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Topic: Belsen concentration camp


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In the News (Sat 20 Jul 19)

  
  Bergen-Belsen   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
ergen-Belsen, the largest DP camp in Germany, was the center of Jewish DP political and social activity in the British zone of occupation.
Bergen-Belsen DP camp was established in a defunct German army camp near the former concentration camp Bergen-Belsen, whose barracks had been burned as a health precaution.
Though Bergen-Belsen was the only all-Jewish camp in the British zone of Germany, the camp's survivors struggled with the British policy of denying Jews status as a distinct group for nearly a year before securing an exclusively Jewish community.
www.ushmm.org /museum/exhibit/online/dp/camp1.htm   (480 words)

  
 Belsen Trial
Belsen, like the other concentration camps was established to hold what were considered, by the Nazi regime, as undesirable people, ranging from Jews to relatives of famous German citizens who had fled overseas.
Belsen was not an extermination camp (whose sole purpose was the mechanical process of killing thousands of people at a time, and utilising their by-products).
The essential difference between the conditions at Belsen and Auschwitz is that the conditions at Belsen were due to a criminal and inexcusable neglect coupled with an administrative breakdown.
www.stephen-stratford.co.uk /belsen_trial.htm   (1341 words)

  
 Bergen-Belsen
Bergen-Belsen was a concentration camp near Hanover in northwest Germany, located between the villages of Bergen and Belsen.
The camp was divided into eight sections, a detention camp, two women’s camps, a special camp, neutrals camps, "star" camp (mainly Dutch prisoners who wore a Star of David on their clothing instead of the camp uniform), Hungarian camp and a tent camp.
The camp’s SS commandant, Josef Kramer, known as the "Beast of Belsen" was tried and found guilty by a British military court and was subsequently hanged.
www.us-israel.org /jsource/Holocaust/Belsen.html   (940 words)

  
 The Dachau Concentration Camp Trial. United Nations War Crimes Commission.
A typhus epidemic was raging at the camp from December, 1944, until the liberation of the camp by American troops in April, 1945.
The defence pleaded that the camp was established and run on the orders of Himmler and the Central Security Office in Berlin, that rations, clothing, medical and other supplies were in accordance with the standards prescribed by Berlin, and that Dachau was a good camp “ as concentration camps go “.
The essence of the case was a trial of the staff of Dachau Concentration Camp and the nature of offences each being committed in pursuance to a common design was such as to suggest that the defences of the accused were not antagonistic.
www.ess.uwe.ac.uk /WCC/dachau.htm   (4503 words)

  
 The Belsen Trial. Trial of Joseph Kramer and 44 Others. Part VIII. Law-Reports of Trials of War Criminals. United ...
The numbers entering Belsen were meanwhile ever increasing ; Muller issued the food to the cooks who cooked it and issued it to the internees, and once it left the cookhouse it became the responsibility of people other than the S.S. to distribute it, as Francioh, Bialek and Szafran had shown.
Roll-calls were a part of concentration camp life and it was the only way of being able to make out a strength return for rations, and the return which had to go to Oranienburg, especially when transports were coming in at the rate at which they were coming in.
Towards April, 1945, various concentration camps were being approached by the Allied armies, from both the east and the west, and they had to be closed.
www.ess.uwe.ac.uk /WCC/belsen8.htm   (5630 words)

  
 ::Belsen in 1945::
When Belsen was handed over to British troops in April 1945, little could have prepared them for what they saw at the concentration camp.
Belsen had originally been built as a prison for those arrested in Nazi Germany itself.
Camp administrators claimed that this was the result of Allied bombing that had ruined local water supplies and led to sewage contaminating the water.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /belsen_in_1945.htm   (1018 words)

  
 Belsen Camp History
Belsen is redesignated an Ehrholungslager (Recovery Camp) for prisoners from other concentration camps, who are considered too weak to work.
A Frauenlager (Women's Camp) is established to contain women and girls moved here from camps located in the face of the Soviet advance from the east.
Evacuation of the camp is delayed by 24 hours, after the Germans who were clearing the barracks under the 12 April truce, sabotaged the water supply.
www.stephen-stratford.co.uk /camp_history.htm   (921 words)

