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Topic: Boustrophedon

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  Boustrophedon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Boustrophedon or boustrephedon (Greek: βουστροφηδόν: "turning like oxen in ploughing"), is an ancient way of writing manuscripts and other inscriptions in which, rather than going from left to right as in modern English, or right to left as in Hebrew and Arabic, alternate lines must be read in opposite directions.
A modern example of boustrophedonics is the numbering scheme of sections within survey townships in the United States and Canada.
Another example is the boustrophedon transform, known in mathematics.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Boustrophedon   (439 words)

Boustrophedon is a classical style of writing manuscripts in which, rather than going from left to right as in modern English, or right to left as in Arabic, alternate lines go in opposite directions.
The term is occasionally used to describe the motion of certain dot matrix computer printers.
In that case, while the print head moves in opposite directions on alternate lines, the printed text is not in boustrophedon format.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/bo/Boustrophedon.html   (94 words)

 The Mavens' Word of the Day   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
The correct spelling of the base form is boustrophedon, and it means 'a method of writing in which the lines run alternately from right to left and from left to right'.
Boustrophedon is usually used in reference to Ancient Greek, but it has been found in early inscriptions in many parts of the world, including northern Europe (in runic alphabets), Italy (in Etruscan and Italic languages), Asia Minor (Hittite), Central America, and India.
The derived adjectival form boustrophedonic, as in your example, is from the mid-nineteenth century.
www.randomhouse.com /wotd/index.pperl?date=19990414   (271 words)

 Index to OEIS (Section Bo)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
boustrophedon transform, of various sequences: (1) A000660 A000674 A000687 A000697 A000718 A000732 A000733 A000734 A000736 A000737 A000738
boustrophedon transform, of various sequences: (2) A000744 A000745 A000746 A000747 A000751 A000752 A000753 A000754 A000756 A000764 A029885
boustrophedon transform, variations on: (1) A059216, A058217, A059219, A059220, A059502, A059503, A059505, A059506, A059507, A059508, A059509, A059226
www.research.att.com /~njas/sequences/Sindx_Bo.html   (320 words)

 Boustrophedon transform - QuickSeek Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
In mathematics, the boustrophedon transform is a procedure which maps one sequence to another.
The boustrophedon transform: Start with the original sequence (in blue), then add numbers as indicated by the arrows, and finally read of the transformed sequence on the other side (in red).
Given a sequence (a_0, a_1, a_2, \ldots), the boustrophedon transform yields another sequence, say (b_0, b_1, b_2, \ldots), which is constructed by filling up a triangle as pictured on the right.
boustrophedontransform.quickseek.com   (597 words)

 The Greek Language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
This form of writing, resembling the path of the ox-drawn plough across a field, is known as boustrophedon.
The more indecisive used a curious system known as boustrophedon in which the text would run from left to right (or vice versa), reach the end of the line and double back to run right to left like the furrows of a plough!
Boustrophedon is Greek for "turning of the ox".
www.translexis.demon.co.uk /new_page_2.htm   (4450 words)

 Ramblings » Blog Archive » Confessions of a Closet Linguaphile
Their numbering system is in boustrophedon; numbering starts at 1 in the upper-right of the map and proceeds boustrophedonically until the number 36 (the surveys are in a 6×6 grid) in the lower-right.
It’s a form of reverse boustrophedonic writing in which alternating lines are not mirrored, but rotated by 180 degrees.
Unlike boustrophedon, I don’t believe reverse boustrophedon is currently used in any writing system, which I find mildly odd since I would guess reverse boustrophedon would be easier for people to understand (since the glyphs don’t change shape, just orientation).
ramblings.aaronballman.com /?p=758   (1337 words)

 FAQ - Writing Directions and BIDI Ordering
One prominent example is boustrophedon (literally, "ox-turning"), which is often found in ancient European writing systems such as early Greek.
In boustrophedon writing, characters are arranged into horizontal lines, but the individual lines alternate between running right to left and running left to right, the way an ox goes back and forth when plowing a field.
Boustrophedon writing is of interest almost exclusively to scholars intent on reproducing the exact visual content of ancient texts.
www.unicode.org /faq/bidi.html   (854 words)

 boustrophedon - a definition from Whatis.com
Boustrophedon (from Greek for ox-turning) is writing that proceeds in one direction in one line (such as from left to right) and then in the reverse direction in the next line (such as from right to left).
Some types of printers and their software print in this fashion (although the results, of course, are lines that are read in only one direction).
Translexis mentions boustrophedon in its essay on "The Greek Language."
whatis.techtarget.com /definition/0,,sid9_gci344941,00.html   (193 words)

