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Topic: Bore (wind instruments)


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 Wind Instrument Mathematics
I assume the length you use in the calculations is the length of the center of the bore (for curved instruments, like crumhorn or saxophone, the inside of the bore curve is obviously shorter than the outside).
Daniel, 70 degrees F (about 20 C) sounds a little too low to use, especially for smaller wind instruments (ie fifes and flutes) since the air driving it is at 37 C (body temp).
The instrument list appear to be a straight bore with 6 toneholes, it appear to be a very early design.
www.mimf.com /archives/wind_math.htm   (1542 words)

  
 wind instrument on Encyclopedia.com
The wind passage of a wind instrument is called the bore and may be conical or cylindrical; its flared edge is called the bell.
Other wind instruments are blown by the player and are divided into two groups, the woodwinds and the brass winds, or brasses.
Bibliography and Discography on Music for Solo Wind Instruments and Orchestra.(Book review)
www.encyclopedia.com /html/w1/windinst.asp   (957 words)

  
 Baroque Music - Brass
Brass wind instrument with a cylindrical bore, a cup-shaped mouthpiece, and a slide mechanism.
The bell joint could be fitted with crooks to change the pitch, and the slide joint often had a hinged handle attached to the stay that enabled the player to slide it further than the length of the arm.
The pitch was lowered as the player extended the slide away from the mouthpiece.
baroque-music.com /frames/info/brass.shtml   (1162 words)

  
 Rummelhoff Music - Information about musical instruments
The family of a wind instruments which are made of a brass or silver tube (either cylindrical bore or conical bore) that flares into a bell at the end, have cupped mouthpieces similar to that of a trumpet, and usually have valves or slides.
A conical bore instrument, in which the bore grows larger throughout, such as the cornet, produces a mellow timbre while a cylindrical bore instrument, such as the trumpet, which has a constant bore until the flare of the bell, produces a brighter, more brilliant timbre.
Although the saxophone is made of brass, it is derived from the wooden clarinet, and is sounded by a reed, thus is is considered to be a woodwind instrument.
www.rummelhoffmusic.com /information.shtml   (1066 words)

  
 Cylindrical Air Column Modeling
In a previous section, it was found that wave motion in wind instruments with cylindrical bores is adequately represented by plane-wave propagation along the length of the pipe.
In general, the acoustic properties of the end of the wind-instrument bore are characterized by a non-zero and complex valued load impedance and this impedance can be expressed as a lumped traveling-wave reflectance, as given by the bracketed term of Eq.
The impulse response h(t) of a wind-instrument air column, defined as the inverse Fourier transform of its input impedance, implies an acoustic feedback loop because of the inherent closure of the bore entryway after the introduction of a volume velocity unit impulse.
www.music.mcgill.ca /~gary/614/week8/pipeemodel.html   (1066 words)

  
 Reed instrument -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article
Tones are created on the (A slender double-reed instrument; a woodwind with a conical bore and a double-reed mouthpiece) oboe and (A double-reed instrument; the tenor of the oboe family) bassoon with a double reed.
Reed instruments are (Any of various devices or contrivances that can be used to produce musical tones or sounds) musical instruments; they are members of the (Any wind instrument other than the brass instruments) woodwind family.
The performer produces tones on these instruments by blowing (A mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of) air past a cane (Tall woody perennial grasses with hollow slender stems especially of the genera Arundo and Phragmites) reed, which vibrates.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/r/re/reed_instrument.htm   (472 words)

  
 Wind Instrument Mathematics
I assume the length you use in the calculations is the length of the center of the bore (for curved instruments, like crumhorn or saxophone, the inside of the bore curve is obviously shorter than the outside).
The instrument list appear to be a straight bore with 6 toneholes, it appear to be a very early design.
I have a fife/flute instrument made of white plastic, made by Yamaha, 8 holes (one thumbhole) and the fingering is like the Recorder.It is not a traditional instrument but is handy for people who already play the recorder.
www.mimf.com /archives/wind_math.htm   (1542 words)

  
 oboe --  Britannica Student Encyclopedia
The first wind instruments to gain entry into the orchestra were oboes and bassoons—the double reeds (so called because of the carved reeds that serve as mouthpieces for these instruments).
The oboe was the first woodwind instrument to be included in the orchestras of the 17th century.
Hotteterre narrowed the bore of the treble shawm, reduced the size of the finger holes, and considerably narrowed the reed, which was attached to a staple and inserted directly into the top section as in the musette.
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-9390917?tocId=9390917   (767 words)

  
 oboe --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - Your gateway to all Britannica has to offer!
The first wind instruments to gain entry into the orchestra were oboes and bassoons—the double reeds (so called because of the carved reeds that serve as mouthpieces for these instruments).
any of a group of wind musical instruments, composed of the flutes and reed pipes (i.e., clarinet, oboe, bassoon, and saxophone).
Hotteterre narrowed the bore of the treble shawm, reduced the size of the finger holes, and considerably narrowed the reed, which was attached to a staple and inserted directly into the top section as in the musette.
concise.britannica.com /ebc/article-9373826   (845 words)

