the south and west of Ortona so that these positions could be occupied by the Division and used as a base from which to launch their thrust into the town.
www.cdnmilitary.ca /ortona/history.htm   (1389 words)

 Juno Beach Centre - The Capture of Ortona
General Montgomery believed that the Germans would retreat north of Ortona, in an area where the terrain provided good natural defence positions; and that the coastal city would therefore be an easy prey.
The battle over, the population resumes its daily activities in a city in ruins; a young woman hanging clothes to dry amid the rubble, January 13th, 1944.
The battle for Ortona was already drawing to an end.
www.junobeach.org /e/2/can-eve-rod-ita-ort-e.htm   (1198 words)

 Canadian Military Heritage
Ortona is a story of seven painful days of close combat conducted with uncommon courage and heroism in cold, wet, snowy conditions.
The enemy were well aware that artillery and armour would not be very effective against them and that this was going to be an infantry battle fought with rifles, mortars, machine guns, grenades and mines; they also had some of their best troops in the men of the 1st German Parachute Division.
Unable to infiltrate the position, the Germans realized that their men were in danger in Ortona, the centre of which was already in Canadian hands.
www.cmhg.gc.ca /cmh/en/page_675.asp   (558 words)

 The Ortona Toast
The Ortona mixture is mixed in the proportion of 1 oz of dark rum, 1 oz of water and 1 teaspoon of brown sugar.
The proposal for the Ortona Toast was introduced to the REC by the Regimental Adjutant, Capt Kent Boughton.
Based on the toast taken at the Ortona Crossroads in December 1943, it was fitting that this should be adopted as the Regimental Toast on the 110th anniversary of The Regiment, and the 50th Anniversary of the Battle of Ortona.
thercr.ca /customs_traditions/ortona_toast.htm   (1585 words)

 Groningen - www.canadiansoldiers.com
Groningen was a Battle Honour granted to Canadian units participating in actions to liberate the town of Groningen from 14-18 Apr 1945 as part of the Final Phase of the North-West Europe campaign in the Second World War.
While the fighting in Ortona in Italy is regarded as the most famous example of Canadian urban warfare, in Apr 1945 a much larger battle was fought in the streets of Groningen, in the northern Netherlands.
While the battle in Ortona proper, in Dec 1943, saw only two Canadian battalions committed, all nine rifle battalions of the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division would become embroiled in the fighting in Groningen.
canadiansoldiers.com /mediawiki-1.5.5/index.php?title=Groningen   (1763 words)

 CBC News Indepth: Ortona   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
At the height of the battle against the Germans, there were 76,000 Canadian soldiers fighting in Italy.
On October 1 and 2, 1943, the Canadians were involved in their first major battle against the Germans in Italy at a corkscrew highway through the town of Motta.
After a battle lasting ten days, the Canadian soldiers had pushed the Germans back to the ancient town of Ortona overlooking the Adriatic.
www.cbc.ca /news/background/ortona   (1685 words)

 Battle of Ortona
The Battle Of Ortona During the invasion of Italy, Canadian soldiers improvised their way into the close combat textbooks, defeating a highly skilled, battle-hardened, well-equipped German enemy in horrifying house-to-house fighting, in an Italian city called Ortona.
They had driven the Germans into defensive positions in Ortona, and now had to capture what Canadian newscasters referred to as a “second Stalingrad” (the battle in which the German army had been defeated during their attack on Russia).
Interestingly enough, Wehrmacht is German for ‘defensive forces’, and the Nazi soldiers were excellent defenders, especially when provided with a location such as Ortona, a standard European city with narrow, winding streets, close buildings, and high towers to house their machine guns, anti-tank guns, and snipers.
members.shaw.ca /tproudfoot/ortona.htm   (1007 words)

 Canada and WW2 - Ortona - Armed Forces - CKA
The Battle of Ortona took place during the heart of the Italian offencive by the Allied forces in December of 1943.
The attack on Ortona lacked in operational sense, but due to the winter season making mountain movement impossible and the fact that the Germans reinforced the city with the 1st Paratroop Division, the Allied planners went ahead with the plan to assault Ortona.
Ortona also marked the final “public” battle on the Italian front for Canadians, as Normandy was only 6 short months away.
www.canadaka.net /modules.php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=74   (884 words)

 Battle for Ortona - Military Photos
Ortona was dubbed "Little Stalingrad" by the allies due to the ferocity of the urban fighting in that battle.
Fifty-five years ago, Matthew Halton's famous reports on the Battle of Ortona detailed the brutal street combat between the Canadian and German soldiers.
Listeners at home were riveted to the sounds of the crashing shells and Halton's descriptions of "the courtyard of hell." This Christmas, CBC Reporter David Halton, Matthew's son, writes the final epilogue to his father's reports.
www.militaryphotos.net /forums/showthread.php?t=81918   (842 words)

 Local war veteran retraces steps to visit battle site
Ortona was a small port town in Eastern Italy when the battle between German and Canadian troops broke out in 1943.
The days and nights in Ortona were spent in anticipation of fighting with the German troops, however, towards the end of the battle a time soon came that would scar Tourond forever.
According to Tourond, more than 400 Canadians were killed during the battle and many of the graves he visited and paid tribute to, were of those with whom he fought beside.
www.westernwheel.com /000223/news-veteran.html   (594 words)

