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Topic: Behavioral modernity

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In the News (Wed 17 Apr 19)

  Modernity, Post-Modernity and All That
The author shows how the institutionalization of central modes of Western rationality --- found in capitalism, industrialization, science, science-based technology, bureaucracy, the rule of law, the social and behavioral sciences --- has created a culturally and historically unique form of collective life: advanced industrial society.
Indicative of this development is the nature and meaning of the so-called innovative society itself, where rationality is increasingly seen to repose in institutions and organized structures rather than in individuals.
Critiques the tendency to treat modernity as an integrated and coherent whole, and suggests that the real world presents far stranger and more unexpected combinations of these elements than are dreamt of in modernist and postmodernist philosophies."]
cscs.umich.edu /~crshalizi/notebooks/modernity.html   (721 words)

 Behavioral modernity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Behavioral modernity is a term used in anthropology and archeology to refer to an important milestone in the evolution of humans.
It is a loosely defined list of traits that distinguish humans and their recent ancestors from both living primates and various fossil hominids.
The evolution into anatomically modern humans, particularly in brain anatomy, is mostly believed to be a precursor for behavioral modernity and is generally believed to predate it by tens of thousands of years.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Behavioral_modernity   (185 words)

 The expert Neandertal mind
By this we mean simply that after the arrival of anatomically and behaviorally modern humans in Europe, sometime after 50 Ka, Neandertals disappeared as a distinct population.
It is very unlikely that the advent of modern humans was marked by a total reorganization of the brain; it is probable that much of modern thinking still consists of processes that evolved in earlier times.
Modern knappers change their strategy based on changing conditions, and it is clear that prehistoric knappers did as well.
web.uccs.edu /twynn/Expert.htm   (11650 words)

Modernism gave us a culture of personality, about the self (Lipovetsky) which is reflected in the literary works of Joyce (fig.3), Proust (fig.4), Faulkner or Baudelaire, and in paintings from Picasso (fig.5), van Gogh (fig.6) or Matisse.
However, modernity was a time with a deep gap between lay and elite culture (fig.12).
Modernism add to the artists and writers accomplishments the development of psychology, understood as the internalization of the grand narratives (Parry, 1993, p.
www.priory.com /ital/caroen3.htm   (323 words)

 John Hawks Anthropology Weblog : 2006 04
The paper contrasts a "short-range" model for the evolution of behavioral modernity with a "long-range" model.
In the "short-range" model, the behavioral "package" of modern humans evolved recently and quickly resulted in the dispersal of a single population across the Old World.
Furthermore, if modern symbolic behaviour in early Australia produced a patchy archaeological record, there is no clear reason for rejecting the 'modernity' of the Middle Pleistocene record of the Old World solely on the basis of its patchy distribution.
johnhawks.net /weblog/2006/04/14   (1047 words)

 Adler, Bar-Oz, Belfer-Cohen and Bar-Yosef (2006) Ahead of the Game: Middle and Upper Palaeolithic Hunting Practices in ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A key element in many of these models and one often used as a proxy for behavioral “modernity” is the frequency and nature of hunting among Palaeolithic populations.
The analyses demonstrate that Neanderthals and modern humans practiced largely identical hunting tactics and that the two populations were equally and independently capable of acquiring and exploiting critical biogeographical information pertaining to resource availability and animal behavior.
Like lithic techno-typological traditions, hunting behaviors are poor proxies for major behavioral differences between Neanderthals and modern humans, a conclusion that has important implications for debates surrounding the Middle—Upper Palaeolithic transition and what features constitute “modern” behavior.
www.getcited.org /pub/103424156   (255 words)

 Arthur M. Staats, Ph.D.
A PB behavior analysis (see Staats, 1957) first presented the behavior modification principles (1) that abnormal behaviors could be inadvertently produced by reinforcement (even by hospital staff), (2) and that these behaviors could be treated by (3) non-reinforcement (called extinction), and (4) by reinforcement of normal or desirable behaviors.
In this manner behaviors in which the individual was deficient could be acquired through verbal means, or inappropriate behaviors could be changed.
There were no other projections of these behavioral methods--projections that constituted a blue print for the developments that began to occur within a year or two and that are still topics of development in behavior analysis and behavior therapy (see Staats, 1996).
www2.hawaii.edu /~staats/clinical.htm   (1404 words)

 The Context of Human Genetic¬†Evolution -- Foley 8 (4): 339 -- Genome Research
It was during this period that modern human anatomy may have evolved among isolated African populations, and the first modern human fossils (the Omo Kibbish sample from Ethiopia) probably date from this period.
It was during this period that the fossil and archeological evidence suggest that modern human populations expanded to the south (the Klasies River Mouth sample in South Africa) and to the north, out of Africa for the first time (the Skhul and Qafzeh samples in Israel).
The genetic ancestry of modern humans: Inferences from the analysis of DNA sequence diversity at the beta-globin locus.
www.genome.org /cgi/content/full/8/4/339   (4520 words)

