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Topic: Brezhnev stagnation


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In the News (Wed 21 Aug 19)

  
  Brezhnev - MSN Encarta
Leonid Ilich Brezhnev was born in Kamenskoye (present-day Dniprodzerzhyns’k, Ukraine) in the southwestern territory of the Russian Empire.
Brezhnev lost his candidate membership and was appointed deputy head of the political arm of the armed forces.
In 1964 Brezhnev was a key actor in the ouster of his former mentor, Khrushchev, who was accused by his party colleagues of sponsoring a variety of poorly planned and unsuccessful projects.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761551585/Leonid_Brezhnev.html   (1104 words)

  
 Brezhnev, Leonid Ilyich - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Brezhnev, Leonid Ilyich
Domestically he was conservative; abroad the USSR was established as a military and political superpower during the Brezhnev era, extending its influence in Africa and Asia.
In 1960, as criticism of Khrushchev mounted, Brezhnev was moved to the ceremonial post of state president and began to criticize Khrushchev's policies openly.
Within the USSR, economic difficulties mounted; the Brezhnev era was a period of caution and stagnation, although outwardly imperialist.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Brezhnev%2c+Leonid+Ilyich   (346 words)

  
 Brezhnev stagnation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The stagnation period (&1079;&1072;&1089;&1090;&1086;&1081; - zastoy in Russian) refers to a period of crisis in the history of the Soviet Union that started during Leonid Brezhnev's time as chairman of the Communist Party.
Stagnation was observed both in the economy and in the social life of the country.
The stagnation effectively continued under Brezhnev's successors, Yuri Andropov and Konstantin Chernenko, until the Perestroika social reform programme was initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev in 1985.
brezhnev-stagnation.area51.ipupdater.com   (197 words)

  
 Our Little Father
Leonid Il'ich Brezhnev -- "our father and provider (kormilets)" in some official slogans, Il'ich in other slogans (exploiting the coincidence of patronymics with Vladimir Il'ich Lenin), and Lenya in popular anecdotes that mocked the echo with Lenin's last name -- was in the midst of his long decline in 1980.
Judging by the titles he accumulated and the medals that bedecked his chest, Brezhnev was at the height of his powers in the late 1970s.
Although the involvement of Brezhnev's family in wide-scale corruption, and the failures of his leadership are now well-known, some in post-Soviet Russia look back to the stability of his era with some nostalgia.
www.soviethistory.org /index.php?action=L2&SubjectID=1980brezhnev&Year=1980   (422 words)

  
 Thunder of '68 Rumbles Onward
What he couldn't know was that it was the first crack in the post-World War II geopolitical structure; the Cold War, which was at the root of so much unrest in 1968, had begun to disintegrate.
Party chief Brezhnev and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin had planned the invasion for more than a month, but they decided Czechoslovakia's fate just days before the invasion was launched.
Brezhnev, who had thrown Dubcek and the rest of the Czech government into prison, quickly brought the officials to Moscow for negotiations.
www.informationclearinghouse.info /article4554.htm   (958 words)

  
 Stagnation period   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Stagnation period (застой - zastoy in Russian) refers to a period in the of the Soviet Union largely coinciding with Communist Party chairmanship of Leonid Brezhnev between 1964 and 1982.
An oversized and inefficient apparatus headed by a club of incompetent Party leaders became the symbol of the period and the target of political jokes.
The stagnation effectively continued under Brezhnev's Yuri Andropov and Konstantin Chernenko until the Perestroika social reform programme was initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev in 1985.
www.freeglossary.com /Stagnation_period   (259 words)

  
 Russia - The Leadership Transition Period   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The transition period that separated the Brezhnev and Gorbachev regimes resembled the former much more than the latter, although hints of reform emerged as early as 1983.
Two days passed between Brezhnev's death and the announcement of the election of Andropov as the new general secretary, suggesting to many outsiders that a power struggle had occurred in the Kremlin.
Brezhnev had needed thirteen years to acquire this post.
www.country-data.com /cgi-bin/query/r-11376.html   (601 words)

