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Topic: Brainwashing

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  The Religious Movements Page: Conceptualizing Cults and Sects
This section on the Brainwashing Controversy presents materials that will illumine the history of the concept, provide examples of materials that have fueled public debate as it has periodically raged over the past quarter-of-a-century, explore the scientific evidence that is pertinent to the debate, and offer an extended bibliography.
Brainwashing and the Cults: The Rise and Fall of a Theory.
"Liar, Liar": Brainwashing, CESNUR and APA by Massimo Introvigne.
religiousmovements.lib.virginia.edu /cultsect/brainwashing.htm   (1530 words)

  Brainwashing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Brainwashing or thought reform is the application of coercive techniques to change the beliefs or behavior of one or more people for political purposes.
The term brainwashing is a relatively new term in the English language.
Another factor is, that brainwashing theories have been discussed in the court, where the experts had to pronounce their views before the jury in simpler terms than those used in academic publications and where the issue had to be presented rather fl and white to make a point in the case.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Brainwashing   (4526 words)

 B R A I N W A S H I N G
The experience of the brainwashed individual differs in that the inconsistent information is forced upon the individual under controlled conditions after the possibility of critical judgment has been removed by a variety of methods.
It is characteristically reported by victims of brainwashing that this discovery led to an overwhelming feeling of relief that the horror of internal conflict would cease and that perhaps they would not be driven insane.
Brainwashing is an involuntary re-education of the fundamental beliefs of the individual.
www.heart7.net /brainwsh.html   (5426 words)

 CESNUR - Brainwashing and Mind Control Controversies
Conversion and "Brainwashing" in New Religious Movements by Dick Anthony and Thomas Robbins (preliminary draft; final version to appear in The Oxford Handbook of New Religions, edited by James R. Lewis)
Brainwashing, Italian-Style: The Rise and Fall of Plagio, by Massimo Introvigne - A paper presented at CESNUR 2002, Salt Lake City and Provo
Brainwashing Controversies: Two Papers by Jim Richardson: A critique of "brainwashing" evidence in light of Daubert: Science and unpopular religions, co-authored with Gerald Ginsburg, and A social psychological critique of "brainwashing" claims about recruitment to new religions
www.cesnur.org /testi/se_brainwash.htm   (1228 words)

 PlanetPapers - Cult Conversion: Freewill Or Brainwashing?
In the 1960’s and 1970’s the brainwashing debate again took center stage, this time in an attempt to explain the behaviour of so-called radicals who left behind a “normal” life and opted instead for a “cult” existence.
If brainwashing is not an appropriate explanation for the conversion of people to NRM’s than what is? A common theme on the anti-cult side of the conversion debate is the argument that members are, to varying degrees, predisposed to becoming cult members.
In closing, it could be argued that, if brainwashing were a legitimate theory, the anti-cult movement exhibits more “mind control” behaviours than do NRM’s, when considering their participation in action such as “deprogramming” and their consistent use of propaganda and half truths.
www.planetpapers.com /Assets/2137.php   (915 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Brainwashing is a term given to the methods employed to have a person alter his basic beliefs about a subject.
Hubbard's conclusions on brainwashing was finally reached and given in a lecture in September 1956.7a After carefully studying the works of Pavlov, which he found full of gaps and holes as scientific theories.
The brainwashing debate got a lot more publicity when in 1975 the media-empire heiress Patty Hearst was kidnapped from her apartment in Berkeley, California, by the Symbionese Liberation Army.
www.cultawarenessnetwork.org /AUM/SECTION_2/06.html   (1259 words)

 Brainwashing at opensource encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Brainwashing consisted of the notion that the Chinese communists had discovered a mysterious and effective method of causing deep and permanent behaviorial changes in prisoners of war.
Two studies of the Korean War defections by Robert Lifton and Edgar Schein concluded that "brainwashing" was an inappropriate concept to account for this renunciation of U.S. citizenship.
Currently the concept of brainwashing is not used by most psychologists and social scientists, and the methods of persuasion and coercion used during the Korean War are not considered to be esoteric.
www.wiki.tatet.com /Brainwashing.html   (569 words)

