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Topic: The Battle of Qarqar

  Battle of Qarqar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Battle of Karkar (or Qarqar) was fought in 853 BC when the army of Assyria, led by king Shalmaneser III, encountered an allied army of 12 kings at Karkar led by Hadadezer (Ben Hadad) of Damascus and King Ahab of Israel.
This battle is notable for having a larger number of combatants than any previous battle, and for being the first instance some peoples enter recorded history (such as the Arabs).
Shalmaneser's opponents held on to their thrones after this battle: Hadadezer was king of Damascus until at least 841 BC, while Ahab was king of Israel until around 850 BC.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Battle_of_Karkar   (523 words)

 Biblical Horizons » 4_02
It is perhaps not without significance that although the battle of Qarqar is mentioned in several of Shalmaneser’s inscriptions, Ahabbu is mentioned on only one of them.
Even during the battle I took from them their chariots, their horses broken to the yoke.’ We are accustomed to such bragging by an Assyrian king and to discount it.
And, if Qarqar had been a humiliating defeat for Ahab, we might expect that the biblical writer would have recorded it as a divine judgment on the wicked king of Israel, as he does the battle at Ramoth-gilead, in which Ahab perished.
www.biblicalhorizons.com /biblical-chronology/4_02   (1253 words)

 f. The Land of Aram (Syria). 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
B.C.E. Shalmeneser III engaged a coalition of northern Aramean kings, Khayan of Ya'diya (Sam'al) and Akhuni of Bit Adini, and the Hittite states of Carchemish and Khattina.
At the Battle of Lutibu (858) the Aramean-Hittite forces were defeated but not broken.
At the Battle of Qarqar (853), the Aramean-Israelite coalition defeated Shalmeneser, who retired to Assyria.
www.bartleby.com /67/106.html   (640 words)

 Digging Into The Past
The period of Assyrian supremacy is described by the phrase "From Qarqar to Carchemish." The overthrow of the Assyrians by the Babylonians came at Carchemish in 605 B.C. At the battle of Qarqar on the Orontes River in 853 B.C., Shalmaneser III defeated a coalition of kings including Ahab.
That this battle may not have been as decisive as Shalmaneser III claimed is indicated by the total silence in which the Bible passes over this great event.
The monolith tells of the battle of Qarqar and says that the kings defeated included "Ahab, the Israelite" who provided 2,000 chariots and 10,000 foot soldiers.
www.truthmagazine.com /archives/volume14/TM014231.htm   (753 words)

After a northwards march that saw the Allied force swell to some 60,000 men in eight different contingents, battle with the Assyrian host was joined near the Syrian city of Qarqar or Karkar (modern day Carchemish).
Qarqar, his royal city, I destroyed, I devastated, I burned with fire.
Following on from this, a mini-campaign could be fought, with the surviving forces of the four contingent vs division battles going on to fight each other until one emerges victorious.
www.visbellica.com /Scenarios/QarQar/sc_qarqar.htm   (1308 words)

 Qarqar (Karkar) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Qarqar is the name of an ancient town in northwestern Syria, known from Neo-Assyrian sources.
It was the site of one of the most important battles of the ancient world, the battle of Qarqar, fought in 853 BCE when the army of Assyria, led by king Shalmaneser III, encountered an allied force comprising military units from 11 local kingdoms.
To date, the excavations have excavated materials dating to many periods of the site's long occupational hisory, including structures dating to general period of the Battle of Qarqar, including impressive defenses of the Iron Age city.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Karkar   (309 words)

 Grayson, Shalmaneser III and the Levantine States: The “Damascus Coalition”
The location of Qarqar is one of two questions, the second being the outcome of the battle between the coalition and the Assyrian army.
But at Qarqar he was faced with the coalition which, according to the Kurkh Monolith (written shortly after the event), consisted of almost 4,000 chariots, almost 2,000 cavalry, over 40,000 infantry, and 1,000 camels.
On the other hand three further pitched battles were fought with the Damascus Coalition, one in each of 849, 848, and 845.
www.arts.ualberta.ca /JHS/Articles/article_34.htm   (2877 words)

