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Topic: Bhopal disaster

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  Bhopal Disaster
Bhopal was chosen as the site for the Carbide plant because of it's central location in India, a railway system that spanned the country, a large lake which provided a reliable source of water, and sufficient electricity and labor to sustain a large scale industrial plant.
The Bhopal disaster was the result of a combination of legal, technological, organizational, and human errors.
Lawsuits filed in U.S. courts related to the Bhopal case were refused on the grounds that the immediate location of the accident was in India, the victims were Indian, and he U.S. connection with its Indian affiliate did not appear to give it an unusual degree of control.
www.american.edu /TED/bhopal.htm   (3049 words)

  Bhopal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bhopal is the capital of the state of Madhya Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of Bhopal District and Bhopal Division.
Bhopal was one of the last princely states to sign the 'Instrument of Accession' 1947.
Bhopal is a hilly area, located on the Malwa plateau, and the land rises towards the Vindhya Range to the south.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bhopal   (1716 words)

 Bhopal disaster - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Though the audible external alarm was activated to warn the residents of Bhopal, it was quickly silenced to avoid causing panic among the residents.
Had compensation in Bhopal been paid at the same rate that asbestosis victims were being awarded in US courts by defendant including UCC – which mined asbestos from 1963 to 1985 – the liability would have been greater than the $10 billion the company was worth and insured for in 1984.
The CEO of Union Carbide at that time, Warren Anderson, who retired in 1986, was declared a fugitive from justice by the Chief Judicial Magistrate of Bhopal on February 1, 1992 for failing to appear at the court hearings in a culpable homicide case in which he was named the chief defendant.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bhopal_Disaster   (2161 words)

 Bhopal on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-27)
Bhopal, India, cleanup may be a dirty trick.
Bhopal was founded in the early 18th cent.
An estimated 3,000 to 7,000 died immediately, 15,000 to 20,000 died from the effects in the years after the disaster, and 50,000 to 100,000 suffered from serious injuries as a result of the world's worst chemical disaster.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/B/Bhopal.asp   (415 words)

 20 Years After the Bhopal Gas Disaster
It emphatically concluded: "The disaster was caused by insufficient attention to safety in the process design, dangerous operating procedures, lack of proper maintenance, faulty equipment, and deep cuts in manning levels, crew sizes, worker training, and skilled supervision." The union report noted that previous problems at the plant had permitted smaller releases of toxic chemicals.
The twenty year long struggle of the victims of Bhopal gas disaster has been both projected and misunderstood as a simple issue of some sick dying victims and their fight for justice or an issue concerning relief, rehabilitation and compensation.
Bhopal disaster is an issue that inspires all anti-imperialist forces to wage war against imperialism.
journals.aol.com /bloomingtoncp/news/entries/1429   (1888 words)

 The Bhopal Memory Project | Classroom | Teaching Bhopal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-27)
Bhopal is not simply a regrettable footnote in the history of the environmental movement: it is a catastrophic example of the way that industrial disasters continue, change and expand.
Discussion about Bhopal is often characterized by diffusion, frustration and polarization as a result from the unrelenting need on the ground, and the denial and stoicism in the face of suffering in courtrooms and boardrooms from New Delhi to New York.
The Bhopal Memory project springs from an interdisciplinary seminar that was taught by professor Thomas Keenan at Bard College in the spring of 2004.
ringo.bard.edu /hrp/projects/bhopal/classroom/teaching.shtml   (1041 words)

 Revisiting the Bhopal disaster
Because so little hard research exists on the lingering effects of the chemical leak, the few scientists studying the Bhopal disaster "are left with jars of pickled fetuses and are hanging on to them desperately as proof" of birth defects, Tracey said.
As she described it, Bhopal today is a city of hospitals with long, snaking lines of people needing care.
Shaking her head in disbelief, Tracey said how moved she was by the hospitality of ordinary Bhopal residents and how, as a woman, she was able to talk more intimately with women and children about how they are still coping with the accident.
www.blackherbals.com /revisiting_the_bhopal_disaster.htm   (874 words)

