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Topic: Beriberi


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In the News (Sat 20 Jul 19)

  
  Beriberi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Beriberi is a nervous system ailment caused by a deficiency of vitamin B1 (thiamine), the symptoms of which may include weight loss, emotional disturbances, impaired sensory perception (Wernicke's encephalopathy), weakness and pain in the limbs, and periods of irregular heartbeat.
Wet beriberi affects the heart; it is sometimes fatal, as it causes a combination of heart failure and weakening of the capillary walls, which causes the peripheral tissues to become waterlogged.
The first stage in discovering the cause of beriberi was in the 1890s, when a Dutch doctor, Christiaan Eijkman, found that fowl fed only on polished rice developed similar symptoms to his patients who had beriberi, and that they could be cured if they were also fed some of the husks from the rice grains.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Beriberi   (458 words)

  
 Home | aHealthyme.com
Beriberi is a disease caused by a deficiency of thiamine (vitamin B
Beriberi literally means "I can't, I can't" in Singhalese, which reflects the crippling effect it has on its victims.
Infantile beriberi is treated by giving thiamine to both the infant and the breast feeding mother until levels are normal.
www.ahealthyme.com /article/gale/100084922   (1786 words)

  
 Beriberi
Beriberi is an ailment caused by a deficiency of vitamin B1 (thiamine[?]), the symptoms of which may include weight loss, emotional disturbances, impaired sensory perception, weakness, and periods of irregular heartbeat.
Beriberi occurs in people whose staple diet consists mainly of polished white rice, which has little or no thiamine.
However, the discovery that beriberi was actually caused by vitamin B1 deficiency was not made until the 1930s when thiamine was identified.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/be/Beriberi.html   (285 words)

  
 Diagnosing Beriberi in Emergency Situations   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The prevalence of beriberi was estimated at 30%.
The incidence of Shoshin beriberi in areas with an outbreak of wet beriberi is unknown because it is not recognised and the death ascribed to some other cause of heart failure.
Beriberi was suspected in a child but no-one was sure how to distinguish it from Kwashiorkor, how to confirm the diagnosis and how to determine whether there was a population level problem and if so how severe it was.
www.ennonline.net /fex/01/fa18.html   (1555 words)

  
 Thiamin, Linus Pauling Institute's Micronutrient Information Center
Beriberi, the disease resulting from severe thiamin deficiency, was described in Chinese literature as early as 2600 B.C. Thiamin deficiency affects the cardiovascular, nervous, muscular, and gastrointestinal systems (2).
Beriberi has been termed dry, wet, and cerebral, depending on the systems affected by severe thiamin deficiency (1).
In addition to neurologic symptoms, wet (cardiac) beriberi is characterized by cardiovascular manifestations of thiamin deficiency, which include rapid heart rate, enlargement of the heart, severe swelling (edema), difficulty breathing, and ultimately congestive heart failure.
lpi.oregonstate.edu /infocenter/vitamins/thiamin   (2429 words)

  
 Diseases Info
Beriberi can also appear, in breast-fed infants when the mother has an inadequate intake of thiamin or if the infant is fed unusual formulas without thiamin supplements.
Dry beriberi is associated with energy deprivation and inactivity characterized by mental confusion, peripheral neuropathy, muscular wasting with loss of function or paralysis of the lower extremities.
Wet beriberi is resultant of high carbohydrate intake along with strenuous exercise characterized by edema, tachycardia, pulmonary congestion, and enlarged heart.
phoenity.com /diseases/beriberi.html   (870 words)

  
 Dr. Koop - Beriberi
Beriberi is a vitamin deficiency disease caused by inadequate bodily stores of thiamine (vitamin B1).
Symptoms of dry beriberi include pain, tingling, or loss of sensation in hands and feet (peripheral neuropathy), muscle wasting with loss of function or paralysis of the lower extremities, and potential brain damage and death.
Wet beriberi is characterized by swelling, increased heart rate, lung congestion, and enlarged heart related to congestive heart failure.
www.drkoop.com /ency/93/000339.html   (191 words)

  
 Thiamin (Vitamin B1)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Beriberi was very common during the early part of the last century in those whose diets consisted principally of highly polished rice.
Symptoms and signs of dry beriberi, include paresthesias of the toes, burning of the feet, calf muscle tenderness and cramps, difficulty in rising from a squatting position, a decrease in the vibratory sensation in the toes, loss of ankle and knee jerks and footdrop and toedrop.
Beriberi can be prevented and, in some cases, successfully treated with high doses of thiamin (up to 100 milligrams daily).
www.gettingwell.com /drug_info/nmdrugprofiles/nutsupdrugs/thi_0261.shtml   (3705 words)

