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Topic: Battle of Warsaw (1939)

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In the News (Mon 22 Jul 19)

  The History Place - World War Two in Europe Timeline
1939 - 1940 - 1941 - 1942 - 1943 - 1944 - 1945
- Waffen SS attacks Jewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto.
- 'Battle of the Hedgerows' in Normandy; Soviets capture Minsk.
www.historyplace.com /worldwar2/timeline/ww2time.htm   (1796 words)

  Warsaw. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
It fell temporarily to the Swedes under Charles X (1655–56) and Charles XII (1702), was occupied by the Russians in 1792 and 1794, and passed to Prussia in 1795.
Warsaw was the principal center of unsuccessful Polish uprisings against Russian domination in 1830 and 1863.
While the battle was raging the Soviet army, which was camped across the Vistula and which the partisans had hoped would come to their aid, remained inactive.
www.bartleby.com /65/wa/Warsaw.html   (620 words)

  Warsaw's history
Between 1939 and 1944 over 84% of Warsaw was completely destroyed, with the city centre bearing the brunt of the damage.
Warsaw, thanks to its convenient location, experienced a period of rapid development and became the leading city of the entire state.
The part of Mazovia, with Warsaw, fell to the Prussians and the town was relegated to the status of a provincial centre.
www.e-warsaw.pl /miasto/historia.htm   (951 words)

 Rising '44: 'The Battle for Warsaw', by Norman Davies
The Warsaw uprising of August 1944 was one of the most tragic episodes of the second world war, resulting in the destruction of the city and some 200,000 of its inhabitants.
In the summer of 1944, Warsaw appeared to be the last major obstacle to the Soviet army's triumphant march from Moscow to Berlin.
Instead, SS General Erich Von dem Bach, the butcher of Warsaw and a notorious murderer in the campaign against Soviet partisans, was used as a witness for the prosecution.
www.arlindo-correia.com /180704.html   (9752 words)

 Battle of Wizna, 1939
Battle of Wizna (sometimes referred to as the Polish Thermopylae) was fought between September 6 and September 10, 1939, between the forces of Poland and Germany during the initial stages of Invasion of Poland.
It was to shield the Polish positions further to the south and guard the crossing of Narew and Biebrza rivers.
On September 7, 1939, the reconnaissance units of the 10th Panzer Division of general Nicolaus von Falkenhorst captured the village of Wizna.
www.wizna.com /battleofwizna.htm   (1421 words)

 Warsaw: Encyclopedia II - Warsaw - History
Warsaw remained the capital of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth until 1795, when it was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia to become the capital of the province of New East Prussia.
In the course of the Polish-Bolshevik War of 1920, the huge Battle of Warsaw was fought on the Eastern outskirts of the city in which the capital of Poland was successfully defended and the Red Army defeated.
In the course of the September Campaign, Warsaw was severely bombed, and in the course of the Siege of Warsaw approximately 10 to 15% of its buildings were destroyed.
www.experiencefestival.com /a/Warsaw_-_History/id/601517   (1400 words)

 Battle of Atlantic, River Plate, Phoney war
Warsaw surrendered to the German Army on the 28th and next day the country was partitioned in accordance with the Soviet-German Pact.
In the period September 1939 to the end of March 1940, much of the Royal Navy's efforts had been directed to organising the protection of trade both to and from Britain as well as around the British Isles.
There was a lull in the Battle of the Atlantic as U-boats were withdrawn for the Norwegian campaign, and before surface raiders started operations and long-range aircraft and U-boats emerged from bases in France and Norway.
www.naval-history.net /WW2RN03-193909.htm   (3263 words)

Under the guise of honouring the anniversary of the Battle of Tannenburg, the German Battleship, complete with a hidden cargo of Marine assault troops, was allowed by the Poles to anchor directly off the strategic island of Westerplatte, located at the mouth of the Vistula River in Danzig.
The battle of the Vistula bend flares up near Kutno, the last major engagement of the Polish campaign.
Warsaw, besieged for more than two weeks, surrenders after continuous air and artillery bombardments.
www.wargamer.com /ww2timeline/1939eastern.asp   (993 words)

