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Topic: Bombing of Guernica

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Guernica or Guernica y Luno (Basque Gernika-Lumo, pronounced like Gayr NEE ka or SAMPA [gernika]) is a small city in the Basque region of Spain that was the meeting place of the Biscayne assembly and a symbol of traditional freedoms of the Basque people.
"Guernica" is also the name of a famous painting by Pablo Picasso, depicting the bombing of Guernica.
A copy of Picasso's Guernica is displayed on the wall of the United Nations building in New York City, at the entrance to the Security Council[?] room.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/gu/Guernica.html   (472 words)

 Bombing of Guernica: original Times report from 1937
Guernica, the most ancient town of the Basques and the centre of their cultural tradition, was completely destroyed yesterday afternoon by insurgent air raiders.
The bombs with a shower of grenades fell on a former institute and on houses and streets surrounding it.
All the villages around were bombed with the same intensity as the town itself, and at Mugica, a little group of houses at the head of the Guernica inlet, the population was machine-gunned for 15 minutes.
iblnews.com /txt/noticia.php?id=131434   (1309 words)

 Bombing of Guernica - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The bombing of Guernica was an aerial attack on April 26, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War by the German Luftwaffe squadron known as the Condor Legion against the Basque city of Guernica.
The bombing was a sequence of attacks by German and Italian forces, the first joint military operation between Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy.
The bombardment of Guernica rapidly became a world-renowned symbol of the horrors of war.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bombing_of_Guernica   (2006 words)

 Bombing of Civilians during Spanish Civil War
The cap of the bomb is small and the excavation it makes by the impact with, for instance, the pavemant, is only a couple of inches deep and a few feet across.
Such bombs are designed principally for use against troops moving across open country, where the objective of the bomber is not the battering down of heavy defenses, but the mowing down of men.
Investigations made on the scene of a number of the explosions show that the bombs used are of a type which are designed not for the destruction of buildings - far less of any military objective - but for killing the maximum number of people.
www.spanishrefugees-basquechildren.org /D3-Bombing_of_Civilians.html   (757 words)

The town of Guernica is situated 30 kilometers east of Bilbao, in the Basque province of Vizcaya.
The whole of Guernica was soon in flames except the historic Casa de Juntas with its rich archives of the Basque race, where the ancient Basque Parliament used to sit.
In view of these circumstances it is difficult to believe that Guernica was the target of bombardment of exceptional intensity by the Nationalists or an experiment with incendiary bombs, as it is alleged by the Basques.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /SPguernica.htm   (4287 words)

In April 1937, Guernica was the first city to be deliberately targeted for aerial bombing.
Guernica was the ancient capital of the Basques - a group who had withstood the advances of the army since the Spanish Civil War begun in 1936.
The first bombs fell on the city at 4.30 in the afternoon when the main square in the city centre was hit.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /guernica.htm   (594 words)

 Bombing of Guernica (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.cs.umd.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The bombing of Guernica was an aerial attack on April 26, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War by the German squadron known as the Condor Legion against the Basque city of Guernica.
The bombing was actually a sequence of attacks by German and Italian forces, the first joint military operation between Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy.
Twenty-two tons of bombs was an enormous quantity to use in an attack on a town the size of Guernica.
bombing-of-guernica.iqnaut.net.cob-web.org:8888   (1427 words)

 Baghdad and Guernica: Blanket Bombing Civilians
I did not realize until this week that the bombing of Guernica, by the German Luftwaffe at the request of Generalissmo Francisco Franco, was the first international non-military target in modern aerial warfare.
Guernica is a small hamlet in Northern Spain and served as a cultural center for Spain’s Basque population.
If human rights violations are justification for bombing Iraq, there is justification for bombing China, for bombing Russia and for bombing a dozen other countries that have no human rights protection for their people.
www.dissidentvoice.org /Articles/Hook_Baghdad-Guernica.htm   (1646 words)

 Guernica - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The oak of Guernica, under which the diet of Vizcaya used to meet, is a symbol of the lost liberties of the Basques.
The indiscriminate killing of women and children aroused world opinion, and the bombing of Guernica became a symbol of fascist brutality.
Madrid, Spagna: davanti a Guernica di Picasso al Musee Reina Sofia.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-guernica.html   (348 words)

They wanted to try out their new idea of saturated bombing and see what it would be like to blast an area with a lot of bombs and Guernica would be great target practice for them.
When the bombs started to fall, people rushed to the city square believing it to be the safest open space.
When Picasso heard about Guernica, he was outraged about the bombing and the senseless brutality of his fellow men.
members.tripod.com /Ann_Roomel/Guernicapage.htm   (1395 words)