  
 Bergen-Belsen   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
It was initially used as a POW camp but by the fall of 1944 had become a concentration camp for Jews, Homosexuals, Gypsies and Political Dissidents.
When the British forces liberated the camp on April 15, 1944 there were so many bodies lying in piles that they were forced to dig large pits and push them in with bulldozers.
The camp was destroyed to check the spread of disease and try to erase the horror so all that remains is a large field, the monuments and the mounds over the the buial pits.
www.ccsi.com /~mbrown/Travel/Bergen-Belsen/bergen-belsen.html   (425 words)

  
 Bergen Belsen Concentration Camp - photo's, some by me, and text
Belsen was not an extermination camp, we must make that clear, but many "inmates" died from neglect and disease and medical "experiments".
was a concentration camp established in 1943 originally to hold prisoners to be used in political exchanges.
One of the most poignant things he told me about the camp was that the prisoners would fall on the ground (those who had the strength to walk, some were unable to stand and would just kind of reach out for them) and they would kiss their feet.
www.mikekemble.com /ww2/belsen.html   (3030 words)

  
 Belsen
Belsen (also known as Bergen-Belsen) was a concentration camp in north-west Germany.
As well as the one built at Belsen, concentration camps were also built at Dachau and Buchenwald (Germany), Mautausen (Austria), Theresienstadt (Czechoslovakia) and Auschwitz (Poland).
One woman, distraught to the point of madness, flung herself at a British soldier who was on guard at the camp on the night that it was reached by the 11th Armoured Division; she begged him to give her some milk for the tiny baby she held in her arms.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /GERbelsen.htm   (742 words)

  
 Bergen-Belsen Memorial - Chronicle   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The remaining POW Camp is used by the Wehrmacht, primarily as a military hospital.
Arrival of female prisoners especially from the concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau; some of whom are sent on to concentration camp external commandos.
Dissolution of the prisoner of war camp and annexation of the wooden huts by the administration of the concentration camp.
www.bergenbelsen.de /en/chronik   (420 words)

  
 Bergen-Belsen concentration camp - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bergen-Belsen, (or Belsen) was a Nazi concentration camp in Lower Saxony, southwest of the town of Bergen near Celle.
In 1942, Bergen-Belsen became a concentration camp; it was placed under SS command in April 1943.
Although the camp was burned to the ground, the site is today open to the public, featuring a visitors' center, a monument to the dead, [2] and a "House of Silence" for reflection.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bergen-Belsen_concentration_camp   (1151 words)

  
 Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp - Introduction
As the leader who was in charge of all the concentration camps (his rank in the SS was equivalent to a 5-star General in the US Army), he planned to use the Jewish prisoners as bargaining chips in his negotiations with the non-Communist Allies.
He ordered that both the Ohrdruf camp and the Buchenwald camp be preserved for several weeks in the state in which they were found and German civilians in nearby towns were forced to visit the camps to view the piles of rotting bodies.
After the liberation of the camp, German civilians from the nearby towns were forced to remove the bodies of the 13,000 prisoners who died afterwards, while the survivors stood by and jeered at them.
www.scrapbookpages.com /BergenBelsen/Introduction.html   (2785 words)

  
 The Journal of History
The British troops who liberated the Belsen camp three weeks before the end of the war were shocked and disgusted by the many unburied corpses and dying inmates they found there.
Belsen became severely overcrowded as the number of inmates increased from 15,000 in December 1944 to 42,000 at the beginning of March 1945, and more than 50,000 a month later.
Belsen was in the beginning bearable and we had bunks to sleep on, and a small ration of soup and bread.
truedemocracy.net /td-10/28.html   (4856 words)

