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Topic: Belligerent


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In the News (Sat 20 Oct 18)

  
  Definition of belligerent - Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
synonyms belligerent, bellicose, pugnacious, quarrelsome, contentious mean having an aggressive or fighting attitude.
belligerent often implies being actually at war or engaged in hostilities nations>.
See a map of "belligerent" in the Visual Thesaurus
www.m-w.com /cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=belligerent   (159 words)

  
  Belligerent - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Belligerent, in international law, a state or organized community at war and subject to and protected by the laws of war.
A belligerent is an individual, group, country or other entity which acts in an aggressive or hostile manner, such as engaging in combat.
Belligerent definition, words related to belligerent, proper usage and pronunciation of the word...
encarta.msn.com /Belligerent.html   (257 words)

  
  Rules concerning the Control of Wireless Telegraphy in Time of War and Air Warfare, Drafted by a Commission of Jurists ...
When a belligerent commander deems the presence of aircraft to be able to endanger the success of the operations in which he is engaged, he may forbid the passage of neutral aircraft in the immediate vicinity of his own forces or impose on them an itinerary.
Belligerent non-military aircraft, whether public or private, flying within the jurisdiction of their State, are exposed to being fired at if they do not land at the nearest suitable point when an enemy military aircraft is approaching.
Belligerent aircraft are bound to respect the rights of neutral Powers and to abstain, within the jurisdiction of a neutral State, from all acts which it is the duty of such State to prevent.
www1.umn.edu /humanrts/instree/1923a.htm   (4029 words)

  
 The Hague Rules of Air Warfare
In case a belligerent commanding officer considers that the presence of aircraft is likely to prejudice the success of the operations in which he is engaged at the moment, he may prohibit the passing of neutral aircraft in the immediate vicinity of the forces or may oblige them to follow a particular route.
Belligerent non-military aircraft, whether public or private, are liable to be fired upon, if they fly (1) within the jurisdiction of the enemy, or (2) in the immediate vicinity thereof and outside the jurisdiction of their own State, or (3) in the immediate vicinity of the military operations of the enemy by land or sea.
Belligerent aircraft are bound to respect the rights of neutral Powers and to abstain within the jurisdiction of a neutral State from the commission of any act which it is the duty of that State to prevent.
lawofwar.org /hague_rules_of_air_warfare.htm   (3490 words)

  
 USS Liberty Inquiry - Law: USN JAG Law Handbook, Ch. 7
Belligerents are obliged to refrain from all acts of hostility in neutral territorial seas except those necessitated by self-defense or undertaken as self-help enforcement actions against enemy forces that are in violation of the neutral status of those waters when the neutral nation cannot or will not enforce their inviolability.
Belligerents continue to be obliged to refrain from acts of hostility in neutral waters and remain forbidden to use the territorial sea of a neutral nation as a place of sanctuary from their enemies or as a base of operations.
Should belligerent forces violate the neutrality of those waters and the neutral nation demonstrate an inability or unwillingness to detect and expel the offender, the other belligerent retains the right to undertake such self-help enforcement actions as are necessary to assure compliance by his adversary and the neutral nation with the law of neutrality.
www.usslibertyinquiry.com /law/jag7.html   (4635 words)

  
 Belligerent - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A belligerent is an individual, group, country or other entity which acts in an aggressive or hostile manner, such as engaging in combat.
Belligerency is a term used in international law to indicate the status of two or more entities, generally sovereign states, being engaged in a war.
In the modern context, a number of regulations relating to belligerency were annexed to the Hague Convention of 29th July 1899, pertaining to the laws and customs of war.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Belligerent   (416 words)

  
 belligerent@Everything2.com
Belligerent, a nation or a large section of a nation engaged in carrying on war.
When a revolted party of great numerical strength are able to form a regular government and rule over the whole, or part of the territory which they claim, humanity dictates that they should not be treated as rebels guilty of treason, but should, if captured, be regarded as prisoners of war.
In the contest between the Federals and Confederates, in the war of 1861-1865, the latter, at the commencement of the struggle, claimed the privilege of belligerents.
everything2.com /index.pl?node=belligerent   (237 words)

  
 Iraq and the Laws of War: US as Belligerent Occupant - UN Security Council - Global Policy Forum
The restrictions placed upon the authority of a belligerent government cannot be avoided by a system of using a puppet government, central or local, to carry out acts which would be unlawful if performed directly by the occupant.
This is made quite clear by paragraph 353 of U.S. Army Field Manual 27-10 (1956): "Belligerent occupation in a foreign war, being based upon the possession of enemy territory, necessarily implies that the sovereignty of the occupied territory is not vested in the occupying power.
Only when that U.S. belligerent occupation of Iraq is factually terminated can the people of Iraq have the opportunity to exercise their international legal right of sovereignty by means of free, fair, democratic, and uncoerced elections.
www.globalpolicy.org /security/issues/iraq/attack/law/2005/1222belligerent.htm   (1562 words)

  
 Occupation
When territory is occupied by a belligerent questions arise not only as to how the occupier may and must comport itself, and the rights and duties of the inhabitants, but also as to the absolute legal status of the territory and the people resident therein.
Belligerent occupation in a foreign war, being based upon the possession of enemy territory, necessarily implies that the sovereignty of the occupied territory is not vested in the occupying power.
For the purpose of treatment of property under belligerent occupation, it is often necessary to look beyond strict legal title and to ascertain the character of the property on the basis of the beneficial ownership thereof.
lawofwar.org /Occupation.htm   (5188 words)

