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Topic: Battle of Warsaw 1920


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  Warsaw Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Warsaw remained the capital of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth until 1795, when it was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia to become the capital of the province of New East Prussia.
In the course of the Polish-Bolshevik War of 1920, the huge Battle of Warsaw was fought on the Eastern outskirts of the city in which the capital of Poland was successfully defended and the Red Army defeated.
Warsaw is seen as the heart of Poland by foreign investors, whose financial participation in the city's development was estimated in 2002 at over 650 million euro.
www.hallencyclopedia.com /topic/Warsaw.html   (5322 words)

  
  Battle of Warsaw (1920) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Battle of Warsaw (sometimes referred to as the Miracle at the Vistula, Polish Cud nad Wisłą) was the decisive battle of the Polish-Bolshevik War (also known as the Polish-Soviet War), the war that began soon after the end of World War I in 1918 and lasted until the Treaty of Riga in 1921.
The Battle of Warsaw was fought between 13 and 25 August, 1920, as Red Army forces commanded by Mikhail Tukhachevski approached the Polish capital of Warsaw and the nearby Modlin Fortress.
Graves of Polish soldiers fallen at the Battle of Warsaw, Powązki Cemetery, Warsaw.
americancanyon.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Battle_of_Warsaw_(1920)   (3250 words)

  
 Battle of Warsaw (1920) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Battle of Warsaw (sometimes referred to as the Miracle at the Vistula, Polish: Cud nad Wisłą) was the decisive battle of the Polish-Soviet War, begun soon after the end of World War I in 1918 and lasting until the Treaty of Riga (1921).
The Battle of Warsaw was fought from 13 to 25 August 1920 as Red Army forces commanded by Mikhail Tukhachevski approached the Polish capital of Warsaw and nearby Modlin Fortress.
After the Battle of the Szczara River both sides were exhausted by war and on October 12, under heavy pressure from France and Britain, a cease-fire was signed.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Battle_of_Warsaw_(1920)   (3544 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Battle of Warsaw (1920)
The Battle of Warsaw (sometimes referred to as the Miracle at the Vistula, Polish Cud nad Wisłą) was the decisive battle of the Polish-Soviet War, the war that began soon after the end of World War I in 1918 and lasted until the Treaty of Riga in 1921.
Battle of Wołodarka was a clash between the Polish Army and the 1st Cavalry Army of Semyon Bydionnyi.
Battle of Warsaw Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date 8 to September 28, 1939 Place Warsaw, Poland Result Polish defeat The 1939 Battle of Warsaw was fought between the Poland (Warsaw) and the German Army.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Battle-of-Warsaw-(1920)   (8741 words)

  
 Polish-Soviet War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Battle of Warsaw or Miracle at Vistula, the decisive battle of the war.
Sporadic battles erupted between Polish forces and the Red Army, but the latter was preoccupied with the Russian Civil War and White Russian conterrevolutionary forces and were slowly but steadily retreating on the entire western frontline, from Latvia in the north to Ukraine in the south.
In the course of 1920, almost 800,000 Red Army personnel were sent to fight in the Polish war, of whom 402,000 went to the Western front and 355,000 to the armies of the South-West front in Galicia.
www.leessummit.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Polish-Soviet_War   (6298 words)

  
 Warsaw. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Among Warsaw’s most notable buildings are the Holy Cross Church, the 15th-century St. Carmelite Church, several fine palaces, and the monuments to Copernicus and Adam Mickiewicz.
Warsaw was the principal center of unsuccessful Polish uprisings against Russian domination in 1830 and 1863.
While the battle was raging the Soviet army, which was camped across the Vistula and which the partisans had hoped would come to their aid, remained inactive.
www.bartleby.com /65/wa/Warsaw.html   (620 words)

  
 Warsaw Uprising: Remembering the Warsaw Uprising
The remaining civilian population of 650,000 was deported to a camp south of Warsaw.
The Warsaw Uprising failed because of lack of support from the Soviets and British and American unwillingness to demand that Stalin extend assistance to their Polish ally.
The Warsaw Uprising of 1944 is one of the decisive episodes in the history of Poland.
www.warsawuprising.com /paper/hoover_digest.htm   (1363 words)

