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Topic: Bessarabia

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In the News (Fri 26 Apr 19)

  Bessarabia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bessarabia or Bessarabiya (Basarabia in Romanian, Besarabya in Turkish) was the name by which the Imperial Russia designated the eastern part of the principality of Moldavia annexed by Russia in 1812.
In the chaos brought by the Russian revolution of October 1917, a National Council (Sfatul Ţării) was established in Bessarabia, with 120 members elected from Bessarabia and 10 elected from Transnistria (the left shore of the river Dnister, inhabited by ethnic Moldavians/Romanians).
Bessarabia's northern and southern districts (largely inhabited by Romanians and some Ukrainians and Germans) were exchanged with parts of Transnistria (the districts on the left or eastern bank of the Dniestr, largely inhabited today by Ukrainians and Russians).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bessarabia   (2958 words)

 BESSARABIA - LoveToKnow Article on BESSARABIA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
During the early centuries of the Christian era Bessarabia, being the key to one of the approaches towards the Byzantine empire, was invaded by many successive races.
In the 13th century Bessarabia was overrun by the irresistible Mongols under the leadership of Batu, grandson of Jenghiz Khan.
In 1367 Bessarabia was subdued and annexed by the ruling prince of Moldavia.
76.1911encyclopedia.org /B/BE/BESSARABIA.htm   (862 words)

Bessarabia is an agricultural land; 80 percent of its area is under cultivation, and 72 percent of the cultivated land (2.9 million ha) is devoted to the growing of
Rada in Kyiv to request that Ukrainian troops and state officials be dispatched to Bessarabia and that Bessarabia be annexed by Ukraine.
Bessarabia (by a vote of 38 to 8 when only 46 of the 162 deputies were present) and then dissolved itself.
www.encyclopediaofukraine.com /pages/B/E/Bessarabia.htm   (1918 words)

 RUSNET.NL :: Encyclopedia :: B :: Bessarabia
Bessarabia is bounded by the Dnestr River on the North and East, the Prut on the West, and the Danube and the Black Sea on the South.
Bessarabia's leading cities are Chisinau and Tiraspol in Moldova and Izmail and Belgorod-Dnestrovsky in Ukraine.
In 1940 Romania was forced to cede Bessarabia to the USSR; the Romanian peace treaty of 1947 confirmed Bessarabia as part of the USSR.
www.rusnet.nl /encyclo/b/print/bessarabia.shtml   (424 words)

 JewishEncyclopedia.com - BESSARABIA:   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Bessarabia excels among the Russian governments in the culture of the vine; and in this, as in the cultivation of tobacco, large numbers of Jews are employed.
Moreover, Bessarabia was at that time the only region complying with the requirements of the law prohibiting the Jews from acquiring other than unoccupied land, and many Jews were accordingly attracted to the Bessarabian lands.
The first Jewish landowner in Bessarabia was "Honorary Citizen" Joseph [Jevzel] Günzburg, the progenitor of the present Baron Günzburg.
www.jewishencyclopedia.com /view.jsp?artid=951&letter=B   (1102 words)

 Encyclopedia article on Bessarabia [EncycloZine]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Bessarabia or Bessarabiya (Basarabia in Romanian, Besarabya in Turkish) was the name used by Russia to designate the eastern part of the territory known as Moldova (Moldavia in English), which was occupied by Russia in 1812.
Bessarabia was in the Russian Empire administration a region of Central Europe comprising most of current-day Moldova and additional districts that are now in Ukraine.
Bessarabia, as part of the principality of Moldavia was formally a vassal of the Ottoman Empire.
encyclozine.com /Bessarabia   (2494 words)

 Moldova: history   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Bessarabia was under Turkish control until 1812, and the rest of the Moldovan Principality until 1878.
During the 19th century, the population of Bessarabia grew from 250,000 to 2,500,000 and by the end of the century, Moldovans made up half of the province’s population.
Bessarabia was part of the Romanian Kingdom, while the left bank of the Dnestr belonged to the USSR.
gbgm-umc.org /country_profiles/country_history.cfm?Id=92   (1953 words)

 AllRefer.com - Bessarabia (CIS And Baltic Political Geography) - Encyclopedia
Bessarabia's leading cities are Chisinau and Tiraspol in Moldova and Izmayil and Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyy in Ukraine.
Cumans and later Mongols overran Bessarabia; after the latter withdrew it was included (1367) in the newly established principality of Moldavia.
After the Bolshevik Revolution (1917) the anti-Soviet national council of Bessarabia proclaimed the region an autonomous republic; however, in 1918, Bessarabia renounced all ties with Soviet Russia and declared itself an independent Moldovan republic, later voting for union with Romania.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/B/Bessarab.html   (529 words)

