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Topic: Branches of Socialism

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In the News (Fri 22 Mar 19)

  Socialism - MSN Encarta
Socialism, economic and social doctrine, political movement inspired by this doctrine, and system or order established when this doctrine is organized in a society.
The moderate, or revisionist, type of socialism found its clearest expression in the organization in Paris in 1889 of the Second International.
In Scandinavia, candidates of the Social Democratic parties of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden were elected to high positions early in the 1920s; these parties subsequently became dominant in Scandinavia.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761577990/Socialism.html   (990 words)

  Social democracy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means.
Right-wingers typically argue that social democratic systems are too restrictive on their version of individual rights, particularly the rights of wealthy businessmen, and that individual choice is not as great in systems that provide state-run schools, health care, child care and other services.
Social democrats usually retort by arguing that their policies are in fact enhancing individual rights, by rising the standard of living of the vast majority of the population and eliminating the threat of extreme poverty.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Social-democracy   (1863 words)

 Socialism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In application, however, the de facto meaning of socialism has evolved and branched to a great degree, and though highly politicized, is strongly related to the establishment of an organized working class, created through either revolution or social evolution, with the purpose of building a classless society.
Several forms of "socialism" are considered by those further to the left to be reformist or revisionist.
According to Engels, the state was destined to eventually "wither away", as the representative democracy of socialism slowly turned into the direct democracy of communism, and economic life would be re-organised on a basis of freedom and equality.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Socialism   (4807 words)

 socialism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
The term "socialism" has been (and is) used to refer to a number of related ideologies.
Note also that while many would say that socialism is defined by state ownership of the means of production, a certain degree of such state ownership is reasonably common in economies that would almost universally be considered capitalist.
Those states in question, according to those who contest that Stalinism was Socialism, fulfilled one criteria of the Socialist economy as it was controlled by the state, but not the other criteria, that the state must be in turn Democratically controlled by the population or citizenry.
www.yourencyclopedia.net /Socialism.html   (2122 words)

 Democratic socialism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Evolutionary democratic socialists and social democrats both typically advocate at least a welfare state, although some social democrats, being influenced by the Third Way, would be willing to consider other means of delivering a social safety net for the poorest in society.
However, democratic socialism as such only becomes a movement in its own right as a current rejecting both Stalinism (with its distinctive visions of the vanguard party and the dictatorship of the proletariat) and, preferably, the reformism characteristic of yellow socialists and social democrats.
The New Left legacy of democratic socialism may be clearly seen in the post-Marxist positions of a wide range of intellectuals (often identified with post-modernism or post-structuralism), from Chantal Mouffe in Europe to Cornell West in the United States.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Democratic_socialism   (1503 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
Social democracy is a political ideology that emerged in the late 19th century out of the socialist movement.
Most European social democratic parties are members of the Party of European Socialists, which is one of the main political parties at the European level, and most social democratic parties are members of the Socialist International, which is the historical successor to the Second International.
Social democrats reply that their policies in fact enhance individual rights by raising the standard of living of the great majority of the population, increasing social mobility, and eliminating the threat of extreme poverty.
stron.frm.pl /wiki.php?title=Social_democracy   (2506 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Socialism
Socialism by the textbook: our best-selling economics textbooks still treat socialism as the ideal system, communism as its imperfect-but-ever-improving embodiment.
Marxian economic theory and an ontology of socialism: a Japanese intervention.
Socialism vs. Religion: for many socialists, Marx is a prophet and communism is the gospel.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Socialism&StartAt=31   (695 words)

 Socialism - Charles' George Orwell Links
By the time of the Revolution of 1848 there were a variety of competing "socialisms", ranging from the socialism of Charles Fourier to the self-described "scientific" socialism of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
Social democracy typically involves state ownership of some corporations (considered strategically important to the people) and participation in ownership of the means of production by workers.
Another defect of socialism, according to its detractors, is its disregard for the role of private property in creating incentives that foster the sustainable use of resources.
www.netcharles.com /orwell/articles/col-socialism.htm   (6445 words)

 CalendarHome.com - - Calendar Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
Furthermore, since socialism purports to represent the interests of the working class, many socialists refer to a state organized according to their principles as a workers' state.
According to Marxism, socialism is a stage of social and economic development that will replace capitalism, and will in turn be replaced by communism.
Because there are several different branches of socialism, a country's claim to the label of "socialist state" or "socialist republic" is almost always disputed by some branch.
encyclopedia.calendarhome.com /cgi-bin/encyclopedia.pl?p=Socialist_republic   (355 words)