  
 Battle of Warsaw - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Battle of Warsaw (1655), Warsaw captured by the Swedes on September 8, 1655, during The Deluge
Battle of Warsaw (1939), siege of Warsaw during the September Campaign, at the outset of World War II
Battle of Raszyn (1920), during the Battle of Warsaw (1920)
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Warsaw_battle   (296 words)

  
 Warsaw Uprising: Gen. Leopold Okulicki
During the siege of Warsaw in September 1939 he did not leave with the General Staff but stayed in the Polish capital, at his own request commanding a small task force of three infantry battalions, counter-attacking the German offensive.
Okulicki (pseudonym 'Kobra') was among the most outspoken advocates of the open uprising, and his opinion, as a person with a vast military experience, a recent command in the West, and a special mission from General Kazimierz Sosnkowski, the Supreme Commander of all Polish forces, carried a great authority to be reckoned with.
Ironically, his initial role during the battle was to be passive.
www.warsawuprising.com /paper/okulicki2.htm   (1456 words)

  
 Peace of Riga - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Amidst the Russian Civil War the Poles were eager to retake all the territories of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from their traditional enemy, Russia.
The historian J.F.C. Fuller described the Battle of Warsaw as one of the most significant battles ever.
Many argued that much of what Poland had won during the 1920 war, was lost in the peace negotiations that were by many characterized as short-sighted and petty-minded.
www.pineville.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Peace_of_Riga   (726 words)

  
 Battle of Warsaw (1920) -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Some 25% of the available ((botany) taxonomic unit of plants corresponding to a phylum) divisions would be concentrated to the south for a strategic counter-offensive.
The first phase of the battle started August 13 with a (Click link for more info and facts about Red Army) Red Army frontal assault on the (Click link for more info and facts about Praga) Praga (An area in hostile territory that has been captured and is held awaiting further troops and supplies) bridgehead.
The Soviet defeat at Warsaw was thus a setback for some Soviet officials (including (Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)) Vladimir Lenin) who wished to promote a communist revolution by force of arms in the aftermath of the First World War.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/b/ba/battle_of_warsaw_(1920).htm   (3324 words)

  
 Battle of Raszyn - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
During its long and complicated history, the town of Raszyn in Poland was the site of several battles.
Battle of Raszyn (1809) (April 19, 1809) between armies of Austria (attackers) and Duchy of Warsaw (defenders)
Battle of Raszyn (1920) (August 1920) between the Polish Army and the Red Army, during the Battle of Warsaw
www.lexington-fayette.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Battle_of_Raszyn   (171 words)

  
 Shedding light on a WWII tragedy - The Boston Globe
The news from Paris was greeted in Warsaw with ``profound and sincere joy'' by the Polish Underground, which had launched its own assault, the Rising, against the German occupation on Aug. 1.
And Warsaw, like "other capital cities awaiting liberation, was a dangerous place,'' with a "restless'' occupying garrison and a populace that, by August 1944, had been awaiting liberation for five years.
Unlike the uprising in April 1943 in the Warsaw Ghetto, the 1944 Rising is a relatively unknown part of World War II history.
www.boston.com /ae/books/articles/2004/08/03/shedding_light_on_a_wwii_tragedy   (747 words)

  
 SOVIET-POLISH WAR OF 1919/1920 - Part III
As soon, as the siege of Warsaw was relieved, large Polish army units were dispatched with great haste to Galicia to deal with the Soviet South-Western Front besieging the city of Lwow.
Had the battle been a Bolshevik victory, it would have been a turning point in European history, for there is no doubt at all that the whole of Central Europe would at that moment have been opened to the influence of Communist propaganda and to Soviet invasion, which it could with difficulty have resisted.
The events of 1920 also deserve attention for another reason: victory was attained above all thanks to the strategical genius of one man and thanks to the carrying through of a manoeuvre so dangerous as to necessitate not only genius, but heroism...
www.electronicmuseum.ca /Soviet-Polish-War/spw_3.html   (1661 words)

