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Topic: Bias


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In the News (Sat 25 May 19)

  
  Media
It simply is. Bias is a small word that identifies the collective influences of the entire context of a message.
Status Quo bias: The news media believe "the system works." During the "fiasco in Florida," recall that the news media were compelled to remind us that the Constitution was safe, the process was working, and all would be well.
This bias helps journalists establish and maintain a cultural identity as knowledgeable insiders (although many journalists reject the notion that follows from this--that they are players in the game and not merely observers).
rhetorica.net /bias.htm   (2526 words)

  
  Bias - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A bias is a prejudice in a general or specific sense, usually in the sense for having a preference to one particular point of view or ideological perspective.
A bias could, for example, lead one to accept or deny the truth of a claim, not on the basis of the strength of the arguments in support of the claim themselves, but because of the extent of the claim's correspondence with one's own preconceived ideas.
A systematic bias is a bias resulting from a flaw integral to the system within which the bias arises (for example, an incorrectly calibrated thermostat may consistently read – that is 'be biased' – several degrees hotter or colder than actual temperature).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bias   (495 words)

  
 Bias (statistics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This kind of bias is usually regarded as a worse problem than statistical noise: Problems with statistical noise can be lessened by enlarging the sample, but a biased sample will not go away that easily.
Another kind of bias in statistics does not involve biased samples, but does involve the use of a statistic whose expectation differs from the value of the quantity being estimated.
Bias refers to the central tendency of the sampling distribution of a statistic, but the variance of the sampling distribution can also be an important consideration.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bias_(statistics)   (902 words)

  
 Trait Ascription Bias Encyclopedia Article @ CompleteIdiotsGuide.com (Complete Idiots Guide)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Trait ascription bias is the tendency for people to view themselves as relatively variable in terms of personality, behavior and mood while viewing others as much more predictable in their personal traits across different situations.
This attributional bias has an obvious role in the formation and maintenance of stereotypes and prejudice, combined with the negativity effect.
A similar bias on the group level is called the outgroup homogeneity bias.
completeidiotsguide.com /encyclopedia/Trait_ascription_bias   (212 words)

  
 PlanetMath: bias
The difference between the bias and the noise is that one can be reduced while the other can not.
There is another, larger class of estimators that are biased with smaller samples, but the bias gets smaller and tends to 0 as the sample size gets larger.
This is version 2 of bias, born on 2005-02-04, modified 2005-02-04.
planetmath.org /encyclopedia/Bias.html   (543 words)

  
 Bias (textile) Encyclopedia Article @ ArtQuilt.com (Art Quilt)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The bias (US) or cross-grain (UK) direction of a piece of woven fabric, usually referred to simply as "the bias" or "the cross-grain", is at 45 degrees to its warp and weft threads.
Woven fabric is more elastic as well as more fluid in the bias direction, compared to the on-grain direction.
A garment made of woven fabric is said to be "cut on the bias" when the fabric's warp and weft threads are at 45 degrees to its major seam lines.
www.artquilt.com /encyclopedia/Bias_(textile)   (245 words)

  
 Bias -- Delgado-Rodríguez and Llorca 58 (8): 635 -- Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Bias due to misclassification in the estimation of relative risk.
Bias in using family history as a risk factor in case-control studies of disease.
Bias due to non-differential misclassification of polytomous confounders.
jech.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/58/8/635   (3169 words)

  
 Bias [Oct 2000; 80-2]
For the avoidance of doubt, the clinical bottom line is that wherever bias is found it results in a large over-estimation of the effect of treatments.
Because of the large bias expected from studies which are not randomised or not blind, a scoring system [1] that is highly dependent on randomisation and blinding will also correlate with bias.
That bias is present, and exists in so many different forms is why we have to be vigilant when reading about a clinical trial, and especially when taking the results of a single trial into clinical practice.
www.jr2.ox.ac.uk /bandolier/band80/b80-2.html   (2665 words)

  
 GMOS-N Bias image   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In slow read out and using the best amplifiers the bias levels during the commissioning observations were 749 ADU/pixel, 633 ADU/pixel and 387 ADU/pixel for detector 1, 2 and 3, respectively.
The greyscale used blow is chosen to show the spatial structure in the bias frame, rather than the relative levels in the three detectors.
The data are from the commissioning and have been released as part of dataset GN-CAL20010910.
www.gemini.edu /sciops/instruments/gmos/gmosNbias.html   (97 words)

  
 What Is Biasing?
The proper bias point is a tradeoff between all of these factors, and selecting the optimum bias point can sometimes be difficult, and it will vary depending on the amplification stage requirements.
As the bias voltage is adjusted less negative, towards zero volts DC, the bias current becomes larger, and the tube is biased "hotter".
This bias shift can be audible, but is sometimes desirable for guitar amp use, as it adds varying harmonic overtones to the sound.
www.aikenamps.com /WhatIsBiasing.htm   (995 words)

