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Topic: Bernard Williams

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 Bernard Williams
Bernard Williams (1929-2003) was a leading influence in philosophical ethics in the latter half of the twentieth century.
Bernard Williams was born in Essex in 1929, and educated at Chigwell School and Balliol College, Oxford, where he read Greats, the uniquely Oxonian degree that begins with Homer and Vergil and concludes with Thucydides, Tacitus, and (surprisingly perhaps) the latest in contemporary philosophy.
Williams sees an incoherence at the very heart of the project of indirect utilitarianism, because he does not believe that the ambition to justify one's life “from the outside” in the utilitarian fashion can be coherently combined with the ambition to live that life “from the inside”.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/williams-bernard   (9902 words)

 Earl Bernard WILLIAMS v. STATE of Arkansas
DIVISION II Appellant Earl Bernard Williams was convicted in a jury trial of being a felon in possession of a firearm, possession of phencyclidine (PCP), and possession of marijuana.
Williams contends that, since there was no evidence as to the amount of PCP present on the marijuana cigarette or the amount necessary to constitute a usable amount, the State failed to establish that he possessed a usable amount.
Williams' contention that the State failed to prove he possessed a usable amount of PCP is an attack on the sufficiency of the evidence.
courts.state.ar.us /opinions/old/AR94-73A.html   (1209 words)

 Telegraph | News | Professor Sir Bernard Williams
Professor Sir Bernard Williams, who died on Tuesday aged 73, was one of the most influential British philosophers of the 20th century, best known for his work on moral philosophy, questions of personal identity and the history of philosophy.
When the Williams committee reported in 1979, it unanimously found that "given the amount of explicit sexual material in circulation and the allegations often made about its effects, it is striking that one can find case after case of sex crimes and murder without any hint at all that pornography was present in the background".
Bernard Arthur Owen Williams was born on September 21 1929 and educated at Chigwell School, Essex, and Balliol College, Oxford.
www.telegraph.co.uk /news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2003/06/14/db1401.xml&sSheet=/portal/2003/06/14/ixportal.html   (1693 words)

 Guardian Unlimited | Obituaries | Obituary: Professor Sir Bernard Williams
Williams was born in Westcliff, Essex, and educated at Chigwell school.
Williams was a rivetting party guest, often causing a logjam round the fridge as the entire gathering struggled to get into the kitchen to hear him discussing metaphysics.
Williams pooh-poohed the incessantly-made antithesis between the rigorous analytic and the literary continental styles of philosophising, saying you might as well compare a car with four-wheel drive with a Japanese car (a category confusion of methodology and geography).
www.guardian.co.uk /obituaries/story/0,3604,976477,00.html   (2547 words)

 sophia - williams
A great part of Williams’ philosophical endeavour involved trying to free ethics of its baleful distortion by the illusions of ‘morality’;, and he saw this also as an attempt to free human beings from some of their self-imposed restrictions.
In my judgment, Williams own views frequently reflect a kind of reductivism – about ‘ethics’; and human possibility more broadly – that is not itself warranted by the success of his philosophical critique.
To put that differently: what Williams dismissed as the distortions inherent in ‘the morality system’ (or sometimes in Kantianism, or by implication much Christian thought), might be distortions of something humanly important that can be thought and lived in a way that is free of such distortion.
www.philosophy.unimelb.edu.au /sophia/vol42no2/williams.html   (711 words)

 washingtonpost.com: Philosopher Bernard Williams Dies; Weighed Questions of Moral Identity
Sir Bernard Williams, 73, a witty, learned and combative British philosopher who was known for his work in moral philosophy, questions of moral identity, the history of philosophy and the nature of truth, died June 10 while vacationing in Rome.
Bernard Arthur Owen Williams was a native of Essex, England, and a 1951 graduate of Oxford University's Balliol College.
As Baroness Williams of Crosby, she became a leader of the Liberal Democrats in the House of Lords.
www.washingtonpost.com /ac2/wp-dyn/A7634-2003Jun17?language=printer   (501 words)

 Enter Page Title Here
For Williams, truth and truthfulness are indispensable to us and he tries to show in his book that in any human society truth will be valued, and his twin virtues of truth - sincerity and accuracy - prized.
Williams was initially thrilled by the promise of Oxford analytic philosophy.
She had asked Williams to write a critical essay about utilitarianism to be paired with an essay by JJC Smart for a book entitled Utilitarianism For and Against, still a textbook for philosophy undergraduates.
log24.com /log/saved/030614-williamsbio.html   (3321 words)

