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Topic: Body fluid

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In the News (Sat 20 Apr 19)

  RN S 5 Reg Body Fluid
Insensible fluid or water loss occurs when continuous water is lost by evaporation caused by changes in the environmental atmosphere or by decompensating conditions of the body such as fever, burns, trauma, or extreme stress.
In dehydration, the concentration of creatinine is greater in the blood because of the decrease in fluid circulating.
In dehydration, fluid is decreased and the concentration of RBCs in the blood is greater thereby elevating the hematocrit.
www.krcintranet.com /s1221.htm   (1903 words)

 pH, Body Fluid
Specify body fluid source on the test request form.
The arterial-ascitic fluid pH gradient >0.10 with >500 PMNs is described as virtually diagnostic of bacterial peritonitis.
Low pleural fluid pH with negative cytologic examination may indicate lack of recognizable malignant cells in a sample of malignant effusion but may point to tuberculosis or rheumatoid effusion.
www.labcorp.com /datasets/labcorp/html/chapter/mono/sc017300.htm   (363 words)

 Body Fluid Changes in Space
Major redistribution of body fluids occurs with exposure to weightlessness and all astronauts and cosmonauts have noted a tendency for puffy face and fullness in the upper torso shortly after arriving in space.
Fluid in the lower torso and legs due to the normal hyrdostatic effects of Earth's gravity becomes mobilized into the blood vessels and finds temporary accomodation in our relatively vast pulmonary "reservoir" until the kidneys rid the body of this now unnecessary fluid.
During zero gravity the end result of all this is a more optimum adjustment of the body fluids to the new demands, and function is preserved.
www.spacedoc.net /body_fluid.html   (299 words)

 Fluid Balance
Approximately 2/3 of body fluid is intracellular and 1/3 is extracellular.
There are some special fluid and compartments including: lymph; cerebrospinal fluid; synovial; aqueous humour/vitreous body of the eyes; endolymph/perilymph in the ears; pleural, pericardial and peritoneal fluid between serous membranes; and glomerular filtrate in the kidneys.
A drop in body fluid results in an increase in blood tonicity and a decrease in blood volume which in turn causes the release of renin in the kidneys and stimulation of osmoreceptors in the hypothalamus.
www.ann.com.au /MedSci/fluid.htm   (1296 words)

 Body fluid drainage assembly - Patent 5207661
Fluid flow assembly 1 is adapted for fluid communication with a drainage catheter, such as those which are well-known to those skilled in the art.
Fluid flow pathway 3 is connected at its downstream end with drip chamber 4 by a connector 12, preferably made of a flexible material such as latex.
Fluid flow assembly 5 comprises outlet tube 31 which is connected to outlet port 54, Y-connector 17, a tube 32, a connector 19, a two port valve 45, a connector 18, and an end cap 41.
www.freepatentsonline.com /5207661.html   (1615 words)

 Sodium AND Body Fluid -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Whole-body and organ fluid compartment sizes and plasma sodium concentrations were measured in conventional, GI decontaminated, bile duct ligated, and choledochostomized rats at different times after various doses of gamma radiation.^In addition...
This extracellular body fluid is mostly water, along with the charged atoms (ions) of sodium and chloride...
Body fluids—women have 50% of body fluids as water; men have 60% water.
sodium.fmqg.com /index.php?k=sodium-AND-body-fluid   (1080 words)

 Mind&Body: Fluid retention   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
One of water’s most important roles is to act as a medium for electrolytes – often salts of sodium and potassium – which the body keeps in a carefully balanced state of equilibrium.
It is also used by the body to eliminate waste, especially in sweat and urine.
Your body uses water to dissolve salts that were originally part of your diet.
www.mindandbody.com.au /2002-1/fluid_retention.html   (314 words)

 Body Fluid Monitoring Guide
He set out to devise a system for displaying fluid loss during workouts and races, to serve as a guideline and reminder of predicable fluid loss during exercise and non-exercise levels.
The body fluid monitoring feature is the definitive hydration tool." Drink before you become thirsty - strength and endurance and reduced by 10 to 15% after and 2% loss of body weight, through dehydration - the thirst mechanism is not precise, and up to 12 to 24 hours to rehydrate, in human bodies.
It is well documented that researchers agree fluid replacement should at least cover losses on the scale, and that there is evidence that fluid replacement in excess of this amount may be warranted.
www.acumeninc.com /BFMguide.htm   (1227 words)

 Body Fluids   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Body fluid is a general term used in Oriental Medicine which refers to body fluids such as tears, sweat, urine, gastric and intestinal fluids, as well as saliva, various mucous discharges, and sinovial fluids.
Clear and thin fluids are referred to as Jin and circulate in the exterior aspect of the body while thick and heavy fluids are referred to as Ye and circulate in the deeper aspects of the body.
Sweat would be an example of Jin while sinovial fluid is an example of Ye.
www.orientalmedicine.com /bt_bodyfluids.htm   (86 words)