The legal status of the Jews in the part of Bessarabia under Moldavian rule was similar to that of the rest of Moldavian Jewry.
On the basis of the minority treaties signed by Rumania, a ramified network of Jewish elementary and secondary schools with instruction in Yiddish or Hebrew was established in Bessarabia at the beginning of Rumanian rule.
Social welfare institutions in Bessarabia during this period included 13 hospitals, a sanatorium for tubercular patients, societies for assistance to the sick in 25 localities, 13 old-age homes, and four relief institutions for children.
www.oberman.org /bessarabia.htm   (1848 words)

 Bessarabia: Disputed Territory
Bessarabia is region situated in the northeastern part of Romania, bordering on the Dniestr River.
Romania was playing its only card left: the rich oil fields at Ploesti would provide Hitler with the fuel he needed in his upcoming campaign and in turn it was hoped that the country would be spared from the ravages of another war.
Bessarabia, now the Republic of Moldova is waiting to see what the future will bring to this region before taking a course of action.
www.bu.edu /econ/faculty/kyn/newweb/economic_systems/NatIdentity/EE/Romania/Bessarabia.html   (1394 words)

 Russification and Ethnic Consciousness of Romanians in Bessarabia (1812 to 1991)
Bessarabia, however, had only been the southern part of what is today known as Bessarabia, also called the Bugeac, but the Russians extended the name ”Bessarabia” to all the region between Prut and Dnestr, so that they could annex it.
In Bessarabia, the pressure and propaganda from the Soviet Union urged the Bucharest government to conduct a big land reform, expropriating the big landlords, not, however, in order to achieve some socialist goals, but in order to preclude any unrest and succeptibility to Soviet propaganda in the peasant population.
Southern Bessarabia and its northernmost part as well as the eastern half of the Moldavian ASSR went to Ukraine, while the rest of Bessarabia and the Moldavian ASSR were joined into the Moldavian Socialist Soviet Republic (see map attachment 2).
www.east-west-wg.org /cst/cst-mold/bessara.html   (4203 words)

 Electronic Text Archive
Bessarabia was not even conquered by the Roumanians, and therefore could not be given to them on the score of conquest at the conclusion of the World War.
In the course of the war Bessarabia was abstracted from Russia by the process of forcible seizure, and in addition the seizure was perpetrated not by enemies of Russia but by an ally of Russia in the war, and sanctioned by other allies.
Bessarabia is a part of Russia; sooner or later there must come about her reunion with the Russian State.
depts.washington.edu /cartah/text_archive/clark/bc_25.shtml   (2742 words)

 - Levon Travel - Armenia, Georgia, Moldova, Many European Countries, tours, Vacations, Group Travels.
For centuries the name Moldova referred to a larger area encompassing Bessarabia and stretching from the Black Sea in the south to Bukovina, a former province of Romania, in the north, and from the Siret River in the west to the Dnestr in the east.
After Bessarabia was returned to Moldova in 1856, Moldova and Walachia were united to form the Kingdom of Romania in 1859.
In 1939 Bessarabia was granted to the USSR in the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the Soviet - German agreement on dividing Eastern Europe.
www.levontravel.com /NEW/COUNTRY/Moldova/Info/History_Moldova.htm   (798 words)

 What's New -- Historical & Political Articles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Bessarabia was the northern part of the territory.
Bessarabia experienced the same mediocre economic performance as the rest of interwar Romania did.
The German armed forces drew on the substantial German population of Bessarabia to strengthen its army against the Soviet Union.
www.geohistory.com /Geoworld/politics.asp?Type=Article&TOPIC_ID=NATSTAT0030   (2064 words)

 Wallachs.Net - The Old Country - Bessarabia
Bessarabia is incorporated into Russian Empire under the Treaty of Bucharest after the Russo-Turkish War of 1806-12.
Bessarabia is declared the independent Democratic Moldavian Republic, federated with Russia.
Bessarabia is occupied by Soviet forces as a result of a secret agreement attached to the 1939 Nazi-Soviet Non- Aggresion Pact.
www.netsnake.com /wallachs/oldcountry.html   (1144 words)

She was born 1869 in Krasna, Akkerman, Bessarabia, Russia, and died January 4, 1934 in Karamurat, Romania.
She was born March 25, 1877 in Krasna, Akkerman, Bessarabia, Russia, and died in Krasna, Akkerman, Bessarabia, Russia.
She was born April 23, 1883 in Krasna, Akkerman, Bessarabia, Russia, and died October 25, 1932 in Emmental, Bender, Bessarabia, Russia.
www.cgrr.com /maas.htm   (2484 words)