 Electronic Encyclopaedia of Civil Defense and Emergency Management
Guernica was approximately 10 miles behind the front lines and was crowded with retreating soldiers and refugees (and thus this attack presaged the 1945 bombing of Dresden).
At the same time it became obvious to the shelterees that the refugios were insufficient protection against the heavier bombs, and much of the population tried to rush to open fields around the town.
In actuality precision bombing is a product of the technology of the 1990s - in World War II aerial bombardment was accurate accidentally, and the failure to hit a specific target commonplace (see, for example, similar accuracy problems in the bombing of Warsaw and Helsinki).
www.richmond.edu /~wgreen/ECDguernica.html   (884 words)

Late one Monday afternoon, Guernica was bombed by over fifty German and Italian aircrafts who had the intent of destroying all form of life which inhabited this unique placid town.
It was finally revealed in 1946 at the Nuremberg war drime trials the Guernica offered an excellent area for the testing of explosives and incendiary bombing methods.
Even though Guernica was not the location with the highest fatality rate during the Spanish Civil War, it reamains in the memories of many as one of the worst attacks of the war.
www.geocities.com /skrssll/guernica.html   (523 words)

 Guernica, 1937, Hidden from View So as Not to Offend the Perpetrators of Guernica, 2003 - BuzzFlash News Analysis
Guernica represents the devastation of the town of Guernica, Spain, which was bombed by Nazi planes April 27, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War.
PBS' "Treasures of the World" series explains why the defenseless town of Guernica was attacked: "Guernica is the cultural capital of the Basque people, seat of their centuries-old independence and democratic ideals.
Which is not unlike the intense bombing planned for Iraq: the "Shock and Awe" strategy calls for dropping up to 800 cruise missiles within two days.
www.buzzflash.com /analysis/03/02/07_Guernica.html   (1079 words)

 Guernica, by Picasso
Guernica was well behind the battle lines, but Franco authorized the attack as a means of intimidating his foes in the region.
The enormous painting, which measures 3.5 feet by 7.75 meters, is a savage indictment of man's inhumanity to man. Painted in desolate tones of fl, white, and gray, the painting shows a gored horse, a screaming mother holding a dead child, a bewildered bull, and other nightmarish images that effectively evoke the horror of war.
Guernica was exhibited in the Spanish Pavilion at the Paris International Exposition and in 1939 was sent to New York on a tour for the benefit of the Spanish Refugee Committee.
www.geocities.com /art4sep/guernica/guerntxt.html   (1819 words)

 Picasso Guernica - the horror behind the painting
It was written by George Steer, whose familiarity with Basque traditions, passionate support of the Republican cause in the Spanish Civil War, and outrage over the bombing may have led him to exaggerate some details, and to emphasize that Guernica was far behind the battle lines and not a military objective.
The bombing by the German airforce in support of Franco’s Nationalists was the first time the devastating potential of air warfare had been demonstrated.
In the hospital of Josfinas, which was one of the first places bombed, all the 42 wounded militiamen it sheltered were killed outright.
www.spanish-fiestas.com /art/picasso-guernica.htm   (1492 words)

 UN conceals Picasso's "Guernica" for Powell's presentation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
For an entire generation the bombing of Guernica and Picasso’s interpretation of the event signified the barbarity of fascism and the widespread determination to resist its violence and brutality.
The bombing of Guernica, by the German Luftwaffe in support of Francisco Franco’s Nationalist army, was one of the first opportunities for European fascism to reveal its murderous face.
From 4:30 to 7:45 the squadron of German airplanes rained uncontested bombs and gunfire on the village.
www.wsws.org /articles/2003/feb2003/guer-f08.shtml   (869 words)

 The Bombing of Guernica, 1937
The German bombers appeared in the skies over Guernica in the late afternoon of April 26, 1937 and immediately transformed the sleepy Spanish market town into an everlasting symbol of the atrocity of war.
Unbeknownst to the residents of Guernica, they had been slated by their attackers to become guinea pigs in an experiment designed to determine just what it would take to bomb a city into oblivion.
Guernica had an estimated population of 5,000 at the time of the attack.
www.eyewitnesstohistory.com /guernica.htm   (1027 words)

The Mayor of Guernica's; Jose Labauria was a former sea captain and had spent most of his life commanding a large fishing ship.
He organised the Town Hall basement to be used as an air-raid shelter since the airborne assult was, to some extent, expected, especially after the, nearby town, of Durango was bombed on 31 March 1937.
The main thrust of the bombing of Guernica and indeed the rest of the aerial bombardment of Spain were the Junker-52/3m.
www.spanishrefugees-basquechildren.org /D1-Guernica.html   (409 words)