 History of Egypt, by Maspero, Volume 7, Part A.
The army, while composed chiefly of the same classes of troops as in the time of Tiglath-pileser I.,—spearmen, archers, sappers, and slingers,—now possessed a new element, whose appearance on the field of battle was to revolutionize the whole method of warfare; this was the cavalry, properly so called, introduced as an adjunct to the chariotry.
The number of horsemen forming this contingent was as yet small; like the infantry, they wore casques and cuirasses, but were clothed with a tight-fitting loin-cloth in place of the long kilt, the folds of which would have embarrassed their movements.
This might almost be considered as a repulse; for no sooner had the king quitted the country than the Aramaeans in their turn crossed the Euphrates and ravaged the plains of the Khabur.* Assur-nazir-pal resolved not to return until he was in a position to carry his arms into the heart of the enemy's country.
www.ibiblio.org /pub/docs/books/gutenberg/1/7/3/2/17327/17327-h/v7a.htm   (15225 words)

 [CPProt.net] Australian Theologian takes Archaeologists and Historians to Court
THE BATTLE OF QARQAR 853 B.C. Introduction Derived from the archaeological evidence left to us, it has been determined that king Shalmaneser of Assyria, in the year 853 BCE, fought against a coalition of kings at Qarqar on the Orontes.
The significance of this battle is that despite this particular archaeological identification of Ahab, and current academic insistence that he died shortly after the battle, the 'King's Calendar' demonstrates that he died a decade earlier in 863 BCE.
The Direct Evidence of Ahab's involvement in the Battle, comes from Shalmaneser's Monolith Inscription (Kurkh Stele), and together with a second record of these events, ('The Throne Base Inscription'), are direct evidences of 'A' fact, which is, that there was a battle at Qarqar, against a coalition of specified Kings.
cpprot.te.verweg.com /2005-December/002138.html   (2416 words)

 [b-hebrew] OT- perspective (was Josiah's book of the Law)
HH: I think James is referring to the tendency of pharaohs and Mesopotamian kings to avoid their failures and battle losses in their inscriptions.
Evidently the battle of Qarqar was not chosen to highlight aspects of that relationship.
It shows Ahab in a significant battle, even if you characterize it as a "border skirmish." He is in an alliance with Jehoshaphat in 1 Kings 22, but that battle is only mentioned for its spiritual significance.
lists.ibiblio.org /pipermail/b-hebrew/2005-August/025014.html   (593 words)

 Those Amazing Biblical Numbers
Great battles with hundreds of thousands of combatants, as we think of them, did not become possible until the 19th century and the development of railroads.
When the Midianites, a nomadic tribe living in the deserts of Jordan--which today support a Bedouin population numbering only in the tens of thousands--invaded Israel, their army was so large that they could lose 120,000 troops to the Israelite defense and still have 15,000 left (Judges 8:10).
After all those gigantic battles in which hundreds of thousands of warriors from the nomadic and semi-nomadic peoples of dry Jordan and dry Judea were slaughtered in epic struggles, the Assyrians-- with their giant cities and dense population--could manage to kill only 14,000 enemy troops?
www.infidels.org /library/magazines/tsr/1995/1/1num95.html   (3685 words)

 WOMEN IN THE BIBLE JEZEBEL   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
In the battle between the two armies, Ahab disguised himself so that the opposing army would not concentrate their attack on him.
In the aftermath of the battle, the prophecy of Elijah in 1 Kings 21:19 came true.
King Joram was wounded in a battle against the Arameans.
www.womeninthebible.net /BIBLE-1.5.htm   (3052 words)

 Chronology of World History: Military 1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
The confederation of rebels is led by the city state of Megiddo (Armageddon).
According to the report of Thutmose III, the Canaanites are forced to yield 924 chariots and 207,300 kur of wheat to the Egyptians.
-338 Phillip II of Macedon prevails at the Battle of Chaeronea.
users.idworld.net /rrichard/militar1.htm   (2531 words)

Following the Battle of Qarqar Ahab called upon his ally Jehoshaphat to aid him in his struggle with Ben Hadad.
Gathering their forces together before the action Ahab had his prophets prophecy concerning the battle, but Jeshoshaphat was disturbed that no prophet of the Lord was present.
At the last he appears to have shown real courage in remaining propped up in his chariot until he died from lose of blood, to delay the dispersal of his troops when they saw that he was dead (22:34-36).
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/biography/Ahab.html   (2064 words)