  
 Bias
As shown in the subtitle at the top of this page, the definition of "bias" is that it is – "a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation".
In other words, and in keeping with our definition of the word bias, my partiality toward these specific characteristics means that if one or the other is missing, I can't judge the product impartially, regardless of what other strong points it may have.
A good case in point was my review of the Olympus C-8080 digicam of a year or so ago.
www.luminous-landscape.com /essays/bias.shtml   (1065 words)

  
 Bias 101
Garments cut on the bias appear softer and more fluid, have more stretch, and are more supple than those cut on the lengthwise or crosswise grain.
Bias garments need more fabric than the same garment on the straight grain, and are best cut one layer at a time so the grain doesn't distort.
The short list of fabrics to avoid for bias includes most rayons (stretches like crazy), silkies and polyester (slippery and hard to handle), twills (lose definition), and fabrics that are heavy or stiff, like duck or poplin.
www.taunton.com /threads/pages/t00007.asp   (583 words)

  
 ESR | January 7, 2002 | Telling the whole story - A review of Bias: A CBS Insider Exposes How the Media Distort the News
The problem of bias is only exacerbated, says Goldberg, by members of the media establishment who honestly believe that they don't lean towards any direction and represent the American mainstream.
If Bias does have a weakness it is the personal manner Goldberg went about documenting what happened to him at CBS after he dared raise the bias issue and his feelings about those involved.
Countering bias isn't a simple matter of engaging in ideological math - ensuring there is one conservative for every liberal and vice versa - but rather admitting that personal prejudices plan a role in how a story is told.
www.enterstageright.com /archive/articles/0102/0102bias.htm   (888 words)

  
 National Review Book Service: Bias by Bernard Goldberg
Real media bias is the result of how those in the media see the world -- and their bias directly affects how we all see the world.
He acknowledges that many times, the leftist journalists and media outlets may not be aware of this bias or may not do it intentionally, but none of this can argue away the fact that the bias is real--terribly real.
Furthermore he says explains why there is a bias and why liberals refuse to admit or even recognize their own bias.
www.nrbookservice.com /products/bookpage.asp?prod_cd=C5866   (1416 words)

  
 Bias
In my first bias related study, my collaborators (Vijay Narayanan and David Weinberg) and I initially examined the influence of the morphology-density relation and a wide range of simple models for biased galaxy formation on statistical measures of large scale structure.
We contrasted the behavior of local biasing models, in which the efficiency of galaxy formation is determined by the density, geometry, or velocity dispersion of the local mass distribution, with that of non-local biasing models, in which galaxy formation is modulated coherently over scales larger than the galaxy correlation length.
One of the main conclusions of our study was that all local bias models produce scale-independent amplification of the correlation function and power spectrum in the linear and mildly non-linear regimes; only a non-local biasing mechanism can alter the shape of the power spectrum on large scales.
cosmo.nyu.edu /aberlind/bias.html   (899 words)

  
 A Measure of Media Bias
It is an exercise of, in disinformation, of alarming proportions.
But though bias in the media exists, it is rarely a conscious attempt to distort the news.
The second problem, the small-state bias in the Senate, can be overcome simply by weighting each senator’s score by the population of his or her state.
www.sscnet.ucla.edu /polisci/faculty/groseclose/Media.Bias.8.htm   (11840 words)

  
 [No title]
Bias is when a statement reflects a partiality, preference, or prejudice for or against a person, object, or idea.
Bias is when a writer or speaker uses a selection of facts, choice of words, and the quality and tone of description, to convey a particular feeling or attitude.
Being aware of bias and knowing how to identify, analyze, and assimilate biased information properly is a skill to be treasured.
21cif.imsa.edu /tutorials/micro/mm/bias?54090   (414 words)

  
 confirmation bias
Confirmation bias refers to a type of selective thinking whereby one tends to notice and to look for what confirms one's beliefs, and to ignore, not look for, or undervalue the relevance of what contradicts one's beliefs.
For example, if you believe that during a full moon there is an increase in admissions to the emergency room where you work, you will take notice of admissions during a full moon, but be inattentive to the moon when admissions occur during other nights of the month.
Researchers are sometimes guilty of confirmation bias by setting up experiments or framing their data in ways that will tend to confirm their hypotheses.
skepdic.com /confirmbias.html   (719 words)