 Amylase, Body Fluid
State source of fluid on the request form (eg, pleural, peritoneal, pericardial, synovial, cyst).
Similarly, peritoneal fluid amylase elevations may be found in the presence of necrotic bowel.
In collection of ascitic fluid, the localization of the catheter is likely to affect the chemistry result.
www.labcorp.com /datasets/labcorp/html/chapter/mono/pr000600.htm   (262 words)

 CPSC641 Computer Graphics Final Project
But the interaction between fluid and soft body is a relatively new research area, especially for computer graphics community.
A semi-Lagrangian “stable fluids” treatment of the convection portion of the Navier-Stokes equations was introduced to the computer graphics community by [Stam 1999] in order to allow the use of significantly larger time steps without losing stability.
The second reason is that mass-spring makes us easy to handle the interaction between fluid and soft body, at least in one direction(fluid -> soft body), but other finite numerical method have their own computational grid space, it’s not very easy and intuitive to cope with fluid solver.
www-viz.tamu.edu /students/xiao/finalreport.htm   (2021 words)

 NASD: Outdoor Action Guide to Heat-Related Illnesses & Fluid Balance
Thirst is a late response of the body to fluid depletion.
Dark urine means that the body is low on water, and is trying to conserve its supply by hoar ing fluid which means that urine becomes more concentrated (thereby darker).
Heat illnesses are the result of elevated body temperatures due to an inability to dissipate the body's heat and/or a decreased fluid level.
www.cdc.gov /nasd/docs/d001201-d001300/d001215/d001215.html   (2375 words)

 Traditional Chinese Medicine theory: qi theory
Qi, Blood and Body Fluids are the most basic substances that constitute the human body and maintain its functional activities.
Blood is the red liquid circulating in the vessels and nourishing the whole body, and Body Fluids are a general term for all the water necessary for life.
Qi is attributed to Yang, because it is mobile and functions to move and warm; while the Blood and Body Fluids are attributed to Yin because they are motionless and function to nourish and moisten the human body.
www.damo-qigong.net /qi-theory.htm   (3837 words)

 Human Body Fluids Precautions
Infectious body fluids shall include blood, semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures, any body fluid that is visibly contaminated with blood, and all body fluids in situations where it is difficult or impossible to differentiate between body fluids.
Actual implementation of the policy and adherence to the policy is the responsibility of each department or unit where human blood, body fluids, or other infectious materials may pose a risk to the safety of students, faculty, or staff.
Inadequate attention to human body fluid precautions may lead to appropriate sanctions or disciplinary actions within approved health and safety practices of the University.
www.umass.edu /research/bodyfluid.html   (1936 words)

 Dehydration and body fluid-regulating hormones during sweating in warm (38{degrees}C) fresh- and seawater immersion -- ...
Dehydration and body fluid-regulating hormones during sweating in warm (38{degrees}C) fresh- and seawater immersion -- Hope et al.
Dehydration and body fluid-regulating hormones during sweating in warm (38°C) fresh- and seawater immersion
Body weight (BW) reductions of more than 4 kg have been observed during diving with the open hot water suit, a technique in
jap.physiology.org /cgi/content/abstract/91/4/1529   (262 words)

 Blood and Body Fluid Precautions -- Topic Overview
Blood and body fluid precautions (universal precautions) are recommendations designed to prevent the transmission of HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and other diseases while administering first aid or other health care.
These precautions treat all blood and body fluids as potentially infectious for diseases that are transmitted in the blood (blood-borne pathogens).
They also apply to tissues and other body fluids, such as from around the brain or spinal cord (cerebrospinal fluid), around a joint space (synovial fluid), in the lungs (pleural fluid), in the lining of the abdomen and pelvis (peritoneal fluid), around the heart (pericardial fluid), and amniotic fluid that surrounds a fetus.
my.webmd.com /hw/health_guide_atoz/tv7779.asp   (170 words)

 OA Guide to Heat Related Injuries & Fluid Balance
Dark urine means that the body is low on water, and is trying to conserve its supply by hoarding fluid which means that urine becomes more concentrated (thereby darker).
The body has a number of mechanisms to properly maintain its optimal core temperature of 98.6° F (37° C).
Only after s/he has completely restored his/her body fluids and salt and has a normal urinary output should exercise in a hot environment be resumed (and then cautiously).
www.princeton.edu /~oa/safety/heatill.html   (2366 words)

 Fluid Compartments
Extracellular Fluid (ECF) is the remaining 1/3 of your body's water.
Transcellular fluid is a set of fluids that are outside of the normal compartments.
All the body's fluid compartments are in osmotic equilibrium (except for transient changes).
physioweb.med.uvm.edu /bodyfluids/fluid1.htm   (221 words)