 The Straight Dope: Is brainwashing possible?
As portrayed by Hunter and later writers, brainwashing was a scientific program of mind control in which masterful communist manipulators used techniques such as Pavlovian conditioning, drugs, and hypnosis to turn ordinary folks into robotlike tools of the state.
Brainwashing became a hot topic again in the 1970s with the rise of religious cults such as the Hare Krishnas, the Moonies, and, more chillingly, the People's Temple--you know, Jim Jones, poisoned Kool-Aid, etc. Cultists sometimes did crazy things; obviously, alarmists argued, they'd been brainwashed.
If anyone was doing any brainwashing it was the deprogrammers hired by families to kidnap their cult-member relatives and hold them captive for days in an effort to knock some sense into them.
www.straightdope.com /columns/050318.html   (901 words)

 Communist Psychological Warfare
The moment we think of brainwashing as only one of the elements of which it is composed, we no longer have brainwashing, any more than we have a pumpkin pie from pumpkin alone.
The Communist interrogators, as the brainwashers called themselves, sought to remove a man’s trust in his own side, and to convince him that he was being let down and even betrayed by his own country and relatives, especially by his wife or girl friend.
The Communist hierarchy well knows that its brainwashing is only skin deep in the overwhelming number of cases, and can be depended on only so long as the individual can be kept isolated from outside information or influence.
www.crossroad.to /Quotes/globalism/Congress.htm   (13704 words)

 The Epoch Times | Report Details Degree of Brainwashing in China
WOIPFG reported that numerous brainwashing classes targeting Falun Gong practitioners have been established all over the country, from provinces and cities to villages and township committees, from police departments and organizations to universities and enterprises.
Brainwashing classes became another place to keep practitioners in long-term detention, in addition to detention centers and houses of detention.
Their brainwashing process is explained as follows: Workers prevent Falun Gong practitioners from sleeping for several days in a row and at the same time persuade them to give up their belief.
english.epochtimes.com /news/4-10-31/24091.html   (1559 words)

 mind control, brainwashing
Many consider the "brainwashing" tactics (torture, sensory deprivation, etc.) of the Chinese during the Korean War and the alleged creation of zombies in Voodoo as attempts at mind control.
You and I might think that a person is out of his mind for joining Scientology, Jehova's Witnesses, or Jim Roberts' The Brethren, but their "crazy beliefs and behaviors" are no wilder than the ones that millions of mainstream religious believers have chosen to accept and engage in.
Some recruits into non-mainstream religions seem to be brainwashed and controlled to the point that they will do great evil to themselves or others at the behest of their leader, including murder and suicide.
skepdic.com /mindcont.html   (3933 words)

 Amazon.co.uk: Brainwashing: The Science of Thought Control: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The term 'brainwashing' was first recorded in 1950, but it is an expression of a much older concept: the forcible and full-scale alteration of a person's beliefs.
Brainwashing, Kathleen Taylor's fascinating and informative voyage through the subject, combines the latest findings in social psychology and neuroscience to investigate the incredibly complicated workings of the human brain.
Brainwashing by force thus may radically change the individual's strongest beliefs, and the author again gives evidence from neuroscience that supports the assertion that this can indeed happen.
www.amazon.co.uk /exec/obidos/ASIN/0192804960   (1539 words)

 Brainwashing and Mind Control in religious cults and elsewhere - religious cults, sects and movements   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Used of cults, "brainwashing" or "mind control" refers to the unethical use of persuasion methods with the aim of recruiting people into joining or remaining involved with a group, movement, or cause.
Not surprisingly, brainwashing theories are hotly contested by cult apologists.
Benjamin Zablocki, The Blacklisting of a Concept: The Strange History of the Brainwashing Conjecture in the Sociology of Religion, Nova Religion, Oct. 1997.
www.apologeticsindex.org /b09.html   (1550 words)