 Modernity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
One common use of the term is to describe the condition of Western History since the mid-1400s, or roughly the European development of moveable type and the printing press.
There have been numerous ways of understanding what modernity is, particularly in the field of sociology.
For example, unique local culture is invaded and lost by the increased mobility of cultural elements, such as recipes, folktales, and hit songs, resulting in a cultural homogenization across localities, but the repertoire of available recipes and songs increases within an area because of the increased interlocal movement, resulting in a diversification within each locality.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Modernity   (1564 words)

 African bone tool discovery has important implications for evolution of human behavior
The advent of bone tools was a major development in human tool technology and is considered by many archaeologists to be a key indicator of "behavioral modernity" in humans.
According to Marean, bone tools have been seen as one of a variety of significant indicators of modern human behavior because of the greater skill and labor involved in producing them and the shift to more specialized tool manufacture that generally accompanies them.
Henshilwood and Marean both point out that the Blombos Cave material is likely to be just the beginning of an extensive body of evidence for early behavioral modernity in Africa, as information from a number of current digs begins to be published.
www.eurekalert.org /pub_releases/2001-11/asu-abt110401.php   (1222 words)

Expert knowledge is acquired slowly, even in the modern world, and a society based on expert knowledge would value the skills of individuals.
Modern human culture is also largely a culture of skill, but with the important addition of modern syntax and algorithms.
In addition, Lhermitte showed that these patients are also overly prone to imitate their doctor’s behavior, again without regard for whether the behavior was combing one’s hair or thumbing one’s nose.
web.uccs.edu /twynn/Chatelperronian.htm   (7568 words)

 A Theory of Modernity - Book Information
Written by one of the most influential figures in post-World-War-II social thought, A Theory of Modernity is a comprehensive analysis of the main dynamics of modernity, which discusses the technological, social and political elements of modernism.
Modernity from a Postmodern Perspective: The Philosophical Presuppositions.
The Three Logics of Modernity: The Logic of Technology, Science as the Dominating World-View of Modernity.
www.blackwellpublishing.com /book.asp?ref=9780631216124   (225 words)

 Exam 2 Review   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Compare anatomically modern humans (AMH) and Neanderthals based on (1) skeletal morphology, and (2) technology.
If we only concerned ourselves with Europe, it seems that behavioral modernity is associated with biology (AMH vs. Neanderthals).
In your answer, include the major elements of behavioral modernity, and specific sites/evidence from Europe and Africa.
faculty.smu.edu /jowillia/anth_3356/exam_2_review.htm   (228 words)

 Organisational Behaviour and Management   (Site not responding. Last check: )
That is to say, computer technicians will have expertise, language and behaviors gained independently of the organization that set them apart from their colleagues, but their mere presence can influence the culture of the organization.
Behavior should not be mistaken with social behaviour, which is more advanced action, as social behavior is behavior specifically directed at other people.
In modern organisational life, various sources of power sources are used to get others to do something they otherwise would not have done.
www.finntrack.com /ob_workshop.htm   (3321 words)

 ASU News > {insert story headline here, without ASU News >
Archaeologists studying the site say it may contain some of the strongest evidence yet for the early development of modern cultural behavior in humans, and is the first such discovery of its kind in East Africa, indicating that cultural modernity may have been widespread across Africa during the Middle Stone Age.
The researchers see the beads as significant indicators of human cultural modernity because beads are clearly decorative, and decoration strongly implies abstract and symbolic thinking.
While there is no evidence of how the beads were used, ethnographic studies of recent African hunter-gatherer societies show that modern beads of this type are often used in trade between groups.
www.asu.edu /news/research/artifact_thinking_033104.htm   (794 words)

 Review, buy Behavioral Sciences: The Roots of Behaviourism (Gender in Performance), Behaviouristic psychology;: Its ...
To document the origins of behaviorism, this series collects the articles that set the terms of the behaviorist debate, includes the most important pre-Watsonian contributions to objectivism, and reprints the first full text of the new behaviorism.
This Encyclopedia is the first attempt in a generation to map the social and behavioral sciences on a grand scale.
The Encyclopedia of Statistics in Behavioral Science encompasses the refined statistical concepts and techniques that are essential to the advancement in psychology and its ever-widening fields of application.
booksall.net /behavioral-sciences1   (3003 words)

 John Hawks reviews The Dawn of Human Culture by Richard Klein and Blake Edgar
In contrast, the Klasies River Mouth caves have produced evidence of some of the earliest people to have modern human anatomies such as the absence of a browridge and the presence of a strong chin, at 100,000 years old.
For Neandertals, the list includes the preservation of rare art objects, a possible Mousterian flute, evidence for Neandertal survival and interbreeding with modern humans, evidence for Neandertal speech ability, burial and possible ritual behavior, and the wholesale adoption or invention by Neandertals of UP industries.
The hypothesis most consistently argued by Klein elsewhere-that early modern humans had not attained behavioral modernity-is in many ways the theme of the book, established by the contrasting sites presented in the first chapter.
human-nature.com /nibbs/03/klein.html   (1981 words)