  
 Beriberi
Dry beriberi is somewhat of a misnomer because both types are most often caused by excessive alcohol consumption.
Wet beriberi is characterized by swelling (edema), increased heart rate (tachycardia), lung congestion, and enlarged heart related to congestive heart failure.
Beriberi has become very rare in the United States because most foods are now vitamin-enriched, which means that a normal diet contains adequate amounts of thiamine.
www.stlukes-stl.com /ency/article/000339.htm   (369 words)

  
 beriberi
(The term beriberi is derived from the Sinhalese word meaning "extreme weakness.") In the form known as dry beriberi, there is a gradual degeneration of the long nerves, first of the legs and then of the arms, with associated atrophy of muscle and loss of reflexes.
In wet beriberi, a more acute form, there is edema (overabundance of fluid in the tissues) resulting largely from cardiac failure and poor circulation.
The incidence of beriberi in Asia has markedly decreased, partly because an improved standard of living has allowed a more varied diet and partly because of the gradual popular acceptance of partially dehusked, parboiled, and enriched rice--forms that contain higher concentrations of thiamine.
www.britannica.com /nobel/micro/64_72.html   (557 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Search Results - beriberi
Beriberi, diet-deficiency disease caused by a lack of vitamin B
Chronic deficiency is known to cause two distinct forms of beriberi.
Thiamine deficiency is a risk for the elderly, for people of all ages who participate in strenuous exercise, and for those who are severely ill. A...
ca.encarta.msn.com /beriberi.html   (76 words)

  
 MoonDragon's Health & Wellness: Beriberi
Beriberi is a disease caused by a deficiency of the B vitamins, particularly vitamin B
Wet beriberi is caused by accumulated fluid in the limbs (edema) and in the abdomen (ascites) because of a heart malfunction, increased heart rate (tachycardia), enlarged heart related to congestive heart failure, lung congestion, nerve degeneration is commonly present as well.
Beriberi now occurs primarily in persons who abuse and are chronic alcoholics, because drinking heavily can lead to malnutrition and poor absorption and storage of thiamine.
www.moondragon.org /health/disorders/beriberi.html   (952 words)

  
 Vitamin B1 Cures Beriberi
Outbreak of beriberi among illegal mainland Chinese immigrants at a detention center in Taiwan.
Beriberi is a condition that arises from deficiency of vitamin B1, also known as thiamine.
A review of the diet of 176 inmates who had symptoms of beriberi was done, and their risk based on this information was done.
www.vitamins-nutrition.org /vitamins-research/vitamin-b1/vitamin-b1-benefits.html   (166 words)

  
 THE MERCK MANUAL, Sec. 1, Ch. 3, Vitamin Deficiency, Dependency, And Toxicity
Deficiency causes beriberi with peripheral neurologic, cerebral, cardiovascular, and GI manifestations.
Elevated blood pyruvate and lactate and diminished urinary thiamine excretion (< 50 µg/day) are consistent with the diagnosis of beriberi.
Diagnosis of cardiovascular beriberi is difficult when thiamine deficiency is complicated by hypertensive or degenerative heart disease, viral myocardiopathy, or rheumatic fever.
www.merck.com /mrkshared/mmanual/section1/chapter3/3j.jsp   (969 words)

  
 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Beriberi
Beriberi has become rare in the United States because most foods are now vitamin-enriched, which means that a normal diet contains adequate amounts of thiamine.
Since beriberi may not be considered in nonalcoholics, this diagnosis is often missed.
Neurological examination may show a loss of vibratory sensation (the person is less able to sense vibration), decreased reflexes, loss of coordination, gait changes, nystagmus, drooping of the eyelids, and inability to move the eye outwards.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/000339.htm   (829 words)

  
 beriberi --¬† Encyclop√¶dia Britannica
Prolonged deficiency of thiamin (vitamin B1) results in beriberi, a disease that has been endemic in populations where white rice has been the staple.
Thiamin deficiency is still seen in areas where white rice or flour constitutes the bulk of the diet and thiamin lost in milling is not replaced through enrichment.
Dutch physician and pathologist whose demonstration that beriberi is caused by poor diet led to the discovery of vitamins.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9078772?tocId=9078772   (702 words)

  
 Christiaan Eijkman (www.whonamedit.com)
At the time of Pekelharing and Winkler's departure, Eijkman still considered beriberi to be an infectious disease, but he did not succeed in producing the disease in animals by inoculation with the micrococci.
The animals shoved paresis or paralysis of the legs with dyspnoea and cyanosis; microscopic examination of the nerves confirmed the presence of polyneuritis.
Eijkman discovered that the real cause of beriberi was the deficiency of some vital substance in the staple food of the natives, which is located in the so-called "silver skin" (pericarpium) of the rice.
www.whonamedit.com /doctor.cfm/1983.html   (1803 words)