 "Mind Control" and "Brainwashing": Dispelling the Myths
Brainwashing" is a term that supposedly describes a historically defined event; that is, the process of indoctrination that is said to have occurred to some American prisoners of war during the Korean War (1950-1953).
The brainwashing explanation provided families with a superficially plausible model of seemingly "bizarre" behavior that did not place any stigma on either themselves or their errant (cult) family members, and it came embellished with the legitimacy of science.
Brainwashing in the original Communist sense does not exist, and brainwashing in the popular sense is, at most, coercive persuasion, which in the absence of imprisonment and torture "cannot be distinguished from mainstream religions and other conventional social influences" (Amicus Brief 21).
www.thefamily.org /dossier/statements/brainwashing.htm   (18677 words)

 Brainwashing by Religious Cults
According to brainwashing proponents, this "second generation" brainwashing theory incorporates new insights about manipulation of individuals...The assumption is that it is not necessary to coerce recruits physically if they can be manipulated by affection, guilt, or other psychological influences.
Massimo Introvigne, " 'Liar, Liar': Brainwashing, CESNUR and APA" at: http://www.cesnur.org/testi/gandow_eng.htm
Although promoters of the concept of NRM brainwashing have obviously been discredited by the mental health and religious academic communities, their beliefs still have a strong following among the public.
www.religioustolerance.org /brain_wa.htm   (2801 words)

 The Brainwashed Defense By Dahlia Lithwick   (Site not responding. Last check: )
And while the second-generation, non-coercive theory of brainwashing is almost entirely without empirical support, Ofshe and Singer managed to corner the expert witness market in a host of post-Jonestown, post-Cold-War brainwashing cases.
In one much-cited 1991 survey of 383 random subjects, nearly 78 percent believed brainwashing can occur even if the subject "is not actually held captive against their will." In a 1992 survey of 1,000 random New Yorkers, about 43 percent of respondents believed that brainwashing is absolutely necessary to make someone join a religious cult.
If the American public is comfortable with the notion of brainwashing as the best explanation for religious zealotry, it remains to be seen whether we will also accept that fundamentalist Islam is merely a "cult" that's subjected its members to relentless brainwashing.
www.slate.com /id/2061166   (1716 words)

 Brainwashing America
This is the psychological dimension of the demonic cabal's general onslaught against American workers, just as the "war on terrorism" is the military dimension and corporate crime and tax cuts for the rich comprise the economic dimension.
As in the case of Nazi Germany, state-sponsored propaganda (brainwashing) is a vital part of the Bush regime's strategy.
As this article is being written (August, 2002), Dubya is trying to brainwash the American people into thinking that the economy is okay, that only a few "bad-apple" CEOs of corporations have crossed the line of criminal behavior, and that no new legislation is necessary to stop runaway corporate crime that his administration has encouraged.
www.hermes-press.com /brainwash1.htm   (4877 words)

 Quotes and Excerpts - Brainwashing and "Education Reform"
"Brainwashing is a system of befogging the brain so a person can be seduced into acceptance of what otherwise would be abhorrent to him.
Brainwashing is a combination of this fake evangelism and quack psychiatry in a setting of false science.” (
Each of the two processes are composed of a number of different elements found in every case though the proportions differ according to the patient's resistance and the purpose for which the Reds are treating him, and range from a very mild and disarmingly subtle application to crude force polished over with Marxist lingo.
www.crossroad.to /Quotes/brainwashing.html   (1860 words)

Typically, before any form of physical abuse begins, victims are subjected to brainwashing over a period of time.
Brainwashing takes on a whole different meaning when done by someone you love as compared to the politically motivated brainwashing done by strangers, who you know are your enemy.
However the parallels with standard political brainwashing are there.
www.crescentlife.com /psychissues/brainwashing.htm   (482 words)

 The Battle For Your Mind   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Those who have been brainwashed will usually passionately defend their manipulators, claiming they have simply been "shown the light".
I feel strongly that this is one of the major reasons for the increasing rise in Christian fundamentalism, especially the televised variety, while most of the orthodox religions are declining.
Persuasion isn't technically brainwashing but it is the manipulation of the human mind by another individual, without the manipulated party being aware what caused his opinion shift.
www.trans4mind.com /spiritual/brainwashing.htm   (7193 words)

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