 William H. Calvin's A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MIND (Oxford, 2004)
This was awkward, as it required the non-European groups to develop simultaneously their own behaviorally modern transitions, e.g., that the Australian aborigines did it on their own, and somehow at the same time as the new Europeans.
Many paleoanthropologists are now happy with talking about most behaviorally modern abilities emerging in Africa between 90,000 and 50,000 years ago — and that resolves the thorny multiregional problem for behavioral modernity, as one can assume that it developed once in Africa and then spread around the world.
The masterminds of modern terrorist movements are frequently personable, technically competent people from privileged or middle-class backgrounds, not at all fitting the usual depiction of their foot soldiers as the ignorant downtrodden.
williamcalvin.com /BHM/ch9.htm   (5179 words)

 Unit 3 Exam Answers   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Hybridization - behaviorally modern humans interbred with the Neanderthals, which means the Neanderthals didn't disappear, but were simply blended with the BMHs.
The BMHs had developed this aspect of behavioral modernity already.
The adaptive significance of monogamy with respect to parental care in humans is that humans are extremely altirical with an extended period of postnatal development.
artemis.austincollege.edu /acad/hwc44/unit3answers.htm   (888 words)

 In the News: African Artifacts Suggest an Earlier Modern Human
Until now, modern human behavior was widely assumed to have been a very late and abrupt development that seemed to have originated in a kind of "creative explosion" in Europe.
Although there had been suggestions of an African genesis of modern behavior, no proof had turned up, certainly nothing comparable to the fine tools and cave art of Upper Paleolithic Europe.
Richard G. Klein, an archaeologist at Stanford University who has argued that human language and modern behavior appeared suddenly 50,000 years ago as a result of a genetic mutation in the brain, said he remained cautiously skeptical.
www.arn.org /docs2/news/earlierhumans120401.htm   (1341 words)

 ASU Research E-Magazine: Old Bone Tools Reveal Sharper Image of History
Formal bone tools and the use of symbolism are considered classic evidence for behavioral modernity.
Over the last 10 years, archeologists gathered several clues that indicate modern minds were at work very early on in Africa.
Marean was invited to study the artifacts because of his expertise in analyzing ancient bones.
researchmag.asu.edu /stories/bonetools.html   (1764 words)

 Department of Social and Political Sciences
Sociology, more than any other science, studies the behavioral and ideological changes associated with the passing of traditional society.
A more perceptive and critical understanding of modernity constitutes the sociologist's basic aim.
The students of the program are familiarized with sociological theory, methodology and the main research areas, acquiring skills that will enable them to achieve a systematic understanding of contemporary Cypriot society, as well as to compare it with other societies, modern or historical.
www.ucy.ac.cy /kpe/about/sociology.htm   (135 words)

 An earlier date for when humans began acting 'human' | csmonitor.com
Until now, sites on the European continent dating back some 40,000 years have set the benchmark for tracking the evolution of "behavioral modernity" in humans, who are thought to have expanded out of Africa some 50,000 years ago.
Although physically, modern humans appeared some 100,000 to 150,000 years ago, many have held that modern human behavior only emerged within the past 40,000 years.
Modern humans are believed to have expanded out of Africa and into Eurasia about 50,000 years ago, researchers say.
www.csmonitor.com /2001/1108/p2s2-ussc.html   (934 words)

 Scientific American: Ancient Bone Tools Suggest Modern Human Behavior Has African Roots   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Yet the earliest convincing indications of behavioral modernity in our species, archaeologists have argued, date to tens of thousands of years later and have turned up in Europe, not Africa.
With that in mind, some theorists posited that modern behavior blossomed late and rather suddenly (perhaps as a result of key changes in the brain), shortly after anatomically modern humans began to colonize other parts of the globe.
Researchers have recovered 28 specialized bone tools and related artifacts indicative of modern behavior from 70,000-year-old deposits in a South African cave known as Blombos.
www.sciam.com /print_version.cfm?articleID=0009BB46-F71D-1C67-B882809EC588ED9F   (460 words)

 John Hawks Anthropology Weblog : Why it's good to be Zilhão
At the least, it can be said that the event spurred the field toward the viewpoint that modern human origins was not merely a complex problem, but an actual stumbling block to any progress in understanding the evolution of human minds (comprising culture, language, sociality, and technology).
By my count, only twelve papers were primarily biological in focus, and of this number only four dealt in any substantial way with fossil evidence, three were molecular (2 mtDNA, 1 Y chromosome), one was linguistic, three dealt with social evolution and the brain, and one was devoted to species concepts.
The genetics have a certain "fiddling while Rome burns" flavor: the three papers are attempts to further refine the chronology of the "modern human dispersal", even as evidence from the vast majority of the genome now clearly indicates a substantially different picture of modern human origins.
johnhawks.net /weblog/reviews/meetings/zilhao_cambridge_2005.html   (1272 words)

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