 The Inside Story: 18th Anniversary of Bhopal disaster
It was the worst industrial disaster of the 20th century, forever changing the public’s trust of the chemical industry.
Minutes from a January 3, 1985 CMA special meeting to discuss the impacts of Bhopal reported: “…the physicians sent to Bhopal after the accident are saying that the immediate physical problems for most of the survivors will probably disappear.
Following the Bhopal disaster, the chemical industry began to take its public image more seriously and started to organize its defenses, including the unveiling of the Responsible Care initiative, essentially a facade erected to avoid regulation by claiming that the industry is taking voluntary measures to improve its safety and security.
www.chemicalindustryarchives.org /dirtysecrets/bhopal/index.asp   (1105 words)

 New Scientist Breaking News - Fresh evidence on Bhopal disaster
It remains the worst industrial disaster on record, and the victims are still dying.
Crucially, Bhopal had no "knock-down" tank where the mass of chemicals that boiled out of the MIC tank might have settled.
Bhopal's sole scrubber was overwhelmed by the mass of liquids and gases that boiled up it at a rate over 100 times what it was designed for.
www.newscientist.com /article.ns?id=dn3140   (736 words)

 Bhopal disaster still unresolved
On the 20th anniversary of the Bhopal industrial disaster, Greenpeace activists display images from Bhopal and ask the general public for signatures demanding the chemical industry Dow to pay its debt with the citizens of Bhopal.
On the 20th anniversary of the Bhopal industrial disaster, activists in Plaza Mayor, Madrid displayed images from Bhopal and asked the general public for signatures, demanding that the chemical company Dow pay its debt to the citizens of Bhopal.
On the eve of the anniversary, a candlelight vigil was held at the Bhopal Memorial in India.
www.greenpeace.org /india/news/bhopal-disaster-still-unresolv   (748 words)

 What happened in Bhopal?
On the night of Dec. 2nd and 3rd, 1984, a Union Carbide plant in Bhopal, India, began leaking 27 tons of the deadly gas methyl isocyanate.
The gas-affected people of Bhopal continue to succumb to injuries sustained during the disaster, dying at the rate of one each day.
Thus the victims in Bhopal have been left in the lurch, told to fend for themselves as corporate executives elude justice and big corporations elude the blame.
www.bhopal.org /whathappened.html   (1656 words)

 Bhopal investigation
The Bhopal disaster of 1984 was the worst industrial accident ever.
Of the 500,000 exposed, unofficial estimates are that 8,000 people died in the immediate aftermath of the disaster, with the number of deaths to date put at 16,000.
Ten years later the International Medical Commission (IMC) on Bhopal (an independent group of 14 professionals from 11 countries) found significant multi-organ damage such as lung impairment marked reduction in control of limb movements and reduced memory function in the survivors.
www.geography.ndo.co.uk /bhopal.htm   (569 words)

 Confined Space
Bhopal activists and health workers say more than 20,000 people have died over the years due to gas-related illnesses, such as lung cancer, kidney failure and liver disease.
Bhopal not only represents the stark story of the human fallout from a chemical factory explosion but offers up important lessons about the culture of the chemical industry and its approach to security and public health.
Bhopal, a city of more than one million once famed for its glistening lakes and jungles, as well as the resplendent Taj-ul-Masjid, one of the country's biggest mosques, is better known now as the city of poison.
spewingforth.blogspot.com /2004/12/20th-anniversary-of-bhopal.html   (4105 words)

 India: Clouds of Injustice - Bhopal disaster 22 Years on | Action
Indian victims of the 1984 Bhopal gas tragedy shout anti-government and anti-Union Carbide slogans during a protest near the Parliament House, in New Delhi 25 July 2005.
Drinking water is unsafe for consumption, and the long-term environmental consequences of the disaster are rivaled only by its adverse health effects, with increased incidences of cancers and many other diseases in the population of Bhopal.
It is now 22 years after the disaster, and the people of Bhopal are still dying without access to effective health care, safe drinking water, or a healthy environment.
www.amnesty.ca /take_action/actions/india_bhopal.php   (706 words)