  
 FM 27-10 Chptr 7 Nonhostile Relations of Belligerents
Parlementaires are agents employed by commanders of belligerent forces in the field, to go in person within the enemy lines, for the purpose of communicating or negotiating openly and directly with the enemy commander.
The present rule is that a belligerent may not declare beforehand, even for a specified period-except in case of reprisal for abuses of the flag of truce-that he will not receive parlementaires.
A capitulation is an agreement entered into between commanders of belligerent forces for the surrender of a body of troops, a fortress, or other defended locality, or of a district of the theater of operations.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/library/policy/army/fm/27-10/Ch7.htm   (3604 words)

  
 [No title]
The restrictions placed upon the authority of a belligerent government cannot be avoided by a system of using a puppet government, central or local, to carry out acts which would be unlawful if performed directly by the occupant.
This is made quite clear by paragraph 353 of U.S. Army Field Manual 27-10 (1956): "Belligerent occupation in a foreign war, being based upon the possession of enemy territory, necessarily implies that the sovereignty of the occupied territory is not vested in the occupying power.
Only when that U.S. belligerent occupation of Iraq is factually terminated can the people of Iraq have the opportunity to exercise their international legal right of sovereignty by means of free, fair, democratic, and uncoerced elections.
www.informationclearinghouse.info /article11367.htm   (1492 words)

  
 International Humanitarian Law - San Remo Manual 1994
Belligerents passing through, under and over neutral straits or waters in which the right of archipelagic sea lanes passage applies are permitted to take defensive measures consistent with their security, including launching and recovery of aircraft, screen formation steaming, and acoustic and electronic surveillance.
Belligerents in transit or archipelagic sea lanes passage may not, however, conduct offensive operations against enemy forces, nor use such neutral waters as a place of sanctuary nor as a base of operations.
Belligerents and neutrals concerned, and authorities providing air traffic services, should establish procedures whereby commanders of warships and military aircraft are continuously aware of designated routes assigned to and flight plans filed by civil aircraft in the area of military operations, including information on communication channels, identification modes and codes, destination, passengers and cargo.
www.icrc.org /ihl.nsf/52d68d14de6160e0c12563da005fdb1b/7694fe2016f347e1c125641f002d49ce?OpenDocument   (9048 words)

  
 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Belligerent   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A belligerent will intern enemy merchant ships or take them as prize, and a neutral should intern both belligerent ships that fail to leave its ports within a specified time and
For the capture of the vessel or cargo to be lawful it must be made outside neutral waters and by authority of the belligerent.
A prize court, in the territory of the belligerent or in that of an
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Belligerent   (594 words)

  
 Think-Israel
The de facto usage that Israel made of aspects of Belligerent Occupation Law is akin to the Americans voluntarily using aspects of the Human Rights law involved in the Geneva Convention for prisoners of war for her prisoners in the Guantanamo Bay but they are not considered to be prisoners of war.
But he keeps repeating that the right for dense Jewish settlement in Western Palestine is not dependent on the law of belligerent occupation but on other "formidable bases of title", i.e., other principles of international law to which the justices of the supreme court did not have to refer to when ruling on requisitions.
"Belligerent Occupation" (with which Stone deals in Discourse 1 of his book) and Article 49(6) of the 4 Geneva Convention (with which Stone deals in Discourse 2 of his book), have been, and are still, the two major "code slogans" invoked in order to claim that Jewish settlement in Yesha is illegal in international law.
www.think-israel.org /shifftan.belligerentoccupation.html   (3781 words)

  
 Wikinfo | Belligerent occupation   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Belligerent or military occupation occurs when one nation's military garrisons all or part a foreign nation during an invasion or after a war.
The Hague Convention of 1907 and the customary laws of belligerent occupation govern belligerent occupation in international law.
Images, some of which are used under the doctrine of Fair use or used with permission, may not be available.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Belligerent_occupation   (242 words)

  
 purevolume™ | Belligerent Declaration
Belligerent Declaration are one of the most crushingly in your face political bands of the moment.
And when you hear Jamess spoken words track about Iraq and explaining what the song Belligerent Declaration means, you know they are not fly by night punks jumping on the politics band wagon., they really mean it.
I wish more bands were willing to throw genres out of the window and just be happy to play and say whatever they feel like without having to feel they must fit into a particular scene.
www.purevolume.com /belligerentdeclaration   (545 words)

  
 AlterNet: The Belligerent Bunch: Rabid Journalists and Pundits Push Bush to Extremes
War expansion is a major goal of the belligerent bunch, and now a defacto goal of the Post, "since the paper has run at least a dozen columns demanding the overthrow of Sadaam Hussein, yet not a single one has bothered to consider how daunting the task might be," writes Massing.
With their belligerence, and with the cooperation of their editors, they have shifted the debate so far to the right that any sensible critic gets labeled a pacifist or even a traitor.
In their war-hungry screeds, the belligerent right seem to be responding to an imaginary leftist drive to sit quietly and do nothing.
www.alternet.org /story.html?StoryID=11952   (2059 words)

  
 belligerent - Definitions from Dictionary.com
of warlike character; aggressively hostile; bellicose: a belligerent tone.
Belligerent refers to a tendency to hostile behavior: A belligerent reporter badgered the politician.
Example: a belligerent stare; She is very belligerent and quarrelsome.
dictionary.reference.com /browse/belligerent   (0 words)

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