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Topic: Behavioral psychology

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 Behaviorism -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Behaviorism (or behaviourism) is an approach to (The science of mental life) psychology based on the proposition that (Manner of acting or conducting yourself) behavior is interesting and worthy of scientific research.
This was a substantial break from the structuralist psychology of the time, which used the method of (The contemplation of your own thoughts and desires and conduct) introspection and considered the study of behavior valueless.
Methodological behaviorism remains the position of most experimental psychologists today, including the vast majority of those who work in (An approach to psychology that emphasizes internal mental processes) cognitive psychology – so long as behavior is defined as including speech, at least non-introspective speech.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/b/be/behaviorism.htm   (2124 words)

Early in the 20th century, John B. Watson argued in his article Psychology from the Standpoint of a Behaviorist for the value of a psychology which concerned itself with behavior in and of itself, not as a method of studying consciousness.
With the rise of interest in animal cognition since the 1980s, and the more unorthodox views of Donald Griffin among others, mentalistic language including discussion of conscsiousness is increasingly used even in discussion of animal psychology, in both comparative psychology and ethology; however this is in no way inconsistent with the position of methodological behaviorism.
B.F. Skinner, who carried out experimental work mainly in comparative psychology from the 1930s to the 1950s, but remained behaviorism's best known theorist and exponent virtually until his death in the 1990s, developed a distinct kind of behaviorist philosophy, which came to be called radical behaviorism.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/b/be/behaviorism.html   (1583 words)

 Printable Copy of Behavioral Psychology - Lieutenant Colonel Dave Grossman, Author   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Behavioral psychology is the subset of psychology that focuses on studying and modifying observable behavior by means of systematic manipulation of environmental factors.
Behavioral psychology, with its subsets of behavior modification and operant conditioning, is a field that's ripe for use and abuse in the realm of violence, peace and conflict.
The ability of behavioral psychology to turn voluntary motor responses into a conditioned response is demonstrated in one of Watson's early experiments which studied maze-learning, using rats in a type of maze that was simply a long, straight alley with food at the end.
killology.org /print/print_behavioral.htm   (5405 words)

 The Health Psychology Network
In contrast to the diseases that were prevalent in the early 1900’s, the most common causes of death and illness today are related to the behaviors in which a person chooses to engage.
Unhealthy behaviors, from smoking and poor diet, to sedentary lifestyle and poor coping skills, are all major contributors to illness.
Each area of The Health Psychology Network has been written by experts in their respective fields and includes information on treatments that have been shown to be effective through clinical research.
www.healthpsychology.net   (166 words)

 behavioral psychology
Behavioral psychology focuses on studying and modifying observable behavior by means of systematic manipulation of environmental factors.
The distinct focus of behavioral psychology is twofold: (a) its strong reliance...
Behavioral Psychology is known for its embracing of the...
www.careers-in-psychology.degree-1.org /careersinpsychology/1/behavioral-psychology.html   (250 words)

 Behaviorism, Social Control, Behavioral Psychology, and Denial of Man's Mind and Soul
Behavioral psychology or behaviorism is a direct descendant of animal psychology.
During the period before Wundt's ascendancy in the field, psychology was considered to be the study of the soul or mind (psyche).
Behaviorism is one aspect of the incorrect modern view of Man accepted and endorsed by professionals and members of various academic fields who should know better.
www.sntp.net /behaviorism/behaviorism_main.htm   (3591 words)

 Behavioral Psychology and Resistance to Killing - Dave Grossman, Author
Yet the purist position (which holds that behavioristic processes explain all aspects of human behavior), is generally considered to be flawed in its application to humans, since humans are able to learn by observational learning, and humans tend to strongly oppose and negate blatant attempts to manipulate them against their will.
In behavioral terms, to prepare (or train, or condition) a soldier to kill, the stimulus (which did not appear in their training) should have been an enemy soldier in their sights.
One major modern revelations in the field of military psychology is the observation that this resistance to killing one's own species is also a key factor in human combat.
www.killology.com /art_beh_problem.htm   (980 words)

 APA Division 6 Home
Their focus is on behavior and its relation to perception, learning, memory, cognition, motivation, and emotion.
Behavioral neuroscientists study the brain in relation to behavior, its evolution, functions, abnormalities, and repair, as well as its interactions with the immune system, cardiovascular system, and energy regulation systems.
Comparative psychologists study the behavior of humans and other animals, with a special eye on similarities and differences that may shed light on evolutionary and developmental processes.
www.apa.org /divisions/div6   (688 words)

 Archival Description of Behavioral Psychology
The distinct focus of behavioral psychology is twofold: (a) its strong reliance on an empirical approach; and (b) its theoretical grounding in learning theories, broadly defined, including respondent conditioning, operant learning, social learning, cognitive sciences, and information processing models.
Behavioral Psychology has its theoretical roots in the fields of experimental analysis of behavior, behavior therapy, and cognitive therapy.
Behavioral psychology is especially also concerned with how the various behavioral, cognitive, affective, biological, and social factors interact and impact each other.
www.apa.org /crsppp/archivbehav.html   (752 words)

