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Topic: Begging the question

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  Begging the question - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In logic, begging the question is the term for a type of fallacy occurring in deductive reasoning in which the proposition to be proved is assumed implicitly or explicitly in one of the premises.
Begging the question is also known by its Latin name petitio principii and is related to the fallacy known as circular argument, circulus in probando, vicious circle or circular reasoning.
Begging the question is also related to the Fallacy of many questions—a fallacy of technique that results from presenting evidence in support of a conclusion that is logically more difficult to accept than the mere assertion of the conclusion on its own.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Begging_the_question   (1252 words)

 Studi Galileiani
The realist may therefore uncover problems with theories that are false but cannot - in principle or in practice - be shown to be so, such as occurred with the phenomenological theory of gases.
Suppose further (and this is straightforward) that a number of empirically adequate accounts exist; that is, that the available traces of the past are explained by several different histories that diverge in important respects.
Lots of people have found it difficult to explain exactly what they mean by truth and truthlikeness is even more problematic, so an inability to “tell the difference between ‘truthiness’ and truth” is not something to lose sleep over just yet.
www.galilean-library.org /blog   (2497 words)

 Ontological Arguments
Note that this characterisation does not beg the question against the possibility of the construction of a successful ontological argument — i.e., it does not lead immediately to the conclusion that all ontological arguments are question-begging (in virtue of the ontologically committing vocabulary which they employ).
But it is at least plausible to claim that, in each case, any even minimally rational person who has doubts about the claimed status of the conclusion of the argument will have exactly the same doubts about the claimed status of the premise.
Instead, I shall just focus on the question of the analysis of the material in Proslogion II on the assumption that there is an independent argument for the existence of God which is given therein.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/ontological-arguments   (8603 words)

 Begging the Question - EvoWiki   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Examples for the fallacy of Begging the Question in creationist arguments:
The Anthropic Principle: Earth is perfectly in the habitable zone, proving design
This page was last modified 19:44, 4 June 2006.
wiki.cotch.net /index.php/Begging_the_Question   (93 words)

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