 Rehob/Ahab   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Battle of Qarqar involving Ahab and Shalmaneser III
Battle of Qarqar 853 Kurkh Monolith ANET 278-279; COS 2.113A, pp.
261-264 This battle is not mentioned in the Bible--Hadadezer of Damascus, Irhuleni of Hamath, and Ahab the Israelite vs Shalmaneser III
fontes.lstc.edu /~rklein/Documents/divkgdom.htm   (485 words)

 Genesis 14 - the Battle of Nine Kings   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Typical battle accounts reported in the Old Testament in the monarchy period again number the armies in the thousands or tens of thousands.
Typically whichever Mesopotamian state was in supremacy at the time was in sole command of one side, often facing a group of rebels (such as, for example, at the battle of Qarqar in which Ahab of Israel seems to have participated).
The description given of the battle of nine kings is entirely credible for an event supposed to have occurred near the start of the 2nd millennium.
www.oldtestamentstudies.net /patriarchs/genesis14.htm   (1525 words)

 Amazon.com: "Battle of Qarqar": Key Phrase page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
From the beginning of the first millennium down until the Battle of Qarqar (853 B.C.), the Arameans represented a dominant population whose territories stretched from the Balih River to the Mediterranean, and from...
The Ammonite king Baasha fought in the anti-Assyrian coalition at the Battle of Qarqar in 853 B.C. Between 725 and 625 the Ammonite kingdom prospered under Assyrian domination.
For example, the Assyrian king Shalmaneser III was opposed by a coalition of nations at the battle of Qarqar (853), including Hadadezer of Damascus, Irhuleni of Hamath, 104...
www.amazon.com /phrase/Battle-of-Qarqar   (398 words)

 The Megiddo Expedition
Located along the great overland highway between Egypt and Mesopotamia at the outlet of a narrow pass through the Carmel Range, Megiddo has a 6,000-years history of continuous settlement and is repeatedly named in the ancient archives of Egypt and Assyria.
Time and again, battles between great empires that decided the region's fate were fought there.
Indeed, the excavations at Megiddo, both those conducted more than a half-century ago by the University of Chicago and the present ones, have uncovered massive complexes of long buildings, uniformly divided down their lengths by rows of columns and roughly hewn stone troughs.
megiddo.tau.ac.il /archmag.html   (3153 words)

 [b-hebrew] OT- perspective (was Josiah's book of the Law)
It almost > appears that > he would create a new commandment "Thou shalt not study!" > > It is in light of this extreme belief in the uselessness of > scholarship that the Battle > of Qarqar should be viewed.
And > it is in light > of this sweeping definition of completeness, that the absence of the > Battle of Qarqar > should be viewed.
The Battle is well known > not only > from inscriptions, but also from scenes on the temple wall at Karnak > and at > other temples in Egypt and in Nubia.
lists.ibiblio.org /pipermail/b-hebrew/2005-August/025081.html   (1878 words)

 From the Qarqar battle till the Jaw mar Omri tribute
From the Qarqar battle till the Jaw mar Omri tribute
As to the Qarqar battle synchronism I have to do with the fact that, in the time involved, the different sources give different royal contemporaries.
The Qarqar battle also may have happened in a previous year.
ourworld.compuserve.com /homepages/cplawassist/paper/21033.html   (554 words)

 Academic 'misdirection' : Compartmentalisation  + Battle of Qarqar 853 BCE - The Kings Calendar   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
The Battle of Qarqar involved a coalition of 12 kings of Syria/Palestine who banded together to repel an attempted invasion by King Shalmaneser III of Assyria.
King's Calendar Chapter Seven: The Battle of Qarqar: 853 BCE, which is currently only available to Academics who request a password to study it, argues soundly against the 'false evidence' and 'unscientific opinions' offered by academics in their pursuit to alter the History of Israel as recorded by the people of History at that time.
Academic 'misdirection' : Compartmentalisation  + Battle of Qarqar 853 BCE
www.kingscalendar.com /cgi-bin/index.cgi?action=viewnews&id=85   (1671 words)

 Evidentialism—the Bible and Assyrian chronology
This was the date of the famous battle of Qarqar that was fought between Shalmaneser III and an anti-Assyrian coalition.
This is given as proof positive that the Ahab of 1 Kings was present at this battle.
However, the story is that he sent 10,000 troops and 2,000 chariots to this battle at Qarqar.
www.answersingenesis.org /tj/v15/i1/chronology.asp   (5558 words)