  
 SHiPS Resource Center || Eijkman Case Study   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Beriberi was, in fact, the reason why the medical commission had been sent to Java.
Beriberi patients did not suffer from something in their diet, but from something missing in it.
Beriberi was deficiency disease, based on the absence of some essential nutrient present in the rice cuticle.
www1.umn.edu /ships/modules/eijkman1.htm   (3117 words)

  
 Swazey & Reeds [1978]. Today's Medicine, Tommorow's Science... Chapter 3.
The slow realization that the disease, beriberi, was not caused by some tiny organism or a potent toxin, but rather by the lack of minute quantities of an unknown and indispensable nutrient in the diet, required a major shift in medical and biological thinking.
In his essay of 1912, Funk also surveyed the evidence for grouping human and experimental beriberi, scurvy, and ship beriberi under the general category of "deficiency diseases," and perspicaciously argued that pellagra and possibly rickets also belonged to this class although the vitamines involved were probably different from those of beriberi and scurvy.
His original hope in studying beriberi was to find the cause of the disease and then to find a cure, but, as we have seen, Eijkman was more successful at finding a cure for beriberi than at finding out the primary cause.
newman.baruch.cuny.edu /digital/2001/swazey_reeds_1978/chap_03.htm   (16359 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
He maintains that he has beriberi, chronic dysentery, anxiety state, residuals of malnutrition, residuals of frozen feet and traumatic arthritis as a result of his internment as a prisoner of war during World War II.
The claims for service connection for beriberi, chronic dysentery and an anxiety state are not meritorious on their own or capable of substantiation.
Service Connection for Beriberi, Chronic Dysentery and an Anxiety State The threshold question to be answered with respect to the claims for service connection for beriberi, chronic dysentery and an anxiety state is whether the veteran has presented evidence of well-grounded claims.
www.va.gov /vetapp/files1/9403679.txt   (3807 words)

  
 Disease - Beriberi - Detroit, Michigan
Physical examination may show signs of congestive heart failure, including symmetrically swollen lower legs, fluid in the lungs, and elevated neck veins with labored breathing, a rapid heartbeat, and an enlarged heart.
The person with late-stage beriberi may be confused or have memory loss and delusions.
Neurological examination may show a loss of vibratory sensation (the person is less able to sense vibration), decreased reflexes, loss of coordination, gait changes (ataxia), nystagmus, drooping of the eyelids (ptosis), and inability to move the eye outwards (opthalmoplegia).
www.henryfordhealth.org /14279.cfm   (703 words)

  
 eMedicine - Beriberi : Article by L Arturo Batres, MD   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Internationally: In the East, beriberi is related to the consumption of milled rice.
Aphonic beriberi presents with hoarseness and aphonic cry due to paralysis of the laryngeal nerve.
Acute fulminant cardiovascular beriberi (Shoshin disease or occidental beriberi)
www.emedicine.com /ped/topic229.htm   (1567 words)

  
 Vitamin B1 Information   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Dry beriberi occurs when thiamin deficiency affects the peripheral nervous system and is also called neurologic beriberi.
Wet beriberi is called cardiovascular beriberi, which involves the heart and circulatory system.
This is characterized by peripheral vasodilation with increased cardiac output, sodium and water retention and myocardial failure.
www.vitaminherbuniversity.com /topic.asp?categoryid=1&topicid=1001   (1114 words)

  
 Vitamins
Symptoms of beriberi, many of which are neurological, include fatigue, irritation, poor memory, sleep disturbances, anorexia, abdominal discomfort and constipation, nerve problems like burning sensations in the feet, calf muscle cramps and weakness, and other symptoms.
Because people thought that beriberi was caused by a bacterium, this disease was thought to be contagious, and people who contracted it were isolated from well people.
Based on this evidence, Dr. Eijkman proposed that beriberi was a nutritional deficiency, not caused by a bacterium, and that something in the rice bran prevents beriberi.
biology.clc.uc.edu /courses/bio105/vitamin.htm   (2009 words)

  
 ENLmedical.com: Conditions And Concerns: Medical Encyclopedia: Beriberi
Beriberi has become almost nonexistent in the United States since the discovery of its cause, thiamine deficiency.
Beriberi can appear, however, in breast-fed infants when the mother has an inadequate intake of thiamine or among people whose diet includes certain types of fish that produce an enzyme which inactivates thiamine.
The person with late-stage beriberi may be confused or psychotic.
www.enlmedical.com /article/000339.htm   (306 words)

  
 No. 567: Vitamins and Beriberi
Beriberi became a great horror in colonial Asia during the nineteenth century.
Where they served brown rice, there was little beriberi.
Where they served white rice, beriberi was a terrible problem.
www.uh.edu /engines/epi567.htm   (371 words)

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