 Picasso's Secret Guernica
The Harlequin appears to be crying a diamond tear for the victims of the bombing.
The Crocodile and the Harlequin are common characters in Punch and Judy shows, their inclusion in Guernica stems from Picasso's love of puppetry which began before the turn of the century in Barcelona where he saw many such shows and even helped produce them with Pere Romeu at Els Quatre Ghats.
The preoccupying theme of Guernica is of course death; reinforcing this, in the centre of the painting is a hidden skull which dominates the viewer's subliminal impressions.
web.org.uk /picasso/secret_guernica.html   (956 words)

 Guernica Ceremony for Peace in memorial of the bombing of Guernica - QTVR Photos
Guernica the small Spanish town in the Basque province was bombed by the German Luftwaffe Condor Legion April 26, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War.
The bombing is said to be the first aerial bombardment in history in which a civilian population was attacked deliberatly to cause terror and to crush the moral.
The bombing was performed on market day when the town was crowded with people not just the small population of 5000 people but also many from the surrounding countryside.
www.panoramas.dk /fullscreen5/f18_guernica.html   (371 words)

 Cuernica - aliraqi Community   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Guernica has been the subject of more books than any other work in modern art and it is often described as..."the most important work of art of the twentieth century", yet its meanings have to this day eluded some of the most renowned scholars.
Guernica is the cultural capital of the Basque people, seat of their centuries-old independence and democratic ideals.
Yet some time later, a secret report to Berlin was uncovered in which Von Richthofen stated, "...the concentrated attack on Guernica was the greatest success," making the dubious intent of the mission clear: the all-out air attack had been ordered on Franco's behalf to break the spirited Basque resistance to Nationalist forces.
www.aliraqi.org /forums/showthread.php?t=61789   (705 words)

 Revisiting Guernica
On April 27, 1937, in an effort to demoralize those loyal to the government by hitting the heart of the Basque region, the small town of Guernica in northern Spain was chosen for bombing practice.
It is to educate us, and as such, I make four comparisons between the bombing of Guernica and the target of Iraq.
In terms of developing offensive approaches, a key aspect of Guernica’s bombing, Iraq may well be the first recipient of the recently tested MOAB (massive ordinance air burst) bomb.
www-tech.mit.edu /V123/N14/collins14.14c.html   (686 words)

 From Guernica to Fallujah
Franco denied the Guernica massacre and blamed the local population - just as Allawi and the Pentagon deny any civilian deaths and insist "insurgents" are guilty: after all, they dared to defend their own city, hiding inside their hundreds of formerly intact mosques.
The UN banned the bombing of civilians with napalm in 1980.
Fallujah's population was not protected: it was bombed out of the city and turned into a mass of thousands of refugees.
www.informationclearinghouse.info /article7397.htm   (3132 words)

It is a bitter irony that Guernica, the most lasting monument of the exposition, is the Twentieth century's most enduring symbol of the horrors of war and the inhumane use of technology.
The Fascist planners of the bombing campaign knew that Guernica had no strategic value as a military target, but it was a cultural and religious center for Basque identity.
Although "smart" bombs can be targeted with extreme accuracy, their impact on representations of war in international public opinion can not be controlled.
employees.oneonta.edu /farberas/arth/arth200/guernica.html   (842 words)

 Bombing of Guernica (April 1937) - Biografie Willy Brandt
Bombing of Guernica (April 1937) - Biografie Willy Brandt
When Guernica, a city in the Basque Country of northern Spain, is bombed on 26 April 1937 by air-raid squadrons of Germany’s „Condor Legion“, the entire world reacts with horror.
The event inspires the artist Pablo Picasso to create his famous painting „Guernica“, which is shown for the first time three months later at the opening of the World Fair in Paris.
www.willy-brandt.org /bwbs_biografie/Bombing_of_Guernica_B1351.html   (127 words)

 The Lessons of Guernica: 'Profound Symbolism' as U.N. Hides Picasso's Anti-War Masterpiece
A copy of Picasso's Guernica serves as a mute rebuttal to a pair of pro-war demonstrators calling for U.S. action against Saddam Hussein outside United Nations' headquarters in New York on Wednesday.
In three hours of relentless bombing, 1,600 of Guernica's civilians were killed, many of them women and children.
More an art critic than a political one, Martin describes Guernica as featuring "a screaming horse which has fallen, pierced by a lance; a wailing woman holding a dead child in her arms; another woman, her clothes on fire, attempting to escape from a burning building; the severed head of a soldier.
www.commondreams.org /views03/0209-04.htm   (1644 words)

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