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Topic: Borda count


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  NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Borda count   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
The Borda count determines the winner of an election by giving each candidate a certain number of points corresponding to the position in which he or she is ranked by each voter.
The Borda count is used for wine trophy judging by the Australian Society of Viticulture and Oenology, and by the RoboCup autonomous robot soccer competition at the Center for Computing Technologies, in the University of Bremen in Germany.
Borda count is used to break ties for member elections of the faculty personnel committee of the School of Business Administration at the College of William and Mary.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Borda-count   (1273 words)

  
  Borda count - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Borda count determines the winner of an election by giving each candidate a certain number of points corresponding to the position in which she is ranked by each voter.
The Borda count is used for wine trophy judging by the Australian Society of Viticulture and Oenology, and by the RoboCup autonomous robot soccer competition at the Center for Computing Technologies, in the University of Bremen in Germany.
Borda count is used to break ties for member elections of the faculty personnel committee of the School of Business Administration at the College of William and Mary.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Borda_count   (3157 words)

  
 Borda count - Electowiki
The Borda count was devised by Jean-Charles de Borda in June of 1770.
The Borda count satisfies the monotonicity criterion, the summability criterion, the consistency criterion, the participation criterion, the Plurality criterion (trivially), Reversal symmetry, Intensity of Binary Independence and the Condorcet loser criterion.
Borda count is one of the voting methods used and advocated by the Florida affiliate of the American Patriot Party.
wiki.electorama.com /wiki/Borda_count   (1985 words)

  
 Jean-Charles de Borda - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Borda was a mariner and a scientist, spending time in the Caribbean testing out advances in chronometers.
In 1770, Borda formulated a ranked preferential voting system that is referred to as the Borda count.
The Borda count has also served as a basis for other methods such as the Quota Borda system and Nanson's method.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Borda   (284 words)

  
 RangeVoting.org - "Borda count" system
Range and Borda voting are actually very similar as far as their advantages are concerned, but differ a lot with respect to Borda's disadvantages.
Borda voters who decide, in a 3-candidate election, to rank A top and B bottom, then have no choice about C – they have to middle-rank him and can in no way express their opinion of C. In range voting, they can.
This is true regardless of whether the voters act honestly or strategically, whether the number of candidates is 3,4, or 5, whether the number of voters is 5 or 200, whether various levels of "voter ignorance" are introduced, and finally regardless of which of several randomized "utility generators" are used to generate election scenarios.
rangevoting.org /rangeVborda.html   (2264 words)

  
 the case against Borda
Thesis: I argue that the Borda count is an arbitrary, chaotic, and unreliable vote-processing rule.
Borda is riddled with unusually strong strategic incentives, that is, incentives for voters to list the candidates in an order different from their sincere preferences, or to neglect to express a preference that one might have between some of the candidates.
Aside from the problems with the Borda count already mentioned, the principle problem regarding multiple-winner elections in particular is that multiple-winner Borda is not a method of proportional representation.
fc.antioch.edu /~james_green-armytage/vm/antiborda.htm   (2036 words)

  
 Borda count: Encyclopedia topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
The Borda count is vulnerable to burying (burying: Concealing something under the ground) and compromising (compromising: in voting systems, tactical voting (or strategic voting) occurs when a voter misrepresents...
Voters in a Borda count election can usually see the potential for voting strategically: if there are only two candidates with a reasonable chance of winning, they will want to rank the candidate of those two they prefer first, and the other candidate last, to maximize the difference in points they contribute to the total.
Therefore, under the Borda count, it is to a faction's advantage to run as many candidates in that faction as they can, creating the opposite of the spoiler effect (spoiler effect: the spoiler effect is a term to describe the effect a candidate can have on a close election,...
www.absoluteastronomy.com /reference/borda_count   (1889 words)

  
 Elections: The Borda Count   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
The Borda count was devised by Jean-Charles de Borda in 1770, and was used by the French Academy of Sciences beginning in 1784.
Let's consider how the Borda count works for the "milk, soda, juice" example.
The Borda count is a popular method because it allows voters to express their full preference.
www.ship.edu /~jehamb/shockwave/elections4.htm   (190 words)

  
 [No title]
The biggest problem with Borda is that it reacts very badly to "strategic voting." I remember one time when I worked for NEC Research Institute and we had to vote to decide who, among about a dozen candidates, to hire.
Borda voters who decide, in a 3-candidate election, to rank A top and B bottom, then have no choice about C - they have to middle-rank him and can in no way express their opinion of C. In range voting, they can.
This is true regardless of whether the voters act honestly or strategically, whether the number of candidates is 3,4, or 5, whether the number of voters is 5 or 200, whether various levels of "voter ignorance" are introduced, and finally regardless of which of several randomized "utility generators" are used to generate election scenarios.
www.math.temple.edu /~wds/homepage/rangeVborda   (1398 words)

