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Topic: Breakout from the Normandy beachhead

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In the News (Wed 20 Jun 18)

 Encyclopedia: Battle of Normandy
The Battle of Normandy was fought in 1944 between the German forces occupying Western Europe and the invading Allied forces as part of the larger conflict of World War II.
The Normandy invasion began with overnight airborne paratrooper and glider landings, massive air and naval bombardments, and an early morning amphibious assault on June 6, "D-day".
The plans were later changed to move them much closer to the beachhead, as at the last minute the 91 Luftlande Division was found to be in the area.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Battle-of-Normandy   (10973 words)

 [No title]
BREAKOUT IN NORMANDY is the fourth game published using the system introduced in STORM OVER ARNHEM and followed by THUNDER AT CASSINO and TURNING POINT: STALINGRAD (Avalon Hill sure loves those snappy titles).
BREAKOUT is meant as a medium-simple game, so the counter's are nice and big (this is area movement, after all, so who's worried about space ?) with simple NATO symbols and large type.
BREAKOUT repairs some of the earlier transgressions of STORM OVER ARNHEM, particularly in combat where it used to be that the weakest defending unit contributed its defense value, but now I think they have gone too far the other way.
www.grognard.com /reviews/breaknor.txt   (1730 words)

 Military History: Second World War: Liberation of France: Falaise
It was the first stage in the breakout from the Normandy beachhead area.
General Montgomery, still in command of all land forces in Normandy, both US and British, always maintained that the primary aim of these battles was to draw all the German armoured forces against the Anglo-Canadian forces in the Caen area to allow a breakout by the Americans to the west.
In addition to having to learn the art of war during the campaign, the units possessed a main battle tank that was seriously outgunned and underarmoured in comparision with the German tanks.
www.lermuseum.org /ler/mh/wwii/inland.html   (1185 words)

 Military history of the United Kingdom during World War II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The invasion of Normandy was the greatest amphibious assault ever.
It was May before a breakout from the beachhead could be attempted.
By then, American forces were poised to break out of the Normandy beachhead and into France as a whole.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/British_military_history_of_World_War_II   (12250 words)

 HyperWar: The US Army Air Forces in WWII: D-Day 1944
Normandy's most noteworthy tactical air support development, however, was the close partnership between air and armored forces, typified by the "armored column cover" missions perfected by the IX TAC under Quesada.
Normandy operations, typified by Quesada's armored column cover and Broadhurst's contact cars, thus fulfilled a concept born a quarter-century earlier, amid the mud of Flanders: the notion of the airplane as a partner of the tank, as a "counter antitank" weapon.
Normandy was neither the victory of a single branch of arms, nor the victory of a single nation.
www.ibiblio.org /hyperwar/AAF/AAF-H-DDay/index.html   (12608 words)

 Encyclopedia: Omar N. Bradley
In the approach to Normandy Bradley was chosen to command the substantial 1st Army Group.
Later in July he planned Operation Cobra which was the beginning of the breakout from the Normandy beachhead.
Bradley used his force to undertake an ambitious plan to encircle the German forces in Normandy, trapping them at the Chambois pocket.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Omar-N.-Bradley   (1187 words)

 MSN Encarta - Search View - World War II
As of July 24 the Americans and British were still confined in the Normandy beachhead, which they had expanded somewhat to take in Saint-Lô and Caen.
The German armies shattered in the breakout were being rebuilt, and Hitler sent as commander Field Marshal Walter Model, who had earned a reputation as the so-called lion of the defense on the eastern front.
A breakout from the Anzio beachhead five days later forced the Germans to abandon the whole Gustav line, and the Fifth Army entered Rome, an open city since June 4.
encarta.msn.com /text_761563737__1/World_War_II.html   (14222 words)

 D-Day: Operation Overlord (3 VHS)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The element of surprise was paramount and through a tangle of intrugue, the German high command was led to believe the invasion would occur not at Normandy, but at Calais, only twenty miles from England across the narrow Strait of Dover.
Six beachheads were established and more than 150,000 men and hundreds of tanks landed in Normandy.
The grim push through the hedgerows of Normandy ended on July 27th with the complete breakout from the Normandy beachhead.
www.timelessmusic.com /VHS/dday3vhs_211.htm   (455 words)