 Behavioral Psychology -
E.L. Thorndike defined this law which says: "behavior that is followed by satisfying consequences will be more likely to be repeated and behavior that is followed by unsatisfying consequences will be less likely to be repeated".
The organism performs an undesirable behavior and an aversive or negative consequence is administered.
Performing behaviors in acquisition trials used in classical and operant conditioning are not necessary for learning.
www.umr.edu /~pfyc212b/behaviorism.htm   (1585 words)

 Behaviorism Tutorial
Behaviorism is generally characterized as the viewpoint holding that the appropriate subject matter for psychology is behavior and the appropriate methods for psychology are those of the natural sciences.
It is generally contrasted with other viewpoints in psychology, for example, those holding that the appropriate subject matter has something or other to do with mental/subjective/conscious experience, and the appropriate method is introspection.
The objective of the present tutorial is to promote an understanding of the differences between two of these forms of behaviorism--methodological behaviorism and radical behaviorism.
psych.athabascau.ca /html/Behaviorism   (407 words)

 Psychology and Behavioral Science Departments   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Requirements are 30 hours in psychology to include 201, 210, 306, 312, and 405, and 3 hours in sociology (choice of 101 or 303).
Required courses are Sociology 101 and 303 and Psychology 201 and 210 and either Sociology 307 and 407 or Psychology 312 and 405.
The development of behaviors such as sensory, motor, intellectual, and emotional are examined in a variety of species with particular emphasis on humans.
www.erskine.edu /academics/psychology.department.html   (1286 words)

 Educational Psychology Interactive: The Behavioral System
According to the behaviorists, learning can be defined as the relatively permanent change in behavior brought about as a result of experience or practice.
Researchers who affiliate with this position do not generally look with favor on the term "behavior potential" (i.e., may be capable of performing but did not for some reason such as illness, situation, etc.) that was included in a definition accepted by those with a cognitive or humanistic viewpoint.
As we discuss the behavioral approach, for the most part we will assume that the mind is a "fl box" that we cannot see into.
chiron.valdosta.edu /whuitt/col/behsys/behsys.html   (672 words)

 Behavioral Psychology: Term Paper Section at AcademicTermPapers.com
Following this, recommendations are made on assessment and the establishment of a behavior therapy program which draws on a variety of behavior therapy techniques, including graduated exposure and flooding as well as relaxation to address the person’s problem with shyness and loneliness.
After reviewing the basic characteristics of fish shoals and schooling behavior and summarizing the traditional view that fish shoals or schools are self-organized, leaderless systems, the paper consider the possibility of leaders and leadership roles (and by implication, followers) within organized fish aggregations.
Clear, basic study of behavioralism in the study of political science and how it tried to establish exactitude, only to be supplanted "multimethodological approaches" and a post-behavioral return to moral choice.
www.academictermpapers.com /catpages/catl20c.html   (2871 words)

 Behaviorism, B.F. Skinner, Social Control, Modern Psychology, Man as Machine, and Denial of Man's Mind and Soul
As should be obvious to the reader that "behavioral psychology" has nothing to do with psychology per se, and all to do with managing behavior.
The closeness of the approximation to the desired behavior required in order for the rat to get a pellet is gradually increased so that eventually he is only reinforced for pressing the lever.
This shows first, the relation of the government to behavioral engineering, and second, that even this massive government organization which claims to deal with "mental health" is quite comfortable dealing with theorists who blatantly deny the very existence of a mind and therefore anything "mental".
www.sntp.net /behaviorism/skinner.htm   (2312 words)

 B.F. Skinner Beyond Freedom and Dignity
Under "operant conditioning" theorisings associated with behaviorism it was held that organisms would operate in their environment, and whilst so operating would receive resultant stimuli.
Such consequential stimuli would tend to variously encourage or discourage the organism from operating in a similar way in the future.
His approach to behaviorism saw human behavior as also being largely explicable in terms of physiological responses to external stimuli.
www.age-of-the-sage.org /psychology/skinner.html   (250 words)

 The American Academy of Behavioral Psychology
The AABP is dedicated to identifying for the public those psychologists who have earned Board Certification in Behavioral Psychology, and to offering to Fellows a way of informing the public of their specialization.
Behavioral Psychology is known for its embracing of the scientist-practitioner model, which simply is the practice of psychology that incorporates research findings into psychotherapy.
Behavioral Psychology is widely known as the applied area of psychology with the most interest in scientifically supported interventions.
www.americanacademyofbehavioralpsychology.org   (328 words)

 Behavioral Psychology explained
This school of thought, the behavioral psychology of E.L. Thorndike and B.F. Skinner, et al, teaches that behavior is maintained or reinforced by its immediate effects, results or consequences.
To produce changes in behavior, then, you would have to reinforce (reward) any slight movement in the desired direction..
The C factor is the reinforcer which determines the strength or probability of the specific piece of behavior.
www.psychologypower.com /behavioral-psychology.html   (165 words)

