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Topic: Bibliometrics


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  Bibliometrics
Bibliometrics is a type of research method used in library and information science.
One of the main areas in bibliometric research concerns the application of bibliometric laws.
Recently, a new growth area in bibliometrics has been in the emerging field of webmetrics, or cybermetrics as it is often called.
www.gslis.utexas.edu /~palmquis/courses/biblio.html   (1328 words)

  
 Applications in teaching bibliometrics - 61st IFLA General Conference
Bibliometric studies are time-consuming and sometimes difficult to perform; another problem is that the results of bibliometric studies give a simplified picture of a complex reality and must ta ke into account many variables to be useful in practice.
Bibliometric methods, however, give opportunities to describe the content, structure and development of research, and bibliometrics is bec oming more important as a basis for the collection development in research libraries.
Different bibliometric methods such as citation analysis, analysis of th e scattering of articles to journals and analysis of the obsolescence of literature are used for this purpose.
www.ifla.org /IV/ifla61/61-ungs.htm   (2316 words)

  
 SOOS - Centre for R&D Statistics
While Pritchard explained the term bibliometrics as "the application of mathematical and statistical methods to books and other media of communication" (Pritchard, 1969), Nalimov and Mulchenko defined scientometrics as "the application of those quantitative methods which are dealing with the analysis of science viewed as an information process" (Nalimov and Mulchenko, 1969).
The sharp rise which bibliometrics took since the late sixties is reflected by remarkable academic activities, and is intimately connected with the advanced information technology, with the development in computer science and technology and, especially, with the worldwide availability of the large bibliographic databases serving as the ground work of bibliometric research.
Bibliometrics is traditionally strongly related with library science, information retrieval and sociology of science, on the other hand, results of bibliomertric research and technology are applied as services for librarianship, scientific information and science policy.
www.steunpuntoos.be /bibliometrics.html   (1465 words)

  
 The bibliometrics: penetration level in the university teaching of library science and its application in the librarian ...
The bibliometrics: penetration level in the university teaching of library science and its application in the librarian field in the countries of Mercosur.
This evolution and treatment of the Bibliometrics is also verified in the region when searching for explanation about the aspects that correspond to the theory level and consequently, to mathematical models; or when it is possible to say "laws" of bibliometrics referring to the mentioned ones.
Bibliometric studies based on the analysis of references show a large tradition in pure and applied sciences but this is not the case for social or humanity sciences.
www.ifla.org /IV/ifla66/papers/162-127e.htm   (3383 words)

  
 Towards research performance in the humanities - bibliometrics in qualitative analysis of Flemish law literature - ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-10)
We argue that the principal aim of the development and application of bibliometric indicators is to stimulate a debate among scholars in the field under investigation on the nature of scholarly quality, its principal dimensions, and operationalizations.
The strength of the bibliometric method is that, once established, it can be applied in a uniform or objective manner, eliminating the influence of subjective or personal factors.
As a consequence, bibliometric data should always be applied in combination with qualitative knowledge about the scholars involved and the subdisciplines in which they are active.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m1387/is_3_50/ai_88582627   (939 words)

  
 Global Historical Bibliometrics
Bibliometrics, the science that occupies itself with the application of mathematical and statistical methods to books and other media of communication (Pritchard, 1969), is a field that can be quite fruitful too for other sciences interested in quantitative time-series on the development of ideas and the processes of their communication.
The numbers of manuscript and printed books produced in a given society are, in brief, complex measures of economic performance and of societal capabilities, and therefore a valuable guide to the study of long-term economic change.
The database Global Historical Bibliometrics and its contents will be freely accessible for research purposes to people from over the world by means of the World Wide Web.
www.iisg.nl /bibliometrics   (444 words)

