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Topic: Battle of the Crater


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In the News (Fri 19 Apr 19)

  
  NPS Historical Handbook: Petersburg
The measurements of the size of the crater torn by the powder vary considerably, but it seems to have been at least 170 feet long, 60 to 80 feet wide, and 30 feet deep.
Soon, however, an advance was made to the crater where many of the attacking force paused to seek shelter on its steep slopes or to look at the havoc caused by the mine.
William Mahone, Confederate leader at the Battle of the Crater.
www.cr.nps.gov /history/online_books/hh/13/hh13f.htm   (2072 words)

  
 Battle of the Crater [Archive] - Dispatch Depot Message Board   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The crater may well have been one of the most confusing battles of the war, and one that might well have suceeded had the plan been adhered to.
To truly understand it you have to see the Crater, it is just that a crater and there were several thousand men packed into an area considerably smaller than a football field, Confederates ringed the rim and were firing down, at short range into a densley packed mass of men.
It was here after the battle that many of the USCT men who had surrendered (and their surrender was accepted) were murdered, some w/in sight of the Union lines.
civilwartalk.com /forums/archive/index.php/t-19423.html   (2451 words)

  
 THE MINE EXPLOSION
The Third brigade, the one to which the 100th Pennsylvania was connected, made its way into the yawning crater in a broken state, owing to the difficulties experienced and the appalling sights which met their gaze as the crest of the debris was reached.
Upon the other side of the crater they climbed, and while a detachment stopped to place two of the dismounted guns of the battery in position on the enemy's side of the crest of the crater, a portion of the Second Brigade passed over the crest and attempted to reform.
The 30th regiment was to advance at once to the crater, and then turn to the left and sweep down the line of breastworks as far as possible, another regiment was to do the same work on the right of the crater.
www.100thpenn.com /mineexp.htm   (5076 words)

  
 Battle Mountain, Nevada: History and Description
Battle Mountain was the last stop for W.J. Forbes, a famous Nevada newspaperman of the l9th century.
Battle Mountain's 30-year snooze by the side of US 40 ended suddenly when the DuVal company invested more than $20 million in the development of large copper ore bodies in the hills to the south.
Battle Mountain's principal attraction for tourists is the bright stripe of enterprise still fronting on the highway and the railroad tracks as it has since its founding so long ago.
www.nevadaweb.com /cnt/cc/bmtn.html   (1001 words)

  
 deseretnews.com | Movie puts 'Battle of the Crater' on map | Deseret Morning News Web edition
PETERSBURG, Va. — In a war known for bloodshed, the Battle of the Crater was unique in its ferociousness.
After Union soldiers exploded a meteor-sized crater beneath a Confederate camp outside Petersburg toward the end of the Civil War in July 1864, hundreds of Union troops rushed unwittingly into the hole to their eventual slaughter.
Like other battle sites of the nine-month Petersburg Campaign that ended the war, its story is one largely relegated to history — mainly, Blankenship says, because those who fought in it wanted to forget.
deseretnews.com /dn/print/1,1442,590040686,00.html   (714 words)

  
 Peirce Crater   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Peirce crater, like Picard, is an Eratosthenian crater formed after the surrounding basaltic surface of Mare Crisium had solidified.
Impacts capable of creating craters the size of those within Peirce were relatively rare after the Late Heavy Bombardment, yet two such impacts occurred within Peirce - two "direct hits." Whether or not these secondary craters are evidence of deliberate war-like acts is, of course, still a matter of fanciful speculation.
This trench, perhaps, could be a fault line created by the impact that caused the inner crater, or it might be an indication this small inner crater served some function and that its origins were of a somewhat less bellicose nature than we have speculated.
www.iglou.com /VGL/webfiles/lan/peirce.htm   (662 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Dennis Snow --- Battle Cry Scenario: Petersburg--The Battle of the Crater ------------------------------------ July 30, 1864 By the middle of July, 1864, Grant and Meade were stalled in front of Petersburg, and Sherman was stalled in front of Atlanta.
Infantry units firing into the crater must be adjacent to the crater and gain a +1 die bonus.
Units firing from the crater may only fire at units adjacent to the crater and suffer a -1 die penalty.
grognard.com /variants1/crater.txt   (341 words)