  
 Part Six: The Period of Stagnation
To begin with, Brezhnev was forced to abandon in practice the reactionary utopia of economic autarky ("socialism in one country").
Brezhnev attempted to increase the motivation of the rural workforce by allowing small private plots in the kolkhozy.
Brezhnev was well known for his luxurious life-style and fondness for expensive cars.
easyweb.easynet.co.uk /~socappeal/russia/part6.html   (15088 words)

  
 TNI Publications   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Opposition-minded journalists took advantage of the 20th anniversary of Leonid Brezhnev's death last fall to compare the restoration of "order" under Putin to the years of "stagnation" under Brezhnev.
Under Brezhnev, the regime's slogan was stability; the perception of stability as stagnation came rather late in the day.
Under Brezhnev the country lived for 18 years without change, and at first life wasn't at all bad.
www.tni.org /archives/kagarlitsky/chaos.htm   (712 words)

  
 Dick's New Russia Transition
Brezhnev, Leonid Ilyich (1906-1982), general secretary of the Communist party of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1964 to 1982 was born in Kamenskoye (now Dneprodzerzhinsk, Ukraine), the son of a steelworker.
In foreign affairs he developed the "Brezhnev doctrine," which asserted that Communist states can intervene in one another's internal affairs if they consider their common political system threatened, as exemplified by the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968.
In the fall of 1985 the changes continued with 80 year-old Brezhnev crony Nikolai Tikhonov retiring as prime minister, replaced by the technocrat Ryzhkov who came from Sverdlovsk's Uralmash factory while technocrat Nikolai Talyzin was named first deputy prime minister and head of Gosplan, the state's planning agency.
members.aol.com /RAmann2996/new_russia.html   (9009 words)

  
 Brezhnev - Books, journals, articles @ The Questia Online Library
The Rise and Fall of the Brezhnev Doctrine in Soviet Foreign Policy...editor The Rise and Fall of the Brezhnev Doctrine in Soviet Foreign Policy...Matthew J. The rise and fall of the Brezhnev Doctrine in Soviet foreign policy...
As Leonid Brezhnev suggested in an address to the 24th...Czechoslovakia in the late 1960 s, Brezhnev apparently decided that it was safer...in the minds of Soviet planners, so Brezhnev insisted on a West German commitment...
The Brezhnev Era In a well-prepared and bloodless...secretary of the CPSU by Leonid I. Brezhnev (who in 1960 had become chairman of...1964, Anastas I. Mikoyan succeeded Brezhnev as chairman of the presidium; Mikoyan...
www.questia.com /SM.qst?act=search&keywordsSearchType=1000&keywords=Brezhnev   (1615 words)

  
 Stagnation period - TheBestLinks.com - Konstantin Chernenko, Mikhail Gorbachev, Perestroika, Russian language, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Stagnation period - TheBestLinks.com - Konstantin Chernenko, Mikhail Gorbachev, Perestroika, Russian language,...
Stagnation period (застой - zastoy in Russian) refers to a period in the history of the Soviet Union largely coinciding with the Communist Party chairmanship of Leonid Brezhnev between 1964 and 1982.
An oversized and inefficient bureaucratic apparatus headed by a club of incompetent geriatric Party leaders became the symbol of the stagnation period, and the target of political jokes.
www.thebestlinks.com /Stagnation_period.html   (174 words)

  
 Soviet Russian Dissident Abstract Drawing USSR
Boshkrov was imprisoned for this subversive work and managed to smuggle some of his works out of the Soviet Union at the height of Brezhnev oppressive crackdown.
He was elevated to the highest political body in the USSR (the Presidium, later called the Politburo) once Khrushchev's political opponents had been defeated (1957).
Brezhnev first ruled the country in tandem with Prime Minister Aleksei KOSYGIN and later as the first among the "collective leadership" of the party.
www.goantiques.com /detail,soviet-russian-dissident,560592.html   (419 words)

