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Topic: Black Mountain poets

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In the News (Mon 22 Apr 19)

 lack Mountain: A Mysteriously Happy Atmosphere
Black Mountain College was opened in 1933 by some disaffected faculty from Florida's Rollins College.
It was like a micro-Black Mountain." When the school closed that summer, he moved with the new college's founder Marc Herring to the house on South Second, and they brought with them two Black Mountain signs that hang there now.
Younger's concerns notwithstanding, the Black Mountain output is impressive in a town known as much for its fashionably jaded artistic starving (read: lazy) as its actual artistic successes.
www.austinchronicle.com /issues/vol18/issue08/arts.blackmountain.html   (2779 words)

 Black Mountain poets - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Black Mountain poets, sometimes called projectivist poets, were a group of mid 20th century American avant-garde or postmodern poets centered around Black Mountain College.
Not a haphazardly conceived venture, Black Mountain College was a consciously directed liberal arts school that grew out of the progressive education movement.
Apart from their strong interconnections with the Beats, the Black Mountain poets influenced the course of later American poetry via their importance for the poets later identified with the Language School.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Black_Mountain_poets   (596 words)

 Robert Creeley - Obituaries - Times Online
A MEMBER of the Black Mountain poets who flourished in the 1950s and 1960s, Robert Creeley was perhaps more influential than any of his contemporaries on the generation of poets which was finding its voice in the following decade.
Meanwhile, too, Creeley had a BA degree in 1954 from Black Mountain College, North Carolina, where he was an instructor for several years and where he edited the Black Mountain Review, the voice of the school of poets associated with the college.
From Black Mountain College he went to the University of New Mexico at Albuquerque, where he took his masters in 1960 and also taught for several spells, as a visiting professor, during the 1960s and 1970s.
tomraworth.com /bcreetimes.html   (1133 words)

 Oct. 3, 1996-Vol28n06: Robert White Creeley   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Poet, novelist, short-story writer, essayist and editor, Robert Creeley was an originator of the "Black Mountain" school of poetry, along with Charles Olson, Robert Duncan and Denise Levertov.
Black Mountain established a new and anti-academic poetic tradition that has been reflected in the work of many poets who have come to occupy significant places in the 20th-century literary canon.
Creeley is a minimalist poet whose work has been said to reflect with contemporary inarticulateness, "a kind of contemporary stammer...a fear of opening up." His often brief, laconic verses result from his process and his attitude toward poetry.
www.buffalo.edu /reporter/vol28/vol28n06/f1a.html   (448 words)

 American Passages - Unit 15. Poetry of Liberation: Instructor Overview
Poets who associated with American feminist thought, including Adrienne Rich, Sylvia Plath, and Audre Lorde, are often linked to other schools of poetry as well but are distinguished by verse fiercely dedicated to expressing the predicament of modern American women.
The Black Arts movement was also ignited by political struggles, specifically those linked to the civil rights and fl nationalist movements of the 1950s and 1960s.
The Black Mountain poets, including Charles Olson and Robert Creeley, are remembered for the short-lived experimental college in North Carolina where they taught for a while.
www.learner.org /amerpass/unit15/instructor.html   (863 words)

 Black Mountain College - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Black Mountain College, founded in 1933 near Asheville, North Carolina, was known as one of the leading progressive schools in the United States.
Black Mountain proved to be an important precursor to and prototype for many of the alternative colleges of today ranging from the University of California, Santa Cruz to Hampshire College and Evergreen State College, among others.
Black Mountain College officially ceased operations in 1956; the property was later purchased and converted to an ecumenical Christian boys' residential summer camp, which later became a long-time location of the Black Mountain Festival and the Lake Eden Arts Festival.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Black_Mountain_College   (695 words)

 On Paul Blackburn's Poetry
Although Blackburn always disliked putting poets into categories, and although he never set foot on the campus of Black Mountain College, he has come to be associated with Olson and the other writers who studied or taught at the experimental North Carolina school.
More to the point, of all those associated with the Black Mountain aesthetic, he was arguably the most skilled practitioner of the punctuation, line breaks, and text alignments that define the poetics of "composition by field," as outlined in Olson's 1951 "Projective Verse" essay.
He was the poet of New York, city of poets, as it is today, and at the same time a student of the troubadours.
www.english.uiuc.edu /maps/poets/a_f/blackburn/poetry.htm   (2122 words)

 Wild Intellectuals and Exotic Folks
In 1941 Black Mountain College moved onto its own property at Lake Eden, where students and faculty constructed a number of buildings, expanded their farming activities, and set up a mica mine to prepare the mineral for sale as war material.
Black Mountain in the mid-fifties was a locus of artistic vitality.
The vision of experimental education delineated by Black Mountain’s founders in the early 1930s was dramat-ically revised by the time lack of funds caused the school to close its doors in 1957, yet the college continued to draw individuals interested in intellectual and artistic freedom and to nurture ground-breaking artists.
www.neh.gov /news/humanities/2001-07/blackmountain.html   (2530 words)