  
 Studies in Battle Command
Battle command doctrine calls for a leader to protect his force while concentrating combat power at the decisive time and place.
Operationally, the battle was not decisive, however, because a large faction of the Indians under the leadership of Red Eagle continued to wage war throughout the territory.
The battle was still in doubt when Bosquet, realizing that Prince Gorchakov's feeble attack was a mere feint, arrived with the majority of his force to bolster the sagging British defenders.
cgsc.leavenworth.army.mil /carl/resources/csi/battles/battles.asp   (20636 words)

  
 JS Online: 'Cold Mountain' battle a bloody horror
Although erosion has partly filled in the crater, but on July 30, 1864, it was a 170-foot-long, 60-foot-wide, 30-foot-deep grave for thousands of Union and Confederate soldiers in what came to be called the Battle of the Crater.
After Union soldiers exploded a meteor-sized crater beneath a Confederate camp outside Petersburg toward the end of the Civil War in July 1864, hundreds of Union troops rushed into the hole to their eventual slaughter.
Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant later wrote that the Battle of the Crater was a stupendous failure considering the federals could have captured Petersburg.
www.jsonline.com /onwisconsin/movies/jan04/202915.asp?format=print   (948 words)

  
 Battle Summary: Crater, VA
Battle Summary: Crater, VA = 3) document.images['one'].src = '../abppgraphics/abppbl1.gif';" onMouseOut ="if (navigator.appVersion.substring(0,1) >= 3) document.
Unit after unit charged into and around the crater, where soldiers milled in confusion.
Ambrose E. Burnside was relieved of command for his role in the debacle.
www.cr.nps.gov /hps/abpp/battles/va070.htm   (176 words)

  
 The Story of the Battle of the Crater   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Battle of Petersburg was the site of the longest siege in American history after Grant failed to take Richmond in spring of 1864.
By mid afternoon, the crater and surrounding works were again firmly in the hands of the Confederates.
The crater and entrenchments can still be seen today, now covered with grass in the peaceful quiet of the Petersburg Battlefield National Park.
members.aol.com /tiermensch/PetersburgBattleCrater.html   (988 words)

  
 Battle of the Crater   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
  More Confederate troops were brought in and the fighting in and around the crater pit was chaotic and violent.  "This day was the jubilee of fiends in human shape, and without souls," one southerner later asserted.  "Most of the fighting was done with bayonets and butts of muskets," added a North Carolina soldier.
James troops and associated artillery engaged, were officially reported as 504 killed, 1,881 wounded, and 1,413 missing, for a total of 3,789.
For sale sign for "Crater Farm" where the battle was fought.
www.craterroad.com /craterbattle.html   (216 words)

  
 Chilling secrets of Cold Mountain
Today the crater is a grassy divot on a quiet hillside that belies what Jimmy Blankenship, the historian at the Petersburg National Battlefield, calls the "worst human behaviour of the war".
Union General (later President) Ulysses S. Grant wrote that the Battle of the Crater was a stupendous failure considering the federals could have captured Petersburg.
The staff despised Burnside for his apalling direction of the Battle of Fredericksburg and were more than happy to provide minimal and ineffectual coordination of other elements of the AOP and no detailed staff review of the assualt plan and the follow on phase.
www.freerepublic.com /focus/f-news/1083606/posts   (1275 words)