 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Corporate Site
Breakout - June 19: The invasion expands as Allied forces break through enemy lines and push onward to Paris.
Normandy in Memory - June 26: John Keegan examines the changing perception of the Normandy invasion in the historical memories of the participating nations.
NORMANDY: 1944 was developed by Britannica's editors in consultation with several prominent experts in military history, such as John Keegan and Ronald Drez.
corporate.britannica.com /press/releases/normandy.html   (833 words)

 First At Normandy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The Soldiers landing at Utah beach were all members of the 8th Infantry Regimental Combat Team commanded by Colonel James A. Van Fleet and assigned to the 4th Infantry Division.
The 8th Infantry Regiment was the "First at Normandy" and continually fought throughout the European Campaign until the war's end.
The Regiment received its first Presidential Unit Citation for its actions on Utah Beach and repeatedly distinguished itself in subsequent engagements, especially during the bloody hedgerow fighting marking the Allied breakout from the Normandy beachhead and during the Battle of the Hurtgen Forest.
www.milartgl.com /HTML_3a/first_at_normandy.htm   (148 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The landings at Anzio continue and 50,000 troops are in the beachhead by the end of the day.
The Luftwaffe is able to hit the beachhead and landing zone with several air raids, one of which sinks the British destroyer Janus.
At Anzio, the beachhead is slowly expanded (now 24 miles wide and 7 miles deep) against little resistance.
www.bartcop.com /arc4401.htm   (2224 words)

 Osprey Campaign 88 : Operation Cobra 1944 : Breakout from Normandy
Following the D-Day landings in Normandy on 6 June 1944 the Allied forces found themselves facing determined German resistance in the ideal defensive country of the Normandy bocage.
A grim war of attrition gradually expanded the beachhead and Caen, an objective for D-Day itself was finally taken on 13 July.
Meanwhile the British in the north and the Americans from the southwest were closing the pincers on the German forces in Normandy.
www.militaryfocus.com /osprey/campaign/88.htm   (309 words)

 Campaign Awards of the Wehrmacht
With the Allies’ breakout from the Normandy beachhead and the introduction of an Allied army in the south of France that threatened the Saar region of Germany, Metz once again became a focal point.
The extent of the collapse of the German front following the breakout from the Normandy beachhead in July 1944 caught the Allies by surprise.
This division had been heavily attritted during the breakout from the Normandy beachhead and was still in the process of attempting to withdraw to the east side of the River Moselle for refitting.
www.wehrmacht-awards.com /campaign_awards/cufftitles/metz.htm   (8238 words)

 Army: From Cobra to Anaconda: Some thoughts on air-ground cooperation
We were visiting a famous battlespace-the scene of Operation Cobra, the breakout from the Normandy beachhead, where American air and landpower combined to shatter Hitler's front line and any hopes for the survival of his regime.
When we analyzed the Cobra planning conference, standing by a Normandy hedgerow along the bomb line of July 24 and 25, 1944, with the benefit of decades of historical research and perspective, it was clear that airmen and soldiers had approached that meeting with radically different concepts, vocabulary and understanding.
The air leaders-many from the Strategic Air Forces community who were used to missions attacking German industry-felt that from their perspective they had clearly stated the overpowering tactical imperative to attack perpendicularly in order to achieve the targeting effects demanded by the ground commanders.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3723/is_200304/ai_n9189347   (1164 words)

 Operation Dragoon   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
During the planning stages, the operation was known as Anvil, to compliment Operation Hammer, which was at that time the codename for the invasion of Normandy.
Subsequently both plans were renamed, the latter becoming Operation Overlord, the former becoming Operation Dragoon; a name supposedly picked by Winston Churchill, who was opposed to the plan, and claimed to having been "dragooned" into accepting it.
The balance was tipped in favour of Dragoon by two events: the eventual fall of Rome in early June, plus the success of Operation Cobra, the breakout from the Normandy pocket, at the end of the month.
www.tocatch.info /en/Operation_Dragoon.htm   (615 words)