 Rebels: Painters and Poets of the 1950s
The "Rebel Poets of the 1950s" have been grouped into four overlapping constellations: the Beat Generation, the San Francisco Renaissance, the Black Mountain poets, and the New York School poets.
The Black Mountain poets shared perhaps the most intimate community of any group of writers, for they lived together, ate together, and wrote together in a remote spot in rural North Carolina.
O'Hara, a prolific poet as well as an energetic social organizer, curator, and critic, became the group's ringleader; his premature death at the age of forty was widely mourned.
www.npg.si.edu /exh/rebels/poets.htm   (1618 words)

 Black Mountain College - History - 1950s
Those who inherited Black Mountain College in the fall of 1949 were faced with the formidable task of healing the badly fractured community, of raising funds, and of reexamining the college’s goals.
An administrator was hired to reorganize the college and to raise funds – a union that was neither satisfactory for him nor for the college.
In 1951, the poet Charles Olson, who had taught one weekend a month for the 1948-49 year, returned from the Yucatan to teach and remained the dominant figure until the college’s closing.
www.bmcproject.org /History/1950s.htm   (456 words)

 Elizabeth Braswell Pearsall Library North Carolina Wesleyan College   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
These were done in the early 70s by Merrill Gillespie, himself a former Black Mountain student, and passed on to Edward Dorn.
Xerox of Mary Harris's 1970 letter [original in folder B], with a copy of her research project's stationary [The Arts at Black Mountain College 1933-1956] and two copies of the project's brochure.
Temple University Phila., Pa. To the students of Black Mountain College, to the faculty, to the many friends we made: This is but a small expression of the gratefulness we felt for your wonderful hospitality and friendship.
annex.ncwc.edu /library/info/blackmount.htm   (4828 words)

 Poets.org - Poetry, Poems, Bios & More - Robert Duncan
In 1947 Duncan met Charles Olson, founder of Black Mountain College, and over the years that followed the two developed a relationship rooted in their literary interests.
Indeed, Olson's theory of "projective verse" and "open forms," which propose a poetry shaped by the poet's "breath" rather than by the traditional rules of meter and rhyme, seem to have directly influenced Duncan's "grand collage" concept of verse.
After his biological mother died giving birth to him, Duncan was adopted by a couple who practiced theosophy, an occult religion popularized in the late nineteenth century by a controversial figure who called herself Madame Blavatsky (Yeats was a follower of theosophy, in its early stages).
www.poets.org /poet.php/prmPID/186   (616 words)

Black Mountain, like a space probe built of erector set parts and transmitting secret and arcane messages to earth by string, charts territories unknown yet remains grounded by the roots of classic rock and roll.
Musical comparisons aside, the Black Mountain debut full-length is one part protest song, one part pop-cultural commentary, and one part sick-groove-rock casserole peppered with mesmerizing ballads and intoxicating ditties.
If "the personal is political" -- a persevering and still resonant slogan of the women's movement of the 1960's -- then, regardless of the level of their lyrical or visual specificity, art and music are always political.
www.billions.com /artists/blackmountain/index.html   (318 words)

 Robert Creeley (by L. Proyect)
The Black Mountain College in North Carolina was an extremely important institution that served as a transmission belt for "alternative" values to people questioning American society in the 1950s and early 60s.
He was the first American poet to label himself "postmodern," but nobody could mistake him for the sort of sterile academic discourse that goes by that name nowadays.
Most people's perception of the Black Mountain College is that it was a haven for experimental poets, musicians and dancers.
www.columbia.edu /~lnp3/mydocs/culture/creeley.htm   (1264 words)

 A site for the promotion of the amateur and budding literary talents.
The emphasis in the Romantic poetry was on the poet, but during the Modern era the emphasis is more on the poem itself.
During 1950s, the Beat poets, the San Francisco poets, the Black Mountain poets and the New York School of poets gave a new direction to poetry.
The Black Mountain poets were so called, because they lived and wrote together at Black Mountain college in North Carolina.
www.cyberwit.net /explorers.htm   (732 words)

 Black Mountain College Collection - Related Sites
The Black Mountain College Project was established by Mary Emma Harris to "ensure that the history and influence of Black Mountain College are preserved and documented for future generations."
Buckminster Fuller taught architecture at Black Mountain College during the 1948 and 1949 summer sessions.
Jonathan Williams was a student at Black Mountain College; in 1951, he founded Jargon Press "to bring out works by then-neglected poets, especially those associated with Black Mountain College." This site includes a biographical sketch, poetry by Williams and links to related web sites.
www.ah.dcr.state.nc.us /Archives/bmc_web_page/bmc3.htm   (668 words)

 Some of its parts / Mountain Xpress / Asheville, NC
But they may not be up to speed on Black Mountain College, a major force in the development of arts and letters in the United States during the last century.
From 1933 to 1956, Black Mountain College boasted such legendary faculty as painters Josef and Anni Albers and Willem de Kooning; composer John Cage; writer Charles Olson; and geodesic-dome inventor Buckminster Fuller.
If you're thinking that Lake Lure is too far "down the mountain" to be worth the trouble, you've underestimated the pleasure of the actual journey – the drive out from Asheville is one of the most scenic in Western North Carolina.
www.mountainx.com /guides/2002/1009towns.php   (1581 words)