  
 Soviet Russian Dissident Abstract Drawing USSR
In the postwar years Brezhnev worked under Nikita KHRUSHCHEV in Ukraine, later serving as Communist party chief in Moldavia (1950-53) and Kazakhstan (1954-56).
For this reason, the Brezhnev era was later dubbed the "period of stagnation." Brezhnev suppressed (1968) reform Communism in Czechoslovakia and formulated the Brezhnev Doctrine, which asserted the USSR's right to intervene against "anti-socialist degeneration" within the Soviet bloc.
In his early years he continued the policy of DETENTE with the West, but he also expanded the Soviet arsenal, supported revolutionary movements in Africa and Asia, and in 1979 involved the USSR in a civil war in Afghanistan.
www.antiqnet.com /detail,soviet-russian-dissident,560592.html   (411 words)

  
 Our Majesty - Kommersant Moscow
Of the 3820 participants of the poll 296 turned out to be the faithful followers of Stalin (there were less faithful followers of Lenin, Brezhnev, Yeltsyn and Putin).
It seems like many internet users were quite young or had not been born yet during the time when comrade Brezhnev headed the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, yet Russia still remembers its five-star General Secretary.
Brezhnev’s successor and faithful associate comrade Andropov, whose 90th anniversary was celebrated this year with a monument erection did not make it into the top ten, or even top twenty.
www.kommersant.com /page.asp?id=537432   (1006 words)

  
 Soviet Perspectives   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Interspersed with such moves toward cooperation, however, were hostile acts that threatened broader conflict, such as the Cuban missile crisis of October 1962 and the Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia of 1968.
The long rule of Leonid Brezhnev (1964-1982) is now referred to in Russia as the "period of stagnation." But the Soviet stance toward the United States became less overtly hostile in the early 1970s.
Brezhnev proclaimed in 1973 that peaceful coexistence was the normal, permanent, and irreversible state of relations between imperialist and Communist countries, although he warned that conflict might continue in the Third World.
www.ibiblio.org /pjones/russian/Cold_War__Soviet_Perspectives.html   (416 words)

  
 Political Affairs Magazine - Book Review - Socialism Betrayed, by Roger Keeran and Thomas Kenney (in print)
That was the result of "the specific reform policies of Gorbachev and his allies" (as if the problems and stagnation were not the cause of the reform policies).
They hold this view because they believe "the subjective factor is vastly more important in socialism than in capitalism." Elsewhere in discussing the economic problems of the Brezhnev era they write: "Even more important than the objective problems were the subjective ones: the problems of policy...." But policy is a reflection of objective reality.
Our thesis is that the economic problems, external pressures, and political and ideological stagnation challenging the Soviet Union in the early 1980s, alone or together, did not produce the Soviet collapse.
www.politicalaffairs.net /article/view/234/1/35   (838 words)

  
 The new Russia: Out of the red - Sify.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The economic decline of the Soviet Union began in the Brezhnev era of the 1970s and early 1980s, when the economy stagnated for the first time after the Revolution.
These 'years of stagnation' marked the end of almost half a century of gody zastoya - unprecedented growth and change.
Yuri Andropov, the urbane and reflective KGB spymaster who took over after Leonid Brezhnev died, not only seemed aware of the malaise but about how far behind the West the Soviet Union lagged.
www.sify.com /news/othernews/fullstory.php?id=13610747&page=1   (587 words)

  
 The Moscow Times
There could be no Utopia such as had been satirically envisioned by Zamyatin’s City, covert rule-bending is rife and the abyss between public and private lives irrevocably widened.
It is tempting to see «The Face-Maker» as the kea of the Brezhnev stagnation – no one really believes in «the Image» (Stalin, Brezhnev, whoever) yet, outwardly at least, most people carry on behaving as if they do.
It is also tempting see this Image as an evolved Christ: whether as a violent corruption of the original or as its logical progeny, Latynin never makes clear.
www.latynin.ru /criticism/surgery.html   (603 words)

  
 [No title]
The time of L. Brezhnev began: these were two decade of "stagnation".
L. Brezhnev had claimed to be a Ukrainian in prewar forms for career purposed, but he proved to be a persistent Russificator at the post of General Secretary of the CC of the CPSU.
The "stagnation" was characterized in Ukraine by development of mining branches, by wasting natural resources, turning a lot of localities into the zones of ecological danger.
www.ukraine-today.com /reference/facts/15.shtml   (1166 words)