  
 Travel: 'Cold Mountain' heats up interest in battle site
Battlefield historian and tour guide Jimmy Blankenship stands on a lip of what is left of the crater on the site of the Battle of the Crater at the Petersburg National Battlefield in Petersburg, Va. There were 5,600 casualties during the bloody eight-hour siege, which is relived in Cold Mountain.
Like other battle sites of the nine-month Petersburg Campaign, its story is one largely relegated to history, mainly, Blankenship says, because those who fought in it wanted to forget.
Gen. Ulysses S. Grant later wrote that the Battle of the Crater was a stupendous failure considering the federals could have captured Petersburg.
www.sptimes.com /2004/02/15/Travel/_Cold_Mountain__heats.shtml   (910 words)

  
 Carnage at The Crater   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
William H. Stewart, of the Sixty-first Virginia, General Mahone's old brigade who was at "The Battle of the Crater."  He was asleep under his little fly tent, when "a deep, rumbling sound, that seemed to rend the very earth in twain," startled him from his slumbers:
The whole camp had been aroused, and all were wondering from whence came this mysterious explosion.  It was the morning of Saturday, the 30th day of July, 1864. ; The long talk of a mine had been sprung, a battery blown up, and the enemy were already in possession of eight hundred yards of our entrenchments.
  The "Crater," and the space on both sides for some distance, were literally crammed with the enemy's troops.  They were five lines deep, and must have numbered between fifteen and twenty-five thousand men.  Their historians admit that their charge was made by the whole of the Ninth Corps, commanded by Gen. A.
www.craterroad.com /carnage.html   (328 words)

  
 Walking tour recounts Civil War battle in 'Cold Mountain'   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
PETERSBURG, Va. -- In a war known for bloodshed, the Battle of the Crater was unique in its ferocity.
Like other battle sites of the nine-month Petersburg Campaign that ended the war, its story is one largely relegated to history -- mainly, Blankenship says, because those who fought in it wanted to forget.
Much documentation on the crater battle remains today thanks to a congressional inquiry that was launched after the war.
www.post-gazette.com /pg/04074/284893.stm   (960 words)

  
 Search Results for crater -¬†Encyclop√¶dia Britannica
small, shallow impact crater in farmland near Haviland, Kiowa county, Kansas, U.S. The depression, some 50 feet (15 metres) in diameter, is oval in shape.
The largest crater is 330 feet (100 m) in diameter, 40 feet (12 m) deep, partially filled with sand, and...
Discovered by air in 1951, it is 833 ft (250 m) in diameter and 33 ft in depth.
www.britannica.com /search?query=crater&submit=Find&source=MWTEXT   (338 words)

  
 Battle of the Crater
Observing Sigfried's unit cross the crater, one officer believed that "had they led the attack, fifteen or twenty minutes from the time the debris of the explosion settled would have found them at Cemetery Hill, before the enemy could have brought a gun to bear on them."
The men were subjected to a "galling fire from the batteries on the flanks," and fell back into the crater, breaking all organization, with many fl soldiers retreating to the Union Lines with many of the white troops as well.
With the desperate situation in the crater, the racism of white Union soldiers became blatant.
home.nycap.rr.com /civilwar/usctblakely.htm   (2128 words)

  
 Civil War Battlefield Guide - -The Crater, Virginia (VA070) , Petersburg, July 30, 1864   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
When Burnside funneled two more white divisions into the crater, sharpshooters picked off their officers as they attempted to push their men forward.
The Confederates finally took control of the crater in savage hand-to-hand fighting, and the isolated Federals in the crater surrendered at 1:00 p.m.
Grant reported to US Major General Henry W. Halleck, "It was the saddest affair I have witnessed in the war." Burnside was relieved of his command for his role in the debacle.
college.hmco.com /history/readerscomp/civwar/html/cw_009708_thecratervir.htm   (446 words)

  
 Crater Lake NP: Battle Against Bark Beetles
The policy, which has been followed of repeatedly cleaning out the infestation in the recreational areas south of the Lake, and in the last few years of extending this work to take in all neighboring epidemic centers, is in my estimation the only feasible policy which would have been adopted.
Far from considering the Crater work a failure, I believe it is the most successful which has ever been undertaken in the control of this beetle under the circumstances of poor isolations which this work has had to face.
Some very satisfactory results were secured but there was evidence of some reinfestation filtering back into the controlled areas each year and in 1926 a concentrated migration from north of the lake into the cleaned Munson plateau unit which completely wiped out the results of the work in that area.
www.nps.gov /crla/beetle/beetle4.htm   (3923 words)

