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Topic: Battle of the Mediterranean

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In the News (Fri 14 Jun 19)

Battle of Mühlberg (Germany) in 1547: Imperial victory against the protestant princes.
The battles of St Quentin and Gravelines, recognised the end of the French dream in Italy and the impossibility for the Spanish King to recover the Duchy of Burgundy, the peace was signed in Cateau Cambresis in 1559.
Battle of Nordlingen (Germany) in 1634: Victory of the Catholics against the main Swedish/Protestant army.
www.geocities.com /ao1617/Battle.html   (5853 words)

 Battle of the Mediterranean - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Naval Battle of the Mediterranean was waged during World War II, to attack and keep open the respective supply lines of Allied and Axis armies, and to destroy the opposing side's ability to wage war at sea.
Outside of the Pacific War battles, the Mediterranean saw the largest conventional naval warfare during WWII.
After the surrender of France to the Germans in 1940, the French navy in the Mediterranean was considered a potentially grave threat to the Royal Navy by the British, so it was imperative for them that this threat was neutralised.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Battle_of_the_Mediterranean   (1000 words)

 Mediterranean   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
A Mediterranean feast is not only the act of eating together with family and friends, it also refers to the experiences that enrich us whenever we touch upon Mediterranean history and life.
The Mediterranean food we eat today is the result of Mediterranean peoples inspired by, if not completely receptive to, the advanced Islamic culture and agronomy of the early part of the millenium, enhanced by the foods brought to the Mediterranean from exploration and refined by the aesthetic ideals of Renaissance humanism.
Mediterranean cuisines developed as a reaction against the monotonous foods of centuries of famine and starvation.
www.kybelem.com /mediterranean.html   (512 words)

 USAAF Chronology, Mediterranean : 1943, Part 1
WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Twelfth Air Force): In Libya, 12 B-17s of the 97th Bombardment Group (Heavy) bomb the Castel Benito Airfield south of Tripoli, dropping 120 120-pound fragmentation clusters and 75 500-pound and six 1,000-pound high explosive bombs claiming the destruction of at least 20 parked aircraft.
SUNDAY, 21 MARCH 1943 EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Ninth Air Force): In Italy during the night of 20/21 March, B-24's attack the harbor and surrounding area of Naples, hitting a vessel, the city area, and in the vicinity of the railroad yards.
TUESDAY, 30 MARCH 1943 EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN (Ninth Air Force): In Italy, 3 B-24's sent to bomb the Messina ferry slip are unable to rendezvous because of bad weather; 1 B-24 bombs the Crotone chemical factory, hitting the center of the factory area, warehouses, and rail facilities.
www.milhist.net /usaaf/mto43a.html   (20952 words)

 Amazon.ca: Battles of the Revolutionary War: 1775-1781: Books: W. J. Wood,John S. D. Eisenhower   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Battles of the Revolution includes northern colony battles such as: Bunker Hill, Trenton, Princeton, Brandywine, Oriskany, and Saratoga.
Battle summaries are interesting without being overly simplistic and lack the dry descriptions found in other military books.
In the case of the "Battle Of The Cowpens" he reflects on the purpose of the American commander in putting a river at his back was to prevent his soldiers from having an easy means of running away from the battle.
www.amazon.ca /Battles-Revolutionary-War-1775-1781-Wood/dp/0306813297   (1210 words)

 Culturelink Network - International Conference
The growth of the standard of living and the ever deeper penetration of the subcultural trends of modern societies into the pores of the traditional Mediterranean society are often seen as the outside catalysts for lowering uncertainty and conflict.
The Mediterranean aspect of the cultural identity of some European peoples has been largely marginalized, as the Mediterranean is an area burdened with a number of unresolved crises and conflicts.
The organizers are inviting those experts who are familiar with the background and roots of the conflicts in the Mediterranean region and those who can analyze the current situation, identify the obstacles to the reform of the dialogue, while pointing out the ways of future cooperation between the Mediterranean cultures and nations.
www.culturelink.org /conf/cultid02/index.html   (726 words)