 Battlefront - Producers of fine metal and resin miniatures   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
The battle for the small town of Ortona in December 1943 was the culminating event of a six-month campaign undertaken by the 1st Canadian Infantry Division and the 1st Canadian Armoured Brigade through Sicily and Italy.
It was a battle that the Canadians did not expect to fight, in a town of no real strategic value and one that would see them pitted against one of the strongest, most motivated and elite German units in Mediterranean Theatre of Operations, the 1st Fallschirmjager Division.
After the Ortona battles it would need to be basically reconstituted again and would go on to fight at Anzio, the Caesar and Gothic Lines and the Po River.
www.battlefront.co.nz /Article.asp?ArticleID=1009   (2512 words)

 The Battle of Ortona - Introduction
Ortona is on Italy's Adriatic coast and is the town where German troops tried to delay the Allied advance up the Italian coast or the "boot" as it is often called.
The Allies also used the seaport battle as a diversion: to delay and prevent Hitler from sending troops up to France or on to Rome, where the survivors of the brutal battle eventually wound up.
The number of Canadian war dead in the battle that took place within the town of Ortona itself was 104.
www.youthsource.ab.ca /hyl/ortona/ortona1.htm   (364 words)

 Pvt. Issie Mayoff and the Battle of Ortona
The battle of Ortona was considered one of the most important battles of Italy in 1943.
The battle at Ortona was to be the last act of the Battle of the Moro River, which raged for much of December of 1943.
Ortona, with a peacetime population of 10,000 people, consisted of an "Old Town" to the north, coupled with more modern structures to the south.
www.mayoff.com /memorial.html   (10058 words)

The Battle of Ortona in Italy is regarded as the most famous example of Canadian urban warfare, but in April 1945, a much larger battle was fought in the streets of Groningen, in the northern part of The Netherlands.
While the battle in Ortona proper, in December 1943, saw only two Canadian battalions committed, all nine rifle battalions of the Second Canadian Division would become embroiled in the fighting in Groningen.
The Calgary Highlanders' role in the battle for Groningen was primarily one of opening a pathway for the rest of the 5th Brigade into the city.
www.calgaryhighlanders.com /history/groningen.htm   (3461 words)

 8th Army: Deeds and Dates   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
The resultant battle of Sidi Rezegh was the key battle of this campaign, and was a pitched battle between armour.
The battle for the town and port of Termoli began on October 1.
The battle of Ortona, fought and won by the Canadians, began on December 21 and ended on December 28.
www.warlinks.com /pages/8thdeeds.html   (1722 words)

 Science Fair Projects - Battle of Ortona
Categories: World War II operations and battles of the Italian Campaign
Taking place in the small Adriatic Sea town of Ortona, with its tiny peacetime population of 10.000, the battle was the site of what were perhaps the deadliest close quarter combat engagements of the entire war.
The Canadians repeated the act to the Germans, killing 2 platoons; such was the nature of the fighting in Ortona.
www.all-science-fair-projects.com /science_fair_projects_encyclopedia/Battle_of_Ortona   (608 words)

 Abruzzo News: 18 April 2002
Ortona a Mare - Museo della battaglia / Battle Museum, by Da.Ces.
Opening in May of the "Museum of the Battle of Ortona" in the former Convento S. Anna, corso Garibaldi.
Teramo - Console teramano di 29 anni a Caracas / A 29-year-old consul from Teramo in the Caracas golpe, by Antonella Formisani
www.abruzzo2000.com /news/2002/04/18.htm   (442 words)

 The War Amps: Canada's Military Heritage - Second World War: A War of Their Own   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
The objective, Ortona, right on the Adriatic, it was only four miles north of the valley of the Moro River, but what a four miles.
The objective is the coastal town of Ortona and it is a fierce battle.
An analysis of the Battle of Ortona, in the weeks afterwards, was inevitable.
www.waramps.ca /military/wwii/awot.html   (5796 words)

 Ortona, Battle of
The Battle of Ortona occured from 20-27 December 1943.
After a week of fierce fighting the town was finally taken, and the remaining German forces withdrew on the night of December 27.
One war correspondent reported that the Germans had been "staging a miniature Stalingrad in hapless Ortona." Canadian losses in taking this "unimportant" town and its environs included 1372 dead - almost 25% of all Canadians killed in the Mediterranean theatre.
www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com /index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0005994   (145 words)

 Smokey Smith against the Panthers; Smokey won
Even though he was a private, he was a 28-year old private and despite his distaste for authority and inability to hold on to his stripes very long, he was put in charge of a section of the Highlanders and together they fought with enormous bravado.
The battle for Ortona was the first large-scale battle for the Allies in an urban setting.
Following the battle for Ortona, the Highlanders, now down to some 100 men, were integrated with the 1st Canadian Corps and they moved from the east coast to the west.
www.talkingproud.us /International081005.html   (2466 words)

 The Government of Canada Unveils a Plaque to Commemorate the National Historic Significance of the Battle for Ortona, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
This ceremony was part of a Government of Canada commemorative program to mark the 60th anniversary of the Canadian key role in the Italian campaign.
Ortona was a place where what Canadians did in life truly echoes in eternity." This is the first of three plaques being unveiled by the Government of Canada in Italy over the next four days.
The second will be unveiled in Rimini on October 30 to commemorate the Breaching of the Gothic Line by the Canadian Army, and the third in Ispica on November 2 to commemorate the Canadian Landing in Sicily.
press.arrivenet.com /business/article.php/492446.html   (367 words)

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