  
 Polish-Soviet War   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Sporadic battles erupted between Polish forces and the Red Army, but the latter was preoccupied with the civil warRussian Civil War and White movementWhite Russian conterrevolutionary forces and were slowly but steadily retreating on the entire western frontline, from Latvia/ in the north to the Ukraine in the south.
In the course of 1920, almost 800,000 Red Army personnel were sent to fight in the Polish war, of whom 402,000 went to the Western front and 355,000 to the armies of the South-West front in Galicia (Central Europe)Galicia/.
Image:Powazki 1920.JPGthumbright200pxGraves of Polish soldiers fallen in the Battle of Warsaw, Powazki CemeteryPowązki Cemetery, Warsaw./
www.infothis.com /find/Polish-Soviet_War   (5910 words)

  
 Nightly.Net: Horza's struggles of the 20th century: The battle of Warsaw 1920.
There were many battles after the end of the 1st world war involving the Polish, fighting with the Ukrainians, uprisings against German occupiers in contested territory and fighting against Bolsheviks in the Ukraine.
Polish politics of 1919 and 1920 were under the influence of a Joseph Pilsudski who was both the head of the Polish state and command in chief of the Polish armed forces.
As soon as the siege of Warsaw was lifted Polish troops were sent to relieve the besieged city of Lwow.
www.nightly.net /ubb/ultimatebb.php/topic/69/94.html   (1422 words)

  
 The Russo-Polish War, 1919-1920: A Bibliography of Materials in English
Fiddick, Thomas C., "Soviet Policy and the Battle of Warsaw, 1920." Ph.D. dissertation, Indiana University, 1974.
Musialik, Zdislaw, "General Maxime Weygand and the Battle of the Vistula, 1920." Ph.D. dissertation, St. John's University, 1973.
Urbaniak, George, "White Eagle, White Knight: The Polish-Lithuanian Dispute, 1918- 1920." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Toronto, 1985.
www.york.cuny.edu /~drobnick/russo.html   (1467 words)

  
 Poland | Sir Humphrey's   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
This is why the Warsaw Mermaid is armed: She bears a sword and a shield to defend the city.
When the Swedes attacked Warsaw, the valiant Griffin was treacherously wounded by the enemy and shortly died, and his companion, the brave Mermaid, seized sword and shield and courageously fought in defense of the city.
A major battle of the Second World War, the Rising resulted in the destruction of the Polish capital and the decimation of its traditional elite.
www.sirhumphreys.com /taxonomy/term/99   (7696 words)

  
 Wojciech Kossak - Wikimedia Commons
Wojciech Kossak (1857-1942) was a Polish painter and member of the celebrated Kossak family of painters and writers.
Battle of Olszynka Grochowska, oil on canvas, 1886.
Battle of Raszyn (1809), oil on canvas, 1913.
commons.wikimedia.org /wiki/Wojciech_Kossak   (132 words)

  
 ipedia.com: Battle of Warsaw (1920) Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
It was fought between 13 and 25 August 1920, when the Red Army forces commanded by Mikhail Tukhachevski approached Warsaw and Modlin.
The basic aims were to withdraw to the other side of the river, defend bridgeheads around Warsaw and near the Wieprz river estuary while at the same time concentrate approximately 25% of the available divisions in the South for a strategic counter-offensive.
The 1st Cavalry Army of Semyon Budyonny besieging Lwów was defeated in the Battle of Komarów and Battle of Hrubieszów.
www.ipedia.com /battle_of_warsaw__1920_.html   (1273 words)

  
 Magdeburg Sting 1936 - Part VI (documents)
One of the most important episode of battle for Warsaw was overtaking, by 203 Polish Battalion of Kalisk's Cavalry, of IVth soviet Army headquarters in Ciechanow on 15 August.
Although his discovery was caused by an accident and boredom (he had to spent all night segregating the intercepted radio messages and discard all the ciphered ones), it became a major sensation in the staff.
Because of that, in July of 1919 he was transferred to Warsaw, where he became the head of the radio intelligence department of the Polish General Staff.
www.minelinks.com /war/meeting_doc.html   (2016 words)