 Russia Initiates a Return to the Mediterranean [Free Republic]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
A collateral result of a permanent Russian naval presence in the Mediterranean could be a promotion of Syria’s strategic significance to both Russia and the United States.
The resumption of Russian naval presence in the Mediterranean seems to be a message not of Russian naval might, but of the country’s ability to mobilize force and deploy it into regions that NATO considers its own backyard.
The battle group is scheduled to include five nuclear-powered submarines and the nuclear-powered battle cruiser Pyotr Velikiy.
www.freerepublic.com /forum/a3949200b1e5e.htm   (929 words)

 Navy League of the United States - Citizens in Support of the Sea Services
Soviet battle groups were using the actual U.S. aircraft carriers in the area as virtual targets, an act comparable to holding a cocked pistol to an adversary's temple.
Adhering to a kamikaze-like, "battle of the first salvo" doctrine, the Soviet force of 96 ships was poised to launch approximately 13 surface-to-surface missiles (SSMs) at each task group in the U.S. 6th Fleet deployed in the Mediterranean.
Captain 1st rank G. Kostev, the 5th Eskadra's first Deputy Chief of Southern TVD (Theater of Operations), notes that the Mediterranean squadron was "perhaps the most unusual formation of the Soviet Navy in the post-war period." The 5th Operational Eskadra was created in 1967 to counter the U.S. in a zone of vital American interests.
www.navyleague.org /sea_power/oct_03_32.php   (2341 words)

 Battle of Lepanto - Fast and Easy Rules for Students
Lepanto was the largest naval battle of the renaissance, and the last great battle of the oared galleys.
Battle 1: In the early stages of the battle the Holy League scored several hits on the Turks, concentrating their fire on the flag ships.
The battle was fought on the open seas so there is no terrain to be modeled.
www.juniorgeneral.org /naval/lepanto.html   (1445 words)

 The Battle for the Mediterranean June 10, 1940 - July 10, 1943
The Battle for the Mediterranean June 10, 1940 - July 10, 1943
In a reverse of the Battle of the Atlantic, Italian convoys would be attacked by the British ships and aircraft based on Malta, 58 miles from Sicily.
The fleet was the greatest concentration of British airpower in the Mediterranean to that point in the war.
www.worldwar2database.com /html/mediterranean.htm   (923 words)

 Russian Aircraft Carrier Trials   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The carrier battle group will sail from northern Russia through the Barents and Norwegian seas into the North Atlantic and then enter the Mediterranean Sea through the Straight of Gibraltar.
It is possible that in the Mediterranean the carrier battle group may be joined by combat vessels of the Black Sea Fleet.
The exercise in the Mediterranean Sea is planned for the fall-winter period of 2000.
www.aeronautics.ru /nws002/news021.htm   (554 words)

 Battle of Cape Spada - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The naval Battle of Cape Spada took place on 19 July 1940 during World War II in the Mediterranean Sea off Cape Spada, the north-western extremity of Crete.
The battle occurred when an Allied squadron patrolling the Aegean encountered two Italian cruisers transferring from Tripoli to Leros, at that time an Italian colony in the Dodecanese Islands.
In the running battle which followed, Bartolomeo Colleoni was hard hit by Sydney and after a shell hit the rudder (at 09:23) she stopped dead in the water.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Battle_of_Cape_Spada   (358 words)

 The Cafeteria Is Closed: Podcast: The Battle of Lepanto
This crucial battle was supported by millions praying the rosary all over Europe.
The Battle of Lepanto, following their defeat at the Great Siege of Malta in 1565, restricted Ottoman ambitions in the Mediterranean, just as the Battles of Diu (1509 and 1538) had limited their ambitions in the Indian Ocean.
The Siege of Vienna (1529), the Battle of Molodi (1572), and the Battle of Vienna (1683), ended their deep advances into Europe.
closedcafeteria.blogspot.com /2006/06/podcast-battle-of-lepanto.html   (330 words)