  
 The Gadflyer: Did Ronald Reagan Win the Cold War?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
It is true that defense spending comprised an excessively large share of the overall Soviet economy, but this fact well pre-dated the Reagan presidency.
By the time of Leonid Brezhnev's death in 1982, many in the Soviet leadership knew that their economy was beset by long term problems, including eroding worker discipline, rising alcoholism, wasteful investment and the Soviets' striking failure to integrate computer technology into their economy.
Gorbachev's reforms were a response to an era of stagnation that began long before Reagan was president.
www.gadflyer.com /articles/print.php?ArticleID=136   (1090 words)

  
 TNI Publications   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Russian society, by contrast, has come to the firm conclusion since the mid-1990s that it has no role to play in running the country, and the ruling elite has obviously decided that nothing needs to be changed.
Stability has therefore become the slogan of the day, as it was in the Brezhnev era, when it became clear that the hopes of the Thaw era were just pie in the sky.
Today stability is no longer a euphemism for stagnation, but for decay.
www.tni.org /archives/kagarlitsky/dynamism.htm   (673 words)

  
 Stalin is of vital importance in the former socialist countries   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
During the twenty years that preceded Gorbachev's  rise to power, Brezhnev  incarnated bureaucracy, stagnation, corruption and militarism.
But neither in the Soviet Union nor in the `Free World' did we ever witness a violent, raging attack against Brezhnev  similar to the ones against Stalin.
It is obvious that over the last few years, in the USSR as well as in the rest of the world, all the fanatics of capitalism and of imperialism, to finish off what remained of socialism in the USSR, focused on Stalin as the target.
www.plp.org /books/Stalin/node4.html   (408 words)

  
 Economy_of_the_Soviet_Union   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Growth slowed after 1960, but this was considered characteristic of a mature, industrialized economy at the time.
However, the planning ministries had failed to loosen their control of the enterprise level in time to stem the prolonged stagnation of the 1970s and 1980s, which showed signs of a chronic problem.
The Soviet planned economy was not tailored at a sufficient pace to the demands of the more complex modern economy it had helped to forge.
goc.subdomain.de /Economy_of_the_Soviet_Union   (2610 words)

  
 Ex-Soviet Dissidents Warn of Police State
Not so straightforward as it was under Brezhnev, because there is inertia.
"Because they have to balance between the (opinion of) the free world and a controlled society." Leonid Brezhnev ruled from 1964-82, now labeled the era of stagnation.
Vladimir Bukovsky, who was labeled insane and spent a total of 12 years in Soviet jails and psychiatric hospitals for repeatedly demonstrating, said Russia is "slowly returning to the pre-1991 situation" before the end of the Soviet Union.
www.his-forever.com /soviet_police_state.htm   (660 words)

  
 Pearson Education - The Soviet Union under Brezhnev
Virtually since it ended the Brezhnev era has been dismissed as an era of stagnation and corruption when not a great deal happened.
Bill Tompson argues that historians can't simply dismiss twenty odd years of history of one of the world's leading powers.
The approach is thematic rather than chronological, with sections examining politics and policy under Brezhnev, including chapters on leadership politics, domestic policy, and foreign policy.
www.pearsoned.co.uk /Bookshop/detail.asp?item=100000000004867   (201 words)

  
 The Peking Duck: Finally, an article on Hu's rise that's worth reading
But it may really be political stagnation, as the economy and society leap ahead.
The unity of timidity is better than chaos, certainly, but it merely postpones fundamental issues as did the Brezhnev era in Moscow.
The only common thing between them I can see is that during early days of Brezhnev days, economy did well.
www.pekingduck.org /archives/001793.php   (600 words)

  
 Eurozine - Articles
Quickly we found a common language, discovered common friends (Tbilisi is a small place) and spent the whole journey discussing the fortunes of liberal values and the market economy in contemporary Georgia.
We concurred in associating the Shevardnadze era with late Brezhnev "stagnation" which, by the way, my interlocutor did not remember.
Suddenly my neighbour interrupted the conversation; a stewardess was proposing souvenirs, and he requested me to ask her to show him some item.
www.eurozine.com /article/2003-06-26-shatirishvili-en.html   (3272 words)

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