  
 The Selmer Company -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article
Selmer is primarily known for its high-quality (Any wind instrument other than the brass instruments) woodwind instruments, especially (A single-reed woodwind with a conical bore) saxophones.
In 1932 Selmer partnered with the Italian (A musician who plays the guitar) guitarist and (A craftsman who makes stringed instruments (as lutes or guitars or violins)) luthier Mario Maccaferri to produce a line of (Sound is not amplified by electrical means) acoustic guitars based on Maccaferri's unorthodox design.
At the time, musical instruments and accessories were primarily handmade, and professional musicians found it necessary to acquire skills allowing them to make their own accessories and repair and modify their own instruments.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/t/th/the_selmer_company.htm   (1106 words)

  
 EMC Pipe and Tabor Businesses - early instrument makers
For additional information about the pipe and tabor, visit the Pipe and Tabor section of the Wind Instruments page.
Maker and distributor of historical woodwind, brass, string, keyboard, and percussion instruments.
Maker of Renaissance bagpipes, citoles, Medieval side drums, tabors and tabor pipes, wooden frame drums, flutes, penny whistles, and other instruments.
earlymusichicago.org /businesses_pipetabor.htm   (1106 words)

  
 EMC Flageolet Businesses - tinwhistle and penny whistle makers
For additional information about flageolets (aka Irish whistles, tinwhistles, pennywhistles), visit the Flageolet section of the Wind Instruments page.
Maker of Baroque and Renaissance flutes, fifes, pennywhistles, tabor pipes, and other wind instruments.
Maker of Susato pennywhistles, tabor pipes, pentatonic- and wide-bore recorders, hurdy-gurdies, crumhorns, and many other products.
www.earlymusichicago.org /businesses_flageolet.htm   (210 words)

  
 Untitled Document
The bassoon, a double-reed instrument with a conical bore, is the bass voice of the wind section.
It is even difficult for wind instruments to tune with one another and it takes the finest players to accomplish any kind of balance or blend between these most colorful and diverse orchestra members.
The Woodwind choir is perhaps the most quarrelsome of all the families within the orchestra since it is composed of largely heterogeneous instruments.
t3.preservice.org /T0300209/woodwind.htm   (977 words)

  
 Trumpet Concertos Eklund (tr) [GH]: Classical CD Reviews- Jan 2004 MusicWeb(UK)
As was the case with most wind instruments at this time manufacturers and makers were experimenting with differing bore sizes, valves and even holed instruments and length of tubing.
Roy Goodman has modern instruments at his disposal in the Swedish Chamber but they are strongly aware of the stylistic considerations in regard to bowing techniques.
For the Hummel the choice falls to the trumpet in the bright key of E and for the Weber a conventionally pitched trumpet in Bb.
musicweb-international.com /classrev/2004/Jan04/trumpet_concertos.htm   (977 words)

  
 Recorder History
Fipple flutes are wind instruments with a fipple, or block in the blowing end (hence its German name blockflute).
The block creates a narrow windway which channels a sharp stream of air into the bore and helps give the recorder its characteristic clear, reedy sound.
The recorder is a member of the fipple flute family of instruments.
www.earlymusic.gil.com.au /history.htm   (977 words)

  
 JNL 7: The C. Kruspe Bassoon and The World's Colombian Exposition of Chicago, 1893.
Perfumo is a warm and gracious man who has been a professional musician his entire life and has collected an incredible number of rare musical instruments over the years especially wind instruments.
Apparently these are the two acoustical principles that Kruspe borrowed from Boehm and incorporated into his bassoon: 1) the drilling of some of the tone holes straight into the bore in their acoustically correct position, and 2) the use of at least some open standing keys to improve the pitch and intonation.
A., "Friedrich Wilhelm Kruspe Obituary," Zeitschrift für Instrumentenbau, Leipzig, l911,pp.
idrs.colorado.edu /Publications/Journal/JNL7/kruspe.html   (977 words)

  
 Clarinet
Clarinets are relatively recent additions to the orchestra and are standard instruments in the concert band, symphonic band, military bands, wind ensembles, and chamber ensembles.
Clarinets have the most consistant sound in all registers of their range of any of the woodwind instruments.
Clarinets are descendants of the chalumeau, with a cylindrical bore and a single reed.
www.music.vt.edu /musicdictionary/textc/Clarinet.html   (541 words)

