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Topic: Belarus


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  Belarus. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Belarus borders on Poland in the west, on Lithuania and Latvia in the north, on Russia in the east, and on Ukraine in the south.
Belarus is governed under the constitution of 1994 as amended in 1996.
The reform-minded Stanislav Shushkevich became head of state and, along with Russia and Ukraine, Belarus was one of the original signatories to the treaty establishing the Commonwealth of Independent States.
www.bartleby.com /65/be/Belarus.html   (1266 words)

  
  Belarus - MSN Encarta
Belarus, officially Respublika Belarus (Republic of Belarus), landlocked republic in east central Europe, bordered by Russia to the east, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and the Baltic republics of Latvia and Lithuania to the northwest.
Belarus was established in 1919 as the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR), which in 1922 became one of the four founding republics of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
Belarus has four additional discernible geographic regions: an area of lakes, hills, and forests in the north; an agricultural region with mixed-conifer forests in the west; a broad elevated plain in the east; and the Poles’ye (also called the Pripet Marshes), a lowland of rivers and swamps that extends into Ukraine, in the south.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761553191/Belarus.html   (618 words)

  
 Permanent Mission of the Republic of Belarus to the United Nations
The Permanent Mission of Belarus to the United Nations was established in New York in 1958.
Belarus is a member of 19 UN specialized agencies and other institutions of the UN system.
Currently Belarus is a member of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and the UN Development Programme (UNDP)/UN Population Fund (UNFPA).
www.un.int /belarus   (219 words)

  
 Belarus (01/07)
Belarus was the site of the Union of Brest in 1597, which created the Greek Catholic Church, for long the majority church in Belarus until suppressed by the Russian empire, and the birthplace of Thaddeus Kosciuszko, who played a key role in the American Revolution.
The Council of the Republic is the house of territorial representation.
Belarus was previously a recipient of assistance under the U.S. Defense Department's Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Program, whose objective is to reduce the threat posed to the United States by weapons of mass destruction remaining on the territory of the former Soviet Union, by promoting denuclearization and demilitarization, and preventing weapons proliferation.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/5371.htm   (6046 words)

  
 Belarus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Belarus is currently in negotiations with neighboring Russia to integrate both of their economies, among other things, in a plan called the Union of Russia and Belarus.
Belarus declared itself sovereign on 27 July 1990, and the BSSR formally became the Republic of Belarus on 25 August 1991, attaining full independence.
Belarus is divided into six provinces ("voblasts"), named after the cities that serve as their administrative centers.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Belarus   (3829 words)

  
 Belarus - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Belarus
Belarus was brought into the Russian Empire in the late 18th century and from the later 19th century there was an upsurge in national consciousness.
Belarus was cautious in its implementation of market-centred economic reform, with privatization and price liberalization introduced very gradually.
In May 1992, Belarus and Russia (as a single signatory), along with the Ukraine and Kazakhstan, signed protocols with the USA agreeing to comply with the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START) and to return all tactical nuclear weapons, inherited from the USSR, to Russia for destruction.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Belarus   (1533 words)

  
 Interesting WWW Sites In & About Belarus: Don't Search For Anything -- All Is Already Found!
The Republic of Belarus (or Belarus) is a new independent state that has been formed as a result of dissolution of the former USSR.
The Republic of Belarus is situated in the heart of the Europe.
The capital city of Belarus is Minsk (1 million 741 thousand inhabitants as of 2004).
www.ac.by /country   (721 words)

  
 NTI: Country Overviews: Belarus: Profile
When Belarus gained independence in December 1991, there were 81 road-mobile SS-25s on its territory stationed at three missile bases, and an unknown number of tactical nuclear weapons.
Although Belarus was a Soviet republic in 1972, it is a signatory of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BWC), which it ratified in 1975.
Belarus is a State Party of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), which it ratified in 1996.
www.nti.org /e_research/profiles/Belarus/index.html   (480 words)

  
 Foreign & Commonwealth Office Country Profiles
Belarus is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe and borders Russia, Poland, Ukraine, Latvia and Lithuania.
Belarus was occupied and devastated by the Germans in World War II, losing between a quarter and a third of its population.
During the late Soviet period, Belarus developed a significant industrial base (defence industries, tractors, textiles, etc) and its population enjoyed a standard of living that was high for the USSR together with a high level of education.
www.fco.gov.uk /servlet/Front?pagename=OpenMarket/Xcelerate/ShowPage&c=Page&cid=1007029394365&a=KCountryProfile&aid=1019233782153   (4161 words)

  
 The EU's relations with Belarus - Overview
In that context, the European Union welcomes the emergence in Belarus of a degree of pluralism and of a civil society which is aware of the challenges of democracy….
On 23 November 2004, the Council (14724/04) “underlined that Belarus, as a direct neighbour of the European Union, has the opportunity to be an active partner of the EU in the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy.
The EU imposed sanctions on Belarus for its inaction in the cases of the missing opposition politicians and journalists.
europa.eu.int /comm/external_relations/belarus/intro   (3666 words)

  
 Belarus: History, Geography, Government, and Culture — Infoplease.com
West Belarus was ceded to Poland; the larger eastern part formed the Belorussian SSR, and was then joined to the USSR in 1922.
Belarus - Belarus Belarus or Byelarus, formerly Belorussia,officially Republic of Belarus, republic (2005...
Belarus: Government - Government Belarus is governed under the constitution of 1994 as amended in 1996.
www.infoplease.com /ipa/A0107325.html   (1169 words)

