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Topic: Black bile

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  Bile - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bile is produced by hepatocytes in the liver, draining through the many bile ducts that penetrate the liver.
Since bile increases the absorption of fats, it is an important part of the absorption of the fat-soluble vitamins D, E, K and A.
Yellow bile (sometimes called ichor) and fl bile were two of the four vital fluids or humours of ancient and medieval medicine (the other two were phlegm and blood).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bile   (721 words)

Bile (or gall) is a bitter, greenish-yellow alkaline fluid secreted by the liver of many vertebrates.
Yellow and fl bile were two of the four vital fluids or humours of ancient and medieval medicine; for example, melancholia was believed to be caused by a bodily surplus of fl bile.
Bile is also another name for Belenus, a god in Brythonic mythology.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/bi/Bile.html   (124 words)

 20th WCP: The Melancholic Mean: the Aristotelian Problema XXX.1
Further fl bile is the carrier of the qualities of hot and cold in the body, and it itself is very variable.
Since fl bile is prone to great fluctuations in temperature, and it is the temperature of the fl bile that affects, more than anything else, the character (955a33), there is great variety in the temperaments of melancholics.
The temperature of the fl bile is extremely susceptible to environmental influence.
www.bu.edu /wcp/Papers/Anci/AnciNort.htm   (4657 words)

 Galen on Cancer: How Ancient Physicians Viewed Malignant Disease
Black bile without boiling causes cancers and, if it happens to be rather acrid, cancers with a sore.
Black bile comes in various degrees of strength: thus, in chapter 12 we learn it can be either "biting" (daknodes) or "milder" (metriotera).
For various reasons, the basic notion of four humors prevailed, and the fl bile theory of cancer was accepted as part of that schema.
www.cancerdecisions.com /speeches/galen1989.html   (3514 words)

 Bile acids, receptor key in regenerating livers
Yellow bile and fl bile are half of the four humors that they believed made up the body, along with blood and phlegm.
He and colleagues at BCM identified an imbalance of bile, specifically bile acids, as a major signal for this process.
Bile acids are made in the liver and are the "detergents" of fat metabolism, said Moore.
www.eurekalert.org /pub_releases/2006-04/bcom-bar041206.php   (546 words)

 Straight Dope Staff Report: What's the origin of the expression "black sheep"?
A fl sheep is a member of the group/family regarded as a disgrace, an embarrassment, a ne'er-do-well, the odd man out.
Thus, the fl sheep was the unwelcome oddity in the flock.
The term "fl" used to refer to African people and their descendants dates back to the 14th Century, and is an interesting study in its own right.
www.straightdope.com /mailbag/mblacksheep.html   (352 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for bile
bile bitter alkaline fluid of a yellow, brown, or green color, secreted, in man, by the liver.
Bile, or gall, is composed of water, bile acids and their salts, bile pigments, cholesterol, fatty acids, and inorganic salts.
Pettenkofer is considered a founder of epidemiology and is known for his researches in the ventilation of dwellings, sewage disposal, and the spread of cholera.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=bile   (747 words)

 Johns Hopkins Magazine
Black Bile (also called Melancholy) doeth hold the elemental qualities of coolness and dryness, while Yellow Bile those of hotness and dryness.
Dark urine, for example, was believed to suggest an excess of "Black Bile." Once a diagnosis was reached, physicians worked to restore balance through a carefully planned treatment regiment--which included herbs, foods, and bloodletting.
The cause of the Black Death, which hath taken the life of countless souls, lieth in the alignment of Jupiter, Saturn, and Mars.
www.jhu.edu /~jhumag/0901web/fate.html   (1749 words)

 The Unani View of Cancer
Swelling is a manifestation of this fl bile substance "boiling" at its junction with the organ.
These medications given for total arrest of the tumor or reversing the effects of the corrupted fl bile should not be overly powerful, since strong medication increases the risk of spreading the cancer.
Preventing the progress and growth of cancer can be accomplished by controlling the fl bile by improving diet and reinforcing the organ involved, and by using salves of substances such as dust from millstone and whetstone, mixed with rose oil and coriander water.
www.unani.com /unani_view_of_cancer.htm   (1293 words)

 Bears - All Creatures Animal Exploitation Photo Gallery: This All Creatures Animal Exploitation Photo Gallery is being ...
The bile drained through the rubber pipe into the protected fluid bag and was emptied approximately every 2 weeks by the farmer.
The damage caused by bile leaking back into the abdomen, together with infection from the permanently open hole is as bad, if not worse, than the older style methods and causes a high mortality rate on the farms.
(Bear - Bile Farming - 17) This is Ciro, a moon bear, confined in a crush cage on a Chinese bile farm.
www.all-creatures.org /anex/bear.html   (1759 words)