 Apparatus for optimally scanning a two-dimensional surface of one or more objects - Patent 5312510
In the material removal system described in the above referenced patent application, the boustrophedon type scan of the chemical etching instrument operates by scanning the probe across the surface of the wafer in a positive and a negative X-axis coordinate plane direction while indexing in a positive or a negative Y-axis coordinate plane direction.
Also, since the probe maintains a constant-rate material removing chemical reaction, the scan speed of the probe in relation to the wafer surface is adjusted so as to perform a desired removal of wafer surface material.
Although the boustrophedon type scan permits the material removal system to accomplish its basic objective of scanning the entire wafer surface, the boustrophedon method encounters mechanical problems at high wafer throughput rates and exhibits depreciative etching of surround materials at all wafer throughput rates.
www.freepatentsonline.com /5312510.html   (3433 words)

 <<font facts>>
In ancient Boustrophedon writing, every alternate line in the text reads from right to left.
Boustrophedon means "the way the ox turns", for the u-shaped patterns of lines created in the soil by the plow pulled by an ox.
The Gothic typeface of the 42 line Guttenberg bible from 1455 survived in Germany as the national typeface with very few stylistic changes until January 3, 1941 when Nazi Germany decreed the Gothic type to be of Jewish invention.
members.tripod.com /~fontophile/fontfacts.htm   (218 words)

 Robotics Institute: Coverage Path Planning: The Boustrophedon Decomposition
We developed the boustrophedon cellular decomposition which is an exact cellular decomposition approach for the purposes of coverage.
Each cell in the boustrophedon is covered with simple back and forth motions.
Therefore, coverage is reduced to finding an exhaustive path through a graph which represents the adjacency relationships of the cells in the boustrophedon decomposition.
www.ri.cmu.edu /pubs/pub_1416.html   (239 words)

 Demining Objectives Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
Prior work includes developing a decomposition called the boustrophedon decomposition and this effort has developed a procedure to implement the boustrophedon decomposition in an unknown environment, i.e., allow for coverage of unknown regions.
The boustrophedon decomposition solves this problem by automatically encoding environmental characteristics that allow the robot to correct internal positioning errors.
Each cell in the decomposition has a characteristic or sensor signature, that may or may not be unique to the cell.
voronoi.sbp.ri.cmu.edu /demining/objectives.htm   (869 words)

 Yeha Pre-Aksumite Inscriptions
Finally, the inscription itself employs a technique called boustrophedon, (roughly translated as "plowing the field," because the lines of text alternate direction, the first reading right to left, the second left to right, and so on, much like a farmer plowing a field back and forth).
Most of the characters of the alphabet are directional, so one can see clearly which direction to read a line by the direction the letters are pointing.
This same boustrophedon writing technique was seen elsewhere, such as in early Phoenecian and archaic Greek texts, but while abandoned in most other languages, it survived far longer in Sabaean inscriptions.
members.aol.com /skipbdahlgren/sdahlgren/sdpicYehainscr3.html   (928 words)

 jargon, node: boustrophedon   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
boustrophedon /n./ [from a Greek word for turning like an ox while plowing] An ancient method of writing using alternate left-to-right and right-to-left lines.
Erudite hackers use it for an optimization performed by some computer typesetting software and moving-head printers.
The adverbial form `boustrophedonically' is also found (hackers purely love constructions like this).
www.jargon.net /jargonfile/b/boustrophedon.html   (62 words)

 Voree Plates   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
The writing on the Voree Plates is evidently in the form known as "boustrophedon".
This literally means "ox turning", with reference to the way that fields are plowed, first in one direction, and then with the next row running in the opposite direction, alternating direction with each row.
This is how the boustrophedon form of writing was independently first noticed by myself (James Hajicek) and by Keith Thompson.
www.vorsoft.com /faith/rajah   (1203 words)

 boustrophedon - alphaDictionary * Free English On-line Dictionary
The style of an ancient method of writing used by the Hittites, Greeks, and others in which the lines are written alternately from left to right, then back right to left.
Just before the line printer was invented, some early computer output printers had boustrophedonic heads that moved left to right, then right to left, again, for speed.
As today's image shows, heating elements and cooling coils are often boustrophedonic, and boustrophedonic ribbon candy is not at all rare.
www.alphadictionary.com /goodword/goodword.jsp?word=boustrophedon   (277 words)

 MS 580   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
The two small scrolls are written in boustrophedon, that is from right to left and from left to right alternatively, a method of writing that was no longer practiced in the third century when these scrolls were purported to have been written.
They were sold to Sir Thomas Phillipps in 1854 by Constantine Simonides who is thought to have written them.
208-209; C.E. Lutz, "A Forged Manuscript in Boustrophedon," Yale University Libary Gazette 53 (1978) 28-44.
webtext.library.yale.edu /beinflat/pre1600.MS580.htm   (114 words)

 [Aleph] RfC: Boustrophedon typesetting
Hyphenation >=20 > The distinct nature of boustrophedon invites a rethink of how hyphenation > is indicated in the final typeset copy.
Do we use the same convention as > in normal typesetting, where the word is split at some acceptable point, > the first part is appended with a hyphen character, and the second part is > bumped down to the start of the next line?
What if, say, you want the boustrophedon text to be rendered in a > slanted font, but you want the slant to be in the same direction for both > LtR and RtL lines?
www.ntg.nl /pipermail/aleph/2004-March/000095.html   (1260 words)

