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Topic: Bertrand Russell


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In the News (Mon 15 Apr 19)

  
  Bertrand Russell (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Russell's contributions to logic and the foundations of mathematics include his discovery of Russell's paradox, his defense of logicism (the view that mathematics is, in some significant sense, reducible to formal logic), his development of the theory of types, and his refining of the first-order predicate calculus.
Russell's response was to introduce the axiom of reducibility, an axiom that lessened the vicious circle principle's scope of application, but which many people claimed was too ad hoc to be justified philosophically.
Russell's social influence stems from three main sources: his long-standing social activism, his many writings on the social and political issues of his day, and his popularizations of technical writings in philosophy and the natural sciences.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/russell   (3965 words)

  
  Bertrand Russell's Theory of Knowledge
Bertrand Russell’s Theory of Knowledge (1913) is an analysis of the differences which may occur between various cognitive relations (such as attention, sensation, memory, and imagination), and is an explanation of how cognitive data (such as perceptions and concepts) may become elements of knowledge.
Russell argues that sensation is a relation of acquaintance with a particular object, and that the object of sensation is simultaneously present for the subject.
Russell explains that acquaintance with a complex of objects may not necessarily imply that the subject is aware of all the individual constituents of that complex.
www.angelfire.com /md2/timewarp/russell.html   (1005 words)

  
  Bertrand Russell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Russell was born at the height of Britain's economic and political ascendancy.
Russell thought Wittgenstein's elevation of language as the only reality with which philosophy need be concerned was absurd, and he decried his influence and the influence of his followers, especially members of the so-called "Oxford school" of ordinary language philosophy, who he believed were promoting a kind of mysticism.
Russell was an early critic of the official story in the John F. Kennedy assassination; his "16 Questions on the Assassination" from 1964 is still considered a good summary of the apparent inconsistencies in that case.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bertrand_Russell   (9199 words)

  
 Bertrand Russell - MSN Encarta
Russell and Whitehead proved that numbers can be defined as classes of a certain type, and in the process they developed logic concepts and a logic notation that established symbolic logic as an important specialization within the field of philosophy.
Russell condemned both sides in World War I (1914-1918), and for his uncompromising stand he was fined, imprisoned, and deprived of his teaching post at Cambridge.
Russell received the 1950 Nobel Prize for Literature and was cited as “the champion of humanity and freedom of thought.” He led a movement in the late 1950s advocating unilateral nuclear disarmament by Britain, and at the age of 89 he was imprisoned after an antinuclear demonstration.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761572097/Russell_Bertrand_Arthur_William_3rd_Earl_Russell.html   (744 words)

  
 Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary - Bertrand Russell
Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell (May 18, 1872 – February 2, 1970) was one of the most influential mathematicians, philosophers, and logicians of the modern age, working mostly in the 20th century.
Russell thought Wittgenstein's elevation of language as the only reality with which philosophy need be concerned was absurd, and he decried his influence and the influence of his followers, especially members of the so-called Oxford school, who he believed were promoting a kind of mysticism.
Russell was primarily raised by his grandmother, who was quite religious, and her influence on his outlook on social justice and standing up for principle remained with him throughout his life.
www.fact-archive.com /encyclopedia/Bertrand_Russell   (6250 words)

  
 Bertrand Russell Biography
Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell (May 18, 1872 - February 2, 1970) was one of the most influential mathematicians, philosophers and logicians working (mostly) in the 20th century, an important political liberal, activist and a populariser of philosophy.
Russell is generally recognized as one of the founders of analytic philosophy.
Russell called his stance "Relative Pacifism"—he held that war was always a great evil, but in some particularly extreme circumstances (such as when Hitler threatened to take over Europe) it might be a lesser of multiple evils.
www.biographybase.com /biography/Russell_Bertrand.html   (1883 words)