 World War II Multimedia Database
Large numbers of British tanks tried again to take Caen and breakout, but they were again repulsed.
The Free French forces declared their intention to break off and attack the city with or without the Allies, who favored a broad front strategy through Europe.
The battle in Normandy was over; Paris was about to be liberated; by September 1944 almost all of France would be free of German occupation.
www.worldwar2database.com /html/breakout.htm   (887 words)

 The Coast Guard at Normandy
Each patrol boat was assigned a hull number sequentially from one to 60 to aid in identification, and SHAEF planners ordered half of the patrol boats to sail in support of the Eastern Naval Task Force while the other half sailed with Kirk's command.
While Allied bombers continued to bomb targets in Northern Europe and battle the Luftwaffe in preparation for Normandy, Navy RADM John L. Hall, commander of the Omaha assault force, supervised the training of all Navy and Coast Guard sailors.
It was their job to get the soldiers to the beaches in order for the invasion and liberation of Europe to succeed; the assault troops were useless unless they made it ashore in a condition to fight.
www.uscg.mil /hq/g-cp/history/h_normandy.html   (7613 words)

 The Military Book Review Lorraine 1944 Review
The American and British forces, triumphant after their breakout from the Normandy beachhead, had nearly advanced to the German border, hoping to blitz Germany before winter weather arrived.
Yet they had outrun their supplies, and with the British receiving the lion's share for the Market-Garden fiasco, Patton's Third Army scrabbled for enough fuel and ammunition to drive through the difficult Lorraine terrain.
Their western armies decimated in the Normandy campaign, the Third Reich faced the monumental task of rebuilding their forces nearly from scratch.
www.themilitarybookreview.com /html/Lorraine1944.shtml   (567 words)

Centring on Montgomery's breakout plan, this tells the campaign's story from conception to eventual triumphant execution.
With memories of the 60th anniversary of D-Day still fresh, this is the classic account of the Normandy campaign.
Written by a former US soldier tuyrned military historian and biographer of Eisenhower and Patton, ÔDecision in Normandy' subjects General Montgomery's plans for a breakout from the Normandy beachhead to a critical examination.
www.naval-military-press.com /catalogue/military-books/8076.htm   (317 words)

 Ch6-The Crossing
It can be argued that this was Eisenhower's third important decision, first the decision of when to land in Normandy, then the decision to drive south after the St.
This decision, to get Montgomery underway, pointed toward seizing the channel ports northeast of the Normandy beachhead, would permit important shortening of supply lines to the forces driving east into Germany.
The Regiment at Caumont first used it in the Normandy beachhead and again at Angers, where its effect of surprise and terror achieved quick and deadly results.
www.wood.army.mil /2-10IN/History/10th%20Infantry/Chapter%206%20-%20The_Crossing%20and%20the%20Bridgehead.htm   (3628 words)

 Alberta Order of Excellence - Members - Hargrave
He eventually joined the Canadian Army, and in 1944 was recognized for distinguished service in overseeing the modification of Sherman Tanks into troop-carrying "Kangaroos" used for the breakout from Normandy's beachhead.
In 1944, he was named a Member of the British Empire (M.B.E.) for distinguished service in overseeing the modification of Sherman Tanks into troop-carrying "Kangaroos" used for the breakout from the Normandy beachhead.
In 1984, he was invited to Normandy by Canada's Minister of Defense to take part in the 40th Anniversary of D-Day.
www.lieutenantgovernor.ab.ca /aoe/bio/hargrave.htm   (835 words)

 WWII D-Day Invasions and Diversions - The Fog of War
Soon after the Normandy landings, the Germans began to move mobile units (panzer divisions) into the beachhead area to contain the invasion forces and push them back.
After establishing a firm beachhead, the US forces moved west across the base of the peninsula to isolate the Cherbourg garrison.
Although Patton was sidelined during the opening phase of the Normandy invasion, it was always part of the plan to split the US forces into two armies and place one under his control.
www.jodavidsmeyer.com /combat/military/wwii_invasion_diversions.html   (1517 words)