 United States Search and Rescue Task Force
So it is important to ensure that all members of your group replace their regular fluid losses by drinking adequate amounts of water.
Fluids are a central part of exercising in a Heat Challenge.
Only after they have completely restored their body fluids and salt and have a normal urinary output should exercise in a hot environment be resumed (and then cautiously).
www.ussartf.org /heat_related_illnesses.htm   (2010 words)

 High dietary sodium chloride consumption may not induce body fluid retention in humans -- Heer et al. 278 (4): 585 -- ...
Body mass was determined during both studies on a sensitive weight scale (±5 g) (Sartorius, type DVM 5703 MP 8-1).
NaCl causes a body fluid shift from the interstitial to the intravascular
Because the fluid intake during all study periods was limited to ~3,100 ml/day, dependent on body mass, one might argue that
ajprenal.physiology.org /cgi/content/full/278/4/F585   (6498 words)

 Universal Blood and Body Fluid Precautions
Because the potential for infectivity of any patient's blood and body fluids cannot be known, blood and body fluid precautions recommended by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) should be adhered to for all specimens submitted to the laboratory and for all patients.
Routinely use barrier protection to prevent skin and mucous membrane contamination with blood or body fluids of all patients and specimens.
Wear a mask and eye covering, or preferably a face shield, during procedures that are likely to generate droplets of blood or body fluids to prevent exposure to the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, and eyes.
www.uth.tmc.edu /ut_general/admin_fin/planning/pub/hoop/app_c/c_18_07.html   (678 words)

 Dehydration and body fluid-regulating hormones during sweating in warm (38{degrees}C) fresh- and seawater immersion -- ...
fluid loss was estimated to be maximally 100 g in 4 h.
Body weight reduction, urine osmolality, diuresis, and sodium and potassium excretion during the first and second halves of 4-h immersion in FW and SW
When the sweat glands are inactive, as in thermoneutral immersion in series 2, body fluid loss due to the hyperosmotic SW does not occur (Fig.
jap.physiology.org /cgi/content/full/91/4/1529   (3097 words)

 Amazon.ca: Books: Body Fluid Balance   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Body Fluid Balance: Exercise and Sport brings you the latest thinking on important topics in this dynamic research area.
The book is efficiently organized into three sections: Section one addresses control of body fluid during exercise.
Section three describes special considerations affecting body fluid balance during exercise, such as age, gender, physical performance, and clinical complications.
www.amazon.ca /exec/obidos/ASIN/0849379180   (327 words)

 Fluid regulatory hormone response to exercise after coca-induced body fluid shifts -- Favier et al. 83 (2): 376 -- ...
Fluid regulatory hormone response to exercise after coca-induced body fluid shifts -- Favier et al.
Fluid regulatory hormone response to exercise after coca-induced body fluid shifts
body fluid shifts but enhanced HR response during exercise.
www.jap.org /cgi/content/abstract/83/2/376   (421 words)

 eMedicine - Body Fluid Exposures : Article by Darrell Looney, MD   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In terms of blood and body fluids, when blood is visible, semen and vaginal secretions should also be considered potentially infectious vehicles.
When dealing with blood and body fluid exposures, document whether the exposure represents a departure from universal precautions, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards, or a true accident (eg, projectile vomiting, precipitous labor with spontaneous rupture of membranes).
Copious amounts of irrigation fluid are appropriate in cases of mucosal exposure (ocular and oral), as well as soap and water washing in cases of needle-stick injury.
www.emedicine.com /emerg/topic182.htm   (3687 words)

 Body Fluid Ph - compare prices, reviews and buy at NexTag - Price - Review
Coral Calcium keeps your pH level of your body fluids in sync so your body can fight disease naturally, the way it was meant to.
Description:The body must maintain the proper acid-alkaline (pH) balance to function at optimal levels.
Overly alkaline body fluids can make calcium harder to absorb.
www.nextag.com /serv/main/buyer/OutPDir.jsp?search=body+fluid+ph   (188 words)

 Body Fluid Distribution in Elderly Subjects with Congestive Heart Failure -- Sergi et al. 34 (4): 416 -- Annals of ...
Body Fluid Distribution in Elderly Subjects with Congestive Heart Failure -- Sergi et al.
Body Fluid Distribution in Elderly Subjects with Congestive Heart Failure
The aims of this study were to investigate body fluid changes
www.annclinlabsci.org /cgi/content/abstract/34/4/416   (267 words)

 Medical Laboratory Observer: Quantitating low body fluid protein
A Measurement of total protein in body fluids other than blood, urine, or cerebrospinal fluid is usually done to differentiate an inflammatory fluid collection, an exudate, from one that is not inflammatory, a transudate.
In synovial fluid from a joint, the normal protein concentration is 1 g/L to 3 g/dL.
Likewise, in pleural, peritoneal, and pleural fluids, 3 g/dL is usually taken as the cut-off value for differentiating transudates from exudates.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m3230/is_8_36/ai_n6175780   (380 words)

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