  
 Preamble
The territory of the Republic of Belarus shall be the natural condition of the existence and spatial limit of the people's self-determination, and the basis for its prosperity and the sovereignty of the Republic of Belarus.
A citizen of the Republic of Belarus shall be guaranteed the protection and patronage of the State both in the territory of Belarus and beyond.
In its foreign policy the Republic of Belarus shall proceed from the principles of the equality of states, the non-use or threatening of use of force, the inviolability of frontiers, the peaceful settlement of disputes, non-interference in internal affairs, and other universally acknowledged principles and standards of international law.
www.cmseducation.org /wconsts/belarus.html   (7904 words)

  
 Belarus travel guide - Wikitravel
Belarus and Russia signed a treaty on a two-state union on 8 December 1999 envisioning greater political and economic integration.
They may be friendly and casual or (leaving Belarus) they might put pressure on you to help them in their trade by carrying cigarettes over the border for them - the idea is that you buy it cheap in Belarus and that you resell it to them once you're in Poland.
In Belarus, there is a big institute and lots of funding for studying the after effects of the Chernobyl disaster, which happened in 1986 in a nuclear power plant on the Ukraine-Belarus border, in the food chain.
wikitravel.org /en/Belarus   (2853 words)

  
 Belarus on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Belarus opposition leader and presidential candidate Alexander Milinkevich speaks to the press in front of a court in Minsk 09 March 2006 after Vintsuk Vyachorka, leader of the opposition Belarus Popular Front and second in command in Milinkevich's presidential campaign, was sentenced 09 March 2006
Belarus special police forces surround a man on they aledgedly knocked to the ground 24 March 2006 on their way on the main square in downtown Minsk.
Belarus riot policemen clash with protesters during a rally in Minsk, 16 September 2005.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/B/Belarus.asp   (1983 words)

  
 The Jewish Virtual History Tour - Belarus
The first record of Jews in Belarus is in the 14th century,C.E.
Although Belarus is technically a democracy, the government has been accused of impeding upon its citizens' essential rights.
Belarus victims of the Holocaust receive compensation from the Swiss Fund for Needy Victims of the Holocaust.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/vjw/Belarus.html   (2645 words)

  
 Belarus Travel Guide | Travel Information Guide   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Previously known by the name Belorussia (White Russia), the name Belarus was adopted when the country became independent from the Soviet Union as the USSR disintegrated in 1991.
Belarus also has a unique history and a rich cultural heritage, with hundreds of architectural monuments dating back to the 12th century.
Time seems to have considerably slowed down in Belarus and the country's quiet charm at the heart of Europe should appeal to travellers willing to open their soul to this island of calmness.
www.worldtravelguide.net /country/29/country_guide/Europe/Belarus.html   (316 words)

  
 Belarus
Once an individual has spent 90 days in Belarus, at one time or through a combination of visits, he or she will not be eligible to receive another visa until the original 365-day period has passed.
Belarus requires all foreign nationals (other than accredited diplomats) entering the country to purchase medical insurance at the port-of-entry, regardless of any other insurance they might have.
Travelers who enter and then leave Belarus in a private vehicle at two different points are often required to pay a “green” tax, or ecology tax, which is levied by the regional authorities.
travel.state.gov /travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1033.html   (4052 words)

  
 The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Valery Voronetsky is representing Belarus at the BSEC Summit.
On 18 June the Belarusian Foreign Ministry hosted a meeting between Minister of Foreign Affaires of Belarus Sergei Martynov and Chairman of the National Council of Provinces of the Republic of South Africa, Mninwa Johannes Mahlangu.
Sergei Martynov Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus at the OSCE Ministerial Council was published.
www.mfa.gov.by /eng/index.php?id=1&d=news   (531 words)

  
 Belarus
The National Flag of the Republic of Belarus is a rectangular banner, the ratio of height to length is 1:2.
The National Flag of the Republic of Belarus is a rectangular color cloth consisting of two longitudinal stripes: red upper stripe and green lower stripe that are two-thirds and one-third of the flag width respectively.
Since Belarus and Lithuania had the same colors on their Soviet era flags, both are using the same colors on the national flag (Lithuania has yellow, Belarus has white as their third color).
flagspot.net /flags/by.html   (2265 words)

  
 ICL - Belarus - Constitution
The symbols of the Republic of Belarus as a sovereign state shall be its national flag, national emblem, and national anthem.
Citizens of the Republic of Belarus shall have the right to move freely and choose their place of residence within the Republic of Belarus, to leave it, and to return to it without hindrance.
Citizens of the Republic of Belarus shall be guaranteed the right to social security in old age, in the event of illness, disability, loss of fitness for work, and loss of a bread-winner and in other instances specified in law.
www.servat.unibe.ch /law/icl/bo00000_.html   (8120 words)

  
 Belarus Special Weapons   (Site not responding. Last check: )
When the Soviet Union dissolved, Belarus (along with Russia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan) technically became a nuclear power because of the eighty-one SS-25 intercontinental ballistic missiles on its soil, even though the republic's Declaration of State Sovereignty declared Belarus to be a nuclear-free state.
In May 1992, Belarus signed the Lisbon Protocol to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and, along with Ukraine and Kazakhstan, agreed to destroy or turn over all strategic nuclear warheads on its territory to Russia.
All tactical nuclear weapons were removed from Belarus by mid-1993, but although the country strove to remove the strategic nuclear weapons (based at Lida and Mazyr) by 1995, there was little hope of meeting this deadline.
www.fas.org /nuke/guide/belarus/index.html   (343 words)

  
 Index of Economic Freedom
Belarus is ranked 41st among the 41 countries in the European region, and its overall score is below the regional average.
Belarus has a low average tariff rate, but non-tariff barriers lower its overall trade freedom score.
Belarus won independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 but has retained close economic and political ties to Russia.
www.heritage.org /research/features/index/country.cfm?id=Belarus   (882 words)

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