  
 JS Online: On battlefield, kinship is timeless
The Battle of the Crater on July 30, 1864, was one of the Civil War's great debacles.
For Gough, re-enacting these battles counters the romantic images of the Civil War he was raised on, images fed by his mother's South Carolina heritage and her love of the book "Gone With the Wind."
They broke past the crater, made a stand at a pile of wood chips, then were pushed back.
www.jsonline.com /news/metro/sep01/civil04090301a.asp?format=print   (2062 words)

  
 An Unforgettable Visit to Ngorongoro Crater - Jehovah's Witnesses Official Web Site
The crater stands 7,335 feet [2,236 m] above sea level and is the largest unbroken caldera, or collapsed volcano, in the world.
The now-distant crater rim is sharp against the blue sky, and as we listen to the sounds made by zebras and wildebeests mingled with other exotic sounds, we cannot help but be stirred.
The fl rhino seems at home in the crater, and it is a rare privilege to see one at such close range in its natural habitat.
www.watchtower.org /library/g/2005/1/8/article_01.htm   (663 words)

  
 REENACTMENT OF THE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The segment is based on the diary of a white federal officer.
I instructed fl cast members on the history of the battle, and assisted in the training of the cast members for their role in the film.
Mortal combat at the crater's rim, between rebel troops and federal forces.
www.bjmjr.com /civwar/re_crater.htm   (172 words)

  
 The Civil War at a Glance
Their first encounter, the Battle of the Wilderness, opens on May 5 and for the next 40 days the armies remain locke din deadly embrace.
His attempt to capture Petersburg outright fails at the Battle of the Crater.
In several battles around Chattanooga between October and November, Grant's armies defeat Bragg's troops, forcing them to retreat to Dalton, Georgia, where Bragg is succeeded in command be Gen, Joseph E. Johnson.
www.pueblo.gsa.gov /cic_text/misc/civilwar/civilwar.htm   (3527 words)

  
 The FReeper Foxhole Remembers The Battle of the Crater (7/30/1864) - Aug. 19th, 2004   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
A court of inquiry report on the battle was so damaging to Burnside that he requested a leave of absence from which he never returned.
Regiment after regiment pushed up the hill until the Crater was literally filled with dead and dying, over whom the later attackers passed across the main line and into the Confederate territory.
(Union losses at the Crater, among the Ninth Corps and the Army of the James troops and associated artillery engaged, were officially reported as 504 killed, 1,881 wounded, and 1,413 missing, for a total of 3,789.
www.freerepublic.com /focus/f-vetscor/1194430/posts   (9095 words)

  
 The BAttle of the Crater   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Joseph Wagner of the Los Angeles Civil War Round Table, will present a wonderful lecture on the Battle of the Crater, using dual slide projectors to bring us all a marvelous visual of this engagement.
His talk on the Battle of the Crater has been well received by many Civil War Round Table groups, both locally and across the country.
Come join us as we hear Dr. Wagner tell us about the surprises of the Battle of the Crater.
www.cwrtsgv.org /April03.html   (207 words)

  
 3rd Georgia Battle Flag
The second color bearer was Dennis Ryan, of Co. B, who was killed carrying his flag at the battle of the Crater, near Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864.
The fourth color bearer was Frank B. Barnwell, of Co. C, who was desperately wounded carrying this flag in the battle of Hatcher's Run, near Petersburg, Va., February 6, 1865, on account of which wounds he was retired from the service.
It was borne in triumph upon every battle-field that the Army of Northern Virginia, under the command of General Robert E. Lee, fought with the Army of the Potomac, under its various commanders.
www.3gvi.org /ga3hist2.html   (595 words)

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