  
 Belsen and Flossenburg
Belsen concentration camp was located some 10 miles northwest of Celle, Hannover, near the village of Bergen.
Belsen had no gas chambers but many thousands of inmates died from disease and starvation.
In the closing months of 1944, the camp was given a new commandant, Josef Kramer, later to be known as the Beast of Belsen.
www.shoah.freeservers.com /custom2.html   (1001 words)

  
 Interview with Sir Brian Urquhart - p. 3 of 8
We were quite far ahead and we got to the Belsen concentration camp, which was a very large one, more or less by mistake because we didn't get the radio message telling all the troops to stop.
And the first thing I saw about Belsen was when we were driving along a little country road and there was a big, high fence in the distance on a corner in the road with what appeared to be logs stacked inside it.
So I went inside the camp with my driver, who was a resourceful person, to see if we could find anyone in the camp who seemed to have any control of anything, because the guards had all left.
globetrotter.berkeley.edu /UN/Urquhart/urquhart3.html   (961 words)

  
 Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp Memorial - Review - We Will Remember Them
Bergen-Belsen camp itself was first constructed in around 1940 as a prisoner of war camp for French, Belgian and Russian soldiers who were captured, and later named Stalag 311 in around 1941.
The camp became exceptionally overcrowded from the beginning of 1945 as other concentration camps were closed, and the inmates transferred to Bergen-Belsen.
The camp stayed as it was until 1952, when responsibility for the maintenance of the memorial was transferred to the local government of Land Lower Saxony, who have continued to maintain the grounds.
www.dooyoo.co.uk /museums-international/bergen-belsen-concentration-camp-memorial/1027058   (2363 words)

  
 Bergen-Belsen resource page - bergen-belsen concentration camp   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
April 1943: The camp was turned over to the SS and changed to ‘Aufenthaltslager Bergen-Belsen’ for the Encampment of several thousand Jews who, if possible, were to be exchanged for Germans held by the Allies.
When the British liberated the camp on April 15, 1945, the German fronts were collapsing, Dresden was burned down to the ground together with its inhabitants and hundreds of thousands of German refugees from the east.
After the war, the name "Belsen" became proverbial and emotive for skinnyness of humans and confinement in suffering, and was often re-applied metaphorically to various situations, often casually and inappropriately.
www.bizhisto.com /Ar-to-Bo/Bergen-Belsen.php   (1615 words)

  
 Bergen-Belsen Liberation Sign, Photos and Links
Bergen Belsen was the first death camp entered by the Western allies and first-hand accounts of mass graves,
The gruesome picture of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp as discovered by British trops on April 20, 1945.
After liberation, the concentration camp of Bergen-Belsen became the site of a displaced persons' camp, the British army medical corps helping in the physical rehabilitation of the former prisoners.
isurvived.org /Bergen-Belsen_liberation.html   (277 words)

  
 Excerpts from The Belsen Trial (1/5)
So far as one knows, Belsen was originally a small camp, a transit camp, but at the end of November of last year Josef Kramer, who had been in the concentration camp service throughout the period of Nazi ascendancy, having joined as a volunteer in 1932, was called to Berlin.
In Berlin he saw the head of the concentration camp service and was told that Belsen was to become a convalescent camp for sick persons from concentration camps, factories, farms, displaced persons from the whole of northwest Europe.
If you are satisfied on the evidence that these conditions did exist in Belsen and in Auschwitz, then the Prosecution have amply made out a case against each one of those prisoners who took an active part at either of those camps, however small it may be.
www.nizkor.org /hweb/camps/bergen-belsen/belsen-trial-01.html   (578 words)