 Martha Nussbaum: Tragedy and Justice
Bernard Williams died on June 10, 2003, at the age of 73, while on holiday with his family in Rome, after a long and often painful bout with multiple myeloma.
Kantianism, as Williams understood it, was a theory that made the concept of moral obligation central while neglecting the contribution to the moral life of the emotions, personal relationships, and necessity.
Williams made it clear that his argument was intended as an objection not only to utilitarianism but to all forms of consequentialism—all views, that is, that hold that an action is right just in case it promotes the best consequences.
www.bostonreview.net /BR28.5/nussbaum.html   (6198 words)

 Moral Luck [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Williams' aim in "Moral Luck" and much of his other work is to discredit the Kantian view of morality and to suggest that it would be best to abandon the notion of morality altogether (replacing it with the wider notion he calls the 'ethical').
Williams rightly observes that it is effectively impossible to foresee whether Gauguin will succeed in his attempt to become a great painter.
Williams distinguishes between extrinsic and intrinsic luck, claiming that only the operation of intrinsic luck is compatible with the result of a decision determining the rational justification of that decision.
www.iep.utm.edu /m/moralluc.htm   (7748 words)

 Fallen Son & Daughters Profiles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Bernard Williams, known as “Barney” to family and friends, was the youngest son of George and Ann Williams.
Bernard graduated from Ipswich High School in 1942, where he excelled in football, basketball, and track, in which he won the SD state championship in the broad jump.
Bernard L. Williams was involved in combat duty in the Battle of the Bulge and was killed in action on January 11, 1945, near Lebramont, Belgium.
www.state.sd.us /military/VetAffairs/sdwwiimemorial/SubPages/profiles/Display.asp?P=2075   (212 words)

 Guardian Unlimited Books | Obituaries | Obituary: Professor Sir Bernard Williams
Philosophers, Williams said, "repeatedly urge us to view the world sub specie aeternitatis, but for most human purposes that is not a good species to view it under".
In this, his greatest book, Williams argued that fact- resembling, "thick" ethical concepts ("courage" or "cruelty", say, as opposed to a "thin" ethical concept like "good") were so much part of the world picture of traditional societies as to count as "pieces of knowledge".
Williams is often considered an "anti-theory" philosopher, but paradoxically, while saying that moral philosophy cannot change anything, he showed, by changing the way we do it, that it could.
books.guardian.co.uk /obituaries/story/0,11617,976884,00.html   (2547 words)

 Exploring America's Courtyard
Symbolic Constructs of History The works of Bernard Williams deal with aspects of the Old American west and many of the forces at play in the historical development of the place we call "the west".
Bernard's paintings attempt a reconsideration of western heritage along with some rethinking of how western paintings and traditional history paintings are composed and stylistically delivered.
Bernard has painted a large, impressive portrait of a Black Marlboro Man. Bernard also invents symbols and paints words on his paintings as a way of asking questions about American history.
cuip.net /ac/Artists/BWilliams   (1249 words)

 The Sunday Tribune - Books
Bernard's wife, Shirley, was in the Cabinet of Harold Wilson.
Williams' philosophical merit is that he warns against making a fetish of an assertion in relation to truth.
Williams says that the philosophers are divided on the moral status of self-deception.
www.tribuneindia.com /2003/20031228/spectrum/book2.htm   (1087 words)

 Computers and Human Values: Smart & Williams II (12/02/03)
Explain the details either of Bernard Williams' "George's job prospect" example or of his "Jim and the Indians" example in his critique of utilitarianism.
Bernard Williams writes "Now there is one version of this effect in which, for a utilitarian, some confusion must be involved, namely that in which the agent feels bad, his subsequent conduct and relations are crippled and so on, because he thinks that he has done the wrong thing..." What is Williams talking about here?
Bernard Williams considers "a racial minority," which "does no particular harm," but such that "the other citizens have such prejudice that they find the sight of this group, even the knowledge of its presence, very disagreeable." What point is Williams trying to make with this example?
www.cs.brown.edu /courses/cs009/01/cs009.dec2.html   (793 words)

 Williams aims for last laugh in 200 meters
Williams was a year behind Carter but a step ahead of the sprint crowd when he was at Carver High.
Williams fathered a child with hurdler Anjanette Kirkland and, when she had a falling out with the HSI camp, both moved to Florida last year.
Williams' 20.01 in Rome was the world's fastest 200 time of 2003, but like most sprinters, he yearns to make his mark in the 100.
www.dailypress.com /business/bal-sp.oly.track26aug26,0,2258182.story   (1005 words)