  
 Webometrics and the SOEIS
While bibliometrics and scientometrics refer to all quantitative aspects and models of printed media and sciences, informetrics is not limited to media or scientific communication (Almind and Ingwersen 1997, 404).
The idea is to use the traditional bibliometric applications for the web that include the study of communication patterns, the identification of research fronts, historical studies of the development of a discipline or domain, and the evaluation of research activities of countries, institutions or individuals (Ingerwsen and Christensen 1997, p.
The purpose of her study is the examination of the applicability of bibliometric laws to the new media of “publication” and communication.
hyperion.math.upatras.gr /webometrics   (5481 words)

  
 Wrong Impact
Bibliometrics triggers many criticisms (refer for instance to a brief synthesis in Heck 2002, as well as to the references quoted therein).
It is however true that bibliometrics is a limited and partial tool, hence an unsatisfactory one, that must be convolved with other indicators if one wishes to perform efficient comparative evaluations and especially if one has to deal with persons with similar qualifications, but different activity profiles, within the same organization.
Bibliometric indices are questionable in various respects and one should never rely blindly or entirely on them.
vizier.u-strasbg.fr /~heck/easif.htm   (1047 words)

  
 Bibliometrics: a new way to measure scientific production?
Before investigating further the nature of bibliometrics indicators such as the IF, it is essential to exercise common sense, and to consider that the aim of research is discovery, not making oneself known.
Bibliometrics using IFs measures the impact of a domain and not only that of the work under analysis.
In fact an "Impact Factor" (invented by Eugene Garfield from the profit-making Institute of Scientific Information) is but one among several bibliometric markers; it is a measure of the number of times a journal is quoted in references, for a limited period of time.
www.pasteur.fr /recherche/unites/REG/bibliography/bibliometrics.html   (4559 words)

  
 Pharmaceutical Bibliometrics.htm
Pharmaceutical/Medical Bibliometrics can be described in various ways: statistical bibliography, application of mathematics and statistical methods to books and other media of communication, quantitative study of literature as reflected in bibliographies, and use of statistical methods to analyze literature.
Bibliometrics can reveal the historical development of subject fields, patterns of authorship, publication, and use.
Bibliometrics is research on research and occupies about one-half of information science.
www.aacp.org /memonly/sections/sadminsci/biblio.htm   (313 words)

  
 INFS 208 - Scholarly Communication and Bibliometrics - Resources
"Bibliometrics" is not the only term that is used to refer to the quantitative study of document-related processes.
Historically, bibliometrics was itself called "statistical bibliography"; and some of its elements, such as citation analysis, are important enough to be known by their own specific name.
Narin, F. Evaluative bibliometrics: The use of publication and citation analysis in the evaluation of scientific activity.
polaris.gseis.ucla.edu /jfurner/01-02/208/208res.html   (2013 words)

  
 Modular Bibliometrics information system with proprietary software
Bibliometric information systems are the workbench of Science and Technology (S and T) indicators research.
Bearing in mind the former, bibliometrics techniques, with the aim of the study, classification and assessment of information production and consumption of scientific information by means of quantitative methods and statistical treatment of data, becomes one of the fundamental tools available by the information professional for his quest of indicators.
Basic Bibliometric Analysis is performed by means of The Bibliometric ToolBox, a free-ware offered by Terrence Brooks; this software performs all the basic biblometric analysis (Bradford, Lotka, Zipf) and also offers a set of complementary value-added bibliometric data.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Academy/2569/web99/Modular.htm   (1798 words)

  
 Research into research can be improved
Bibliometrics is used to describe and assess the quality of research, and to give an idea of the influence a research group or university has on a particular field.
His thesis points out the shortcomings of current methods, and shows how bibliometrics can be used more accurately and effectively.
Those who don't believe in bibliometrics tend to dismiss it out of hand, when in actual fact it is very useful.
www.eurekalert.org /pub_releases/2006-11/ki-rir111706.php   (326 words)

  
 Bibliometrics and the World Wide Web
Bibliometrics specifically focuses on the sub-domain of information to supply a "series of techniques that seek to quantify the process of written communication (Ikpaahindi 1985).
Classic bibliometrics result from the idea that information has patterns that can be analyzed by counting and analyzing citations, finding relationships between these references based on frequency, and using other statistical formulas.
The major refinement between bibliometric coupling and cocitation is that while coupling measures the relationship between source documents, cocitation measures the relations between cited documents.
www.ischool.utexas.edu /~donturn/research/bibweb.html   (5487 words)