  
 Bias
Bias is the leaning toward a particular result, whether conscious or unconscious.
sampling bias – occurs when the participants or items are not chosen at random but instead are selected so that an attribute is over – or under – represented.
*Bias occurs when previous beliefs, expectations, or habits alter the participants responses or affect the design or conduct of a study.
www.doingmyhomework.com /show_essay/5290.html   (127 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Bias: A CBS Insider Exposes How the Media Distort the News: Bernard Goldberg: Books
In 1996, veteran CBS News reporter and producer Bernie Goldberg committed the unpardonable sin of publicly mentioning the issue of liberal bias in the media.
But much more than that, he exposes a bias so uniform and overwhelming that it permeates every news story we hear and read- and so entrenched and deep rooted that the networks themselves don't even recognize it.
Now, in Bias, he blows the whistle on the news business, showing exactly how the media slant their coverage while insisting that they're just reporting the facts.
www.amazon.com /Bias-Insider-Exposes-Media-Distort/dp/0895261901   (700 words)

  
 Goldberg discusses news 'Bias'
I wrote about liberal bias, and I think it was the first time anyone on the inside had written a piece in that prominent a newspaper about liberal bias.
The cultural bias is that these guys overwhelmingly live in Manhattan and Washington, D.C. And they socialize with most of the people they are covering.
I talk about the liberal bias, but you could argue that one of the bigger biases is the bias toward crap.
www.geoffmetcalf.com /qa/25707.html   (5167 words)

  
 Book Details - Bias
But much more than that, he exposes a bias so uniform and overwhelming that it permeates every “news” story we hear and read-and so entrenched and deep rooted that the networks themselves don’t even recognize it.
It was only when a friend called to his attention a particular news story on his own network unduly ridiculing a Republican presidential candidate did he realize the depth of the bias within the national news media.
The resulting outcry from reporters and anchors on all three networks-including cold shoulders from co-workers-help to confirm his suspicions that bias in the national new media is indeed real.
www.regnery.com /regnery/011205_bias.html   (368 words)

  
 Diogenes Laertius Lives of the Philosophers: Bias, translated by C.D. Yonge
BY DIOGENES LAERTIUS, TRANSLATED BY C.D. BIAS was a citizen of Priene, and the son of Teutamus, and by Satyrus he is put at the head of the seven wise men.
But Bias, when he saw it, said that it was Apollo who was "the Wise," and would not receive the tripod.
Hipponax also mentions Bias, as has been said before; and Heraclitus too, a man who was not easily pleased, has praised him; saying, in Priene there lived Bias the son of Teutamus, whose reputation is higher than that of the others; and the Prienians consecrated a temple to him which is called the Teutamium.
classicpersuasion.org /pw/diogenes/dlbias.htm   (455 words)

  
 Bias FAQ
(In other words, rotate the bias trimmer until you obtain the highest negative voltage that the bias supply is capable of delivering.) Note that on some really old amps, the bias supply may be controlled by the standby switch; if you see *no* negative voltage on pin FIVE, you may have one of these amps.
Remember, each time you adjust the bias control, you'll have to take a new reading from BOTH the 1-ohm resistor *and* the plate (pin THREE) and multiply them to see how hot the tubes are running.
Some amps have a "balance" type bias adjustment, which allows you to vary the negative grid voltage between the two halves of the output stage; this makes a "matched" set of tubes less crucial to good performance, although it can't compensate for tubes that are wildly different.
www.duncanamps.com /technical/lvbias.html   (4234 words)

  
 Georgetown University Bias Reporting System: Bias Incidents and Hate Crimes
“The term ’bias related’ refers to language and/or behaviors which demonstrate bias against persons because of, but not limited to, others’ actual or perceived: color, disability, ethnicity, gender, national origin, race, religion, and/ or sexual orientation.
By its very nature, bias will be deemed an aggravating circumstance to any violation of the Code of Student Conduct, regardless of its category.
The law also mandates that police in the District of Columbia collect data on bias-related acts and that the Office of the Mayor of the District of Columbia publish an annual report regarding the number and type of bias-related crimes reported in the District.
georgetown.edu /student-affairs/biasreporting/incidentsandcrimes.html   (586 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: )
BERNARD GOLDBERG: I know there is media bias, and the people watching this show know there is media bias, and millions upon millions of Americans know there is media bias.
They don't sit down, they don’t come in in the morning and say, "We're going to slant the news to make anti-abortion people look bad." They don't come in in the morning and say, "We are going to make feminists look good." It’s just who they are and what they know and how they act.
I can't totally complain about the big networks, but there is clearly a bias and if there is any possibility of you getting embarrassed, they will laugh through their teeth and laugh out loud.
www.cbn.com /cbnnews/news/011217b.asp   (1365 words)

  
 ESPN Search: len bias
Scoop Jackson reflects on basketball's ultimate martyr, Len Bias, and the moment when he became immortal.
Len Bias just might be the most influential athlete of the 20th century -- and he never even played in an NBA game.
Was the death of Len Bias to blame for the collapse of the Boston Celtics?
sports.espn.go.com /keyword/search?searchString=len+bias   (376 words)

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