 The Spitfire - An Operational History - 7. Return to France
Attacks on the enemy's road and rail communications were stepped up in preparation for the invasion of Normandy, and although the Germans knew an invasion was imminent, the wide dispersal of targets throughout the Channel area and inland gave no clue as to where it would be mounted.
The first Allied fighters to operate from Normandy after the invasion were the Spitfire Mk IXBs of No 222 Squadron, which landed at St. Croix-sur-Mer on 10 June.
The breakout from the Normandy beachhead was achieved by a classic pincer movement between British and American troops, which forced the retreating German Army into the Falaise Gap.
www.deltaweb.co.uk /spitfire/rtn_frnc.htm   (765 words)

 Up the Johns! History of Regina Rifles - Normandy
This bad weather was to delay the planned build-up of the Allied forces for their break-out into Normandy.
Operation GOODWOOD, the British armoured breakout offensive across the River Orne southeast of Caen, was to be launched.
Plans for the breakout of the Allied armies from the Normandy beachhead were now being put into operation.
www.warchronicle.com /canadian_third_div/regimentals_wwii/reginas_normandy.htm   (7786 words)

 Beyond the Beachhead: Fighting the Bocage by Heat of Battle
The 1058th Grenadier Regiment of the 91st Airlanding Division was committed on 6 June to retake the village, and moved south from the beachhead area.
The area was defended by elements of the 26th SS Panzergrenadier Regiment and 12 SS Panzer Pioneer Battalion.
American forces had made little progress trying to breakout from the beachhead and capture St. Lo, even though much fighting had occurred.
www.spiritgames.co.uk /gamesin.php?UniqueNo=2137   (665 words)

 Bytown Gunners Order - 30th Field Artillery Unit   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Both batteries were part of the D-Day invasion of Normandy; they fought from Caen to the Falaise Gap, and took part in the clearing of the Channel ports, the crossing of the Rhine and the liberation of Holland.
Two other famous Bytown Gunners were the late Chief Justice of Canada, Brian Dickson who lost a leg in Normandy and the famous author, George Blackburn, who as a Captain and forward observer, fought through France, Belgium, Holland and on into Germany.
Field Battery were among the 23 Gunners who took part in the Dieppe Raid on 19 August 1942 and all were killed or captured.
www.30fieldartillery.com /30Field_History.html   (817 words)

 Cobra 4   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
            Cobra is a wargame simulation of the Allied breakout from the Normandy beachhead in July and August of 1944.
In the following narrative, U.S. and Free French units are identified in plain text; British, Canadian, and Polish units are in boldface; and German units are in italics.
            In the moonlit darkness of the night of 5/6 June, 1944, the invasion began with the Pathfinders dropping into Normandy to mark the drop zones for the three airborne divisions that were to follow.
members.aol.com /TFGrantel/cobra5.html   (1733 words)

 Omar Bradley
In the approach to Normandy Bradley was chosen to command the substantial 1st Army.
They had expected the German Wehrmacht to make stands on the natural defensive lines provided by the French rivers, and consequently, logistics had become a severe issue as well.
Army Chief of Staff General George Marshall (center) and Army Air Forces Commander General Henry H. Arnold confer with Bradley on the beach at Normandy, France in 1944.
encyclopedie-en.snyke.com /articles/omar_bradley.html   (1163 words)

For example, after landing in Normandy, the Allied advance was slowed by the strong defensive positions offered by the interlocking hedgerows in the fields of Northern France.
This innovation allowed U.S. tanks to smash through hedgerows, allowing the Allies to gain a tactical advantage in the bocage country and breakout from the Normandy beachhead.
For extra credit to be awarded, three elements must be provided by the student: 1) a description of the nature of the problem, 2) a description of the nature of the solution, and 3) a proper bibliographical citation of the source of information.
www.mcm.edu /~wettemar/hist2320sp04.htm   (1132 words)

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