  
 Bibliometrics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bibliometrics is the study, or measurement, of texts and information.
Other bibliometrics applications include: creating thesauri; measuring term frequencies; exploring grammatical and syntactical structures of texts.
In 2003 Charles Murray published the results of a vast bibliometric study supposed to reveal the 'significant figures' in the arts and sciences.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bibliometrics   (683 words)

  
 Citations: Bibliometrics of the World Wide Web: An exploratory analysis of the intellectual structure of cyberspace - ...
Bibliometrics of the world wide web: an exploratory analysis of the intellectual structures of cyberspace.
Bibliometrics techniques can be thought of as local in nature because they typically consider only the local link properties between two documents.
The field of bibliometrics studies the patterns of citation an implicit type of linkage among scientific papers.
citeseer.ist.psu.edu /context/304340/0   (4215 words)

  
 Nordic PhD Course in Bibliometrics
Bibliometrics is traditionally associated with the quantitative measure of documentary materials and embraces all studies which seek to quantify the process of written communication, i.e., the application of mathematical methods to books, articles and other media of communication.
Bibliometric methods are used in studies of properties and behaviour of recorded knowledge, for analysing the structures of scientific and research areas, and for evaluation of research activity and administration of scientific information.
In this sense Bibliometrics is also relevant for doctoral programs in other fields, such as, media and communication, informatics and linguistics, and it is our hope that doctoral students active outside the LIS-field will also show interest to adapt the bibliometric methods in their research work.
www.umu.se /inforsk/phdbib.htm   (1033 words)

  
 A Research Agenda for Bibliomining: Data Mining for Libraries
Bibliomining is derived from the terms “bibliometrics” and “data mining,” as the goal is to take advantage of the social networks that power both bibliometrics and user-based data mining through a single data warehouse.
Taking these data together allows the researcher to understand the context in which a work was created, the long-term citation impact of the work and the differences between fields in regard to their scholastic output patterns.
The analyses performed in traditional bibliometrics were frequency-based; however, many newer bibliometric studies are using visualization and data mining to explore patterns in the creation of these materials (Kostoff et.
www.bibliomining.com /nicholson/nicholsonbibliointro.html   (10081 words)

  
 ITT2001(4): RU on Internet? Scientometrics and Allied Disciplines - Resources   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-10)
Cybermetrics (International Journal of Scientometrics, Informetrics and Bibliometrics, ISSN 1137-5019) is an International Peer-reviewed electronic-only journal devoted to the study of the quantitative analysis of scholarly and scientific communications.
Bibliometric Toolbox is a set of Turbo Pascal programs, written by Terrence Alan Brooks, that measures the bibliometric aspects of a literature such as Bradfordity, productivity ranks, degree of clustering, and indices of concentration.
It is a discussion group that covers bibliometrics, scientometrics and informetrics, and also metrics as related to the design and operation of Digital Libraries and other information systems interpreted broadly.
itt.nissat.tripod.com /itt0104/ruoi0104.htm   (754 words)

  
 Achievement or performance: observation of productivity of educational research by bibliometric tools. A ...
Bibliometric tools are definitely not undisputed, the overall majority of comments on bibliometrics is very critical in general and in detail, even if the authors of these critical comments are very often insiders who use these methods themselves.
Generally, bibliometric analysis is not targeted at evaluating one person as an author, but bigger groups, institutions or even regions and countries.
BUT: ‘Bibliometric assessment of research performance is based on one central assumption: scientists who have to say something important (do) publish their findings vigorously in the open, international journal literature’ (This was a quotation of Anthony van Raan, 2003).
www.leeds.ac.uk /educol/documents/00003714.htm   (2970 words)