  
 Bergen-Belsen
In April 1943 the Nazis created Bergen-Belsen in Lower Saxony near the city of Celle as a transit center - Bergen-Belsen was never officially given formal concentration camp status.
His previous assignment had been the concentration camp known as Niederhagen/Wewelsburg near Paderborn.
In 1942, at age 9, Peer and his younger brother and sister were arrested by police in their homeland of France.
auschwitz.dk /Bergenbelsen.htm   (944 words)

  
 holocaust concentration camp - Books, journals, articles @ The Questia Online Library
The Third...system of concentration camps, murder...epitomizes the Holocaust, functioned...and death camp from 1940...
...Recovered Concentration Camp Liberators...Honorees of Holocaust Museum...the Dachau concentration camp in Germany...annual U.S. Holocaust Memorial...through the camp.
Briefly interned at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp (1938 39), he became a rabbi and left Germany for...relationship of the Jews with God, believing that the Holocaust must be understood as an imperative requiring Jews...
www.questia.com /search/holocaust-concentration-camp   (1802 words)

  
 Anne Frank: A Look Back | Scholastic.com
Imprisoned in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp after her family was captured hiding in Amsterdam, Anne died just one month before liberation.
The conditions in the camp — unheated barracks during the winter, inadequate clothing, little food, and no medical attention — resulted in their early deaths.
At that time, the average population of the camp had reached about 44,000 people, and as the Allies moved closer and closer, more trainloads of prisoners were brought in nearly every day.
content.scholastic.com /browse/article.jsp?id=4596   (404 words)

  
 Did I Ever Tell You...?
This, reputedly, had been the barracks which housed the guards who were employed at the infamous Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, during WW2.
She asked what this place was and I told her that it was the wartime concentration camp.
Mention above of the camp at Hohne throws up two more memories.As I have already said, this camp covered an enormous area and consisted mainly of row upon row of identical, white painted barrack blocks.
homepage.mac.com /barrybloke/bergenbelsen.html   (686 words)

  
 Internet Archive: Details: Nazi Concentration Camps
At Leipsig Concentration Camp, there are piles of dead bodies, and many living Russian, Czechoslovakian, Polish and French prisoners.
At Arnstadt Concentration Camp, German villagers are forced to exhume Polish and Russian bodies from mass graves.
At Mauthausen Concentration Camp, Navy Lt. Jack H. Taylor stands with fellow survivors and describes his capture, imprisonment and conditions at Mauthausen.
www.archive.org /details/nazi_concentration_camps   (678 words)

  
 Rainer Schulze: Rescue Attempts for Jewish Prisoners held at Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, 1943-1945   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
However, it was in fact not the prototype of a Nazi concentration camp.
Established only in spring 1943, it had at least at the beginning a singular position within the system of concentration camps as it was set up to collect small groups of European Jews who were to be kept ready for a possible exchange against German civilians interned abroad.
However, the camp was not given the status of a civilian internment camp, but upon Himmler's specific instruction was integrated into the system of concentration camps and was administered by the SS.
www.essex.ac.uk /History/staff/schulze-bb-project.shtm   (579 words)

  
 BBC - WW2 People's War - D-Day and Belsen Concentration Camp
After Belsen I went to Hanover and nursed troops there until I was demobbed.
As you know, there were other concentration camps and it is said that over six million Jews were killed.
Daddy replied "We were too late....too late for almost all of them." He told me a little of what he found on entering the camp, particularly about the contrast between the "fat and satisfied" SS women guards and the emaciated bodys of the inmates, especially the few children.
www.bbc.co.uk /ww2peopleswar/stories/59/a1111159.shtml   (1921 words)

  
 With Rabbi Teitelbaum in Bergen-Belsen
I do not know how this happened, but it is a fact that the Germans themselves permitted him to keep his beard, which the rebbe concealed with a kerchief around his face, pretending to be suffering from a toothache.
I approached them and invited them to listen to the prayers of Rabbi Teitelbaum, which was a deeply touching experience to see the rebbe wrapped in his tallis [prayer shawl], rocking back and forth with all his limbs and pouring out his soul to his Creator.
A few meters away, S.S. men were standing outside guarding the camp prisoners in the camp surrounded by barbwire, while inside we could hear the heartbreaking prayerful voice of the Satmar rebbe who was expressing age-old laments of the ancient Jewish prayers.
www.jewsagainstzionism.com /antisemitism/holocaust/bergenbelsen.cfm   (1965 words)

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