 Union Carbide Bhopal,India   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-27)
As many as 50,000 of the world's worst industrial disaster may be partially or totally disabled according to a report released in December.
The IMCB is an independent commission of I5 medical professionals from 12 countries who went to Bhopal in 1994 to chronicle the long-term health consequences of the gas leak from the Union Carbide facility.
The Commission characterizes the Bhopal disaster as "a tragic model of an industrially induced epidemic." It concludes that the survivors' disabilities, having persisted for more than 10 years, are likely to be permanent.
www.thirdworldtraveler.com /Environment/UnionCarbideIndia_environ.html   (298 words)

 Bhopal disaster - twenty years on II | Greenpeace International
While the site of the disaster lies covered in toxic waste and survivors struggle with continuing ill health and deadly pollution from the site, Dow has decided to add to their woes with an Indian lawsuit.
Dow Chemical is responsible for the 1984 disaster in the Indian city of Bhopal - a tragedy that still continues, even twenty years later.
Throw a huge ongoing chemical disaster into the mix and in fact the outcome was a surprise to all.
www.greenpeace.org /international/news/bhopal-disaster-twenty-years-2?content%5ftype%5fkey=news&mode=related%2ditems   (693 words)

 The Bhopal Disaster: Still Avoiding Justice, Two Decades Later
Bhopal thus ranks as the single deadliest industrial disaster of the modern environmental era.
Bhopal survivors like Rashida Bee, who was a 28-year-old housewife at the time of the explosion, have never stopped pressing their demands for a proper trial, appropriate compensation for victims and sufficient medical, economic and environmental rehabilitation for survivors.
First they were left defenseless against a predictable disaster; then they were given a legal run-around instead of just compensation for their suffering.
www.commondreams.org /views04/1204-02.htm   (875 words)

 BHOPAL: THE SEARCH FOR JUSTICE - Screening and Discussion with NADEEM UDDIN
Bhopal was, and remains, the world’s worst chemical industry disaster.
Beautiful Bhopal, once known as the “City of Mosques” is a sad, disgraceful testament to the absence of environmental and human justice - very much a place where “the world stopped watching”.
Bhopal is a wound that continues to worsen.
www.ektaonline.org /events/bhopal   (507 words)

 Bhopal industrial incident killer file
According to the UCC investigation the disaster was the result of a deliberate act of industrial sabotage by a disgruntled employee.
In December the chief judicial magistrate in Bhopal issues a proclamation ordering Anderson and UCE to appear in court in February 1992 to face charges of culpable homicide not amounting to murder in connection with the gas leak.
In the case of the Bhopal plant, there is a pattern of serious failures by UCC in the years before the accident occurred.
www.moreorless.au.com /killers/bhopal.html   (5006 words)

 Bhopal disaster continues to be a plague - The Washington Times: World Briefings - November 20, 2004   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-27)
Bhopal, a city once known for its jungles, glistening lakes and the resplendent Taj-ul-Masjid, one of India's biggest mosques, is better known now as the city of poison.
A generation after history's deadliest industrial disaster, Bhopal's slum dwellers say they continue to suffer from the effects of the toxins of Union Carbide, an American firm that is now a wholly owned subsidiary of Dow Chemical Co.
The head of New Delhi's Bhopal disaster office, Ramesh Inder Singh, said the issue has languished for so long only because the legal nightmare that followed the disaster — more than 1 million claims were lodged — has kept the office paralyzed.
www.washtimes.com /world/20041119-102440-8732r.htm   (1509 words)

 Bhopal gas tragedy lives on, 20 years later | csmonitor.com
BHOPAL, INDIA – Nearly 20 years after an accident at a Union Carbide chemical plant killed thousands here, there are signs that a second tragedy is in the making.
But for the victims of Bhopal, the gas tragedy is a matter of justice, compensation, and safety - all of which, they say, has been a long time in coming.
Jabbar has been involved in the Bhopal gas victims' cause since that first night on Dec. 3, 1984, when he woke up to the sounds of screams on the street, and gathered up his family to flee.
www.csmonitor.com /2004/0504/p07s01-wosc.html   (1262 words)