  
 Bertrand Russell: Tutte le informazioni su Bertrand Russell su Encyclopedia.it   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Bertrand Arthur William Russell (Ravenscroft, Galles, 18 maggio 1872 Penrhyndeudraeth, Galles, 2 febbraio 1970) è stato uno dei più influenti filosofi, logici e matematici del XX secolo, oltre che un autorevole esponente della politica liberale, un attivista e un divulgatore della filosofia.
Russell è generalmente considerato uno dei fondatori della filosofia analitica.
Negli anni Sessanta Bertrand Russell scrisse i tre volumi di cui si compone la sua autobiografia che portò a termine prima di morire in Galles nel 1970.
www.encyclopedia.it /b/be/bertrand_russell.html   (1517 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Bertrand Arthur William Russell (May 18, 1872 - February 2, 1970), the third Earl Russell, was one of the most influential mathematicians, philosophers and logicianss working (mostly) in the 20th century, an important political liberal, activist and a popularizer of philosophy.
Russell is generally recognized as one of the founders of analytic philosophy.
Bertrand Russell wrote his three volume autobiography in the late 1960s and died in 1970 in Wales.
wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/b/be/bertrand_russell.html   (1662 words)

  
 The Bertrand Russell Gallery
Bertrand Russell, the third Earl Russell, is the twentieth century's most important liberal thinker, one of two or three of its major philosophers, and a prophet for millions of the creative and rational life.
Russell had little idea of his abilities until he went up to Trinity College, Cambridge in 1890, for he was educated in virtual isolation while bearing painful if hidden psychic scars from his early bereavement.
Along with George Orwell, Russell was one of the few Western intellectuals on the Left not to be seduced by the claims of Marxist theory and Bolshevik practice in Russia, nor was he beguiled by Fascism.
www.humanities.mcmaster.ca /~bertrand   (1301 words)

  
 Russell, Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3d Earl. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Russell had a distinguished background: His grandfather Lord John Russell introduced the Reform Bill of 1832 and was twice prime minister; his parents were both prominent freethinkers; and his informal godfather was John Stuart Mill.
Russell studied at Trinity College, Cambridge (1890–94), where later he was a fellow (1895–1901) and a lecturer (1910–16).
If Russell’s logic was not always unassailable, his life showed that ethical relativism could be combined with a passionate social conscience, and that passionate commitment could be stated without dogmatism.
www.bartleby.com /65/ru/RusslBer.html   (1197 words)

  
 Bertrand Russell Biography and Summary
Bertrand Russell was well known during his lifetime as a controversial public figure; in retrospect, he has been evaluated primarily as a philosopher and social critic.
Bertrand Russell is best known to the general public as a political writer and activist, and to the learned world as a mathematician and philosopher.
Russell, Bertrand Arthur William(1872–1970) Bertrand Arthur William Russell, the British philosopher, mathematician, and social reformer, was born in Trelleck, Wales.
www.bookrags.com /Bertrand_Russell   (480 words)

  
 Bertrand Russell / Biography
His contributions relating to mathematics include his discovery of Russell's paradox, his defense of logicism (the view that mathematics is, in some significant sense, reducible to formal logic), his introduction of the theory of types, and his refining and popularizing of the first-order predicate calculus.
Russell's response to the second of these objections was to introduce, within the ramified theory, the axiom of reducibility.
As one of the founders of "analytic philosophy", Russell is remembered for his work using first-order logic to show how a broad range of denoting phrases could be recast in terms of predicates and quantified variables.
www.cooperativeindividualism.org /russellbio.html   (1395 words)

  
 The Ethical Society of St. Louis: Bertrand Russell's Relevance Today
Russell’s personal life, as for all of us, shaped and influenced who he was not only as a thinker, but as a feeler, as a father, and as a husband.
Russell’s friend Hardy, who was professor of mathematics at Cambridge, once told him that if he could find a proof that Russell would die in five minutes time, he would naturally be very sorry to lose him, but the sorrow would be quite worthwhile for the pleasure of the proof.
Russell says that traditional religion is the source of much evil and he viewed it with scorn and concern for its negative effect.
www.ethicalstl.org /platforms/platform032899.shtml   (4046 words)