 MSN Encarta - Moldova
Moldavian territory was divided in 1812, when the Ottoman Empire took control of all of the land west of the Prut River and Russia took control of the rest.
The Russian government gave the name Bessarabia to the territory under its control to distinguish it from neighboring Ottoman-controlled Moldavia.
Troops of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR, the successor to the Russian Empire) occupied Bessarabia in 1940.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761566942   (2460 words)

 Bessarabia on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
BESSARABIA [Bessarabia], historic region, c.17,600 sq mi (45,600 sq km), largely in Moldova and Ukraine.
Bessarabia's leading cities are Chişinău and Tiraspol in Moldova and Izmayil and Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyy in Ukraine.
Saxony Austrian Monarchy Livonia Netherlands Genoa Modena Cyprus (Ven.) Crete (Ven.) Venetian Republic Lithuania Moldavia Bessarabia Khanate Of The Crimea Scotland Milan Spanish Hapsburgs Austrian Hapsburgs Boundary Of The Holy Roman Empire Italy, 1494 Adriatic
www.encyclopedia.com /html/B/Bessarab.asp   (539 words)

 Electronic Text Archive
CHAPTER IV Bessarabia, then, is a rich farming and grazing country; but its sad history is not due to its neighbors' covetousness of these privileges.
In those generations of peace and law, Dacia was a closely-knit province; excellent roads bound together Transylvania, the Banat, the Bucovina, Moldavia (of which Bessarabia is the eastern half) and Wallachia.
Alexander the Good of Moldavia, who came to the throne in 1400, found the Tartars weakened by their great defeat of 1380 at the hands of the Russians, and drove them from Bender (Tighina), which lay on the great highway connecting the interior with the Genoese port of Caffa (Theodosia) in the Crimea.
depts.washington.edu /cartah/text_archive/clark/bc_4.shtml   (785 words)

 Bessarabia - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Bessarabia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Bessarabia takes its name from the Basarabs, a Moldavian princely dynasty that ruled the territory in the Middle Ages.
Bessarabia was annexed by Russia after the Russo-Turkish War of 1812, but broke away at the Russian Revolution to join Romania.
Russia never recognized this secession in the peace treaties following World War I, and the USSR reoccupied Bessarabia in 1940, dividing it between the Moldavian and Ukrainian Soviet republics.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Bessarabia   (162 words)

 Bessarabia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
was a Professor and journalist in Bessarabia from 1917 to 1918 and from 1926 to 1927.
He is a delegate of Bessarabia at the National Association of Rumanians in the Ukraine and has been senator of Province Orhain in Bessarabia from 1923 to 1927.
In Rome he obtained the ratification of the treaty recognizing the annexation of Bessarabia with Rumania in 1927.
www.dreyblatt.de /whoswho/Bessarabia.HTML   (176 words)

 Bessarabia --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - The online encyclopedia you can trust!
It is bounded by the Prut River on the west, the Dniester River on the north and east, the Black Sea on the southeast, and the Chilia arm of the Danube River delta on the south.
In late June a Soviet ultimatum to Romania demanded the cession of Bessarabia and of northern Bukovina.
Also formerly known as Bessarabia, it was the second smallest of the 15 Soviet republics and now covers an area of about 13,000 square miles (33,700 square kilometers).
www.britannica.com /ebc/article-9357152   (768 words)

 Holocaust Revealed
The Massacres in Bessarabia, Bucovina and Dorohoi County
In accordance with the execution of the agreement on the handover of Bessarabia and the northern Bucovina region, as well as a number of settlements in Dorohoi county, the [238] withdrawal of Rumanian troops began along the entire length of the border from the Ceremus to the Danube.
In addition to this, those escorting the columns killed many Jews out of whims, sadism or at the request of peasants standing by the roadside, who bought the living people for 1,500-2,000 lei, and then had them shot by the soldiers so that they could take off their clothes.
www.logon.org /_domain/holocaustrevealed.org/Romania/Matatias/Transnistria2.htm   (5472 words)

 The Virtual Jewish History Tour: Moldova
Bessarabia is the region between the Dniestr and Prut rivers.
After the many hardships of the 19th century, Hovevei Zion societies were established in Bessarabia in the 1880s, led by Abraham Grunberg and Meir Dizengoff.
Romania took control of Bessarabia between 1918 and 1940, and Jewish life continued to thrive in the region.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/vjw/moldova.html   (2712 words)

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