 ArtandCulture Movement: Black Mountain   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Affiliated by place and not necessarily by style or substance, the renown of the Black Mountain poets rests on their creative innovations, such as the invention of projective verse, and their links to the Beat movement.
Unlike Confessional poets, who mediate language, meaning, and image to relate their experiences and worldviews, the Black Mountain poets realized that language itself mediates meaning.
Though widely admired and imitated in their time, by the mid-1960s, artistic aims exhausted, the Black Mountain poets disbanded, pouring their individual efforts into the poetic mainstream, where urgent political, civil, and ecological concerns outweighed the negligible aesthetic distinctions of separatist literary movements.
www.artandculture.com /cgi-bin/WebObjects/ACLive.woa/wa/movement?id=539   (327 words)

 Double Room Editors: Introduction to Issue#5
This schism is among poets who absorb and celebrate the indeterminacy and uncertainty brought about (at least in part) by postmodernism and the social realities of postmodern society, and writers who reject it.
Perhaps this gap is not really a division between academic and non-academic poets, as much as it is a divide within the academy itself.
There are poets in this issue of Double Room, for example, who have accepted the kind of influences presented by movements as diverse as Surrealism and Language or Imagism and Symbolism, and have adopted strategies from both.
www.webdelsol.com /Double_Room/issue_five/introduction5.html   (1021 words)

 The Austin Chronicle Books: In Good Company: Robert Creeley, Feeling for the Edge
After all, a poet must be fairly distinguished to win the Bollingen Prize, Yale University Library's semiannual award for the best book of poems or lifetime achievement in poetry.
In a poetry scene whose standards were increasingly dictated by the academy, the "Black Mountain Poets" sought models elsewhere.
The occasions of his poems are more private than public, little rooms for poet and companion to share, where the listener often feels like a confidant, or even an eavesdropper.
www.austinchronicle.com /gyrobase/Issue/story?oid=oid:74587   (1254 words)

Language poet Ron Silliman recently noted on his weblog that when he met Black Mountain poet Robert Creeley in the mid-sixties, he was already the "dean" of American poetry.
Though she and her husband were personal friends of Creeley, her closest relationship with another Black Mountain writer was probably with Robert Duncan, with whom she had a long and illuminating, if sometimes contentious, correspondence, published in 2004.
He was the most contrary of the contrarians who stood at the college, and ever afterwards, against the generalizing mass culture that seemed, seems, to strip individuals of their particularity, of the ability to stand grounded as creative, active participants in the polis of the world.
www.naturespoetry.blogspot.com   (4186 words)

 [minstrels] Morning -- Robert Creeley
In 1955, after receiving a B.A. from Black Mountain College (North Carolina), he joined Charles Olson on its faculty and was editor of the Black Mountain Review for its first three years.
The group grew up around the poets Robert Creeley, Robert Duncan, and Charles Olson while they were teaching at Black Mountain College in North Carolina.
Olson emphasized the creative process, in which the poet's energy is transferred through the poem to the reader.
www.cs.rice.edu /~ssiyer/minstrels/poems/552.html   (625 words)

 Approaching the mountain Papers on Language and Literature - Find Articles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Its four chapters include an opening consideration of Black Mountain as an historical institution and as a position of poetics, followed by a chapter each for consideration of the three poets.
To be sure, the work of each poet deserves full book-length study, but beginners can easily be put off by such length.
The audience I have projected for Understanding the Black Mountain Poets will benefit from the connection made between each of these poets and a personage they should have some prior acquaintance with: Emerson.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3708/is_199604/ai_n8756532   (724 words)

 Poetry Previews: Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones)
Poet, essayist, jazz critic, social critic, dramatist, orator, fiction writer and activist writer all describe the enormous accomplishments of Amiri Baraka, formerly LeRoi Jones, but none of these come close to describing the art and, more importantly, the life of Baraka.
"Black People" was the successful attempt by Baraka to rationalize and bring a sense of understanding and purpose to the chaos, destruction and deaths that took place on the streets of Newark during the rebellion.
Also included were the Black Mountain poets: Charles Olson, Robert Creeley, and Edward Dorn; and avant-garde jazz musicians: Ornette Coleman, Don Cherry, and Thelonius Monk.
www.poetrypreviews.com /poets/poet-baraka.html   (2936 words)

 A Location Constantly Occurring | Kevin Bezner | Essays | Oyster Boy Review 11 | April 1999
This was a poetry that gave the poet freedom to not only explore the self but to explore American speech patterns, to reach an authentic poetry made up of actual speech in open form.
Olson's temporal and physical Black Mountain, 1951 until the college's end in 1956, became a center for this shared excitement about a new poetry.
They are linked with Black Mountain in Donald Allen and George F. Butterick's now classic anthology, The Postmoderns: The New American Poetry Revised, Martin Duberman's brilliant study of the college, and David Perkins' exhaustive A History of Modern Poetry.
www.oysterboyreview.com /issue/11/BeznerK-BlackMountain.html   (1520 words)

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