 Mediterranean, RN, Fleet, Barham, Cape Bon, Battle, Sirte, George, Cross, ABC, Cunningham, Alexandria, Malta, Convoys, ...
As for the convoy, all four transports including the renowned "Breconshire" were lost to air attack, two off Malta and two in harbour before much of their cargo could be off-loaded.
Progress was at first slow and the battle became a straight slogging match.
In the build-up to the battle, Royal Navy submarines and RAF aircraft, especially those based in Malta, were sinking more than a third of Axis supplies setting out for North Africa.
www.naval-history.net /WW2CampaignsRNMed2.htm   (5685 words)

 Anglo-Dutch Wars   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Battle of Monte Cristo (or the Battle of Elba)
The Battle of Monte Cristo (or the Battle of Elba) was the first battle in the Mediterranean Sea between the Dutch and the English, during the First Anglo-Dutch War.
While there were the occasional large convoy to escort through the Channel or in from Norway, both sides understood that the goal was to defeat the enemy's fleet, to achieve control over the local seas.
kentishknock.com /a-d-wars1.shtml   (756 words)

 Royal Australian Navy Gun Plot Battle Of Calabria
The battle for the Mediterranean was less than a month old, but already could be seen the prelude to the struggle which was to end almost twelve months later at Matapan.
Within a few days, in the melancholy battle of Oran, and in the swift blows struck by a tiny depth-charge-laden launch and Swordfish bombers at Dakar, the potential menace of France’s armada was~ removed.
On the morning of 7July the grey battle fleet in harbour at Alexandria slipped quietly from its moorings.
www.gunplot.net /matapan/scrapironflott3.html   (3951 words)

 Welcome to Lonelythinker.com
German defeat at the Battle of the Bulge.
Defeat of the Japanese at the Battle of the Coral Sea.
Fall of the island of Guam to the Japanese.
www.lonelythinker.com /hist351.html   (511 words)

 uboat.net - The U-boat War in Maps - The Mediterranean
Any U-boat that entered the Mediterranean was lost forever to the Battle of the Atlantic as the currents in the Straits of Gibraltar were simply too strong to escape that way again while submerged (the only feasible way due to strong Allied ASW patrols in the Straits).
The Battle for the Mediterranean, Macintyre, Donald, 1975 (transl.
Naval Warfare in the Eastern Mediterranean, 1940-1945, Koburger, Charles W., 1993
uboat.net /maps/mediterranean.htm   (291 words)

 BRAUDEL’S MEDITERRANEAN   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Fernand Braudel, The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II (in two volumes) is the core text for the course.
In the index of The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World, the entry for Venice simply says: "the references are too numerous to serve any purpose in giving them." No city was more representative of, or dependent on, the Sea as Venice.
In the struggle between the Habsburgs in the Ottoman in the sixteenth century, perhaps the most famous encounter in the Mediterranean was the Battle at Lepanto, a hard-fought, bloody victory for the Christian forces.
www.sewanee.edu /history/dept/html/history390.html   (2286 words)

 Amazon.com: Lost Battle: Crete 1941: Books: Macdonald   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Ironically, the breaking of Enigma's secret severely restricted Freyberg's tactical options lest the enemy discover that the Allies were "reading his mail." Packed with ripsnorting action, MacDonald's battle narrative is a major account of a minor but interesting WW II campaign.
The battle of Crete is significant for a number of reasons.
MacDonald employs a variety of sources, some previously classified, to provide a fine exposition of the battle's strategic links to the Balkans and North African campaigns and to the upcoming invasion of the USSR.
www.amazon.com /Lost-Battle-Crete-1941-Macdonald/dp/0029196256   (832 words)