 Omniglot index by writing direction
This is called Boustrophedon, which comes from the Greek βους (bous) "ox" + στρεφειν (strefein) "to turn", because it resembles the path an ox makes when plowing field, turning at the end of each row to return in the opposite direction.
In newspapers and magazines with vertical text, some of the headlines and titles are written horizontally right to left across the top of the main text.
Etruscan was sometimes written in boustrophedon fashion and sometimes from right to left in horizontal lines.
www.omniglot.com /writing/direction.htm   (674 words)

 Boustrophedon decomposition
In that algorithm, critical events were defined for several cases, some of which are not relevant for the boustrophedon motions.
Even though the cells are nonconvex, they can always be sliced nicely into vertical strips, which makes them suitable for boustrophedon motions.
The original vertical decomposition could also be used, but the extra cell boundaries would cause unnecessary repositioning of the robot.
msl.cs.uiuc.edu /planning/node352.html   (254 words)

 BGreek: Boustrophedon writing
Next in thread: Carl W. Conrad: "Re: Boustrophedon writing"
boustrophedon text with large scale pix as well.
I've mentioned boustrophedon writing briefly in class for a number of years
www.ibiblio.org /bgreek/test-archives/html4/1998-08/27040.html   (279 words)

 abiword-dev.archive.0105: Re: boustrophedon: should I bother wi
In reply to: Simmon Keith: "boustrophedon: should I bother with abiword?"
Next in thread: Andrew Dunbar: "Re: boustrophedon: should I bother with abiword?"
Reply: Dom Lachowicz: "Re: boustrophedon: should I bother with abiword?"
www.abisource.com /mailinglists/abiword-dev/01/May/0831.html   (428 words)

 Linguist List - Ask A Linguist Message Details
Ancient Greeks (but also Romans) used to write mostly boustrophedon when they started to use writing and only later they changed to the uniform utilization of the left to right system.
She utilized boustrophedon mixed with left to right in one of her first inscriptions (MAMA, TATA, KATA = MUM, DAD, KATE):
Or in other words, is boustrophedon more ''natural'' than left to right and right to left systems?
linguistlist.org /ask-ling/message-details2.cfm?AsklingID=200370903   (133 words)

 Robotics Institute: Coverage of Known Spaces: The Boustrophedon Cellupdar Decomposition   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-17)
Copyright notice: This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work.
These works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.
Choset, "Coverage of Known Spaces: The Boustrophedon Cellupdar Decomposition," Autonomous Robots, Vol.
www.ri.cmu.edu /pubs/pub_4448.html   (132 words)

 lucis » boustrophedon
Came across this word while reading about popular halftoning algorithms.
boustrophedon - An ancient method of writing in which the lines are inscribed alternately from right to left and from left to right.
Apparently halftoning algorithms improve greatly if images are processed in a boustrophedonic pattern instead of simple scanlines…
lucis.net /archives/2004/02/29/boustrophedon   (80 words)

 Boustrophedon - Typografie.info TypoWiki
Boustrophedon bedeutet wörtlich »wie der Ochse pflügt« und steht für eine Schreibweise, bei der sich bei jeder Zeile die Schreibrichtung ändert.
Es existierten linksläufige (»sinistrograde«), rechtsläufige (»dextrograde«) und die boustrophedone Schreibweise.
Letztere hat für Schreiber und Leser den Vorteil, dass am Zeilenende kein Zeilensprung gemacht werden muss, der den Lesefluss unterbricht.
www.typografie.info /typowiki/index.php?title=Boustrophedon   (144 words)

 [No title]
Boustrophedon (Gk), literally means "ox turning", within the context
Boustrophedon is a metaphor for a "reversal", in this case ALTERNATIVELY
Boustrophedon, reading like the ancient Greeks and Romans before they
www.speedlearning.org /columnboy.php?title=BOUSTROPHEDON+is...   (1080 words)

 A Hittitie inscription on a bronze plaque found at the Hittite port of Byblos
Top: A Hittite inscription on a bronze plaque found at the Hittite port of Byblos.
It is read in the boustrophedon manner and dates to about 2000 B.C. and is similar to the Newberry Stone.
It is also read in the boustrophedon mannor.
www.goldenageproject.org.uk /151hittite.html   (92 words)

 Definition of boustrophedon - Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
Etymology: Greek boustrophEdon, adverb, literally, turning like oxen in plowing, from bous ox, cow + strephein to turn -- more at
Learn more about "boustrophedon" and related topics at Britannica.com
Get the Top 10 Search Results for "boustrophedon"
www.m-w.com /cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=boustrophedon   (57 words)

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