  
 The Borda Count Method
For the Borda Count Method, each candidate (or alternative) gets 1 point for each last place vote received, 2 points for each next-to-last point vote, etc., all the way up to N points for each first place vote (where N is the number of candidates/alternatives).
The Borda Count Method, or some variation of it, is often used for things like polls which rank sporting teams or academic institutions.
The mayor of Smallville is being chosen in an election using the Borda Count Method.
www.ctl.ua.edu /math103/Voting/borda.htm   (522 words)

  
 The Chronicle: November 3, 2000: When Votes Don't Add Up
Saari claims that a procedure called the Borda count is preferable to either approval voting or instant runoff in representing the views of the voters.
The Borda count results in "by far" the lowest likelihood of paradoxes such as the most popular candidate losing or a skater flip-flopping the ranking of two others, according to Mr.
Named for Jean-Charles de Borda, a French physicist and a contemporary of Condorcet, the Borda count requires each voter to rank the candidates and assign points.
chronicle.com /free/v47/i10/10a01801.htm   (2068 words)

  
 Election Selection: Science News Online, Nov. 2, 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
The Borda Count method in your article would be better if a vote for first place were to count as one, a second place vote as one-half, a third place vote as one-third, etc. Now add up the counts and divide by the total number of voters.
I believe a modified Borda count, in which voters are allotted a full point for their highest-ranked candidate, a half-point for the next-highest, quarter-point for the next, and so on for as many candidates as they wish to rank, would answer most of the objections she cited.
Borda count systems can report non-count information so as to reveal voter preferences, but can be manipulated through the mere addition of even a voteless candidate.
www.sciencenews.org /articles/20021102/bob8.asp   (8950 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
We analyze both the full Borda count, in which all candidates are ranked, and the truncated Borda, in which only a certain number of candidates are ranked.
However, suppose that the Borda count were truncated such that voters assign 2 points to their first choice, 1 for second, and none for third or fourth.
When the Borda count is truncated such that there are at least twice as many candidates as ranked votes per voter, non-centrist outcomes are produced, as shown by the scores for a Borda vote in which only the top two candidates receive points.
www.wfu.edu /~heckeljc/ecn225/papers/2003fall/kg_nr.doc   (2304 words)

  
 ALTERNATIVE VOTING SYSTEMS
To the best of our knowledge, the Borda count and similar scoring methods (Young, l975) are not used to elect candidates in any public elections, but they are used by many private organizations.
Under the Borda count, a receives 6 points, b 7 points, and c 2 points, making b the Borda winner; yet a is the Condorcet candidate.
Recognizing the vulnerability of their first choice, a, under the Borda count, the three abc votes might insincerely rank the candidates acb, maximizing the difference between their first choice (a) and a's closest competitor (b).
bcn.boulder.co.us /government/approvalvote/altvote.html   (6123 words)

  
 SECTION 11A HIGHLIGHTS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
Runoff - Votes are counted and a second election is held which includes only the top two first place vote getters.
This can be done using a preference schedule if all candidates but the top two vote getters are eliminated and the preference schedule is consolidated and examined for the two remaining candidates.
Borda Count- Using a preference schedule assign different point values for each vote of a particular rank and count up total points for each candidate.
www.sunybroome.edu /~mat_dept/current/11311dhl.htm   (406 words)

  
 Proposal for Borda Count Interaction Protocol   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
The term “Borda Count” derives from the mechanism proposed by Borda [Borda, 1781], who recommended this election system that gave a better representation of what the people really want (better than the ‘one man, one vote’ system and the pairwise comparison).
Using the Borda Count mechanism means that, in principle, points are allocated to a collection of alternative strategies.
When the number one preference (the Borda Count winner) of the group is calculated the Initiator can refine it by iterating the mechanism.
www.fipa.org /docs/input/f-in-00092/f-in-00092.htm   (1221 words)

  
 The Symmetry and complexity of elections
A way to compare the Borda Count and the plurality vote is to recall how students are academically ranked in schools and universities.
The Borda Count, however, resembles the standard 4.0 system where A's are assigned four points, B's three points, and so forth; here Rose would have the higher ranking.
For the Borda Count, the ballot of a voter without transitive preferences cannot be tallied.
www.colorado.edu /education/DMP/voting_b.html   (4514 words)

  
 Center for Voting and Democracy
There is a cynical precept of politics that says that those who cast the votes decide nothing, but those who count the votes decide everything.
He said that the Borda system appears to be the fairest way of voting.
And in a Borda count—giving 1 point to the least favorite, 2 points to the second and 3 points to the favorite—Roger Moore would be the Bond of choice.
www.fairvote.org /articles/howtovote072703.htm   (1250 words)

  
 Lingering Spotlight on Voting Theory
If voters were to honestly vote their minds using a Borda count, they would rank Al and George first and second, according to their individual preferences, and place the third-party candidates in lower positions.
It is my opinion that, compared with our current system, the Borda count is more difficult for voters to understand and more difficult for counties to implement physically on an election machine.
Another way to put it is that, although the Borda count system may not be immune to attempted strategic voting, it is relatively immune to successful strategic voting.
www.siam.org /siamnews/04-01/letter.htm   (834 words)