 Socialism and The Welfare State
The history of socialism now became largely the history of separate national movements that, for all their ceremonial acknowledgment of Marxist orthodoxy, increasingly tended toward a revisionist and nonrevolutionary line.
Socialism was the dominant new economic and political doctrine of the 19th century.
The notion of socialism with its rigid monism and centralism that vests the powers to choose and to act in one will exclusively does not allow of any compromise or concession; this construction is not amenable to any adjustment or alteration.
lamar.colostate.edu /~grjan/socialismprimer.html   (9516 words)

 Socialism Information   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
'''Socialism''' is an ideology, that at it's most elemental, is defined by the belief that a society could exist in which individuals control the means of power, and therefore the means of production, and are not subjected to the ownership, control, or power structures of others.
According to Engels, the state was destined to eventually "wither away", as the representative democracy of socialism slowly turned into the direct democracy of socialism, and economic life would be re-organised on a basis of freedom and equality.
Most of their objections and critiques seem directed more at a command economycentrally planned economy (not a part of all proposed socialisms), some at socialism and Marxism in general, but because these distinctions are relatively difficult to tease out of their writings, it is probably useful to take them up in a single context.
www.echostatic.com /index.php?title=Socialism   (4283 words)

The second is that emphasized by the proponents of socialism: a tradition of believing that human beings can indeed cooperate to jointly determine their collective future in ways far superior to that possible under the regime of capitalist exploitation and the markets that have always been associated with it.
Their analysis of the possibilities of socialism, based upon an analysis of the antagonistic class forces of capitalism, came some years after their earliest socialist forerunners and was developed within the context of a more mature capitalist development.
The openness to social, cultural and ethnic diversity that was at least implicit in Marx's notion of the transcendence of labor value by an indeterminate free time, has been both ignored and contradicted by the very concept of a specific socialist project as well as by the attempts to implement it.
www.eco.utexas.edu /facstaff/Cleaver/socialismessay.html   (6729 words)

 Socialism Today - France's political earthquake
Socialism Today interviews Alex Rouillard, organiser for Gauche Revolutionnaire (CWI section in France), on the election and the tasks for the left.
Then he put social demands on the top of his programme and that was enough to make him a challenger to the two main candidates.
We are ready to fight alongside all the genuine anti-capitalist and socialist forces, but with a strategy to achieve socialism, not merely to maintain the status quo or go back to some 'golden age' of the 1970s.
www.socialismtoday.org /66/france.html   (2779 words)

 Strong Medicine: Toxic Capitalism and the Socialist Cure
The most basic difference between socialism and capitalism, besides the obvious one of who owns the wealth, is that capitalism is not under anyone’s control, even the capitalists.
Socialism short-circuits this insanity with a planned economy, in which we only produce as much of any product as is needed.
We spread the word that socialism is not only a workable alternative, but the only alternative—that capitalism has proved itself incapable of permanent, significant reform and that reformism is the real utopian delusion.
www.socialism.com /whatsocialism.html   (2796 words)

 socialism — Infoplease.com
In a broader sense, the term socialism is often used loosely to describe economic theories ranging from those that hold that only certain public utilities and natural resources should be owned by the state to those holding that the state should assume responsibility for all economic planning and direction.
For this reason socialism as a doctrine is ill defined, although its main purpose, the establishment of cooperation in place of competition remains fixed.
social science - social science social science, term for any or all of the branches of study that deal with humans...
www.infoplease.com /ce6/history/A0845750.html   (310 words)

 Critique of Interventionism by Ludwig von Mises
Socialism as such need not reject the price knowledge of science; it is conceivable that it could recog­nize its usefulness for an understanding of market phe­nomena in its own economic order.
The social ideal of etatism is a special kind of socialism, such as state socialism or, under certain condi­tions, military or religious socialism.
The fact that man’s social life is subject to certain conditions, to regularity like that of nature, is a concept that is alien to an etatist.
www.mises.org /etexts/mises/critique/section5.asp   (3872 words)

Socialism is a political system that denies the validity of property rights.
Under socialism, control of property is put into the hands of society as a whole.
It is through collectivism that the crimes of socialism are ignored.
www.importanceofphilosophy.com /Bloody_Socialism.html   (223 words)

 Socialism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
Socialism''' is a concept and a collection of a party-based political movements that has evolved and branched over time.
Elie Halevy claims that the term "socialism" was coined independently by two groups advocating different ways of organizing society and economics: the Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-SimonSaint-Simonians, and most likely Pierre Leroux, in the years 1831-183333, and the followers of Robert Owen, around 1835.
Many non-socialists use the expression "socialist economy" (or "socialization" of a sector of the economy) almost exclusively to refer to centralized control under government aegis: for example, consider the use of the term "publicly funded medicinesocialized medicine" in the US by opponents of publicly funded medicinesingle-payer health care/.
www.infothis.com /find/Socialism   (7064 words)