  
 SEA WARFARE AND WEAPONS S&T DEPARTMENT (ONR 33)
For this retrieved literature, bibliometrics (counting of papers, citations, etc.) was performed to generate the infrastructure (e.g., prolific authors, Centers of Excellence) of the Wireless LANs literature, and computational linguistics (grouping of phrases, similar documents) was performed to generate the technical structure (pervasive technical themes, relationships among themes) of the Wireless LANs literature.
Many different manual and statistical clustering methods were used to identify the structure of the technical literature (especially the science and technology core competencies), and to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of each technique.
Analysis of bibliometrics aspects of fullerenes patent literature, and relation to bibliometrics of fullerenes research literature.
www.onr.navy.mil /sci_tech/special/354/technowatch/textmine.asp   (2631 words)

  
 Bibliometrics
Bibliometric analysis is an instrument for documenting the publication performance of authors and institutions as well as the reception of their work measured by the number of citations.
Bibliometric analyses document the response to scientific work.
Detailed documentation (analysis and data) on a complex issue such as the impact factor of your institute within a subject area or in a national and international comparison.
www.fz-juelich.de /zb/Bibliometrics   (281 words)

  
 CiteULike: Bibliometrics and beyond: some thoughts on web-based citation analysis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-10)
Bibliometrics and beyond: some thoughts on web-based citation analysis
As scientific publication moves to the web, and novel approaches to scholarly communication and peer review establish themselves, new methods of citation and link analysis will emerge to capture often liminal expressions of peer esteem, influence and approbation.
The web thus affords bibliometricians rich opportunities to apply and adapt their techniques to new contexts and content: the age of ‘bibliometric spectroscopy’ [2] is dawning.
www.citeulike.org /user/gbilder/article/1113   (269 words)

  
 BioMed Central | Freedom of Information Conference | Bibliometrics and beyond
I was asked at short notice to talk about the future of bibliometrics in the world of the web, the internet, and developments such as PubMed and BioMed Central.
What bibliometricians do basically is count things and, at the risk of over simplifying what, they count are publications and typically publications which have appeared in peer review journals.
So it's an extremely interesting mode, a cusp in the evolution of research and bibliometrics because we now have an incipient infrastructure which will allow us to look at a much finer level of granularity.
www.biomedcentral.com /meetings/2000/foi/transcripts/cronin   (3311 words)

  
 DLIST - Subject: Bibliometrics
Katz, J. Sylvan (1999) Bibliometric indicators and the social sciences.
Leydesdorff, Loet (2006) Environment and Planning B as a Journal:The interdisciplinarity of its environment and the citation impact.
Kostoff, Ronald N. and Briggs, Michael B. and Rushenberg, Robert L. and Bowles, Christine A. and Pecht, Michael (2006) The Structure and infrastructure of chinese science and technology.
dlist.sir.arizona.edu /view/subjects/bib.html   (880 words)

  
 [No title]
Unfortunately there is a common misbelief on bibliometrics according to which such sophisticated statistical techniques are unnecessary, and the tasks of bibliometrics might be reduced to simple counting activities in order to replace qualitative assessment by impact factors and to set publication output off against funding.
In fact, bibliometrics is much more than a simple publication and citation based gauging of scientific performance or than compiling of cleaned-up bibliographies on research domains extended by citation data.
Since bibliometric tools have already an effect on decision-making in science policy and research management and the scientific community recognises the feedback in terms of their funding, there might be measurable repercussions on the scientists’ behaviour, too.
www.ulb.ac.be /unica/docs/Sch-com-2004-Summary-Glanzel.doc   (1451 words)

  
 [Asis-l] Benoit Godin's paper "On the origin of bibliometrics"   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-10)
Bibliometrics is one of the > few subfields concerned with measuring the output side of science.
The aim was to contribute to the advancement of psychology.
> Far from being a negligible output of a prehistoric type, both the > volume and the systematicness of these efforts are witnesses to what > should be considered as pioneering work, and their authors considered > as forerunners to bibliometrics.
mail.asis.org /pipermail/asis-l/2006-May/002577.html   (275 words)

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