  
 [No title]
While not directly counted toward your grade, the exercises from the book are important (1) as representatives of problems I expect students to be able to work out, and (2) as a way of keeping up with course material on a day-by-day basis.
We use the Borda Count method on the ballots and determine that D is the first choice.
We eliminate B from the ballots, retally, and use the Borda Count method to conclude that C comes in third (and A fourth).
www.mnstate.edu /sizer/105/Math105.doc   (658 words)

  
 3. Voting and Elections: Election Decision Methods
The Borda count procedure assigns as the winner of an election the candidate with the highest Borda count.
For example, the Borda count applied to the ballot below would yield 2 points for Gore, 1 point for Nader and 0 points for Bush.
The Borda count is computed for each candidate and the person with the lowest Borda count is eliminated and a new election held using the Borda count until a single winner emerges.
www.ams.org /featurecolumn/archive/voting-decision.html   (1154 words)

  
 Election Systems 101   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
Borda Elimination works by calculating the Borda count, eliminating the candidate with the fewest points, and recalculating as if that candidate had never been on the ballot in the first place.
Borda suffers horribly from this problem, but some of the proposed circular tiebreakers for Condorcet are not entirely cloneproof either.
Borda is quite likely to reward voters for being downright malicious, injecting a huge amount of noise into the electoral signal.
www.ghg.net /redflame/peter/swuusi.htm   (8304 words)

  
 Scientific American: Has there been any progress in developing fairer ways for people to vote in elections? I recall ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
The idea mimicks how we rank students when in each course a student is assigned four points for an A, three for a B, and down to zero for a F. Similarly, for three candidates, the Borda Count assigns two and one points, respectively, to a voter's top- and second-ranked candidate.
In other words, the Borda Count is the natural extension of what we do in a two-person race; it is an efficient way to compute each voter's 'one man, one vote' actions over pairs of candidates.
Indeed, both in pragmatic and theoretical senses, it can be (and has been) proved that only the Borda Count appears to achieve the elusive 'fairness' goal for elections.
www.sciam.com /print_version.cfm?articleID=000055AE-B864-1C71-9EB7809EC588F2D7   (1987 words)

  
 Solutions to Practice problems on Chapter 1
The Borda count is 83, 79, 72, 69, and 57 for A, B, D, E, and C in that order.
Find the winner of the election using the Borda count method which assigns 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) for a first, second, third, fourth, and fifth choice in that order.
Thus by Borda count method the ranking is B, A, C, E, D. Therefore B is the winner.
www.people.vcu.edu /~gasmerom/MAT131/chap1sol.html   (818 words)

  
 Deinonychus antirrhopus: Comment on Iowa Caucus Methodology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
Looks to me like a Borda count is almost exactly what it is. Only it looks like they're incorporating a bit of gatekeeping to make sure all choices aren't universally available (too few voters, you're out) in subsequent choice sets.
Since the Borda Count method violates the Independence of Irrelevant Alternatives assumption of Arrow's Theorem it shouldn't be a surprise that whacky results can ensue.
It'd be interesting to interview the people who are participating in the caucus (is caucusing a word?) to see what they thought of the outcome of their individual meetings.
www.steveverdon.com /cgi-bin/mov/mt-comments.cgi?entry_id=982   (573 words)

  
 Quantitative Methods in Public Administration
Borda count voting is among the most prominent alternatives to simple majority voting.
Under a Borda count, each voter ranks each choice from 0 = least desirable to (m - 1) = most desirable, for m alternatives.
Although D is the first choice of three voters and B is the first choice of only two voters, B will win the Boda count.
www2.chass.ncsu.edu /garson/pa765/socialchoice.htm   (924 words)

  
 CR&S - Communications Research & Semiotics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
The Borda mechanism uses all the information provided by the voters and appears to be the unique voting method to represent the true wishes of the voters [Saari, 1994].
The thesis presents a proposal to extend the standard FIPA IP's with a new protocol that encompasses the functionality of the Borda Count mechanism.
The Borda Count method appears to be the unique voting method to represent the true wishes of the voters [Saari, 1994].
www.crs.unimaas.nl /g.hopmans/bordacount   (794 words)

  
 Voting Method Terminology
Instant runoff voting (IRV) is descriptively named, and uses the ranked-choice ballots to simulate a series of runoff elections, each time dropping the lowest vote-getter from the round before, and re-casting each ballot for the highest ranked choice of those still in the running.
If in a runoff a ballot has no choice marked for a remaining candidate, the voter in essence is abstaining from voting in that runoff, and is not counted in computing a majority, because a majority is defined as more than half of the votes cast.
The Borda count (BC) assigns more "points" to higher-ranked choices, and the candidate with the most points wins.
www.paulmcclintock.com /edu/preferential-voting.htm   (1205 words)

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