 City of the month: Warsaw
During the battle of Warsaw in 1939 the Grand Theatre was bombed and almost completely ruined.
The Warsaw Chamber Opera’s repertoire spans a wide variety of musical styles and genres: from medieval mystery plays to the operas of the Baroque and Classical periods, 18th century pantomimes, the operas by Rossini and Donizetti, as well as works by contemporary composers.
Warsaw found itself under the Prussian rule and its role was diminished to that of a small provincial town.
www.music-opera.com /site_english/ville_warsaw_e.htm   (4120 words)

 Timeline 1939
1939 Mar 12, Pope Pius XII was formally crowned in ceremonies at the Vatican.
In early 1939, the Daughters of the American Revolution denied the internationally famed contralto the opportunity to sing at Constitution Hall in Washington, D.C., because of her race.
1939 Sep 4, The Polish ghetto of Mir was exterminated.
timelines.ws /20thcent/1939.HTML   (10353 words)

 Battle Of Warsaw
The terrain of the battle was dominated by the twisting Niemen River and its tributaries.
Tukhachevsky, watching the battle closely, was under the impression that the Polish operation was aimed at liberating Grodno, and consequently concentrated his forces in the defense of the center using all available reserves.
Odziemkowski “Leksykon Bitew Polskich 1914 – 1921” (A lexicon of battles in Poland 1914 – 1921)
www.hetmanusa.org /niemnem2.htm   (4826 words)

 Betrayal: The Battle for Warsaw
It was also one of the most desperate and remains one of the least-known battles of the war.
The alternative to a Warsaw uprising would have been to let Joseph Stalin, whose forces had massacred over 22,000 Polish officers and soldiers and buried them in mass graves in the region around Katyn forest in 1940, capture the capital and impose a communist regime on the country.
Yet perhaps the most appalling aspect of the story is that none of those who gave their lives in the Warsaw Uprising had known that Churchill and Roosevelt had already ceded Poland to Stalin the year before.
www.polishculture-nyc.org /betrayal-more.htm   (544 words)

 Remember them.(Rising '44: The Battle for Warsaw)(Book Review) - Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Rising '44: The Battle for Warsaw, by Norman Davies (Viking, 784 pp., $32.95)
There was an ominous precedent: In April 1943, Jews crammed into the Warsaw ghetto had chosen to fight rather than be deported to their death.
Premier Stanislaw Mikolajczyk and his experienced military staff well understood that a Warsaw uprising was certain to provoke German reprisal, but as patriots they also held that the honor of the nation was at stake.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1G1-130934105.html   (1227 words)

 'Warsaw Will Be Liquidated' - New York Times
Russian units had advanced to the eastern bank of the Vistula River and were within supporting distance of the Warsaw fighters, but once Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky, commander of the First Belarussian Front, declined to intervene, the Germans were freed not only to suppress the uprising but also to carry out appalling reprisals.
The German invasion in September 1939 was merely the opening act of the tragedy.
As Davies explains, the Warsaw uprising of 1944 -- which should not be confused with the ghetto uprising -- ended just as tragically.
query.nytimes.com /gst/fullpage.html?res=9902E6D7173AF936A15754C0A9629C8B63   (715 words)

 The Polish Underground Army: SR, April 2006
It provides the details of the September 17, 1939 invasion when the Soviets broke the Non-Aggression Treaty (20); it delineates the Polish evacuees in Hungary and Romania (27-28), General Sikorski’s war strategy (31), the Battle of Britain (48-50), the agony of the Warsaw Uprising (153-158, 159-169), and the Yalta outcome (180-184).
Altogether, the Battle of Britain engaged 154 Polish pilots (48-50).
The failure of the Warsaw Uprising (Chapter 7) and the bitterness of Yalta (Chapter 8) give the author an opportunity to offer an interpretation of the war and of the moral stance of those states whose representatives signed the postwar treaty agreements.
www.ruf.rice.edu /~sarmatia/406/262best.html   (1338 words)