  
 Bertrand Russell - Free Online Library
Bertrand Russell was born in Trelleck, Gwent, as the second son of Viscount Amberley.
In it Russell arrived at the view of Gottlob Frege (1848-1925), that mathematics is a continuation of logic and that its subject-matter is a system of Platonic essences that exist in the realm outside both mind and matter.
Though Russell was a pioneer of logical positivism, which was further developed by such philosophers from 'Vienna circle' as Ludwig Wittgenstein and Rudolf Carnap, he never identified himself fully with the group.
russell.thefreelibrary.com   (1651 words)

  
 20th WCP: Bertrand Russell on Critical Thinking
Russell's account anticipates many of the insights to be found in the recent critical thinking literature, and his views on critical thinking are of enormous importance in understanding the nature of educational aims.
Russell recognizes clearly, indeed it is a large part of the problem which critical thinking must address, that one becomes a victim of habit if the habitual beliefs of one's own age constitute a prison of prejudice.
Russell describes critical undogmatic receptiveness as the true attitude of science, and often speaks of the scientific outlook, the scientific spirit, the scientific temper, a scientific habit of mind and so on, but Russell does not believe that critical thinking is only, or invariably, displayed in science.
www.bu.edu /wcp/Papers/Educ/EducHare.htm   (4002 words)

  
 Bertrand Russell
Bertrand Russell was already 42 years old when the First World War broke out, with his best work in philosophy arguably behind him.
Russell reasserted the British empirical tradition: knowledge is a matter of a relation between individual minds and independent objects in the world.
It’s remarkable that Russell and Sartre, who had nothing in common as philosophers, came together in the 1960s as leading opponents of the war in Vietnam–this in spite of the fact that Russell had always been a critic of the doctrine of the "superior virtue of the oppressed" which Sartre embraced wholeheartedly.
media.ucsc.edu /classes/thompson/bertrandrussell.html   (1676 words)

  
 Bertrand Russell, 3. Earl Russell - Wikipedia
Russell wird zusammen mit George Edward Moore als Begründer der sprachanalytischen Richtung der Sprachphilosophie betrachtet.
In der Mengenlehre wurde Russell durch das nach ihm benannte Paradoxon (russellsche Antinomie) berühmt.
Außerdem bekundete Russell Sympathien für den Naturismus (Zitat: Solange Eltern vor ihren Kindern nicht nackt gesehen werden wollen, müssen die Kinder zwangsläufig das Gefühl haben, dass da ein Geheimnis ist, und wenn sie dieses Gefühl haben, werden sie aufgereizt und unanständig.
de.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bertrand_Russell   (738 words)

  
 When Bertrand Russell advocated preventive atomic war
Russell's pupil T. Eliot said the same: '[Russell] considered any excuse good enough for homicide.' It was not that Russell had any taste for fisticuffs.
Since Russell later tried to deny, obfuscate or explain away his views during this period, it is important to set them out in some detail and in chronological order.
Russell was clearly not completely an outsider or disaffected dropout from the upper class.
www.questionsquestions.net /docs04/russell.html   (1394 words)

  
 The Love of Liberty and the Impulse to Coercion: Bertrand Russell Revisited by Richard Wall
Bertrand Russell (1872–1970) was a master at seeing and cutting through this sort of humbug and hypocrisy, and was a relentless seeker after truth.
Russell was educated in the classical English liberal tradition, and he was later an unabashed admirer of the Constitution of the United States.
I believe it is possible to understand the light and dark sides of Russell’s personality, and the chemistry of people’s polarized reactions to him, by examining his genetic inheritance and his upbringing, and placing them in their social and historical context (or, as conventional usage has it, the differential impact of nature and nurture).
www.lewrockwell.com /wall/wall12.html   (2348 words)

  
 Bertrand Russell Quotes
--Bertrand Russell The secret of happiness is this: Let your interests be as wide as possible, and let your reactions to the things and persons that interest you be as far as possible friendly rather than hostile.
--Bertrand Russell Patriotism is the willingness to kill and be killed for trivial reasons.
In these words he epitomized the history of the human race --Bertrand Russell Education and the Social Order The degree of one's emotion varies inversely with one's knowledge of the facts -- the less you know the hotter you get.
quotations.home.worldnet.att.net /bertrandrussell.html   (329 words)

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