 Tony Cliff: Factory branches (1973)
The factory branch will be responsible for carrying the party’s policy to the workers in the factory, on all current questions, as well as on the party’s long term programme, thus ensuring the unity in action of its immediate and final aims.
The factory branch should be the driving force in raising the class consciousness of the workers round it, developing their political education, their organisation, their initiative, enthusiasm and fighting ability, so that from the factory they are drawn into the struggle of the working class as a whole.
In a territorial branch, because of the multiplicity of jobs to do, the failure of one comrade or one activity will have a less damaging effect than a similar failure in a factory branch, whose cohesion is potentially much greater, but where the different activities are much more intimately integrated.
www.marxists.org /archive/cliff/works/1973/factory/branches.htm   (13794 words)

 Heaven on Earth . The Film: Transcript | PBS
The CCF stayed in power in Saskatchewan 'til 1964 and one of its last acts was to bring in a socialized medicine scheme for the province of Saskatchewan, which they imposed in the early 1960s and which had such tremendous appeal that it actually pushed Canadian politics in that direction later in the 1960s.
AUTHOR, SOCIALISMS: OLD AND NEW The fall of communism at the end of the 1980s-celebrated at the time as a great victory for the Right and for capitalism and for a defeat for socialism-actually, I believe for socialism in the West, was a huge liberating moment.
Social democracy has always been characterized by its belief that markets have an important economic function, but its distaste for their impact on social and political outcomes.
www.pbs.org /heavenonearth/transcript.html   (17775 words)

 What is Socialism?
Central to the meaning of socialism is common ownership.
Socialism will be a society in which everybody will have the right to participate in the social decisions that affect them.
In socialism, everybody would have free access to the goods and services designed to directly meet their needs and there need be no system of payment for the work that each individual contributes to producing them.
www.worldsocialism.org /spgb/whatissoc.html   (468 words)

 Dilling X: The Jews and Marxism — Socialism — Communism
Marxism, to which all branches of Socialism necessarily adhere, was originated by a Jew, Karl Marx, himself of Rabbinical descent.
Socialism is indeed merely the clover held in front of the cow’s nose to get her into the barn under the milking machine.
For a number of years these branches, whose primary object was to collect funds for the Bund in Russia, were the most active and influential bodies in the Jewish radical world.
www.come-and-hear.com /dilling/chapt11.html   (5048 words)

It would be interesting to speculate as to why these two philosophers viewed the state of nature differently and why their concept of social contract is dissimilar.
The executive branch is separated from the legislative branch of the
Social progress of mankind depends on mutual aid and cooperation.
marymount.mmm.edu /faculty/farkas/ipschapt1.htm   (2691 words)

 Socialism by Sylvia Pankhurst
Under Socialism the land, the means of production and transport are no longer privately owned: they belong to all the people.
Under Socialism no one can be disinherited; no one can lose the right to a share or the common possession.
The various branches of production will be co-ordinated for the convenient supply of raw material and the distribution of the finished product.
www.marxists.org /archive/pankhurst-sylvia/1923/socialism.htm   (1089 words)

 The Conservative Voice : Forum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
Democratic socialism is a political movement propagating the ideals of socialism within the framework of a parliamentary democracy.
It should be noted, however, that many of those who describe themselves as "socialists" often argue that socialism necessarily implies democracy, thus making "democratic socialism" a redundant term.
The fact that one specific movement is called Democratic Socialism does not mean that other branches of socialism must be any less democratic.
www.theconservativevoice.com /forum/read.html?id=78   (1098 words)

 International Socialist Organization   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
Our members are involved in helping to build a number of struggles: the movement to stop the war on Iraq, fights against racism and anti-immigrant scapegoating, the struggle for women's rights like the right to choose abortion, opposing anti-gay bigotry, and standing up for workers' rights.
Contact the ISO, or find an ISO branch near you, and come to a meeting.
Each summer, the ISO helps sponsor Socialism, a national conference where socialists and activists from around the country and the world come to debate and discuss politics and strategize about the important struggles of the day.
www.internationalsocialist.org   (197 words)

 Postlibertarian Blues   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
Also, Den Uyl and Rasmussen, in their recent book Liberty and Nature, defend natural rights to liberty but hold that these rights apply only in circumstances in which social cooperation is possible (mass starvation not being such a circumstance).
I agree with Friedman that the postmodern rejection of objectivity represents an unpromising path to liberty; but his own “postlibertarian” rejection of non-utilitarian morality is equally unpromising.
A morality that ignores practical consequences looks like blind dogmatism — but a practicality that ignores moral questions of individual sovereignty looks like unprincipled expediency — and is as likely as the former to “rob minimal statism of any possibility of success.” Neither represents a standard to which the wise and just can repair.
praxeology.net /postlib.htm   (994 words)

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