 1944 Warsaw Uprising | Warsaw Life
As the battle for the city raged on, with Varsovians dying at a rate of 2,000 a day, it became only a matter of time before the rebels were forced to capitulate.
In addition to remembering the aggressive behaviour of the Russians in 1939, there were also the recent revelations at Katyn — the cold blooded massacre of 15,000 Polish officers — which was being pinned (rightly it turned out) on the Russians.
Freed from one tyrannical regime, she was being passed to an equally vicious one in the form of Stalin’s Russia.
www.warsaw-life.com /poland/warsaw-1944-uprising   (3256 words)

In Warsaw, before the surrender, a secret military organization was set up with the approval of the Supreme Commander, who was already in Romania.
The Commander AK and Chief Delegate, in consultation with the Council of National Unity, determined that the capital city of Poland should be freed from the Germans by the action of Polish soldiers.
Immediately after fighting started in Warsaw, the Soviets halted their offensive and idly watched the insurgents' battle and the destruction of the city.
www.biega.com /museumAK/hak-e.html   (3308 words)

 Telewizja Polska S.A. - KULTURA - MUZYKA
During the battle of Warsaw in 1939 the Grand Theatre was bombed and almost completely ruined.
During the Warsaw Uprising of 1944 the Nazis shot civilians in the burnt-out ruins.
According to the plans of Antonio Corazzi, which were submitted for execution in 1825, the façade of the Grand Theatre was supposed to be decorated at the front with a triumphal sculpture of Apollo, patron of the arts, driving a chariot drawn by four horses.
ww2.tvp.pl /4349,209958,2.view   (316 words)

 Second World War Books Survey
Although it concludes with the the 1939 invasion, this is a valuable explanation of what led up to the outbreak of war.
Less about the Warsaw Uprising itself and more about the inter-Allied disputes over how best to support the rising, with the bulk of the book devoted to harrowing tales of bombers and their crews pressed into service dropping supplies to the Home Army.
Despite the title and chapters on his II Corps operations in Italy, Anders devotes much of the book to describing his part in the campaign of 1939, his capture and imprisonment by the Soviets, his release, formation of the units for service with the Allies, and key events such as Katyn and the Warsaw Uprising.
www.sonic.net /~bstone/archives/011017.shtml   (1259 words)

 WHKMLA : History of Poland - 1939-1945
On September 1st 1939, German troops began with the invasion of Poland; the first shots were fired by a German gunboat lying in the harbour of the Free City of Danzig (WESTERPLATTE), targetting the Polish Post Office in that city.
The Warsaw Uprising, August 1-October 2 1944, from Poland in the Classroom, from Spartacus Schoolnet
May 16th 1943, A boy is deported from the Warsaw Ghetto to Treblinka, German soldiers during the Warsaw Ghetto Rising, Warsaw Ghetto residents are deported to Treblinka, Warsaw Ghetto residents are deported to Treblinka, Warsaw Ghetto children.
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/eceurope/poland193945.html   (1820 words)

 World War 2: Warsaw Uprising :: Resources
Armored Chevys in the Warsaw Uprising of 1944.
Hanson, Joanna K.M. The Civilian Population and the Warsaw Uprising of 1944.
Warsaw Uprising Museum, the opening ceremony, July 31, 2004.
www.warsawuprising.com /res.htm   (613 words)

 Warsaw Ghetto Uprising | Warsaw Life
The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising refers to the armed resistance of the Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto in the early months of 1943.
It should not be confused with the Warsaw Uprising of 1944, in which the non-Jewish Poles rose up against Nazi oppression (although some survivors of the Ghetto Uprising did join this fight).
In 1939 the Germans had invaded Warsaw and taken control of the city; by November of 1940 they had ordered all the Jews in the capital into a three mile square area, dubbed the Warsaw Ghetto.
www.warsaw-life.com /poland/warsaw-ghetto-uprising   (1705 words)