 Gall Bladder and Bile
Bile is essential for the digestion of food.
The bile moves on into the common bile duct and then into the duodenum where it surrounds the fats, helping to break them apart so that they can be digested.
If the bile is unable to leave the gallbladder because of a blockage, as a gallstone, the stool color will change to gray or clay-colored.
www.innvista.com /health/anatomy/gallblad.htm   (407 words)

 The Epoch Times | Bile Extracted from Living Black Bears in Southwest China
Bear bile is in high demand in Asia for its use as an ingredient in traditional medicines.
After it was discovered that more bile could be extracted from a living bear's gallbladder than that of a dead bear, some bear raisers in China adopted the method of periodically extracting bile from the bears by inserting a catheter into their bodies.
After the tube was inserted, dark green bile flowed through the tube into a vessel the worker was holding.
www.theepochtimes.com /news/6-6-22/43088.html   (564 words)

 Emotions and Disease - The Balance of Passions
The dominant theory of Hippocrates and his successors was that of the four "humors": fl bile, yellow bile, phlegm, and blood.
For example, when a patient was melancholy, physicians assumed that his or her complicated feelings of sadness and depression resulted from the physical excess of fl bile.
I came to the conclusion that she was suffering from a melancholy dependent on fl bile, or else trouble about something she was unwilling to confess.
www.nlm.nih.gov /hmd/emotions/balance.html   (2433 words)

The worst abnormal humor is fl bile, which is believed to be responsible for cancerous growth.
The humors themselves are assigned temperaments: blood is hot and moist, phlegm cold and moist, yellow bile hot and dry, and fl bile cold and dry.
The yellow bile is composed of the third stage of digestion nutrients, which are the coarser and less refined parts, and the fl bile is composed of the least digestible and usable parts of nutrients.
www.unani.com /humours.htm   (955 words)

 bile - Definitions from Dictionary.com
Bile consists of salts, acids, cholesterol, lipids, pigments, and water.
Bile is discharged into the small intestine when needed to aid in the digestion of fats (see digestive system).
Either of two bodily humors, fl bile or yellow bile, in ancient and medieval physiology.
dictionary.reference.com /browse/bile   (440 words)

 Black Ice - Hungry Eye Records
Black Ice concentrated on making music with acoustic instruments, samples, and found sounds that they tweaked and twisted through a myriad of studio effects.
Black Ice has since made several compilation appearances and their first full length album was released on Hungry Eye Records in May 2005.
Black Ice is artistically the most interesting contemporary deathrock/post-punk band around.
www.hungryeyerecords.com /bands/black_ice   (742 words)

 The Four Humours
For instance, epilepsy, the sacred disease was due to phlegm blocking the airways that caused the body to struggle and convulse to free itself.
Black bile was a late addition to disease theory and was associated with melancholy."
Excess fl bile in the blood leads to heart palpitations and constipation whilst excess yellow bile leads to general weakness (mypakfree, p.2).
www.kheper.net /topics/typology/four_humours.html   (921 words)

 On Melancholy
Elizabethan psychology was a direct descendent of the theory of humors that originated with the Ancient Greeks.
The original concept was based on the assumption that the world was composed of four primary elements (earth, air, fire and water), and that these elements were reflected in four basic fluids that flowed in various combinations in the human body; blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and fl bile.
The body of man has in itself, blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and fl bile; these make up the nature of his body, and through these he feels pain or enjoys health.
arts.ucsc.edu /faculty/bierman/Elsinore/melancholy/MelBile.html   (562 words)

 Does loss of bile acid homeostasis make mice melancholy? -- Moore 110 (8): 1067 -- Journal of Clinical Investigation
Bile is at the center of the traditional medicines of many cultures.
to be the bile acid–dependent induction of expression
Bile acids: natural ligands for an orphan nuclear receptor.
www.jci.org /cgi/content/full/110/8/1067   (1352 words)

 #S29a Healthy Liver & Gallbladder   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
In addition its cleansing and detoxification, the liver also makes bile, a fluid which is needed for the digesting and breaking down fats in the body.
The gallbladder serves as a reservoir for bile.
Throughout the world herbs are commonly taken to restore proper bile flow, for when the bile is stagnant, sadness and disharmony can result.
www.pennherb.com /info/zS29at.html   (599 words)