  
 [No title]
The Battle of Marathon, 490 BC Excerpt: Two thousand three hundred and forty years ago, a council of Athenian Officers was summoned on the slope of one of the mountains that look over the plain of Marathon, on the eastern coast of Attica.
The immediate subject of their meeting was to consider whether they should give battle to an enemy that lay encamped on the shore beneath them; but on the result of their deliberations depended, not merely the fate of two armies, but the whole future progress of human civilization.
In 1920 lord Edgar Vincent D'Abernon published The Eighteenth Decisive Battle of the World: Warsaw, 1920, in which he claimed that the next battle on the list was the battle of Warsaw, fought in 1920 by the Polish and Bolshevik forces during the Polish-Bolshevik War.
www.strategypage.com /militaryforums/512-29486.aspx   (3043 words)

  
 Józef Klemens Piłsudski, Dictator of the Month February, 2007
In February 1900 he was imprisoned in the Warsaw Citadel but, after feigning mental illness, in May 1901 managed to escape from a mental hospital in St. Petersburg, Russia.
It was Piłsudski's risky, unconventional strategy at the Battle of Warsaw (August 1920) that would halt the Soviet advance.
Their task was to spearhead a lightning northern offensive, from the Vistula-Wieprz River triangle south of Warsaw, through a weak spot identified by Polish intelligence between the Soviet Western and Southwestern Fronts.
www.dictatorofthemonth.com /Pilsudski/Feb2007PilsudskiEN.htm   (1555 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Warsaw : History, Poland (Polish Political Geography) - Encyclopedia
The city was the scene in 1926 of a military coup that established Marshal Joseph Pilsudski's dictatorship.
From Aug. to Oct., 1944, the Polish nationalist underground and German troops battled for Warsaw; while the battle was raging, the Soviet army, across the Vistula, remained inactive.
The Germans, following their victory, expelled Warsaw's inhabitants and deliberately demolished the city.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/W/Warsaw-history.html   (503 words)

  
 Battle for Warsaw | Eureka! Classics | Eureka Entertainment
This documentary traces the tragic story of the 1944 Warsaw Uprising in which nearly a quarter of a million Poles lost their lives.
It was also the first skirmish in the Cold War and one of the earliest urban guerrilla battles.
Although the Red Army was only 10 miles away when the uprising began, Stalin chose to delay his capture of Warsaw and to ignore until too late the pleas for help from the Poles besieged there.
www.eurekavideo.co.uk /classics/battle-for-warsaw   (278 words)

  
 Battle Of Warsaw (1920) Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
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www.karr.net /search/encyclopedia/Battle_of_Warsaw_%281920%29   (3504 words)

  
 Rising '44: The Battle for Warsaw: SR, September 2006
And it is most important to note that the Warsaw Rising was planned in coordination with the Allied attacks on the Reich.
All this was in the middle of the Warsaw Rising, precisely the event for which Sosabowski’s force had been created in the first place.
In retrospect, the AK fighters of Warsaw are to be honored for fighting even when, finally, there was nothing but honor for which they could fight.
www.ruf.rice.edu /~sarmatia/906/263thomps.html   (1861 words)

  
 Doyle Clan History Part 9
In Warsaw they were able to make contact with the Polish Resistance.
The 7th Royal Tank Regiment of the British Army was engaged in an action to delay the advance of the crack German Panzer Divisions, and to relieve the pressure on the British Garrison in Arras.
Early in the battle the 4 tanks under the command of Sergeant Benjamin Doyle became heavily engaged with a German Anti-Tank Battery.
www.doyle.com.au /history_pt9.htm   (2810 words)

  
 Leon Trotsky: 1920 - How The Revolution Armed/Volume III (Interview Given to Comrade Reed)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
I tell you frankly that one of the sources of our strength in the international struggle is the fact that capitalist diplomats and capitalist military men do not understand either the sources of our strength or the causes of our weakness.
We built and are building the Red Army at the fronts, in a process of uninterrupted battle.
Actually, however, this fact resulted from the circumstance that we were creating the army in the process of struggle, while the millions of working people were becoming convinced that there was no other way.
www.marxists.org /archive/trotsky/1920/military/ch112.htm   (898 words)

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