 1939 - Einstein's letter to Roosevelt, August 2, 1939
Fantastic Fiction Authors who were born or died in the year 1939, and details of awards won this year.
Polish Armour of 1939 - Polish Armor of 1939
Battle and campaign maps of the German offensive in France and the Low Countries.
xn--mmzt85c.com /?q=1939   (433 words)

 Polish Navy
This agreement in March 1939 concerned military co-operation between Britain and Poland and in particular the Polish Navy, was entered into before Britain declared war on Germany.
The period of October 1939 to early April 1940 was described as the time of the "phoney war" (Sitzkrieg).
During this battle the Polish destroyers Piorun (Thunderbolt, formerly HMS Nerissa), Blyskawica, Orkan (Hurricane), Burza and Garland served as escorts for trans-Atlantic convoys.
www.ostrycharz.free-online.co.uk /polish_navy.html   (2324 words)

 Warsaw Uprising
In Warsaw, the capital of Poland, all 22 entrances to the ghetto were sealed.
Conditions in the Warsaw ghetto were so bad that between 1940 and 1942 an estimated 100,000 Jews died of starvation and disease.
The Warsaw Ghetto, the last of all the ghettos, was suddenly surrounded on the night of April 19th by the regular German Army which has begun the liquidation of the remaining Jews.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /2WWwarsawU.htm   (2634 words)

 Britain Prepares for War
The Battle of France is over, I expect the Battle of Britain is about to begin.
Hitler and his armies were still busy taking Poland and marching on Warsaw, which they could do uninterrupted because, although Britain and France stated that they would stand by Poland in the event of any invasion by Germany, they done nothing.
They saw thousands of battle weary soldiers, many of them covered in bandages or on crutches come ashore at Dover or on the hundreds of special trains as they passed over level crossings between Dover and London.
www.battleofbritain.net /0001.html   (2377 words)

 Alibris: Warsaw
Thirty percent of Warsaw's population was Jewish in 1939, when the Nazis invaded and relegated the community to the infamous Warsaw Ghetto.
In the end, when the battle was lost, the surviving Jews were led out of the ruins through the...
Adam Czerniakow was for almost three years the chairman of the Warsaw Judenrat-a Jew, devoted to his people, who served as the Nazi-sponsored "mayor" of the Warsaw Ghetto.
www.alibris.com /search/books/subject/Warsaw   (1206 words)

 Squadrons that took part
As the Battle of Britain progressed, it was realised the disadvantages of the three aircraft 'vic' formation.
They did however use a formation later in the battle based on the Luftwaffe 'schwarme' and called by the RAF as 'The Finger Four' because in plan view, if you laid out an outstretched hand, there would be an aircraft at the tips of each of fingers.
It was not until 1939 that Canada agreed to the scheme and commenced in all three dominions on April 29th 1940, far too late to train pilots for the Battle of Britain.
www.battleofbritain.net /0005.html   (2690 words)

 Rising '44: The Battle for Warsaw: SR, September 2006
And it is most important to note that the Warsaw Rising was planned in coordination with the Allied attacks on the Reich.
All this was in the middle of the Warsaw Rising, precisely the event for which Sosabowski’s force had been created in the first place.
In retrospect, the AK fighters of Warsaw are to be honored for fighting even when, finally, there was nothing but honor for which they could fight.
www.ruf.rice.edu /~sarmatia/906/263thomps.html   (1861 words)

On 15 June 1939 the Germans finalized their plans to attack Poland under the name "Plan White," which called for the destruction of the Polish army before it could fully mobilize.
It would implement a double fisted strike on Warsaw, with Army Group North coming in from Pomerania and East Prussia and Army Group South moving up from Silesia and Galacia, ensnaring Warsaw in a classic pincer’s move.
After losing Warsaw, the Poles’ only hope was to consolidate resistance in the southeast on the Romanian border and regroup while awaiting help from the West.
www.angelfire.com /ct/ww2europe/1939.html   (2591 words)

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