  
 Clarinet
Clarinets are descendants of the chalumeau, with a cylindrical bore and a single reed.
Clarinets are relatively recent additions to the orchestra and are standard instruments in the concert band, symphonic band, military bands, wind ensembles, and chamber ensembles.
Clarinets have the most consistant sound in all registers of their range of any of the woodwind instruments.
www.music.vt.edu /musicdictionary/textc/Clarinet.html   (533 words)

  
 Search Results for oboe - Encyclopædia Britannica
treble woodwind instrument with a conical bore and double reed.
Covers events, contemporary composers of music featuring double-reed instruments, double-reed players, bands, chamber ensembles, images and audio files, research and instruction, libraries and archives, and amusing downloads.
Double-reed Renaissance woodwind instrument, ancestor of the oboe.
www.britannica.com /search?query=oboe&submit=Find&source=MWTAB   (442 words)

  
 Simon's Serpent Adventure
I visit the Musical Instrument Makers Forum infrequently, but recently I found there in the Wind Instruments section a thread "how to make a pretty good serpent..." which presented Scott Hall's design for a quick-and-dirty serpent look- and sound-alike.
This is not a real serpent; the bocal is parallel not conical, and the bore is square section and rather narrow.
Tempted by the idea of obtaining a bizarre instrument, close enough to a trombone that I could play it, for a small financial outlay and two days of work, I went for it.
www.simonchadwick.net /serpent   (442 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Search Results - bugle
Bugle, cup-mouthpiece wind instrument made of coiled brass or copper tubing with a wide conical bore and flaring bell.
Bugle : instruments developed from the bugle: tuba
Ophicleide, in music, an obsolete brass instrument of the bugle family, developed in Paris, France in 1821.
encarta.msn.com /bugle.html   (105 words)

  
 Bass clarinet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
While the bass clarinet is sometimes mistaken for a large saxophone, the two instruments differ in several respects including their body material and their bore.
It is also used in wind bands and clarinet choirs, in film scoring, and as a solo instrument in jazz.
While the bass clarinet has been used often since Dolphy, it is typically used by a saxophonist or clarinetist as a second or third instrument; such musicians include David Murray, John Surman, and James Carter.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bass_clarinet   (1366 words)

  
 OUR STORY Flute History
The flute, the oldest known wind instrument, dates back to the 9th century B.C. Today, the flute is an integral part of almost every type of music, from classical to contemporary to jazz.
While the head joint of the flute stayed cylindrical, the bore of the body became conical with the lower end of the flute being the smallest diameter.
1500 A.D. Throughout the 16th century flutes were one of the most popular instruments of the Italian musical scene.
www.gemeinhardt.com /story/flute.html   (1153 words)

  
 There's life above 20 kilohertz! A survey of musical instrument spectra to 102.4 kHz
Trumpeter William Bing, Director of the Wind Ensemble and Jazz Band at California Institute of Technology, playing a Yamaha YTR 6335H trumpet with 135H lead pipe, YLH bell, and Yamaha 17D4 mouthpiece with Malone back bore.
Instruments surveyed are trumpet with Harmon ("wah-wah") and straight mutes; French horn muted, unmuted and bell up; violin sul ponticello and double-stopped; oboe; claves; triangle; a drum rimshot; crash cymbals; piano; jangling keys; and sibilant speech.
Harmonics of muted trumpet extend to 80 kHz; violin and oboe, to above 40 kHz; and a cymbal crash was still strong at 100 kHz.
www.cco.caltech.edu /~boyk/spectra/spectra.htm   (1153 words)

  
 Baritone saxophone
The baritone member of the family of wind instruments invented by Adolphe Sax in 1840.
The baritone saxophone (bari sax) is made of brass with a tapered bore.
The baritone saxophone (bari sax) is typically found in concert and symphonic bands, and is most prominent in jazz and rock music.
www.music.vt.edu /musicdictionary/textb/Baritonesaxophone.html   (70 words)

  
 Baritone saxophone
The baritone member of the family of wind instruments invented by Adolphe Sax in 1840.
The baritone saxophone (bari sax) is made of brass with a tapered bore.
The baritone saxophone (bari sax) is typically found in concert and symphonic bands, and is most prominent in jazz and rock music.
www.music.vt.edu /musicdictionary/textb/Baritonesaxophone.html   (70 words)

  
 Tuba
Tuba refers to a family of lip-vibrated, upright, valved, metal wind instruments with a folded tube of wide, conical bore.
Out of the experimental development in the 19th century, the lasting changes included the addition of a tuning slide with a weighted balancer, a water valve, additional stays, a receiver pipe for the mouthpiece, and metal alloys and overlays, especially applied to prevent wear in the slide and to reduce friction in movement.
It was designed to fill an urgent need in brass bands for a satisfactory bass to the valved bugle.
hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu /hbase/music/tuba.html   (117 words)

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