 Students for Bhopal
Bhopal, the “Hiroshima of the chemical industry,” is the world’s worst-ever industrial disaster.
It was the year when student and youth supporters from at least 30 campuses in the US and India took action against Dow Chemical or in support of the demands of the Bhopal survivors.
As we enter the 20th year of the unfolding Bhopal disaster, we can, with your support, convey to Dow Chemical that the fight for justice in Bhopal is getting stronger and will continue till justice is done.
www.studentsforbhopal.org   (257 words)

 Bhopal Gas Disaster - Documentary Screening   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-27)
The Bhopal disaster remains the worst industrial tragedy in human history.
The Bhopal campaign is one of the longest-running and most important struggles for corporate accountability and environmental justice, and its outcome will have lasting implications for globalization, organized labor, and the environment, the health, and the well-being of the people of Bhopal.
The two volunteers are also interested in speaking with university classes, student and community groups about the tragedy, its impact on the people of Bhopal, the ongoing campaign and its implications for globalization, corporate accountability, and environmental justice.
www.tc.umn.edu /~aidmn/events/bhopal2.html   (327 words)

 Bhopal Disaster/Tragedy - Could Such a Chemical Disaster Happen in the United States?
To understand how the disaster in Bhopal is relevant to chemical dangers here in the Western world, one must first understand the ways in which the Union Carbide pesticide plant caused the deaths and health problems.
At the site of the closed Union Carbide pesticide-manufacturing plant in Bhopal, bags of chemicals are piled around by the hundreds, with most spilling their contents because the bags are decaying.
Indeed, the group Bhopal Medical Appeal reports that since the disaster, survivors have been plagued with an epidemic of cancers, menstrual disorders, and what one doctor described as "monstrous births" (retardation and gruesome birth defects).
www.grinningplanet.com /2004/12-07/bhopal-disaster-tragedy-article.htm   (1930 words)

 Action Resources
Interviews with former Carbide workers at Bhopal reveal that the plant was plagued with accidents and that Carbide repeatedly refused to address safety concerns, leading Carbide's chief safety engineer to resign in protest and prompting Carbide employees to post thousands of notices around the plant that warned of possible disaster.
Bhopal Express has been shown at over a dozen college campuses across the country, and is usually followed by a discussion and Q and A session about the Bhopal tragedy.
On 25th November 2002, Bhopal survivors and groups and their supporters, including chemical waste disposal experts entered the Bhopal factory grounds to begin containment of wastes lying in the open air.
www.studentsforbhopal.org /MediaResources.htm   (8012 words)

 UK Indymedia - Bhopal disaster protesters 'arrested'   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-27)
On behalf of the survivors of the 1984 Bhopal disaster
The Ministry of Chemicals houses the Bhopal Cell and convenes the group of ministers on Bhopal and holds overall responsibility of addressing all issues emanating from the 1984 gas disaster.
The Bhopal survivors are demanding clean water, environmental remediation at the cost of the polluter, setting up of a National Commission to oversee medical and economic rehabilitation, fllisting Dow’s business in India and setting up a memorial in Bhopal.
www.indymedia.org.uk /en/2006/03/336912.html   (594 words)

 Bhopal disaster lingers after nearly 15 years
Washington, Jun 22 -- Survivors of one of the world's worst industrial disasters, that struck the Indian city of Bhopal nearly 15 years ago, still suffered from the effects of toxic gas, according to visiting Bhopal community health workers.
Union Carbide spokesman Tom Sprick, however, maintained that the lingering effects of the disaster were not as severe as stated by Sarangi.
In 1996, an international coalition of doctors known as the International Medical Commission on Bhopal, charged that lack of cooperation by the Indian government and Union Carbide had kept secret much of the information on the types and amount of chemicals that had been released.
www.twnside.org.sg /title/bhopal-cn.htm   (856 words)

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