 Humoural Theory
The yellow complexion is that of the abile; the dark brown one is that of atrabile (fl bile) redness depends on the great quantity of blood; ivory white characterizes the phlegmatic.
Yellow bile allows several shades; one is known under the name of smoky; another is like the verdigris and the leek, which is the healthiest; another is like egg yolk and is not unhealthy; still another is a reddish color and is found in the gall bladder.
There are some which produce fl bile and may make certain people sick; for example, old goats, old bulls, bread make from wheat with its impurities; that is dangerous.
home.comcast.net /~iasmin/mkcc/MKCCfiles/HumouralTheory.html   (4527 words)

 CNN.com - Sci-Tech - Chinese medicine proves deadly for Japanese bears - April 30, 2001
Bear bile is used as traditional Chinese medicine for chronic stomach disease and gallstones
In the rugged mountains of Karuizawa, northwest of Tokyo, scientists have captured and collared seven fl bears to research their habits.
Pharmacists say their stocks of imported bear bile medicine are almost exhausted.
www.cnn.com /2001/TECH/science/04/30/japan.bears   (465 words)

 Torah and Depression
The common term in Torah literature, and that which the Rambam uses, is Morah Shechorah, which literally means “fl bile.” This term derives from the ancient physiological concept that there are four “humors” or liquid substances flowing throughout the human body.
There are the white bile, the yellow bile, the red bile and the fl bile.
Depression occurs when there is a disproportionate excess of the fl bile, hence the term Marah Shechora for depression.
www.mesora.org /myers/TorahandDepression.htm   (1915 words)

 Temperament: A brief survey, with modern applications.
Bile might be vomited up from administration of a cholagogue.
M.D., fl bile "was held responsible for a great variety of diseases, ranging from headache, vertigo, paralysis, spasms, epilepsy, and other mental disturbances, to quartan fever and diseases of the kidneys, liver, and spleen".
B.C. c372-c287) noticed that fl bile appeared to dominate in men of genius, and this dominance did not indicate inherent pathology.
intraspec.ca /temper0.php   (1756 words)

 Psychology NoteBook: Topics
Developed by Roman physician Galen, this theory states that the body produces four humors or fluids: blood, yellow bile, fl bile and phlegm.
Blood causes a person to be cheerful and yellow bile causes one to be angry.
Black bile results in sadness and phlegm results in sluggishness.
library.thinkquest.org /C005562/personality.html   (379 words)

 ScienceDaily: Bile Acids, Receptor Key In Regenerating Livers
Science Daily — Bile must have been the most important thing in medicine for the physicians of ancient Greece and Rome.
Discovery Of A Molecule That Controls Bile Acids May Lead To New Cholesterol Drugs (June 1, 1999) -- The discovery that a nuclear receptor controls the production of bile acids and works within a pathway that speeds up destruction of cholesterol may lead to new cholesterol drugs, UT Southwestern...
Radiation, Chemotherapy With Liver Transplant Improves Cancer Survival (September 10, 2005) -- A new treatment for patients with a type of bile duct cancer promises a greater chance at survival by combining radiation, chemotherapy and liver transplantation, Mayo Clinic physicians report in the...
www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2006/04/060414013606.htm   (1573 words)

 Home Page black-bile.com
Hippocrates and refined by Galen, any imbalance of any of the humors (yellow bile, fl bile, blood and phlegm) would result in disease.
A preponderance of "fl bile" could produce a melancholic state.
Aside from the important lesson that the founding fathers of allopathic medicine were well aware of the state we now recognize as depression, this site has a much more immediate and profound intent and relevance to modern day practitioners of medicine.
www.black-bile.com /default.asp   (287 words)

 Collect Medical Antiques -- Bloodletting and the Four Humors
He taught the importance of maintaining balance between the four bodily fluids, or "humors" (2): blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and fl bile.
Someone with a phlegmatic personality was sluggish and dull, while yellow bile represented an individual quick to anger or choleric (cholera meaning yellow as in yellow fever).
It was the job of the physician to restore harmony in those four humors by the use of emetics, cathartics, purgatives, and by bloodletting.
www.collectmedicalantiques.com /bloodletting.html   (809 words)

 Milk Thistle Extract Silymarin Protects Liver Cells
Interestingly, bile and other bodily fluids, also known as humors, were once associated with different personality types.
Because it was thought that fl bile was inherent to a melancholic nature, milk thistle was prescribed for treating depression and melancholy (which actually means "fl bile").
While milk thistle is no longer seen as a remedy for melancholy, hundreds of medical studies have substantiated the fact that the herb does indeed protect and heal the liver.
www.allvita.net /milk-thistle.htm   (1405 words)

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