 Truth and Truthfulness- Bernard Williams
Bernard Williams shows us that when we lose a sense of the value of truth, we lose a lot both politically and personally, and may well lose everything.
It is Williams' reflection on the moral cost of the intellectual vogue for dispensing with the concept of truth....The patient reader will enjoy the rare experience of watching philosophical and historical scaffolding installed, or revealed, beneath everyday expectations and practices of honesty, trust, doubt, deceit and wishful thinking."
"Bernard Williams enjoys such preeminence as a moral philosopher that it is easy to overlook his interests and achievements in other philosophical areas, including metaphysics, epistemology and history.
www.thebookshope.com /bt_hit/f_pup/truth_truthfulness.html   (488 words)

 Amazon.co.uk: Truth and Truthfulness: An Essay in Genealogy: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Bernard Williams sets out to answer these questions by identifying two prominent and conflicting currents of ideas in modern thought and culture.
Williams talks as if "truth itself" and the virtue of truthfulness, while conceptually distinct, are somehow all of a piece.
For all the impressive display of philosophical expertise Williams' way of mapping the present philosophical terrain is not as useful as he might have hoped and the book as a whole requires a good deal of time and sustained concentration to get through to the end.
www.amazon.co.uk /exec/obidos/ASIN/0691117918   (654 words)

 Contemporary Ethical Theory - First Exam
W1-EF Bernard Williams writes "Now there is one version of this effect in which, for a utilitarian, some confusion must be involved, namely that in which the agent feels bad, his subsequent conduct and relations are crippled and so on, because he thinks that he has done the wrong thing..." ("Against Utilitarianism"
Williams suggests that utilitarianism alienates one from one's actions and the source of our actions in our own convictions and is "an attack on [our] integrity." Explain Williams reasons for this claim.
W2-AG Bernard Williams writes of Parfit's Complex view "So far as the problems of agency are concerned, Parfit's treatment is not going to help Utilitarianism." ("Persons, Character and Morality" II CH 638) Explain the "problems of agency" Williams in referring to.
www.uark.edu /campus-resources/rlee/contsp01/exam1q.html   (1319 words)

 Obituary of Bernard Williams by John Haldane
Bernard Williams, philosopher; born September 21; 1929; died June 10; 2003.
Williams was one of the most brilliant figures of his
Bernard (Arthur Owen) Williams was born in Southend in
ethicscenter.nd.edu /news/williams.shtml   (763 words)

 Williams, B.; Hawthorn, G.,: In the Beginning Was the Deed: Realism and Moralism in Political Argument.
Bernard Williams is remembered as one of the most brilliant and original philosophers of the past fifty years.
Williams makes this argument in part through a searching examination of where political thinking should originate, to whom it might be addressed, and what it should deliver.
Williams had intended to weave these essays into a connected narrative on political philosophy with reflections on his own experience of postwar politics.
www.pupress.princeton.edu /titles/8021.html   (742 words)

 Chicago Tribune news : Local news, weather, traffic, shopping and classified
Bernard Williams is accustomed to going at a fast pace, being one of the world's top sprinters.
To Baltimore's Bernard Williams, the bronze medal he won in the 100 meters at the VIII World Championships of Track and Field yesterday was as good as gold.
FORMER CARVER High School and U.S. Olympic track and field star Bernard Williams apologized Thursday about his posing, preening and flexing during the 400-meter relay team's gold medal celebration in Sydney last week, and said he is ready to move on with the rest of his life.
www.chicagotribune.com /bal-oly-williams,0,6819984.storygallery   (893 words)

 Amazon.com: Utilitarianism : For and Against: Books: J. J. C. Smart,Bernard Williams   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
In the first part of the book Professor Smart advocates a modern and sophisticated version of classical utilitarianism; he tries to formulate a consistent and persuasive elaboration of the doctrine that the rightness and wrongness of actions is determined solely by their consequences, and in particular their consequences for the sum total of human happiness.
Smart and Williams are two of the most brilliant and important philosophers of the last century and both are brilliantly clear and engaging communicators.
Unfortunately for Williams it seems to me after 16 years of Ethical study, that Utilitarianism, as tough a theory as it is, is the most viable that has yet been discoverd.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/052109822X?v=glance   (1297 words)

 Bernard Williams
Williams, who was knighted in 1999, also served on a variety of government committees in England and was a Spitfire pilot for the RAF.
Williams, Shirley Vivien Teresa Brittain, Baroness Williams of Crosby - Williams, Shirley Vivien Teresa Brittain, Baroness Williams of Crosby 1930–, British...
Bernard Williams, à Yokohama en septembre 2002 Bernard Williams (photo) et Kelli White sont devenus les nouveaux champions.
www.infoplease.com /ipa/A0908485.html   (256 words)

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