 Psychology at UC Riverside
With an outstanding faculty who are nationally recognized in teaching and research, the Psychology Department at the University of California, Riverside provides a stimulating educational experience and conducts scientific investigations on a remarkable variety of psychological topics.
General areas of study include thinking and perception, brain and behavior, development and aging, personality and motivation, language and communication, groups and identities, and health and well-being.
There is no concentration in Clinical Psychology, but many graduate students study applied topics such as the promotion of the mental and physical health of children, adolescents, and the aging.
www.psych.ucr.edu   (355 words)

 Modern Education, lack of academics, psychiatry, behavioral psychology, "science" and the ultimate betrayal ...
By 1952, behavioral psychology had not only become the "scientific" foundation of American pedagogy, but it had changed our textbooks, revised the classroom curriculum, and redesigned the American school building.
The approach of behaviorism explains how the mind of Man was forsaken, and has much to do with the disregard of modern educational theories for the intellect, cognitive skills, responsibility and morality (all apsects of the mind).
OBE was developed by behavioral psychologists, and admittedly is not designed to address cognitive skills, but aims more at adjusting and modifying the beliefs, values, attitudes and behavior of the students.
www.sntp.net /education/education.htm   (1653 words)

 Psychology Press: Publisher of Academic Psychology Books, Journals and Ebooks
Psychology Press publishes an impressive portfolio of psychology textbooks, monographs, professional books, tests, and numerous journals which are available in both printed and online formats.
Psychology Press is part of the Taylor and Francis group which also includes the Routledge imprint, which publishes titles for professionals, students and academics in all areas of mental health.
Psychology: An International Perspective brings together a comprehensive global perspective with unique multimedia supplementary resources to provide an invaluable textbook for tutors and students.
www.psypress.co.uk   (410 words)

 Behavioral Psychology - Colonel Dave Grossman, Author
Introduction: A Behavioral Revolution in Combat..........Behavioral psychology, with its subsets of behavior modification and operant conditioning, is a field that's ripe for use and abuse in the realms of violence, peace, and conflict.
The Birth of Behavioral Psychology..........The "Law of Effect," which essentially states that responses that are accompanied or followed by satisfaction (i.e., a reward, or what was later to be termed a reinforcement) will be more likely to reoccur, and those which are accompanied by discomfort (i.e., a punishment) will be less likely to reoccur.
The Behavioral Solution: Conditioning to Kill..........It is crucial that the discriminative stimulus used in training be as realistic as possible in its simulation of the actual, anticipated stimulus if the training is to be transferred to reality in a crucial, life-and-death situation.
www.killology.com /article_behavioral.htm   (383 words)

 Behavioral Psychology| Psychology of Behavior | Behaviorism | Study of Human Behavior | Questia.com Online Library
Operant psychology is based on the probability...the foundation of operant...
Quantum Mechanics and the Analysis of Behavior: Reflections and Speculations, in The Psychological Record
The behavioral scientist, as...half-century of psychology, it is that...
www.questia.com /CM.qst?D=se5&CRID=behavioral_psychology   (684 words)

 Cognitive versus Behavioral Psychology
Chief among the behaviorists was Skinner (1938, 1953), who saw that human behavior is powerfully shaped by its consequences.
While Skinnerian methods have been effective in learning how to train animals and helping human beings modify their behavior, the behaviorists fell short of what is most important in education for most educators.
It is appropriate that Bruning borrows from the computer world in his definition of cognitive psychology.
www.udel.edu /fth/pbs/webmodel.htm   (2059 words)

 Learning Theory and Behavioral Psychology in Psychology 101 at AllPsych Online
The central idea behind behaviorism is that only observable behaviors are worthy of research since other abstraction such as a person’s mood or thoughts are too subjective.
Behavioral Psychology is basically interested in how our behavior results from the stimuli both in the environment and within ourselves.
Often a grueling process, but results have helped us learn a great deal about our behaviors, the effect our environment has on us, how we learn new behaviors, and what motivates us to change or remain the same.
allpsych.com /psychology101/learning.html   (302 words)

 TIP: Theories
The learning theory of Thorndike represents the original S-R framework of behavioral psychology: Learning is the result of associations forming between stimuli and responses.
The hallmark of connectionism (like all behavioral theory) was that learning could be adequately explained without refering to any unobservable internal states.
A corollary of the law of effect was that responses that reduce the likelihood of achieving a rewarding state (i.e., punishments, failures) will decrease in strength.
tip.psychology.org /thorn.html   (427 words)

 Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies (CCBS): Applied behavior analysis and behavioral psychology for solving ...
Behavior analysis (sometimes called behavioral psychology) is the scientific study of behavior and its relationship to the environment surrounding the individual.
The science was originally established by B.F. Skinner and his colleagues, but now there are thousands of behavior analysts around the world, continuing to scientifically enhance our understanding of behavioral dynamics, or applying the science to create more effective solutions to real-world problems.
The Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies (CCBS) is proud to present sections of its web site featuring behavioral solutions to education, parenting, autism, aging, safety, performance management in business, computer modeling of behavior, verbal behavior (language and thinking), and training of pets and animals, among others.
www.behavior.org   (422 words)

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