 The North African Campaign Of World War II   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
To the Allies Malta and Force K (The submarine and surface fleet based at Malta) were absolutely neccessary and indeed decisive in preventing the Axis convoys from reaching North Africa and therefore helping the Eighth Army in defeating Rommel and later Arnim, due to their lack of fuel and supplies.
The fact is that if the Axis powers had captured Malta then it would have been a severe blow for the Allies in that their offensive capability in the Mediterranean would have been significantly weakened, whilst the Axis convoys would have been more successful in supplying North Africa.
Nevertheless Malta stands among the decisive factors in the North African Campaign as it enabled the Allies to win the battle of the Mediterranean, which was certainly decisive in aiding the Allies victory in North Africa.
www.topedge.com /panels/ww2/na/malta.html   (406 words)

 goDutch.com :: Zeeland hometown plans extensive De Ruyter commemorations in 2007
Following his death in battle in the Mediterranean on April 29, 1676, De Ruyter was buried in a church building in Amsterdam.
He greatly distinguished himself in a series of naval battles and encounters off the Dutch coast as an astude strategist and a fierce commander.
As such, de Ruyter in 1675 was sent to assist the Spanish fleet, which in the Mediterranean was engaged in naval warfare with the French, a frequent enemy of the Dutch.
www.godutch.com /windmill/newsItem.asp?id=860   (1705 words)

 Battle Realms (pc: 2001): Reviews
xx Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II - The Rise of the Witch-king, The
If a critic does not indicate a score, we assign a score based on the general impression given by the text of the review.
It's a real-time strategy title that doesn't bog you down in its details, it doesn't carry the ponderous weight of less refined titles, and leaves you with that genuinely satisfied feeling you get from playing a superbly crafted and balanced title.
www.metacritic.com /games/platforms/pc/battlerealms   (866 words)

 TIME.com: Thunder on the Left -- May 5, 1941 -- Page 1
As Phase One of the Battle of the Mediterranean ended last week, most eyes turned toward the east end of the inland sea for the next action (see p.
But the Battle of the Mediterranean involves its whole shore line, and last week's reports from France and the countries of the western Mediterranean thundered on the left.
If such a campaign succeeded, the British would practically have to abandon the western Mediterranean and Germany would have another base for the Battle of the Atlantic, as well as a steppingstone on the route to South America via Dakar.
www.time.com /time/magazine/article/0,9171,795184,00.html   (754 words)

 Superpower showdown in the Mediterranean, 1973 Sea Power - Find Articles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Sergei Gorshkov, commander in chief of the Soviet Navy, gave orders for an amphibious troop landing on the east bank of the Suez Canal, where Israeli forces had encircled the Egyptian 3rd Army.
NATO controlled the two primary choke points into the sea-the Strait of Gibraltar and the Turkish Straits, comprised of the Dardanelles and the Bosporus Strait.
The strategy focused on surveillance of the 6th Fleet in the active areas, constant trailing of U.S. carriers, detection of U.S. ballisticmissile submarine deployment zones, and disruption of U.S. sea control.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3738/is_200310/ai_n9325538   (930 words)

 Exclusive Art Works   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
He won the Four Days Battle, in 1666, and fought a series of battles in 1672 to 1673 that ultimately saved the Netherlands from invasion by the English and French, that would have probably have ended in the loss of independence for the Netherlands.
He fought in six battles in the First Anglo-Dutch War and two battles in the Second Anglo-Dutch War, in which he commanded the Dutch fleet.
Michiel De Ruyter died after being wounded, for the first time in his life, in a battle in the Mediterranean Sea in 1676, at the age of 69.
kentishknock.com /artworks5.shtml   (387 words)

 Strategy Informer: Simulator Channel: Game List
U-Boat: Battle in the Mediterranean" is the biggest expansion for Ubisoft´s Silent Hunter III to date, offering a richer campaign experience and more than forty new ship classes.
In Storm of War: Battle of Britain, players will take to the skies during the famous Battle of Britain.
You are one of the American airmen who hold the outcome of this decisive battle in their hands.
www.strategyinformer.com /pc/simulator/militaristic/headquarters.html   (1838 words)

 Find in a Library: Admiral of the fleet: Cunningham of Hyndhope; the battle for the Mediterranean; a memoir.
Find in a Library: Admiral of the fleet: Cunningham of Hyndhope; the battle for the Mediterranean; a memoir.
Admiral of the fleet: Cunningham of Hyndhope; the battle for the Mediterranean; a memoir.
WorldCat is provided by OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. on behalf of its member libraries.
www.worldcatlibraries.org /wcpa/oclc/1740367   (99 words)

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