Despite Jehoshaphat’s insistence on hearing the word of God, it appears that he had a greater loyalty to Ahab than to God, or he had already made so many compromises, and proclaimed his loyalty to Ahab (my people are your people), he figured he could not back out at this point.
On the eve of the battle Ahab come up with what he thought was an ingenious plan to frustrate the dire predictions that had been made against him.
Once the battle started, the Syrian officers headed straight for Jehoshaphat and were convinced that they were pursuing Ahab.
www.ch-of-christ.beaverton.or.us /Micaiah.htm   (1829 words)

 The Laws of Evidence & Archaeology Part 1.: Battle of Qarqar - The Kings Calendar
The Battle of Qarqar 853 BCE : The Laws of Evidence & Archaeology Part 1.
The 'King's Calendar' indicates that King Ahab of Israel died in 863 BCE, a decade prior to the Battle of Qarqar (853 BCE).
Ahlstrom (1993, p.578 Footnote 2) points out that a second record of this battle recorded on Shalmaneser's throne base fails to mention Ahab, indicating that he was not one of the leaders of the coalition.
www.kingscalendar.com /cgi-bin/index.cgi?action=viewnews&id=256   (2884 words)

In one of the classic maneuvers of ancient military history, Pharaoh Thutmosis III (1490-1424) emerged into the Jezreel Valley from the pass south of Megiddo, and caught the rebels unaware.
If the "stables" of Megiddo are rightly identified, the site housed part of the most dominant chariot force in the Near East in the 9th century BCE: King Ahab's 2000 chariots and 10000 infantry at the battle of Qarqar in 853 helped staunch the tide of Assyrian conquest for half a century.
Finally, the Book of Revelation accords Megiddo a crucial role in the future, promising an eschatological battle there, where the children of light triumph over the forces of evil.
jbe.la.psu.edu /JST/MEGIDDO/megiddo98/historic.htm   (1282 words)

 REL 228 Final Review Sheet, 2005
Hittites regain power, become major rivals of Egypt; battle of Kadesh ends in draw: Hattusilis III treaty w/ Rameses II.
605 Battle of Carchemish: Nebuchadnezar II defeats Egypt, Judah.
The Battle of Kadesh, the Battle of Carchemish, the Battle of Qarqar, Sennacherib’s invasion of Judah.
srv2.lycoming.edu /~knauth/REL228/228finrev.htm   (1223 words)

 Damascus - JotSpot Wiki (syriamuseum)
In the 10th Century BC, it started being attacked and it was in battle with several other kingdoms including the Hebrews and Assyrians.
, fought Shalmaneser III at the Battle of Qarqar?
A new Franco-British proclamation on 17 November promised the "complete and definitive freeing of the peoples so long oppressed by the Turks." The Syrian Congress in March adopted a democratic constitution.
www.syriamuseum.com /WikiHome/Damascus   (2519 words)

 Prophesying Doom
The time was 850 BC, roughly three years since King Ahab had joined forces with Ben-Hadad of Damascus, along with other allies in the region, to withstand the forces of the Assyrian emperor, Shalmaneser III, at the battle of Qarqar.
Besides, Ahab recalled, even at the battle of Qarqar, when he had joined forces with Ben-Hadad to meet the Assyrians, he himself had put no fewer than two thousand chariots on the field, eight hundred more than came from Damascus.
Micaiah was promptly dispatched to prison until Ahab should return from battle, but he knew that the king would never come home.
ourworld.cs.com /_ht_a/francisgardom/82MRREAR.htm   (719 words)

 Holman Bible Dictionary on StudyLight.org   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
An Assyrian king who ruled 1274-1245 B.C. The records of his military exploits set a precedent which succeeding kings followed.
Shalmaneser III ruled Assyria 858-824 B.C. He fought a group of small kingdoms, including Israel, in the battle of Qarqar in 853 B.C. Despite claiming victory, Shalmaneser proceeded no farther.
Shalmaneser V ruled Assyria 726-722 B.C. He completed the attack on Samaria begun by his predecessor, Tiglath-pileser III.
www.studylight.org /dic/hbd/print.cgi?number=T5643   (114 words)

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